Difference between revisions of "Uvahle-Tana language"

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|nativename = Makira
 
|nativename = Makira
 
| pronunciation =  
 
| pronunciation =  
| states = [[Matai|Matai]]
+
| states = [[Matai]]
 
| speakers= 0
 
| speakers= 0
 
| familycolor= #5D8AA8 |fam1=[[w:Constructed language|Constructed language]]  
 
| familycolor= #5D8AA8 |fam1=[[w:Constructed language|Constructed language]]  
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| mapcaption=  
 
| mapcaption=  
 
}}
 
}}
'''Uvahle-Tana''', or '''Makira''', is an [[w:Austronesian language|Austronesian language]] spoken in southwestern [[Matai]]. It is notable for its large number of aspirated consonants
+
'''Uvahle-Tana''', or '''Makira''', is an [[w:Austronesian language|Austronesian language]] that was spoken in southwestern [[Matai]], and is now one of the official languages of the [[Makira|Kingdom of Makira]]. It is most notable for its system of reduplication.
 
 
 
 
 
==Phonology==
 
==Phonology==
 
===Vowels===
 
===Vowels===
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!  
 
!  
 
! Labial
 
! Labial
! Labiodental
 
 
! Alveolar
 
! Alveolar
 
! Velar
 
! Velar
 +
! Labial-velar
 
! Glottal
 
! Glottal
 
|-align=center
 
|-align=center
 
! Plosive
 
! Plosive
|b
+
|p
 +
|t
 +
|k
 
|  
 
|  
|t
 
|k
 
 
 
 
|-align=center
 
|-align=center
 
! Nasal
 
! Nasal
 
|m
 
|m
|
 
 
|n
 
|n
 
 
 +
|ŋ͡mʷ
 
|
 
|
 
|-align=center
 
|-align=center
! Voiced fricative
+
!Fricative
|
 
 
|v
 
|v
 +
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|
|
+
|h
 
|-align=center
 
|-align=center
! Voiceless fricative
+
! Lateral
 
|
 
|
|f
+
|l
 
|  
 
|  
 
|
 
|
|h
+
|
 
|-align=center
 
|-align=center
! Lateral
+
! Flap
 +
|
 +
 
|
 
|
|
 
|l lʰ
 
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|}
 
|}
  
==Examples==
+
==Grammar==
===Words===
+
===Reduplication===
 +
Reduplication is used in Uvahle-Tana to form plurals. In the language, their are two main forms of reduplication, the first of which is used for words with three or more syllables, and the second form is used for words with two or less syllables.
 +
 
 +
'''CV reduplication'''
 +
 
 +
In this type of duplication, the first syllable of the word is reduplicated.
 +
 
 +
'''nakamai''' 'house' → '''nanakamai''' 'houses'
 +
 
 +
 
 +
'''Root reduplication'''
 +
 
 +
In this type of duplication, the entire root of the word is reduplicated.
 +
 
 +
'''rehi''' 'word' → '''rehirehi''' 'words'
 +
==Vocabulary==
 
* "Ahi" string
 
* "Ahi" string
* "Bihana" draw
 
 
* "Ehihihlo" rock
 
* "Ehihihlo" rock
 
* "Hlinari" fruit
 
* "Hlinari" fruit
 
* "Kuruhlai" money
 
* "Kuruhlai" money
 
* "Makira" language
 
* "Makira" language
* "Mihali" tree
+
* "M̄ihali" tree
 
* "Nakamai" house
 
* "Nakamai" house
 +
* "Pihana" draw
 
[[Category:Languages of Matai]]
 
[[Category:Languages of Matai]]
 
[[Category:Matai]]
 
[[Category:Matai]]
 
[[Category:Languages]]
 
[[Category:Languages]]

Latest revision as of 17:41, 14 July 2019

Uvahle-Tana
Makira
Native toMatai
Native speakers
0  (date missing)
Latin

Uvahle-Tana, or Makira, is an Austronesian language that was spoken in southwestern Matai, and is now one of the official languages of the Kingdom of Makira. It is most notable for its system of reduplication.

Phonology

Vowels

Consonants

Labial Alveolar Velar Labial-velar Glottal
Plosive p t k ʔ
Nasal m n ŋ ŋ͡mʷ
Fricative v ɬ h
Lateral l
Flap ɾ

Grammar

Reduplication

Reduplication is used in Uvahle-Tana to form plurals. In the language, their are two main forms of reduplication, the first of which is used for words with three or more syllables, and the second form is used for words with two or less syllables.

CV reduplication

In this type of duplication, the first syllable of the word is reduplicated.

nakamai 'house' → nanakamai 'houses'


Root reduplication

In this type of duplication, the entire root of the word is reduplicated.

rehi 'word' → rehirehi 'words'

Vocabulary

  • "Ahi" string
  • "Ehihihlo" rock
  • "Hlinari" fruit
  • "Kuruhlai" money
  • "Makira" language
  • "M̄ihali" tree
  • "Nakamai" house
  • "Pihana" draw