United Kingdom of New Wessex
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The United Kingdom of New Wessex (sometimes abbreviated as the UKNW) is a micronation located on the island of Great Britain, surrounded by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on all borders. New Wessex is an absolute monarchy ruled over by Declan I, II & V, and is situated to the east of the British city of Salisbury. Formerly comprised of two constituent countries, Wilcsland and Orly, the latter became independent again on 24 June 2013, leaving Wilcsland as the only currently remaining Wessaxon territory. Both Wilcsland and Orly were former sovereign states before entering into political union on 14 January 2012.
| United Kingdom of New Wessex |
Look for the Light
Protectors of the Earth
|- King||HM King Declan I|
|- Heir apparent||HRH Prince Ciaran|
|Established||Kingdom of South Bank|
1 May 2002
United Kingdom of New Wessex
14 January 2012
|Currency||Pound sterling (£)|
New Wessex is a "Fifth World" micronation with a score of 12 under the Boodlesmythe-Tallini System, and scores roughly 3.4 on the Categoric-Gradial/Linden's (Revised) System. New Wessex is an example of a nation at Political Stage II and between Economic Stage II and III on the Eight Stage Transition.
The Kingdom of Wilcsland can trace itself back to the Chiefdom of the Plains, founded in 1995. This split up into several small tribes which were conquered by the Chiefdom of the Sun under Chief Nectombetec II in 1999 and united into the Kingdom of South Bank on 1 May 2002, creating what is now known as the Wessaxon Monarchy - Nectombetec II was crowned His Majesty King Declan I of South Bank. South Bank transitioned into the Kingdom of Atlantis in 2003, which in turn transitioned into the Kingdom of the Taklamacan in 2005, both times due to the population of the nation being forced to migrate. The nation gained the Kingdom of Saqqara and the Kingdom of Thebes as vassal states while Atlantis, and the Kingdom of Corran as one while the Taklamacan. A new nation, the Kingdom of Moylurg, began to rise to prominence after being founded in June 2009 - Saqqara and Thebes were made subkingdoms of the Taklamacan, while the Taklamacan itself along with Corran were made Moylurgian Commonwealth Realms. These two nations then joined in political union with Moylurg as the Empire of Moylurg on 7 March 2010, which was renamed back to a Kingdom the following month. The Kingdom of Moylurg, still with Saqqara and Thebes as nominally semi-autonomous subkingdoms, transitioned into the Kingdom of Wilcsland on 10 November 2010.
Orly was initially founded as a Caesarship, on 4 July 2010. Geographically close to the Empire of Austenasia and recognizing the suzerainty of its emperor, the Orlian population was comprised mostly of friends of the then Emperor Esmond III who had been inspired by supporting him during the Austenasian Civil War. The Caesarship split into two independent kingdoms later that month: Copan and the Grove. The Grove was ruled by a native leader, King Calum I, whereas Crown Prince Jonathan of Austenasia arranged for Copan to have Declan I made its King, with him governing it as the King's viceroy. Under the terms of the edict that had separated the Caesarship, Declan I became head of state of the Grove when its throne became vacant on 8 December 2010, and immediately declared the reunification of the two kingdoms back into an Orlian state, known as the Tsardom of Orly. The Tsardom survived as an independent state, with Declan I maintaining the loyalty of the population by appointing a local Viceroy and various native vassal monarchs to rule in his stead, until it was entered into political union by Declan I with the Kingdom of Wilcsland on 14 January 2012, creating the United Kingdom of New Wessex. Its epithet of Tsardom was dropped, Declan I being restyled King of Orly, and its local vassal monarchies were abolished while the viceroyalty was retained. The subkingdom status of Thebes was also abolished at this time, being completely integrated into Wilcsland.
On 12 September 2012, Markus II conquered New Wiltshire on behalf of New Wessex, creating the first overseas colony of New Wessex. He was appointed Viceroy of New Wiltshire by the King. On 17 November later that year, another colony, New South Scotland, was also annexed. Situated in Australasia, this gave New Wessex an empire on which the sun never sets until it was given to the Empire of Austenasia upon the ascension of Emperor Jonathan I.
On 24 June 2013, Orly became independent once more after dissatisfaction with the foreign rule of Declan I reached a tipping point. Declan I was deposed and Emperor Jonathan I appointed new native monarchs upon the request of the population. In mid-July 2013, New Wiltshire also left New Wessex, being forcibly annexed by New Israel. At some point shortly after the liberation of Orly (possibly later that day but certainly within a few months) the kingdom of Saqqara also lost its subkingdom status.
New Wessex is an absolute monarchy. The King of New Wessex holds sole and absolute executive, legislative, and judicial power and authority. He can appoint co-rulers and grant titles at will. The power and authority of all other offices within New Wessex ultimately derive from his throne.
The royal family of Wilcsland is the House of Mac Donnchadha-Houghton, a large family rumoured to be descended from High Kings of Ireland and Holy Roman Emperors. None of the Wessaxon people have ever expressed a desire to remove the monarchy, and have never expressed a desire to limit the powers of the reigning monarch.
The foreign policy of New Wessex focuses mainly on the defence and expansion of the influence of the Wessaxon Monarchy. The nation had a military alliance with the Empire of Austenasia between 7 August 2010 and 7 August 2013, and informal friendly relations with numerous micronations in the MicroWiki Community, which began to be established in the Moylurgian Golden Period. Although New Wessex holds mostly informal relations with nations it has contacted, the following is a list of all nations with which it has established formal diplomatic relations:
- Zonian Confederacy - 10 February 2010 (defunct due to the Zonian Confederacy ceding sovereignty to Sirocco)
- Kingdom of Angador - 11 February 2010 (defunct after Angador's dissolution)
- Federal Republic of St.Charlie - 24 February 2010 (first written treaty)
- Empire of Austenasia - 7 June 2010 (official mutual recognition remains despite de facto relations having been cut)
- Midget Nation-in-Exile - 7 August 2010 (defunct due to the Midget Nation becoming part of Austenasia)
Wessaxon culture is a direct continuation of the Moylurgian culture which existed between June 2009 and November 2010. A tolerant and artistic culture, it is based heavily on that of Ancient and (after the transition to Wilcsland) Ptolemaic Egypt, as well as its predeccessor state of the Kingdom of the Taklamacan. National symbols of Wilcsland include the lion and the flail. Wilcsland is also home to such monuments as the Wilcslandian Pyramids.