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Sunara Republic

Sunara (남국, Namguk), officially the Sunara Republic (대남민국, Daenam Minguk), is a self-proclaimed sovereign state located in East Asia. However, it is more commonly referred to as a micronation by external observers. Founded on the Korean Peninsula, Sunara Republic declared independence from the Republic of Korea in May 2016. The country shares territorial borders with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea to the north and the Republic of Korea to the south. The Hangul that make up the Sunara's official name mean "Great South Republic", and Sunara is often called the "Gate to reach the South".

Sunara Republic
대남민국

Sunara flag.pngSunara emblem.png

Motto
"Freedom – Happiness - Prosperity"
Anthem
Jayuga
Map Sunara.png
Capital cityBuyang
Official language(s)Korean, English
DemonymSunaran
GovernmentParliamentary republic
- PresidentKoh Ji-hoon
- Prime MinisterOng Do-hyun
LegislatureParliament
- Type - unicameral
Established3 May 2016
Area claimed28.0km²
Population84
CurrencySunara dollar
Time zone(UTC+9)
National animalSiberian tiger

The country is a parliamentary republic with a Westminster system of unicameral parliamentary government, with its seat of government in the capital city of Buyang. It exercises jurisdiction of five provinces: Cheolje, Gyeongcheong, Jeongi, Pyeongwon and Hwangju. The Liberal Democrats has won every election since the declaration of the Sunara Republic in 2016. One of the two founding members of East Asia Summit of Micronations, Sunara is also the host of the Asia-Pacific Micronational Economic Cooperation (APMEC) Secretariat, and a member of the British Commonwealth of Micronations.

Sunara's core principles are meritocracy, liberty and secularism. It is noted for its effective, pragmatic and incorrupt governance and civil service, which together with its rapid development policies, is widely cited as the "Sunara model". Public polls shows 76% of its residents expressed confidence in the national government, and 83% in its judicial systems—one of the highest ratings recorded. Sunara has significant influence on global affairs relative to its size, but some analysts classify it as a small power.

Despite Sunara is a young country, history goes back since the Jin state (4th century B.C.–2nd century B.C.) as it ruled where Sunara is located today. For Sunara itself, its history began since the de facto British colonisation of Sunara.

Contents

History

Crown colony 2014-16

 
Flag of British Sunara from 2014-16

Sunara was founded as a de facto British colony in January 2014, declared by Koh Ji-hoon. Despite that Sunara was not recognised by the United Kingdom as its crown colony, British Sunara claimed to be part of the United Kingdom until May 2016. To create an air of legitimacy, the Queen of the United Kingdom, Elizabeth II, was proclaimed allegiance as Queen of Sunara. However, not being aware of micronationalism, she did not accept either the role or the title and it was not accepted or recognised by any other state. During this period, Sunara adopted the pound sterling as their currency which led many Sunaran citizens to an uproar.

During May 2016, the then President of the Republic of England, Luke Fawcett advised the Sunaran authorities to either handover sovereignty of Sunara back to the Republic of Korea or declare independence from British colonisation, due to the United Kingdom would never recognise Sunara as part of its crown colonies, nor as part of the British Commonwealth either. After a meeting, Koh then subscribed and declared the Sunara Republic.

Independence 2016-present

Sunara declared itself independence de jure from the Republic of Korea, de facto from the United Kingdom on 3 May 2016. Koh Ji-hoon became Sunara's first President with his faithful companion, Ong Do-hyun, as Prime Minister. Ong emphasised on rapid economic growth, support for business entrepreneurship, limitations on internal democracy, and close relationships with the Republic of Canton set the new nation's policies for the next half-century.

Government and politics

The Sunara Republic is a parliamentary republic with a Westminster system of unicameral parliamentary government representing constituencies. According to the constitution, declares that the "head of the Republic shall be known as the President and shall symbolise the unity of the nation." The powers of the President of Sunara, who is elected for a five-year term by a two-thirds majority of an electoral college, are primarily ceremonial. The electoral college consists of members of Parliament and the presidents of Regional Councils. The President may be removed by the electoral college for gross misconduct or incapacity.

The Prime Minister, who is the head of government, is elected by a majority vote of a three-quarters quorum of the Parliament. The Prime Minister, in turn, appoints the Council of Ministers, whose number may not exceed a quarter of the number of parliamentary representatives. The Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers constitute the executive government.

The Parliament of Sunara is unicameral and has 28 members, who are elected by popular vote every four years unless earlier dissolved by a majority vote of a three-quarters quorum or by a directive from the President on the advice of the Prime Minister. Members of Parliament (MPs) consist of elected, non-constituency and nominated members. Elected MPs are voted into the Parliament on a "first-past-the-post" (plurality) basis and represent a single-member.

The Supreme Court consists of a chief justice and up to three other judges. Two or more members of this court may constitute a Court of Appeal. Magistrate courts handle most routine legal matters. The legal system is based on British common law. Sunara has penalties that include judicial corporal punishment in the form of caning, which may be imposed for such offences as rape, rioting, vandalism, and certain immigration offences.