The diplomatic foreign relations of Indradhanush are conducted and maintained under the joint prerogative of the Monarch of Indradhanush and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Relations usually headed by the Prime Minister of Indradhanush. All the treaties of diplomatic relations must be signed by the monarch of Indradhanush or the Minister of External Affairs as the chief ambassador of the nation. Indradhanush distinguishes two types of diplomatic relations, formal, which are obtained via treaty, and informal, specified by documents of common micronational organizations. All formal relations must be established with the signing of a treaty of mutual recognition, friendship and cooperation or any other form of diplomatic relations treaty provided by either by the government of Indradhanush or the nation with whom, the relations are being sought.
Indradhanush established the Ministry of Foreign Affairs soon after his foundation on 13 February 2021. The ministry was initially viewed as a nominal department in the government due to Indradhanush being a young nation. One of the most important steps taken by the country was on 2 April 2021 issued a proclamation granting unilateral recognition to all the 193 member states of the United Nations and the two observer nations of Holy See and the State of Palestine along with the Republic of China or Taiwan.
Foreign and diplomatic policy
Indradhanush maintains a neutral foreign policy with all the nations it currently has formal bilateral and diplomatic relations. The fundamental and core aim of the nation is to promote peace, prosperity and happiness with all other nations and establish relations where all nations mutually contributes to the promotion of world peace. Indradhanush is a signatory of the Union Against Micronational War and hence does not recognize micronational wars and neither does participate nor encourage micronational wars[a]. The nation has always expressed its strong stance against micronational wars and termed it to be as "time pass" and a "waste". The nation also expresses its neutrality but though doesn't stay away from making any comments on territorial and sovereignty disputes of other nations such as Vancouver island territorial dispute and the Great Des Plaines Valley War. Indradhanush fully adheres to the terms and conditions laid forth by the Wrythe Convention, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations and Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations. These conventions are considered rulebooks of micronational and international diplomacy. Indradhanush also aims to establish the peaceful resolution of intermicronational disputes, respect for intermicronational laws and the creation of principles regarding what was to be considered acts of aggression to micronational sovereignty.
Current foreign policy
The current foreign policy of Indradhanush was implemented on 3 April 2020 and became effective from the same day. The current foreign policy has been extensively templated from the foreign policy of Vishwamitra. Indradhanush is strict with regards to following the foreign policy. It also lays immense light on the adherence of the terms and conditions of the Wrythe Convention, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations and Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, which Indradhanush are signatories. The current foreign policy is as follows:
- The nation must have a proper constitution or a declaration of independence.
- The nation must have proper claims, and at least some of the land shall be able to be visited by foot.
- The nation must respect Indradhanush, its system of government, its culture, tradition and vice versa.
- The nation must not be indulged in any form of war, conflict and should not encourage it and nor should illegally claim sovereignty over any other nation.
- The nation must have a stable system of government with detailed information on its system of government.
- The nation must be on any form of social sites - MicroWiki, website, Discord, Twitter, Facebook, etc where information regarding the nation shall be collected and can be contacted.
- The nation must have a stable population (more than 5) and the information regarding the population shall be true.
- The nation must recognise, respect and adhere to the terms and conditions laid forth by the conventions that Indradhanush have signed (It is not mandatory for the nation to be signatories).
Any nation that satisfies the mentioned terms and conditions as per the foreign policy is eligible for establishing bilateral relations with the country.
Diplomatic missions and staffs
Indradhanush has the following diplomatic embassy:-
- Canada in Ontario.
- The Republic of India claims Chandril City.
- The Republic of Ireland claims Hibernia.
- Canada claims Wisea.
Current bilateral relations
The nations which currently maintain formal bilateral and diplomatic relations with Indradhanush have been listed in this section. The nations have been arranged in the order of date of establishment of relations.
Sixth Aenderese Republic
The State of Indradhanush and Aenderia began in 27 February 2021 which were formalised following the official beginning of bilateral relations on 15 April 2020 following the signing of a treaty of friendship and mutual recognition between the two nations. The treaty was presented from Indradhanush and signed by His Majesty Chandrachur Basu, whereas President Lavtev signed on behalf of the Aenderese government. The relations have been cordial between the two nations and regular series of communications have been maintained at the highest levels.
Chandrachur Basu also was an MP in the Parliament of Aenderia. He founded the Aenderian National Congress and joined the AUAF (Aenderians United Against Fascism) Coalition against the new Pro-Fascism Parties.
Aenderia is currently the longest-continuing ally of Indradhanush.
Republic of Xahastan
Limbonian Federal Republic
Countries whom Indradhanush has informal relations
The nations which currently maintain informal diplomatic relations with Indradhanush have been listed in this section.
Countries whom Indradhanush has embassies
The nations which currently maintain embassies with Indradhanush have been listed in this section.
Multilateral treaties and conventions
This table shows the treaties and conventions that Indradhanush has signed. The treaties have been arranged in the order of date of signing of the said treaty.
|Multilateral Treaty/Convention||Signed on||Status of signatory||Notes|
|Union Against Micronational War
सूक्ष्मराष्ट्रीय युद्ध के खिलाफ संघ (Hindi)
মাইক্রোনেশনাল যুদ্ধের বিরুদ্ধে ইউনিয়ন (Bengali)
|Immediately after foundation||Subsequent signatory||Indradhanush became a signatory of the Union Against Micronational War immediately after its foundation with the nation's notion to promote peace and prosperity. Indradhanush does not believe in micronational war and does not support nor encourage it. The goal of the Union Against Micronational War is neutrality in any micronational conflict. It also condemns any kind of war, both micronational and macronational. The Union Against Micronational War defines micronational war as a hostile conflict between two micronational entities. Such conflict is viewed as sometimes more accurately described as a conflict between individual micronational leaders. Such conflicts are condemned, especially when the actions of the belligerents are destructive, unethical, or illegal.|
|Charter of the Grand Unified Micronational
ग्रैंड यूनिफाइड माइक्रोनॉशनल का घोषणापत्र (Hindi)
গ্র্যান্ড ইউনিফাইড মাইক্রোনালিয়াল এর ঘোষণাচিঠি (Bengali)
|Immediately after foundation||Signatory||Indradhanush became a signatory of the Charter of the Grand Unified Micronational immediately after its foundation.|
व्राइथ सम्मेलन (Hindi)
উরিথে সম্মেলন (Bengali)
|26 February 2021||Subsequent signatory||Indradhanush became one of the subsequent signatories of the Wrythe Convention on 26 February 2021 having successfully ratified the terms and objectives laid forth by the convention. The convention which condemns sockpuppeting, identity theft, and false claims within micronationalism. Signatories to the convention pledge to not enter into relations with any entities engaged in fabrications and falsehoods, and by signing the treaty reserve the right to suspend or revoke recognition of any entities found to have engaged in such behaviour. Indradhanush has been successful in implementing the terms laid forth by the Wrythe Convention in its foreign policy and also encouraged other nations to be a signatory of this convention.|
|Sough2020 Convention on Global Climate Change
वैश्विक जलवायु परिवर्तन पर सौह2020 सम्मेलन (Hindi)
বিশ্বব্যাপী জলবায়ু পরিবর্তন সম্পর্কিত সম্মেলন (Bengali)
|26 February 2021||Subsequent signatory||Indradhanush became one of the subsequent signatories of the Sough2020 Convention on Global Climate Change or Sough2020 on 26 February 2021 having successfully ratified the terms and objectives laid forth by the convention. The convention aimed towards micronational action regarding climate change, pollution and negative human interactions with the natural world and establish long-term goals are to lower micronational carbon footprints through indirect means such as encouraging greener forms of transportation and covered subjects such as pollution, environmental destruction, mass extinction of species and other forms of negative impacts on the natural world from human interaction. Apart from being a signatory of the convention, Indradhanush also supports the Vishwamitran proposal for the formation of an intermicronational organization based for environment related affairs and for hosting a summit based on the foundations of the convention, inspired from the annual United Nations Climate Change conferences.|
|Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations
राजनयिक संबंधों पर वियना कन्वेंशन (Hindi)
কূটনৈতিক সম্পর্ক সম্পর্কিত ভিয়েনা কনভেনশন
|1 March 2021||Signatory||Indradhanush became one of the signatories of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations.
The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 1961 is an international treaty that defines a framework for diplomatic relations between independent countries. It specifies the privileges of a diplomatic mission that enable diplomats to perform their function without fear of coercion or harassment by the host country. This forms the legal basis for diplomatic immunity. Its articles are considered a cornerstone of modern international relations.
In the same year that the treaty was adopted, two amendment protocols were added. Countries may ratify the main treaty without necessarily ratifying these optional agreements.
Indradhanush did not sign these additional amendment protocols.
|Vienna Convention on Consular Relations||1 March 2021||Signatory||Indradhanush became one of the signatories of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations.
The Vienna Convention on Consular Relations is an international treaty that defines a framework for consular relations between sovereign states. It codifies many consular practices that originated from state custom and various bilateral agreements between states.
Consuls have traditionally been employed to represent the interests of state's or their nationals at an embassy or consulate in another country. The Convention defines and articulates the functions, rights, and immunities accorded to consular officers and their offices, as well as the rights and duties of "receiving States" (where the consul is based) and "sending States" (the state the consul represents).
|Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties||2 April 2021||Signatory||The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (VCLT) is an international agreement regulating treaties between states. Known as the "treaty on treaties", it establishes comprehensive rules, procedures, and guidelines for how treaties are defined, drafted, amended, interpreted, and generally operated. An international treaty is a written agreement between international law subjects reflecting their consent to the creation, alteration, or termination of their rights and obligations. The VCLT is considered a codification of customary international law and state practice concerning treaties.
The VCLT is regarded as one of the most important instruments in treaty law and remains an authoritative guide in disputes over treaty interpretation.
|Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States||2 April 2021||Signatory||The Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States is a treaty signed at Montevideo, Uruguay, on December 26, 1933, during the Seventh International Conference of American States. The Convention codifies the declarative theory of statehood as accepted as part of customary international law.|
|2015 Paris Agreement||2 April 2021||Signatory||The Paris Agreement (French: Accord de Paris) is an international treaty on climate change, adopted in 2015. It covers climate change mitigation, adaptation, and finance. The Agreement was negotiated by 196 parties at the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference near Paris, France.
The Paris Agreement was opened for signature on 22 April 2016 (Earth Day) at a ceremony in New York. After the European Union ratified the agreement, sufficient countries had ratified the Agreement responsible for enough of the world's greenhouse gases for the Agreement to enter into force on 4 November 2016. As of July 2021, 191 members of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) are parties to the agreement. Of the six UNFCCC member states which have not ratified the agreement, the only major emitters are Iran, Turkey, and Iraq (though the president has approved that country's accession). The United States withdrew from the Agreement in 2020, but rejoined in 2021.
The Paris Agreement's long-term temperature goal is to keep the rise in mean global temperature to well below 2 °C (3.6 °F) above pre-industrial levels, and preferably limit the increase to 1.5 °C (2.7 °F), recognising that this would substantially reduce the impacts of climate change. Emissions should be reduced as soon as possible and reach net-zero in the second half of the 21st century. It aims to increase the ability of parties to adapt to climate change impacts, and mobilise sufficient finance. Under the Agreement, each country must determine, plan, and regularly report on its contributions. No mechanism forces a country to set specific emissions targets, but each target should go beyond previous targets. In contrast to the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, the distinction between developed and developing countries is blurred, so that the latter also have to submit plans for emission reductions.
Membership of intermicronational organizations
Indradhanush joined the Micronational Assembly being accepted to the organization by its members, initially, as an observer nation and was later promoted as a full member nation on 29 March 2021. Indradhanush became an important part of the organization especially from its professional point of view and created the MID Act within the organization. Indradhanush also served as the Minister of MicroWiki Improvement.
References and Notes
- Chandrachur Basu, 10 March 2021 Micronational Assembly MID Act
- Aenderia and Indradhanush sign a Mutual Recognition Treaty
- Xahastan and Indradhanush sign a Treaty of Mutual Recognition
- Limbonia and Indradhanush sign a Mutual Recognition Treaty
- Chandrachur Basu. "Indradhanush signs the Wrythe Convention".
- Michael John Garcia, "Vienna Convention on Consular Relations: Overview of U.S. Implementation and International Court of Justice (ICJ) Interpretation of Consular Notification Requirements", CRS Report for Congress (May 17, 2004), https://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL32390.pdf
- "Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties | History & Summary". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2019-07-26.
- Anthony, Aust (2006). "Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (1969)" (in en). Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law. doi:10.1093/law:epil/9780199231690/e1498. ISBN 9780199231690. https://opil.ouplaw.com/view/10.1093/law:epil/9780199231690/law-9780199231690-e1498.
- capt. Enchev, V. (2012), Fundamentals of Maritime Law Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css must have content model "Sanitized CSS" for TemplateStyles (current model is "CSS").Script error: No such module "Catalog lookup link".Script error: No such module "check isxn".
- "50 Years Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties". juridicum.univie.ac.at (in Deutsch). Retrieved 2019-11-12.
- Hersch Lauterpacht (2012). Recognition in International Law. Cambridge University Press. p. 419. ISBN 9781107609433. https://books.google.com/books?id=EWgEv1Qq2TwC&pg=PA419.
- Chandrachur Basu MID Act