Akkan general election, April 2021

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Akkan general election, April 2021

Akkoflag.png
← December 2020 01/04/21
Party Leader % Seats ±
Joint List Ali Kadhimi 32% 12 +2
Liberal Union Miriam Bar 24% 9 +3
Conservative Party Ben Adelman 22% 8 -4
Labor Zionist Party Eli Barak 11% 4 -3
Movement for the Homeland Robert Lieberman 11% 4 +2
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Prime Minister before Prime Minister
Ben Adelman
Conservative Party
Ali Kadhimi
Joint List

Background

Electoral System

Acre uses a form of party-list proportional representation. Voters cast their ballot for a political party, with seats in Parliament then allocated to parties proportionally, who choose candidates to fill their allocated seats. This form of party-list proportional representation is also used in Albania, Argentina and Israel. Additionally, members of Parliament are allocated a constituency proportional to an area's degree of support for their party. As a result, for parties which win small amounts of support throughout the entire country - like the Communist Party - they may end up representing a constituency in which they did not win a plurality of the vote.

Unlike countries such as Greece, there is no minimum vote share legally required to enter parliament, though with the current 37-seat makeup, a minimum vote share of 2.7% is needed.

Campaigns

Opinion Polls

Early into their second term, the Conservative-led alliance remained popular, with their numbers only slightly dipping as Miriam Bar's election as leader of the Liberal Union won some moderates back to the party. The race began to narrow however after the constitutional referendum, as the Conservatives lost small numbers of voters to the Liberal Union, PDU and Labor Zionists.

The race dramatically changed after the Grand Palace Seizure. Though he tried to distance the party from the controversy, Eli Barak and the Labor Zionists lost a dramatic number of supporters almost instantly. The Conservatives also lost support, though this was more gradual. Meanwhile, the Movement for the Homeland sapped votes from the Conservatives, many of whom believed Adelman was too weak in responding to the anti-government protests.

The formation of the Joint List led to them seizing first place in the polls, though support for the PDU was underestimated by several points prior to election day, while the Liberal Union's support was overestimated.

Pollster CS LU JL PDU LZP MH PEP CP Lead
Akkan Times 33% 16% N/A 17% 19% 6% 6% 3% 14%
Miriam Bar chosen as leader of the Liberal Union
Akkan Times 31% 19% N/A 17% 18% 6% 6% 3% 12%
Akkan Times 30% 20% N/A 18% 17% 6% 6% 3% 10%
Yes campaign lose constitutional referendum
Akkan Times 28% 21% N/A 19% 18% 6% 5% 3% 7%
Akkan Times 30% 20% N/A 18% 18% 6% 5% 3% 10%
Akkan Times 27% 22% N/A 19% 19% 6% 4% 3% 5%
Grand Palace Seizure
Eli Barak resigns as Chancellor
Akkan Times 26% 25% N/A 20% 15% 6% 5% 3% 1%
Joint List formed
Akkan Times 25% 27% 26% 18% 14% 8% 5% 3% 1%
Akkan Times 23% 26% 28% 19% 13% 10% 5% 4% 2%
Exit Poll 22% 26% 29% 19% 12% 11% 5% 5% 3%
Final Result 22% 24% 32% 21% 11% 11% 5% 6% 8%

Full Results

Flipped Constituencies

Constituency Party before election Party after election
Hof HaCarmel Conservative Party Movement for the Homeland
Krayot Conservative Party Movement for the Homeland
Kiryat Bialik North Conservative Party Liberal Union
Ramot Remez Conservative Party Liberal Union
Karmel West Labor Zionist Party Liberal Union
Ge'Ula Labor Zionist Party Joint List
Nesher Labor Zionist Party Joint List

Results by Party

Popular Vote
Joint List
  
32%
Liberal Union
  
24%
Conservative Party
  
22%
Labor Zionist Party
  
11%
Movement for the Homeland
  
11%

Government Formation

The Liberal Union had hinted beforehand that they intended to work with the Joint List to form a government. But as the leader of the largest single party, Miriam Bar argued that she should be Prime Minister of a hypothetical coalition. Collectively however, the Joint List parties (with three more seats) supported Ali Kadhimi of the PDU. Bar in turn supported an alternating premiership, but this was also rejected. Another topic of disagreement was who would become Speaker - Bar supported the more moderate leader of the Peace & Equality Party, while the PDU argued that the Communists, who narrowly beat the PEP in vote share, should receive the office. Some were also concerned that the coalition would be fragile; many believed Antoun Hussein and the PEP could leave if he was not offered the Speakership, and voices within the Communist Party were highly sceptical of a long-term coalition with more moderate parties.

Sensing discontent, Ben Adelman suggested a coalition between the Conservatives, the Liberal Union and the Labor Zionist Party - excluding the more controversial Movement for the Homeland - which would have a hypothetical total of twenty-one also. The leadership of both parties rejected this out of hand however, having run on a staunch anti-Conservative ticket.

Ultimately, Bar acquiesced to most of the Joint List's demands. Ali Kadhimi became Prime Minister, while Bar became Chancellor. Yusuf Kanafi of the Communist Party received the Speaker position, but in return the PEP and Liberal Union were given an additional seat each in the cabinet.