| Republic of Kozuc |
Latin: "Through endurance we conquer"
|Monterey, California |
|Capital city||San Chance|
|Official language(s)||English (spoken) |
|Government||Transitional state (de jure) |
Military dictatorship (de facto)
|- President||Riley Small|
|- Secretary General||Spencer Morris|
|- Commissioners||Emmett Small |
|Legislature||Rule by Decree|
|Established||2010 (UPUC) |
|Currency||Kozuc Credit |
US Dollar (accepted)
The Republic of Kozuc, known by many different names during past carnations, is a English-speaking micronation located in a region which is surrounded by Monterey County, California in the United States of America. Kozuc has had a long standing history in the MicroWiki community, as an independent state, a Federation of the Federal Republic of St.Charlie and a Special Administrative Region of the Free State of Renasia. Occasionally, cultural practices of Kozuc have been brought into controversy by some, particularly drug legalization and the prominence of the Armed Forces.
Kozuc was first officially created February 1st, 2010 as the as the United Provinces Under Chance. The nation has gone through many political changes and fluxes of activity since it was founded. The Nationalist Revolution of December, 2015 installed a transitional military dictatorship, currently governed by the Revolutionary Council, President Riley Small and the Kozuc National Party. The government prides itself in having one of the most advanced military and security forces in the Community, a strong economy and an active political system.
The current government is designed to be a temporary system for the republic. It is still unclear if or what will be the next step.
The name "Kozuc" originated as an acronym that was commonly used during the micronation's second government, the Kingdom of Zurdonia. Kozuc replaced "Kingdom of Zurdonia Under Chance", and was initially used as military nomenclature distinguishing friendly troops from combatants. The use of "Under Chance" refers to Chance Anderson, former King and leader during the first eras of Kozuc's history. The government officially used the word Kozuc when the first Republic of Kozuc was founded and Zurdonia collapsed. "Kozuc" has been used for a majority of the micronation's existence.
Other state and private entities find their origins in Anderson's name. San Chance, the capital city, was named after the former Overlord when it was formed as a "municipality" in 2011. Anderson Arms, security contracting/private military company, is another common recognition of Chance's contribution to the state. Now, the term Kozuc is no longer used as an acronym. Anderson has since left micronationalism, but is remembered as one of the founders of the state, the first President and a "Guide to the Revolution".
Although often misspoken, "Kozuc" is officially pronounced /kôzək/ or "kaw-zukh". The adjective form and demonym are also "Kozuc". Only under specific circumstances is the name ever altered. For example, the Kozo-Kozuc Treaty was signed when East and West Kozuc were seperated. The name does not find its roots in other languages, as it was originally an acronym. Zurdonia, the former micronation which dissolved into Kozuc, had a completely fictitious name with no alternate meanings.
For more information, see - History of Kozuc
Kozuc has had a long history plagued with governmental instability, fluctuating activity and military conflicts. First founded as the United Provinces Under Chance, it had a long period of falsifying its population and fabricating events. After being disowned by the MicroWiki community, the nation dissolved. The Kingdom of Zurdonia was founded but quickly disbanded. Then, the first Republic of Kozuc began a transition towards factual information, yet dissolved due to political instability. The second Republic lead by Liam Barnard was the first completely "realistic" carnation of Kozuc, but again failed when Chance Anderson lead a revolution. Former Vice President Riley Small took power with the third Kozuc Republic. He transformed the state, and began the Kozuc Khanate, a purely online government run by other micronationalists. This too would soon go into inactivity.
Small moved to join Federal Republic of St.Charlie in April of 2011. He joined as a citizen and did not intend to establish another Kozuc. Small had a successful career as an ambassdor for the Federal Republic, but exited when another local micronation was created. The People's Republic of Skendal (West Kozuc), and the fourth Kozuc Republic (East Kozuc), were formed and existed in cooperation for many months. Due to a change is schools by President Small, Kozuc experienced immense growth and activity. However, with Kozuc's Operation Jdub across the nation of Skendal, lead to their unification. An Empire was founded, but regardless of the military's attempts to maintain order, Skendal continued to push for sovereignty.
On December 2nd, 2011, 20 days before Skendal declared independence, the Eastern government reformed into the fifth Republic. Once Skendal left the union, Kozuc joined St.Charlie as a Federation. In mid-2012 the government of Kozuc left the Federal Republic, and purged a large amount of citizens in preparation for another school move by Riley Small. Kozuc went through government transitions, conflicts with neighboring states, and periods of instability. The nation joined Free State of Renasia as a Special Administrative Region, and nearly withdrew totally from international affairs. When then President Small was sentenced to seek drug and alcohol treatment in Texas, acting President Rutger Sperry announced that Kozuc would be disbanded.
In June of 2015, nearly a year and a half after his leave from the community, Small reached out to former citizens of Kozuc and Skendal, forming a new state. In July, the constitution for the Republic of Kozuc was approved by a referendum. Because of a deadlock between the former Socailist Party and Nationals, no laws were passed for six months. Although the government became inactive, the military reestablished dominance and the economy flourished. By December, President Small lead the Kozuc Nationalist Revolution, installing the current transitional military dictatorship.
Kozuc has been the center of many legal and economic controversies throughout its history. In its first year, the United Provinces Under Chance was completely fictional, and raised concerns on its legitimacy. Later, Kozuc and its citizens would generate the reputation of being criminals, specifically in regards to drugs. Some international entities even sanctioned the state as a sponsor of these crimes, citing it was a safe haven for dealers and addicts. The government has never itself condoned the use or distribution of narcotics, however all classically controlled substances are legal within its borders. Another Kozuc activity which raised concerns was its infatuation with the military. However, it is well understood that the Armed Forces is largely cultural.
In October of 2015, the Socialist Party had called for the resignation of then parliamentary Opposition Leader, Spencer Morris, as he was serving jail time in the United States. President Small has stood by him, as he "never broke a Kozuc law". Small himself served a total of 19 months, sentenced four individual times as a juvenile. Now, Morris has left the agriculture industry to focus on politics, and continues to serve as the Secretary General and all associated roles.
Some think that the recent revolution was done so by the President either to gain power or to extract wealth from the National Reserve. Socialists also argue he is creating a military oligarchy in the name of stability. Regardless, nearly every remaining citizen in Kozuc supports the revolution. According to the Revolutionary Council, the government is meant to be a transitional system. However, it has not been made public that any plans to change have been made.
Demographics & Culture
The Kozuc population has been constantly changing throughout its history, with multiple citizenship purges and simple immigration process. All current citizens reside in the American state of California. A high population of both atheists and Christians exist in the Republic, although no religion is recognized by the government. To be a citizen, one must join the Kozuc National Party. There are many more liberal members of the nation, but a vast majority supports the KNP government. Currently, the racial demographic is not very representative of the region Kozuc is located in, with nearly every citizen being Caucasian or a part Caucasian. There is a small population of Latin-Kozucs and it is a much smaller percentage than Latinos in the surrounding Monterey County. Current literacy rates are at perfect levels, and economic status is above United States average.
The culture of Kozuc is heavily influenced by both its history and the area that surrounds it. As a Californian micronation with many ties to the United States, the nation is a capitalist liberal populous. Marijuana is legal in the micronation, although the government will not vouch for an individual if this is challenged by a macronational court or police agency. Currently, a majority of citizens in Kozuc either use marijuana or formerly have. When Kozuc was at its peak, it was seen as a "safe haven" for drug crimes, however in practice it did not do so. Legally there is nothing barring the sale or distribution of any substance both within its borders and in regards to exports. All of this business, called the "agriculture" industry, is done so by private individuals. It is known that White Mountain is still used for this purpose.
The Kozuc Revolutionary Armed Forces serves as both a symbolic and practical defense force for the micronation. Military exercises have been a part of the Kozuc culture since its early formation. Riley Small is revered as not only the head of state, but also Guide to the Revolution, a movement pivotal in its revival. Holidays and state ceremonies are centered around the revolution. Although there are no compulsory taxes, it is custom for licensed corporations to make donations into the Kozuc National Bank so that the money can be used for loans and even some government services.
Kozuc is one of the few micronations with an active economy which generates government revenue. Ever since the Golden Age of Kozuc, the export and trade of "agriculture" has been the largest commodity in the region. Almost all of the Gross Domestic Product is estimated to be agriculture or related to the agriculture business in some way. Since the Nationalist Revolution, Kozuc News has become a state agency and the Kozuc National Bank was created after a merger of the Treasury and the National Reserve. All corporations must seek a license by joining the Kozuc Chamber of Commerce, a division of the Department of Agriculture and Commerce. The Chamber was formed by the Market Act, the law governing Kozuc's economic reform and all business done after the revolution.
Up until the middle of 2012, private business was illegal in the nation, because of strict socialist leadership. While a St.Charlian Federation, the first process to create a company was put into place by the local assembly. Kozuc's first corporation to receive its license was Standard Agriculture and Trust, a conglomerate of independent vendors who shared client and supply information. The oldest corporation to still operate is Anderson Arms, which was licensed around the same time as Standard Agriculture. Initially a weapons developer, in December 2013 Anderson Arms became a private military contracting company. Until Kozuc's collapse in 2014, these were the only private corporations.
After reestablishing itself in July 2015, Kozuc's market was free reign with no regulations and a deadlocked government. The Small Trust was created, which controlled five corporations. Only two other companies were licensed, and both had contracts with Small Trust. During this time, the National Reserve was responsible for rubber stamping corporations, but continued to participate in private investments, creating a conflict of interest. The Department of Agriculture was acting as a state vendor rather than oversight agency, with total independence from the Treasurer and Secretary of Finance. After December's revolution, the Small Trust was broken up, the Department of Agriculture and Commerce has been restructured, and the National Bank is independent from approving corporations.
Government & Politics
For more information, see - Revolutionary Council of Kozuc
The Republic of Kozuc has had many government forms in its history as a micronation. After its revival in July 2015, a popular referendum installed a multi-party semi-presidential republic against a proposal for a socialist state. Currently, as of the December Revolution, a coup has been initiated by the President to install a "temporary and transitional government". It is unclear how long they will remain in power.
As of December of that same year, the current government was put in power by a military coup. The President of Kozuc has been granted extraordinary power because of the revolution, with all other positions subordinate to him. The Kozuc Revolutionary Armed Forces rules the nation, with the President as Commander-in-Chief, Field Marshal, head of state and government. Currently, the only requirement for a document to become law is a Presidential signature, effectively creating a "Rule by Decree" system.
There is a single, supreme entity that governs Kozuc, known as the Revolutionary Council. There are no separation of powers in the Republic, with the body serving similarly to a Council of Ministers, but also retains a judicial body and pseudo-legislative power. In addition to all these roles, the Kozuc National Party is run by the Revolutionary Council, being formed by out of their former Party Convention. Officially, the title of the head of state is the "President of the Republic, Chairman of the Revolutionary Council and Field Marshal of his Armed Forces". The military is involved in nearly every agency of the government.
There are five grades of membership within the Revolutionary Council: Chairman, Commissioners, Secretary General, Secretaries and Directors. The Revolutionary Council is split into two "Commissions", both under the direct authority of the President or "Chairman". The Justice and Security Commission and the Defense Commission each are headed by their respective Commissioner. Furthermore, the "Secretary General" is the chief political officer of the Kozuc National Party and is the head of all the independent offices (IO) of the government: IO of the Attorney General, IO of Party Policy, IO of the Inspector General and IO of Finance and Budget (which includes the Kozuc National Bank).
The Commissions are comprised of many different Secretaries and Directors, with the Secretary General observes both of the Commissions but is not a member of either. Currently, all of the members of the government are both members of the Kozuc National Party and the Revolutionary Armed Forces. The Justice and Security Commission serves as the sole and supreme court of the Republic as a type of military tribunal. There are only three members of this Commission, as opposed to the Defense Commission which has most of the departments. Finally, the Joint Committee for the Staff and Command of the Revolutionary Armed Forces (JCSCRAF) serves as the equivalent of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in most nations.
The government could be considered a dominant party state currently, because the Kozuc Nationals organized the revolution. However, the Democratic Socialist Party is involved in talks regarding the future for the nation.
Although Kozuc is considered a unitary state, there are two types of administrative divisions. Districts are any Kozuc claim that has a defined population based on the official citizen's registry, and Territories are land holdings that have no residents. There are currently three Districts and two Territories of the Republic. Up until the revolution, a fourth District known as "Zendal" was a part of Kozuc, but is now the capital of the People's Republic of Skendal. Every current region has historically been a part of Kozuc since its foundation as the United Provinces Under Chance.
There is only one entity that can rule over Kozuc by law, the national government. Thus, there are no local legislative, executive or judicial bodies for any subdivision of the Republic. Deputy Commissioners for the Districts are responsible to the national Commissioners and the President, and only act through their authority. Territories are managed directly by the Cabinet of Kozuc and the Armed Forces. Currently, portions of both territories are disputed by the Skendallian government.
There are three Districts of the Republic, each with its own defined population and local Deputy Commissioner, who is the local military and law enforcement commander, as well as member of the Justice and Security Commission. Formerly Districts were able to form local legislatures. However, under the new government, law making can only be done at the national level, with the Deputy Commissioner responsible for enforcing state policies. The capital District, San Chance, serves as the political epicenter for the nation, and is the official residence of the President of Kozuc. Very few citizens have been granted residency in the capital "to protect the integrity of its status as supreme the Republic".
Bakaria is the largest District by population, but smallest in area since the creation of Orion. After the revolutionary reforms were instituted and Kozuc's land claims have been consolidated. San Chance consists of the Presidential Palace and the home of the President's cousin, located directly across the street. Bakaria, however, is only the residence of the current Deputy Commissioner. Zendel, the historic capital of Skendal, was ceded back to America right prior to its being declared an independent micronation. Currently, Kozuc only recognizes their capital as a legitimate Skendallian land holding. The District of Orion was formed by what was previously a part of Bakaria, originally the Grand Duchy of Dingland during the Empire of Kozuc.
The current Deputy Commissioners for their respective regions are Major Kyle Bryan (San Chance), Commandant Caleb Baker (Bakaria) and Commandant Rutger Sperry (Orion).
Territories of the Republic are holdings which have no defined population, and are administered by the Department of Home Affairs in conjunction with the Kozuc Revolutionary Armed Forces. Currently, the two territories are located on public lands claimed also by the United States, but are used for military and development purposes for the nation. The Bourland Territory, although open to everyone, is highly disputed between the governments of Kozuc and Skendal. Only the southern half is controlled by Kozuc's military, with Skendal occupying the northern portion. Bourland has been the location of many conflicts, including Operation J-Dub, which temporarily unified the two nations in 2011. White Mountain also has disputed areas.
White Mountain is administered primarily by the Department of Agriculture and Commerce, while Bourland is totally controlled by the military. Before the revolutionary reforms, there was a "Bureau of Land Management", which organized the deeding over of territorial properties to private companies and individuals. Now, the Kozuc National Bank owns all land in the territories, leasing some to certain corporations. White Mountain is home to the largest military training center, Fort Baker, and borders the District of Bakaria. Most of the agriculture industry is stationed out of the two territories, and are key to Kozuc's economy.
The Kozuc Revolutionary Armed Forces (KRAF), also referred to as Kozuc National Armed Services, is the combination of two executive departments responsible for defense, security and justice in the Republic.
Law & Order
For more information, see - Justice and Security Commission
All law enforcement is done by the Kozuc Revolutionary Armed Forces. Although any member of the military can serve as a policing official, the task is specifically given to the Secret Service Branch.