State of Vishwamitra

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State of Vishwamitra
Vishwamitra-National Flag.png
Flag
Vishwamitra-New Coat of Arms.png
Coat of arms
Location of Vishwamitra Coordinates:  26.1445, 91.7362
Location of Vishwamitra
CoordinatesLogo of the Coord template.png 26.1445, 91.7362
Capital
and largest city
Rajagriha
Official languagesEnglish
Hindi
Ethnic groups (2020)Indians (86.96%)
Americans (10.87%)
Romanians (2.17%)
ReligionNo official state religion
Hindu (73.91%)
Islam (10.87%)
Christian (6.52%)
Buddhist (2.18%)
Atheist/Agnostic (6.52%)
DemonymVishwamitran
GovernmentFederal Elective Absolute monarchy under diarch
Dhrubajyoti Roy [2]
Tanishkaa Patranabish [2]
Princess Anoushkaa [3]
Prince Abhiraj
LegislatureParliament of Vishwamitra
Establishment
• Children's Group established
15 April 2007
• Renamed as Friends Society
27 January 2017
• Establishment of Commonwealth and international recognition
3 August 2019[4]
• Establishment of monarchy
8 June 2020[5]
Area
• Total
0.001 km2 (0.00039 sq mi)
• Water (%)
0
Population
• 2020 census
47 citizens [a]
CurrencyIndian rupee (INR ₹ [b])
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)[6]
DST is not observed
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Drives on theleft
Calling code+91[7]
MicrocodeVH [8]

The State of Vishwamitra[c] (Hindi: विश्वामित्र राज्य), referred colloquially as Vishwamitra (VH), is a self-proclaimed sovereign state[d], commonly known as a micronation by external observers. Located in South Asia, it is landlocked almost completely within Guwahati, India. Vishwamitra is a federal elective absolute monarchy under a diarchy, with the Rashtradhyaksh being the absolute monarch and the Sah-Rashtradhyaksh being a figurehead. Its population is 47. The capital and the largest city is the National Capital Region, which is the national administrative capital of the nation and de facto capitals of the provinces of Beltola and Basistha. Vishwamitra has two official languages, English and Hindi, as well as seven scheduled languages; Bengali, Assamese, Nepali, Urdu, Romanian, French and Spanish. The main administrative region of Vishwamitra with its six provinces and the national capital region is termed as the National Territorial Region, which is separated from the Chandril Special Administrative Territory.

The State of Vishwamitra was established as a republic back in 2007, and was known as the Children's Group, however it began to function fully as a micronation from 2010. The first constitution was adopted in 2014 which was amended in 2015. It was renamed as Friends Society in 2017. In 2019, it was officially named as the Commonwealth of Friends Society[4]. The nation was renamed again in 2020 to its current name following the dissolution of the republican government and the establishment of the monarchy.

Vishwamitra became a member of the Organización de Micro Estados de Naciones Unidas on 5 August 2019, and had joined the organization as the Commonwealth of Friends Society. The State has been a full member of the Grand Unified Micronational since 18 September 2020, and is also a full member of the Asia-Pacific Alliance and the Cupertino Alliance. The nation is the pioneer and founder-member of the Association of South Asian Micronations, commonly known as ASAM, which is often accredited as being the first of its kind in South Asia.

Etymology

The name "Vishwamitra" is derived from two Hindi words; Vishwa (Hindi:विश्व) meaning world and Mitra (Hindi:मित्र) meaning friend. The literal translation of Vishwamitra means "Friend of the World" and hence considers the promotion of peace and friendship as one of its key elements. The name was proposed on 3 June 2020, by Bishnu Chetry, then Senior Minister.

The word Vishwamitra can also refer to Maharshi Vishvamitra, who is one of the most venerated rishis or sages of ancient India. A near-divine being, he is also credited as the author of most of Mandala 3 of the Rigveda, including Gayatri Mantra. The Puranas mention that only 24 rishis since antiquity have understood the whole meaning of-and thus wielded the whole power of-Gayatri Mantra. Vishvamitra is supposed to be the first, and Yajnavalkya the last.

Official names

  • 15 April 2007 - 27 January 2017: Children's Group
  • 27 January 2017 - 13 May 2018: Republic of Friends Society
  • 13 May 2018 - 3 August 2019: People's Committee of Friends Society
  • 9 Sep 2018 - 3 August 2019: State of Friends Society
  • 3 August 2019 - 8 June 2020: Commonwealth of Friends Society
  • 8 June 2020 - Present: State of Vishwamitra

The microcode of the State of Vishwamitra is VH. VHM and SOV are also used sometimes.

History

Formal picture clicked at the meeting of the Executive Council. (L-R Asmi Patranabis, Anoushkaa Patranabish, Sarala Baishya, Dhrubajyoti Roy, Tanishkaa Patranabish and Abhiraj Kar)

Children's Group

Flag of the Children's Group
(2010-2017).

The State of Vishwamitra was established back on 15 April 2007, as the "Children's Group" by three initial citizens of the nation, who are now termed as the Founders of the Nation - Arnisha Phatowali—who went on to become the nation's first Prime MinisterDhrubajyoti Roy—the nation's first President—and Tanishkaa Patranabish—the first Vice-President. The nation was officially established with a parliamentary republic with the Prime Minister being the executive leader of the nation. The office of the President was created as a figurehead, thus indicating it has very little or no powers. The initial land claims of the nation was the residence of Dhrubajyoti Roy, which is now known as the Rashtra Niwas. On 30 December 2009, then Prime Minister Arnisha Phatowali resigned, thereby creating an internal crisis in the nation. On 1 January 2010, the nation elected its President Dhrubajyoti Roy to be the second Prime Minister. He also assumed the duties of the Vice-President. Tanishkaa Patranabish was elected to be the next President and the Minister of Finance.

The first national flag was adopted in early 2010 and was designed by the three founders of the nation back in 2009, however the sudden resignation of Arnisha Phatowali created a delay in the adoption. The first general election were held in the nation in 2012 in which Dhrubajyoti Roy was re-elected as the Prime Minister. In July, the same year, he was also elected as the President. It was the first time, that the same person held the two top positions in the nation - the President and the Prime Minister. It was also for the first time in 2012 that the Parliament was first established and used to hold meetings. However, with the rise of Sarala Baishya, differences between her and Tanishkaa Patranabish began to worsen. In May 2014, the first Constitution of the nation was adopted, and soon after the adoption of the constitution, then Prime Minister Dhrubajyoti Roy expressed his intentions to step down, thereby ushering a new dawn in the politics of the nation. On 21 May 2014[9], the general elections were held in which Sarala Baishya was declared elected to the office of the Prime Minister defeating Tanishkaa Patranabish. It was also for the first time that any official assumed office taking an oath in the name of the Constitution. Soon after the Parliament being constituted, Tanishkaa Patranabish was recognised as the Leader of the Opposition. On 15 July, the Prime Minister Sarala Baishya was elected to the office of the President[10] and continued to hold both offices simultaneously.

But in December, the same year, the nation termed into a series of internal turmoil, following the sudden resignation of Sarala Baishya as the nation's Prime Minister after serious differences with the Leader of the Opposition Tanishkaa Patranabish, after the latter had made serious allegations and accusations against her. Soon after the resignation, an emergency session of the Parliament[11] was convened by the Speaker Dhrubajyoti Roy in which the members voted to elect him as the Acting Chairman of the Council of Ministers, in order to act as the Acting Prime Minister until a permanent successor is elected or appointed. Anoushkaa Patranabish, who was at that time serving as the Minister of Child Welfare became the senior-most minister and a deputy to the Acting Chairman of the Council. A few days later, the council proposed to choose Tanishkaa Patranabish as the next Prime Minister, however her appointment was annulled by Sarala Baishya, who was also serving as the President at that time. Finally, on 22 February, the parliament was dissolved and snap elections were declared. Tanishkaa Patranabish was elected the next Prime Minister of the nation, and sworn-in into office on the same day. Sarala Baishya was appointed as the Minister of Finance, whereas Dhrubajyoti Roy was re-elected as the Speaker of the Parliament and the Minister of Education. However her tenure in office was cut short by the Constitution Amendment held on 6 December 2015.

Dhrubajyoti Roy being administering the oath by the President in April 2016.

Following the Constitution Amendment 2015, a clear difference of power was indicated in which the head and state and head of government were designated to be two different positions and were to be held by two different people. The Prime Minister continued to be the executive leader of the nation, with the President being a figurehead. Under the changed system of government, Dhrubajyoti Roy was elected as the first President and Sarala Baishya[12] as the Prime Minister. A Supreme court was also established and Tanishkaa Patranabish became the first Chief Justice of the nation. In March 2016, the Presidential elections were held in which Tanishkaa Patranabish defeated sitting President Dhrubajyoti Roy by a huge majority making him the first serving President to lose a re-election.

In April 2016, a multi-party system was established in the nation, with the Friends Society Secular Party becoming the first party to be established. On 11 April, general elections were held under the new political system. The Friends Society Secular Party (FSSP)[13], under the leadership of Dhrubajyoti Roy[14] won the elections defeating Sarala Baishya led Friends Society Independent Party. It was for the first time since 2007, that the office of the Deputy Prime Minister was used for Anoushkaa Patranabish, who became the second person to occupy the office. On 18 September 2016, the nation became a federal republic[15] from the long unitary system, following the announcement of the establishment of two provinces - Beltola and North Guwahati and one union territory - Central Guwahati. On 2 October 2016, Deputy Prime Minister Anoushkaa Patranabish was elected as the President of the nation defeating then Lieutenant Governor of Central Guwahati Sarala Baishya in the presidential elections. Following the election of Anoushkaa Patranabish as the President, outgoing President Tanishkaa Patranabish was inducted into the cabinet as the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance. In early November, it was indicated that the general elections will be held before 31 December, following which on 27 November, Vice-President Arnab Sil tendered his resignation and decided that his party, the Friends Society Freedom Party quits the alliance and contests the upcoming general election independently. In a twist of events, on 13 December, the parliament decided to impeach the President Anoushkaa Patranabish and installed the Lieutenant Governor of Central Guwahati & the Administrator of Beltola, Sarala Baishya as the Acting President of the nation.

Launching of the official WhatsApp group by inaugurating a plaque.

On 30 December 2016, general elections were held in the nation in which the two principal parties - the Friends Society Secular Party and the Friends Society Independent Party formed a pre-poll coalition named the Friends Society United Alliance meanwhile Arnab Sil led Friends Society Freedom Party decided to contest the elections alone. Dhrubajyoti Roy was declared to be the Leader of the alliance, and he led the two party-alliance to victory in the elections winning more than 90% of the total seats in the parliament. Soon after the results were declared, he was invited by the Acting President to form the government. He was appointed as the Prime Minister and Tanishkaa Patranabish was appointed as the deputy prime minister.

On 1 January 2017, on the onset of the new year, the official WhatsApp group [16] was launched by the Prime Minister Dhrubajyoti Roy which is termed as one of the biggest achievement and one of the huge step towards development. It was also for the first time, any social media app was used to remain in touch with all citizens. The next day, the parliament in its first session passed the North Guwahati Reorganization Bill, 2017 in which the creation of a new state was proposed. Upon adoption of the bill, the state of Brihattar Guwahati was carved out of North Guwahati, hereby making it the largest state of the nation. Opposition leader Arnab Sil was appointed to be its first Governor.

However, on 27 January, a meeting of the executive council was held which was attended by the Acting President Sarala Baishya, Prime Minister Dhrubajyoti Roy, Deputy Prime Minister Tanishkaa Patranabish and Minister of Regional Affairs Anoushkaa Patranabish and the proposal to adopt a new name for the nation was passed unanimously. Soon after the meeting, in an announcement made by the Prime Minister, it was declared that the Children's Group shall with immediate effect be known as the Republic of Friends Society.

As Friends Society

Friends Society has been one of the most important eras in the history of the nation. It was known as the Republic of Friends Society from 27 January 2017 until 13 May 2018, until the State of Friends Society was proclaimed in September 2018. In August 2019, the Commonwealth of Friends Society was proclaimed and lasted till the abolition of the republic in June 2020.

Republic of Friends Society

National flag used between 27 January and 7 April 2017.

On 27 January 2017, the executive council decided to adopt a new name for the nation replacing Children's Group, and upon reaching a consensus, a new name was finally adopted. The office of the Prime Minister declared that the new name of the nation shall be the Republic of Friends Society. On the same day, the Acting President and the Acting Vice President were elected for a full fresh term into office. Sarala Baishya became the President of the nation for the second time, meanwhile Bishnu Chetry was elected to serve as the Vice President. Tanishkaa Patranabish became the new Chief Justice of the nation replacing Dhrubajyoti Roy who had been serving since March 2016.

However, in a turn of events, on 17 February 2017, Tanishkaa Patranabish[17] was sacked as the Deputy Prime Minister of the nation and was removed from the union cabinet by the Prime Minister Dhrubajyoti Roy, Abhiraj Kar became the new Deputy Prime Minister replacing Tanishkaa Patranabish. On 26 February, the union territory of Central Guwahati was granted full statehood and a permanent Governor was appointed. It was on 05 March 2017, that the Prime Minister and four other of his colleagues decided to quit the Friends Society Secular Party and join the junior partner in the coalition, Friends Society Independent Party, making it the largest party in the alliance. That was one of the turning events in the politics of the nation. On 11 April[18][19], elections were held for the first time to elect Chief Ministers of the four states. It was on the same day that the President Sarala Baishya announced her resignation, the Vice President Bishnu Chetry became the Acting President until a permanent successor was elected.

Finally, on 12 April, then Prime Minister Dhrubajyoti Roy also resigned announcing that he would run to become the next President. Soon after the announcement was made, he was unopposed elected as the President. In yet another turn of events on the same day, the Friends Society Independent Party (FSIP) declared its breaking the alliance with the Friends Society Secular Party (FSSP), and joined hands with the Friends Society Freedom Party (FSFP) to form the Friends Society Independent Alliance with Sarala Baishya being the leader of the alliance and Arnab Sil being its deputy leader. Sarala Baishya was elected as the Prime Minister[20] of the nation by the members of the Parliament on 12 April 2017, whereas FSFP Leader Arnab Sil became the Deputy Prime Minister in the cabinet. On 18 April, the President and Speaker of the Parliament Dhrubajyoti Roy recognized FSSP Leader Tanishkaa Patranabish as the Leader of the Opposition. It was under the new government that on 7 May, the creation of a new state was proposed and Basistha became the fifth state of the nation, after being carved out of the state of Beltola.

Tanishkaa Patranabish being sworn-in as the Prime Minister by the President on 5 July 2017.

The Government declared that general elections will be held on 5 July 2017 in order to elect a new Parliament. The ruling coalition decided to contest the election together, meanwhile the principal opposition party, Friends Society Secular Party (FSSP) decided to contest the elections alone. Soon after the elections being held, the results were declared in which the FSSP won 15 out of the 30 seats in the Parliament, meanwhile the alliance was able to win the rest 15 seats. As the results predicted a hung parliament, and as no single party was able to win a majority, the President Dhrubajyoti Roy, despite being a figurehead decided to play a very important role in the process of government formation. He decided to invite leader of the single largest party to form the government, however his decision was opposed by the ruling coalition. Finally, he asked all the three leaders to form an unity government with the leader of the single largest party being the Prime Minister and the leaders of the constituent parties being Deputy Prime Ministers holding important portfolios. And after negotiation between the three leaders, it was announced that Tanishkaa Patranabish[21] shall be the Prime Minister, and Sarala Baishya and Arnab Sil will be the Deputy Prime Ministers. However on 25 December 2017, Dhrubajyoti Roy stepped down as the President of the nation to become the Prime Minister[22] and was replaced by the Vice President Anoushkaa Patranabish as the President. He became the Prime Minister and continued with the unity government and appointed Tanishkaa Patranabish and Arnab Sil as Deputy Prime Ministers. It was for the first time that the newly-formed Friends Societal Congress (FSC) joined the government and its own Prime Minister.

National flag used from 27 December 2017 until 8 June 2020.

The government under Dhrubajyoti Roy announced that general elections will be held on 21 March 2018 to elect members to the Parliament. A day before the general elections, leader of the Friends Society Freedom Party Arnab Sil announced the merger of his party with the Friends Societal Congress after meeting Prime Minister Dhrubajyoti Roy. In the elections, the Friends Societal Congress secured a majority and formed the government along with Tanishkaa Patranabish led Friends Society Secular Party. Dhrubajyoti Roy[23] was re-elected as the Prime Minister and appointed Tanishkaa Patranabish and Asmi Patranabis as Deputy Prime Ministers. However, in a serious turn of events, the President Anoushkaa Patranabish announced her resignation from the position on 13 May 2018.

People's Committee of Friends Society

Following the resignation of Anoushkaa Patranabish, as the head of state of the nation, the Prime Minister Dhrubajyoti Roy in a self-declared constitutional coup announced to have taken over the absolute power of the nation on 14 May 2018, and that the Republic of Friends Society was dissolved. He announced that the People's Committee of Friends Society had been established immediately after the dissolution of the republic and declared himself the Supreme Leader of the nation with the style of His Majesty. He appointed Anoushkaa Patranabish as Deputy Supreme Leader, and entrusted her duties to act on his behalf during his absence. Tanishkaa Patranabish was appointed as President of the Council of Ministers and Chancellor of the Treasury. As the Supreme Leader was the executive head of state of the nation, the President of the Council of Ministers acted as a nominal hand-picked representative of him. The system of government during this period can be termed to as benevolent dictatorship. It was also under this administration that the honorary armed forces were established and various ranks were also created. It was since then that Dhrubajyoti Roy had been the Marshal of the Forces and Tanishkaa Patranabish had been the General of the Army.

However, on 9 September 2018, Supreme Court Chief Justice Sarala Baishya in a judgement declared the system of government unconstitutional and that it was established with abiding the articles and provisions of the Constitution, and that it should be dissolved immediately. The judgement also directed the Parliament to elect a new leader under a new republic to be established. Finally on 11 September, Dhrubajyoti Roy announced that he would step down as the Supreme Leader and that the People's Committee of Friends Society shall be replaced by the State of Friends Society.

State of Friends Society

President Dhrubajyoti Roy being sworn-in by the Chief Justice Sarala Baishya on 11 September 2018.

Following the dissolution of the People's Committee of Friends Society, the State of Friends Society was established. Soon after the establishment of the new republic, Anoushkaa Patranabish was sworn-in as the Acting Head of State of the nation until the Parliament elected a new permanent leader. The acting head of state, soon after assuming office summoned the Parliament to elect a new leader for the nation. The Friends Societal Congress-majority Parliament voted in favour of Dhrubajyoti Roy to be elected as the new leader of the nation as the President.

Presidential standard used from 2018-2020.

Tanishkaa Patranabish was appointed to be the Speaker of the Parliament, a position which is generally held by the President. Soon after the President was inaugurated, he appointed Anoushkaa Patranabish as his Vice President. The Parliament, then, through a special ordinance announced the establishment of a presidential system of government in the nation, with the President being the executive head of state and head of government. It was under his administration that the first executive cabinet was formed on 12 October 2018[24] [25] The first executive Presidential elections were held on 25 November 2018 in a direct contest between the serving President Dhrubajyoti Roy and the Speaker of the Parliament Tanishkaa Patranabish, in which the serving President was re-elected into power with 70.5% [26] of the total votes polled. Soon after the elections, in a compromise between the President-elect and his rival candidate, it was decided to re-establish the office of the Prime Minister in order to distinguish some of the presidential duties and that Tanishkaa Patranabish shall be appointed as the Prime Minister on 7 January 2019. However, she was forced to resign following five ministers of her cabinet declared their dissidence and formed a new party. The President dissolved the parliament, and announced for snap polls in which the Friends Society Secular Party, announced its merger into the Friends Societal Congress, which was able to win 18 out of the 28 seats in the Parliament[27]. Soon after the results were declared, Tanishkaa Patranabish was appointed as the Prime Minister for a second consecutive term and Sarala Baishya was recognised as the Leader of the Opposition. The President also constituted a special committee under a public ombudsman to present a detailed report on the new system of government that shall be established as a result of the compromise between him and the Prime Minister back in 2018. The report from the ombudsman suggested the establishment of a semi-presidential system of government in the nation, with the President and Prime Minister sharing equal and distinct powers. It also gave a detailed layout of the power sharing between the two top office-holders. The President shall be the head of state with significant amount of power, other than dismissal of the Prime Minister and the cabinet. The Prime Minister shall be the head of government with powers of leading the council of ministers, holding responsibilities of important ministries, and shall remain in office on the pleasure of the Parliament. Following the new system being established, the Prime Minister retained most of its powers, except for being the executive leader of the nation.

On 6 March 2019, two Special Administrative Territories[28][29] of the nation were established, namely the Special Administrative Territory (SAT) of Dadara and Kamrup & the Special Administrative Territory of Basistha. The President was named the Sovereign of the two Special Administrative Territories and an administrator was appointed for the administration of the territories. In an unprecedented move by the President, on 16 April, the House of Peers[30] was established creating a line of life and hereditary peers for top leaders of the nation. However, the new body was soon discontinued to be in use on 1 June 2019. On 2 June, the strength of the National Assembly [e] was increased from 28 seats to 32 seats, and by-polls[31] were to be held the next day to elect members to the four new seats of the Parliament. In a battle of prestige for the ruling party, it decided to contest against the opposition, Independent Party (New), and was able to register a victory over three of the four seats of the Parliament, thereby increasing its tally from 18 to 21.

On 15 June 2019, the Special Administrative Territory of Dadara Kamrup was granted full statehood by the Parliament, and it became the fifth state of the nation. On 14 July, a new position in the government was created under the title of Senior Ministers[32] which would be a cabinet position and rank above the Deputy Prime Minister. Serving Deputy Prime Ministers Bishnu Chetry and Arnab Sil were appointed to serve as the first Senior Ministers. For better understanding and display of the nation's semi-presidential system of government in both federal and regional level, on 20 July, the positions of the Chief Ministers were re-created under a Presidential decree.

Commonwealth of Friends Society

On 3 August 2019, the President Dhrubajyoti Roy creating a special decree announced that the State of Friends Society shall be renamed as the Commonwealth of Friends Society[4] and that the nation shall be open for diplomacy, which ushered a new era in the history of the nation. It was also for the first time that the nation was considering to enter into diplomatic relations with other micronations. In this regard, the President decided to send letters to the Queen of Ruritania and the President of Dracul extending a hand of friendship and recognition. The first country to establish bilateral relations with the Commonwealth of Friends Society was the Metropolitan Electorate of Fidelis on 5 August 2019. On the very same day, the nation was accepted as a full member of the Organización de Micro Estados de Naciones Unidas[33], which is the first intermicronational organization to be joined by the nation since the establishment of the diplomatic era. On 21 September, the Commonwealth became one of the very few nations to ban single used plastics[34]

National Emblem used between 2017 and 2020.

The first presidential elections under the semi-presidential system was held on 20 October in a direct contest between the serving President Dhrubajyoti Roy and the Prime Minister Tanishkaa Patranabish, in which Dhrubajyoti Roy was re-elected to the office securing 78.1% of the total votes polled. On 25 October, the Special Administrative Territory of Basistha was made an union territory[35] of the nation, thereby culminating the existence of the SATs established in March. However, in October-November, instability in the regional governments took place, and President's rule were imposed in the states, a number of times in the period following the resignation of the regional governments and the direction of the Supreme Court to remove the Chief Ministers as Members of Parliament. Finally, on 22 November, the President's Rule was revoked from all the states and elected Chief Ministers were appointed to office.

The Parliament was declared prorogued[36] by the President using his discretionary powers on 4 December 2019 until March the next year and that an election was needed to elect a new Parliament before 18 March 2020. As the Parliament was prorogued, the Executive Council became the de facto body to perform the functions of the Parliament and the State Reorganization Bill, 2019 on Kamrup Pradesh was introduced on 25 December and that the state has become an union territory on 1 January 2020 was adopted and the Union Territory of Kamrupa was officially established on 1 January 2020.

On 12 January 2020, the President declared a period of internal emergency[37] in the nation suspending all diplomatic services with foreign nations and also called for a constitutional referendum along with the general elections in March 2020. It was on 14 January, that the Council of Presidential Advisers[38] was constituted, which comprised of the Vice President, Chief Justice and three other members. It was established in order to advise the President on various matters on the nation and also the Chairman of the Council of President of Advisers shall be the deputy to the President and shall act as Acting President during the absence of the President. On 2 February, it was decided that the states shall be termed as "Dominions"[39] and shall be led by a Governor-General appointed by the President. On 18 February, the Election Commission announced that the general elections will be held on 21 March[40] and that the sitting Prime Minister was mandated to resign almost fifteen days before the elections in order to ensure free and fair elections.

Tanishkaa Patranabish being sworn-in as the Prime Minister by the President on 21 March 2020.

Soon after the announcement, Dhrubajyoti Roy announced that he would relinquish all his duties as the Leader of the Friends Societal Congress and that the Prime Minister Tanishkaa Patranabish as the President and Leader of the Friends Societal Congress and that the party would contest the elections under her leadership. On 29 February, the Friends Societal Congress was renamed as the National People's Congress[41] and that it shall be the sole political party in the nation. Tanishkaa Patranabish became the General Secretary of the National People's Congress. Finally on 3 March, following the requirements set forth by the Election Commission, Tanishkaa Patranabish tendered her resignation[42][43] as the Prime Minister and that of her council of ministers. Anoushkaa Patranabish became the next Prime Minister[44] of the nation and remained in office on a caretaker basis and ensured the free and fair elections in the nation. It was under the caretaker government that the decision to dissolve the regional governments was taken and an unitary republic system was adopted[45] replacing the federal republic. On 21 March 2020, the general elections took place in which all the 32 elected members of parliament casted their votes to elect a new leader. Tanishkaa Patranabish and Sarala Baishya were nominated as the two candidates, out of which Tanishkaa Patranabish, who secured 17 MP preference vote and was elected[46][47] as the next Prime Minister. Outgoing caretaker Prime Minister Anoushkaa Patranabish and Bishnu Chetry were inducted as Deputy Prime Ministers in the council of ministers.

However, soon after the elections were held and the cabinet was formed, differences between the President Dhrubajyoti Roy and the Prime Minister Tanishkaa Patranabish started to begin. On 12 April, Tanishkaa Patranabish[48] was removed as the General Secretary of the National People's Congress and Dhrubajyoti Roy assumed that position. The next day, in an address to the nation, the President Dhrubajyoti Roy who was also serving as the National Leader since 2010, announced that he would relinquish[49] all functions and duties as the Head of State on 30 April 2020, which caused shock amongst the people of the nation. A section of the leaders called for him to take back his decision, but he refused to reconsider the decision. Finally, on 30 April 2020, the Kaihatsu Era (meaning, era of development) came to an end and Prime Minister Tanishkaa Patranabish became the constitutional successor to the President in an acting capacity.

On 1 May 2020, a new era was proclaimed in the history of the nation, the era of peace to be known as the Heiwa Era. Tanishkaa Patranabish took over as the President[50] of the nation in an acting capacity and was finally elected by the Council of State as the President and Third National Leader in a virtual meeting held on 3 May. Anoushkaa Patranabish was designated as the Deputy President. It was also decided and adopted by the Council of State that the office of the Prime Minister shall be abolished and that a presidential system of government shall be established in the nation with the President being both the head of state and head of government. On 10 May, the executive cabinet was formed with Bishnu Chetry becoming the Senior Minister. On 14 May, the Council of State was reformed and a permanent position for the Chairman of the Council of State was created with the same rank and privileges of a head of state in international correspondance. Dhrubajyoti Roy who had been serving as the Chairman of the Council of State since 2018 was permanently appointed as the Chairman to an office that was held not held simultaneously by the President for the first time. On 25 May 2020, the Council of State approved the Regency Act, 2020[51], in which the Chairman of the Council of State should be appointed as the Regent of the nation in case of the absence of the President.

It was on 2 June 2020, that the Chairman of the Council of State submitted a report to the President and the government proposing the establishment of a federal elective absolute monarchy in the nation hereby abolishing the long republican system of government. An emergency meeting of the Council was convened by the Chairman in which the proposal was adopted, however some changes were made on the names and titles that were to be used.

Finally, on 7 June 2020, the Council of State approved that the name of the nation shall be changed from the Commonwealth of Friends Society to the State of Vishwamitra.

As the State of Vishwamitra

On 3 June 2020, the Council of State under the chairmanship of former President Dhrubajyoti Roy approved the establishment of a monarchy[52] in the nation and also adopting an unique system for the government to function. Following the Council of State having approved, the adoption of a federal elective absolute monarchy in the nation, it was decided that the Monarch of Vishwamitra shall be termed as Rashtradhyaksh which would mean, The Supreme Lord of the Nation or simply King or Queen Regnant. It was also the Council of State adopted a de facto rotational monarchy in which the position of the head of state shall rotate among the six constituent rulers from the six provinces of the nation and that the provincial rulers shall be known as Rajpramukhs. It was also decided that the office of the Prime Minister shall be re-established and that the prime minister shall be the head of government of the nation and shall lead the cabinet and look after the business of the government. The prime minister shall also serve as an advisor to the monarch. Finally, on 7 June 2020, the Council of State announced that the outgoing President Tanishkaa Patranabish shall become the first Rashtradhyaksh of the nation and the Rajpramukh of Beltola. Constituent monarchs to the five other provinces were also appointed by the Council of State.[53]

On 8 June, the nation entered into a new dawn following the beginning of the new system of government. The Rashtradhyaksh announced that the senior-most Rajpramukh, Dhrubajyoti Roy shall be appointed as the Upa-Rashtradhyaksh and shall be assigned the duties to represent the Rashtradhyaksh on all international platforms and also be given the immunity to sign treaties with all fellow nations. The Rashtradhyaksh, following which, appointed Princess Anoushkaa as the Prime Minister and requested her to form the council of ministers. Finally on 9 June, the council of ministers was set up in which Prince Abhiraj was appointed as the Deputy Prime Minister. On 1 July, the Rashtradhyaksh, issuing a royal decree, directed the constitution of the Privy Council of Vishwamitra[54], which shall serve as the principal advisory body to the Monarch of Vishwamitra. It was on 23 July, that the government introduced the Cities and Towns Reorganization Bill creating capital cities in the nation alongside the National Capital Region.

Royal Standard used by the Rashtradhyaksh.

However, on 29 July, in an unprecedented move, the Rashtradhyaksh Tanishkaa Patranabish announced her abdication after ruling the nation for just 51 days. Following the sudden abdication[55], the Conference of Rulers was summoned under the chairmanship of His Royal Highness Bishnu Chetry, the Rajpramukh of Uttaranchal and it was decided that the Upa-Rashtradhyaksh and next in line of the rotational succession shall be elected as the Rashtradhyaksh. Eventually Dhrubajyoti Roy was elected as the Rashtradhyaksh of the nation and his reign began on the 1 August 2020. It was decided that a diarchy[56] be established in the nation, with the Rashtradhyaksh being the absolute monarch and the Sah Rashtradhyaksh being a ceremonial ruler. The Sah Rashtradhyaksh was also designated to be the Speaker of the Parliament. Accordingly, Tanishkaa Patranabish was appointed as the Sah Rashtradhyaksh and she assumed charge on 1 August, along with the Rashtradhyaksh. On 20 August, the Deputy Prime Minister Prince Abhiraj[57] was designated as the Acting Prime Minister of the nation, following the leave of the Prime Minister Princess Anoushkaa. On 23 August, in a solemn ceremony, Dhrubajyoti Roy was installed as the Rashtradhyaksh of the nation.[58]

Under the new system of government, the State has effectively achieved a broader aspect in terms of diplomacy and other fields. It was on 22 August, that the nation became a full member of the Asia-Pacific Alliance. The nation became a founding member and pioneer of the Association of South Asian Micronations on 25 August. On 1 September, the nation was incorporated as a provisional member in the Grand Unified Micronational and was eventually promoted as a full member of the organization on 18 September.

Government and politics

Executive

Logo of the Privy Council of Vishwamitra, the principal advisory body to the Monarch.

The State of Vishwamitra is a federal elective absolute monarchy under a diarch[56]. The monarchy in the nation is highly influenced from the elective and rotational monarchy in Malaysia and diarchy in Eswatini. The head of state is the Rashtradhyaksh (translation: King) who serves along with the Sah-Rashtradhyaksh. The Rashtradhyaksh discharges the functions of an absolute monarch holding various executive and diplomatic powers, who is elected for a term of three years by the Conference of Rulers, comprising of the six rulers of the provinces of Vishwamitra. The position of the Rashtradhyaksh is de jure elective and de facto rotational amongst the rulers of the six provinces of the nation who comprise the Conference of Rulers. The current Rashtradhyaksh is the Rajpramukh of Purvanchal, His Majesty Dhrubajyoti whose reign began on 1 August 2020[2][59]., after he was elected to serve as the Rashtradhyaksh by the members of the Conference of Rulers on 29 July 2020 following the sudden abdication[55] of the reigning monarch Tanishkaa.

The Sah-Rashtradhyaksh[56] can be termed to be a constitutional monarch discharging various functions as a deputy to the Rashtradhyaksh, despite holding the same rank and privileges of the Rashtradhyaksh. The position was created on 1 August 2020, following the abdication of H.M. Tanishkaa as the Rashtradhyaksh on 29 July. The position is generally filled by the senior-most monarch after the Rashtradhyaksh in the order of precedence of the Rajpramukhs. The current Sah-Rashtradhyaksh is Her Majesty Tanishkaa who is also the Rajpramukh of Beltola. She also serves as the Grand Chancellor of the Privy Council and Grand Chancellor of the federal decorations. The Sah-Rashtradhyaksh also serves as the Deputy Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of Vishwamitra. The current Sah-Rashtradhyaksh is Her Majesty Tanishkaa who has been into office since 1 August 2020.

Logo of the Prime Minister of Vishwamitra.

The head of government is the Prime Minister of Vishwamitra who is elected by the members of the Parliament and remains in office on the pleasure of the members of the Parliament. The Prime Minister leads an Union Council of Ministers which acts as a collective body to advise the diarchs on various matters related to legislative and other business. The Council of Ministers comprises of various Ministers holding portfolios of national importance. The Rashtradhyaksh, however, has no power to remove the Prime Minister unless a vote of no-confidence has been moved in their favour. The current Prime Minister is Princess Anoushkaa who has been in office since 8 June 2020[3].

The system of government in the nation is highly influenced by the Conference of Rulers and the Privy Council. The Conference of Rulers is a council comprising the six rulers of the Vishwamitran provinces and the Prime Minister. It was officially established by Article 21 of the Constitution of Vishwamitra, and is the only such institution. Its main responsibility is the election of the Rashtradhyaksh (King) and the Sah-Rashtradhyaksh, which occurs every three years or when the positions fall vacant (either through death, resignation, or removal from office). Although its position in the process of elective monarchy is unique, the Conference of Rulers also plays a role in amending the Constitution of Vishwamitra and some other policies, in particular, those Articles which have been "entrenched", namely those pertaining to the status of the rulers. The Conference of Rulers also play a very important role in the judiciary of the nation and serves as a de facto bench of judges serving as a judicial advisory council to the monarch.

The Privy Council or His Majesty's Privy Council[54] which is a formal body of advisers to the Monarch of the State of Vishwamitra. Its membership is made up of Vishwamitran royals, politicians, and a selected few friendly foreign national leaders. It "has the function of providing non-binding advice to the Monarch on the exercise of the powers and duties of the Throne and on any matter which may be brought by the Monarch to its attention", and "is comprised of Privy Councillors appointed to it by the Monarch."

Legislature

Logo of the Parliament of Vishwamitra.

The legislature of the State of Vishwamitra is the Parliament, which is a thirty-five member unicameral house. The parliament comprises of twenty-nine elected representatives, known as Members of Parliament and the six provincial rulers. The parliament is the only law-making body of the nation and is responsible for amending budgets, laws and other business of the nation. The parliament is responsible for electing the Prime Minister who also serves as the Leader of the House in the Parliament. As the constitution requires the members of the council of ministers to be members of the legislature, it is required that all members of the union council of ministers are also members of the parliament, and if they are not elected to the parliament at the time of appointment as a minister, they shall be elected to the parliament within six months of holding the ministerial position, failing which they are required to step down from the ministerial duty or are deemed ineligible to hold such position.

The term of the parliament is of one year and general elections are held every year. However, the parliament can be dissolved before the expiration of the term by the Rashtradhyaksh on the advice of the Prime Minister. The current parliament, i.e. the 12th Parliament was constituted in March 2020 following the 2020 March General Election in which the National People's Congress was able to register a victory over all the thirty-five seats of the parliament. However, later in May, a member of parliament quitted the National People's Congress and formed the Independent Party.

Union Council of Ministers

The Union Council of Ministers is the collegiate decision making body with collective responsibility. The council of ministers is headed by the Prime Minister, who is assisted by a Deputy Prime Minister. A smaller body called the Union Cabinet is the supreme decision-making body after the Rashtradhyaksh. Only the prime minister and ministers of the rank of cabinet minister are members of the Union Cabinet.

The current council of ministers is headed by the Prime Minister Princess Anoushkaa who also holds the portfolio of the Minister of Finance. The cabinet was formed on 9 June 2020[3], a day after the establishment of the monarchy in the nation.

Composition

  1. Prime Minister: Head of the government and the council of ministers.
  2. Deputy Prime Minister: Deputy head of the government; presides as prime minister in their absence.
  3. Senior Minister: Senior-most cabinet minister; position usually held by a former prime minister or deputy prime minister.
  4. Cabinet Minister: A member of the cabinet; leads specific ministries.
  5. Minister of State (Independent charge): A junior member of the council of ministers; holding specific ministries and not reporting to a cabinet minister.
  6. Minister of State: A junior member of the council of ministers assisting a cabinet minister.

Ministries

This list contains all current union ministries under the government and the responsibilities and roles of the ministries.

Political parties

The State of Vishwamitra is a federal elective absolute monarchy with an thirty-five member-elected parliament. Elections to the parliament are held once in an year to elect the members of the Parliament, who in turn elects the Prime Minister on the command of the majority of the parties in the parliament. Prior to the establishment of the Party of Progress and Prosperity, the nation functioned as a one-party dominating with the National People's Congress being the party with an absolute majority.

The political party system was pioneered by Dhrubajyoti Roy prior to the 2016 April General Elections and launched the Friends Society Secular Party, which was able to win the elections. Following the new party system being established a lot of parties were established, but were all merged into the Friends Societal Congress back in 2019.

Current political parties

This list consists of all political parties in the State of Vishwamitra which are registered by the Election Commission of Vishwamitra.

Party Logo Party Flag Party Leader Ideology(s) System Parliament
National People's Congress [f]
NPC
National People's Congress - Logo New.png
National People's Congress - Flga.png
Anoushkaa Patranabish
Prime Minister
Big tent
Secularism
National
33 / 35
Independent Party [g]
IP
TBD
Sarala Baishya
-
National
1 / 35
Party of Progress and Prosperity[60]
PPP
Party of Progress and Prosperity.png
Party of Progress and Prosperity-Flag.png
Gheorghe Stefan Marius
Eco-socialism
National
0 / 35
People's Party of Vishwamitra[61]
PPV
PPV-Logo.png
PPV-Flag.jpg
Nafiz Morshalin
Liberal conservatism
National
0 / 35

Former political parties

  • Friends Society Secular Party (2016-2019; merged with the Friends Societal Congress in 2019.)
  • Friends Society Independent Party (2016-2018; merged with the Friends Societal Congress in 2018.)
  • Friends Society Freedom Party (2016-2018; merged with the Friends Societal Congress in 2018.)
  • Friends Societal Congress (2017-2020) [h]
  • Independent Party (New) (2019; merged with the Friends Societal Congress in 2019.)

Administrative divisions

The State of Vishwamitra is a federal monarchy composed of six royal provinces, six capital cities and one special administrative territory. Each royal province except Basistha is a hereditary absolute monarchy ruled by a Rajpramukh (translation: provincial ruler). The province of Basistha being an exception is administered and ruled by an elective absolute monarchy and the Rajpramukh is elected by the other provincial rulers at the Conference of Rulers. The Rajpramukhs serve as both head of state and head of government of the provinces in their capacities as absolute monarchs. All provincial rulers collectively comprise the Conference of Rulers, who are responsible for the election of the Rashtradhyaksh which takes place after every three years. The National Territorial Region is the region defined as the principal geographic location of the nation, which consists of all the royal provinces and the capital towns in addition to the National Capital Region. The national capital is Rajagriha, which also serves as the capital of the province of Purvanchal.

The capital cities are the capital regions of the provinces of the State. The capitals are governed by the Governors who are appointed by the Rashtradhyaksh on the advice of the provincial rulers. They serve in office for a term on the pleasure of the Monarch. They are responsible for maintaining law and order, security, etc. in the capital regions.

The State has one special administrative territory known as the Chandril Special Administrative Region[62], which is a devoled autonomous region administered by an Administrator, who is appointed by the Sovereign. It is located in South India, and became a part of the State as a special administrative region on 19 October 2020, following the dissolution of the Republic of Lowenia and the signing of the Treaty of Chandril, following which all territories of Lowenia were transferred to Vishwamitra and became a part of the special administrative region. The current Administrator of the region is Chandrachur Basu[63] who has been into office since 19 October 2020.

Armed forces

Logo of the Honorary Armed Forces of Vishwamitra

The Armed Forces of Vishwamitra is the sole military organization of the State of Vishwamitra. As the nation is a signatory of the Union Against Micronational War and shall never enter into wars, there is no need for a military organization and hence the Honorary Armed Forces were established in order to organize and carry duties for ceremonial tasks.

The Armed Forces are led by the Rashtradhyaksh in his capacity as the Supreme Commander and Marshal of the Armed Forces. The forces are under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Defence (currently under the Ministry of Political, Legal and Security Affairs). The armed forces are also commanded by the Deputy Supreme Commander, which is a general rank officer in the Armed Forces.


|- style="text-align:center;" |rowspan=2|  Vishwamitra
(Edit) | colspan=2| Field marshal (Vishwamitra) - OF-10.svg | colspan=2| General (Vishwamitra) - OF-9.svg | colspan=2| Lieutenant General (Vishwamitra) - OF-8.svg | colspan=2| Major general (Vishwamitra) - OF-7.svg | colspan=2| Brigadier (Vishwamitra) - OF-6.svg | colspan=2| Colonel (Vishwamitra) - OF-5.svg | colspan=2| Lieutenant colonel (Vishwamitra) - OF-4.svg | colspan=2| Major (Vishwamitra) - OF-3.svg | colspan=2| Captain (Vishwamitra) - OF-2.svg | colspan=2| Lieutenant (Vishwamitra) - OF-1.svg | colspan=16| No equivalent |- style="text-align:center;" | colspan=2| Field marshal | colspan=2| General | colspan=2| Lieutenant general | colspan=2| Major general | colspan=2| Brigadier | colspan=2| Colonel | colspan=2| Lieutenant colonel | colspan=2| Major | colspan=2| Captain | colspan=2| Lieutenant | colspan=16| Officer cadet

Foreign relations

Logo of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Relations

The State of Vishwamitra has established and maintains diplomatic relations[64] with many other nations from all over the world. All matters related to diplomacy are administered by the Office of the Chief Diplomat and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Relations. The State distinguish two types of diplomatic relations, formal, which are obtained via treaty, and informal, specified by documents of common micronational organizations.

The State tries to keep its foreign policy as neutral as possible, and solve conflicts and disputes diplomatically. The State however strongly opposes fiction and fictional micronations [65]. The State is a signatory of the Wrythe and Edgbaston Conventions [66], and strictly adheres to its terms and conditions while maintaining diplomatic relations.

The State is a member of the Grand Unified Micronational[67], Cupertino Alliance[68][69], Asia-Pacific Alliance and OMENU. The Rashtradhyaksh is the pioneer of the Association of South Asian Micronations[70] with the state being a founding member of the organization.

Formal relations and treaties signed

The State of Vishwamitra currently maintains formal diplomatic and bilateral relations with 66 nations as of 19 November 2020.

Map depicting the diplomatic presence of the State of Vishwamitra as on 14 November 2020.
  Country in which Vishwamitra is located
  Countries with one-partner nations or allies
  Countries with two-partner nations or allies
  Countries with three-partner nations or allies
  Countries with four-partner nations or allies
  Countries with six-partner nations or allies
  Countries with ten or more-partner nations or allies
  Designated region for ASAM nations

National symbols

The national symbols of Vishwamitra are things which are emblematic, representative or otherwise characteristic of the State of Vishwamitra or Vishwamitran culture. Some are established, official symbols, including the flag of Vishwamitra, and governmentally-named symbols, such as the national flower and animal. Other symbols may not hold any form official status, for one reason or another, but are likewise recognised at a national or even intermicronational level. The symbols were adopted at various stages in the existence of the State of Vishwamitra and various rules and regulations governing their definition or use. The flag of Vishwamitra was adopted on 11 October 2020, when a referendum was held to replace the existing flag and the coat of arms was adopted on 7 September 2020, after the Rashtradhyaksh Dhrubajyoti Roy was offered by a coat of arms by Grand Marshal Cameron I of the Society of Arms.

List of national and official symbols of Vishwamitra

Symbol Name Image
National Flag Flag of Vishwamitra[71] Vishwamitra-National Flag.png
National Coat of Arms National Coat of Arms of Vishwamitra[72][73] Vishwamitra-New Coat of Arms.png
National motto Let the world be happy Vishwamitra-New Coat of Arms.png
National anthem शांति हमारा लक्ष्य है ("Peace is our goal")[1]
National colours Turquoise and Gold           Vishwamitra-National Flag.png
National animal One-horned Indian rhinoceros
National flower Indian lotus Sacred lotus Nelumbo nucifera.jpg
National bird Indian peafowl Peacock-in-garden.jpg
National sport Cricket Cricket.jpeg
Official language Hindi
English
No image available-VH.png
National calendar Gregorian calendar
Saka calendar
No image available-VH.png

Geography

View from the Nilachal Hills.

Vishwamitra's lands, located in the National Territorial Region, are enclaved in the city of Guwahati, situated on the banks of the river Brahmaputra. Surrounded by the mighty Nilachal and Narakasura Hills, the nation enjoys a wide range of flora and fauna. Most lands lie in the plains with wide variety of trees, plants and shrubs. The nation lies in the coordinates of 26.1445°N and 91.7362°E[74]. Vishwamitra spans over the time zone of UTC+5:30[6] which is also termed as the Indian Standard Time. The topography of Vishwamitra is diverse and comprises of hills, mountains and plains. As the nation is situated on the banks of the river, the main sources of water in the nation are from the river.

However, the Special Administrative Territory of Chandril is located in the southeast of the South Indian state of Karnataka in the urban city of Bangalore. It is located at 12.9716°N, 77.5946°E coordinates.[75]. The vegetation in Chandril is in the form of large deciduous canopy and minority coconut trees. Though Chandril has been classified as a part of the seismic zone II (a stable zone), it has experienced quakes of magnitude as high as 4.5.

Climate

National Territorial Region

The National Territorial Region[i] has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa), falling just short of a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). As the nation lies on 56m above sea level, the climate in Vishwamitra is warm and temperate. When compared with winter, the summers have much more rainfall. The average annual temperature in Vishwamitra is 24.6°C (76.3°F). The annual rainfall is 1698 mm (66.9 inch). The driest month is December, with 6 mm (0.2 inch) of rain. In June, the precipitation reaches its peak, with an average of 315 mm (12.4 inch). August is the warmest month of the year. The temperature in August averages 29.0°C (84.2°F). At 17.5 °C (63.5°F) on average, January is the coldest month of the year[76].

Climate data for National Territorial Region
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 74.5
(23.6)
79.3
(26.3)
85.6
(29.8)
87.1
(30.6)
88.5
(31.4)
90
(32.2)
89.8
(32.1)
90.7
(32.6)
89.2
(31.8)
87.1
(30.6)
82.4
(28.0)
76.8
(24.9)
85.09
(29.49)
Average low °F (°C) 37.4
(3.0)
41.5
(5.3)
47.3
(8.5)
50.5
(10.3)
61.5
(16.4)
68.7
(20.4)
70.9
(21.6)
72.1
(22.3)
67.8
(19.9)
56.8
(13.8)
50
(10.0)
40.8
(4.9)
55.46
(13.03)
Average Precipitation inches (mm) 12.0
(305)
22.3
(566)
58.4
(1483)
187.8
(4770)
243.1
(6175)
295.0
(7493)
326.2
(8285)
265.7
(6749)
197.8
(5024)
121.3
(3081)
16.0
(406)
6.2
(157)
1,751.8
(44,496)
Sunshine hours 225.5 213.8 220.1 200.6 191.1 133.1 123.7 161.6 139.0 205.8 230.9 231.7 2,276.9
Source: India Meteorological Department

Chandril Special Administrative Territory

Chandril has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw) with distinct wet and dry seasons. Due to its high elevation, Chandril usually enjoys a more moderate climate throughout the year, although occasional heat waves can make summer somewhat uncomfortable. The coolest month is January with an average low temperature of 15.1 °C (59.2 °F) and the hottest month is April with an average high temperature of 35 °C (95 °F). Chandril receives rainfall from both the northeast and the southwest monsoons and the wettest months are September, October and August, in that order.

Climate data for Special Administrative Territory of Chandril
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 91
(32.8)
96.6
(35.9)
99.1
(37.3)
100.9
(38.3)
102
(38.9)
100.6
(38.1)
91.9
(33.3)
91.9
(33.3)
91.9
(33.3)
90.3
(32.4)
89.1
(31.7)
88
(31.1)
94.46
(34.7)
Average low °F (°C) 60.4
(15.8)
63.5
(17.5)
68
(20.0)
71.6
(22.0)
71.1
(21.7)
68.7
(20.4)
67.8
(19.9)
67.6
(19.8)
67.6
(19.8)
67.3
(19.6)
64.4
(18.0)
61.2
(16.2)
66.61
(19.23)
Average Precipitation inches (mm) 1.9
(48)
5.4
(137)
18.5
(470)
41.5
(1054)
107.4
(2728)
106.5
(2705)
112.9
(2868)
147.0
(3734)
212.8
(5405)
168.3
(4275)
48.9
(1242)
15.7
(399)
986.9
(25,067)
Sunshine hours 262.3 247.6 271.4 257.0 241.1 136.8 111.8 111.8 143.6 173.1 190.2 211.7 2,360.9
Source: India Meteorological Department

Demographics

Population
Year People
2015 16
2017 31
2019 39
2020 47

The population of the State of Vishwamitra, as recorded by the Ministry of Home Affairs was that of 47 citizens, of which 39 reside in the national territorial region in Guwahati, India, with a sex ratio of 32:15 emphasising that there are 32 males per 15 females. The province of Beltola has the highest population of all, with 23.4% of the total population residing in Beltola, whereas Kamrupa is the state with the least population with only 10.6% of the population being it's citizens. The average age group is 15-18 with majority of the population being of that age group.

The first full census was carried out back in 2015, when a population of 16 was registered. However, with time the population has increased to its the present form. The current population comprises of forty Indians, five Americans, one Romanian and one French.

Language

Languages spoken in Vishwamitra belong to several language families, the major ones being the Indo-Aryan languages with 86.95% of the total population being it's first language speakers. The Constitution of the State of Vishwamitra states that Hindi and English shall be the official languages of the nation, with English being used on all official documents. English is the most spoken language in the State with 100% of the total population being able to speak, communicate, write and interpret in it despite 6.51% of the total population are only first language English speakers.

Apart from the official languages, the Constitution recognises six other languages as scheduled languages, which are Bengali, Assamese, Nepali, Urdu, Spanish, Romanian, French. Assamese is the widely spoken language, with 45.65% of the total population being first language speakers; it is closely followed by Bengali, with 34.78% of the population being first language speakers.

Religion

Religion in Vishwamitra

  Hinduism (74%)
  Islam (10%)
  Christianity (6%)
  Buddhism (2%)
  Others (8%)

Religion in Vishwamitra is characterised by a diversity of religious beliefs and practices. The preamble of the constitution states that Vishwamitra is a secular state. According to the 2020 census, 73.91% of the population of Vishwamitra practices Hinduism, 10.87% adheres Islam, 6.52% adheres Christianity, 2.18% adheres Buddhism and 6.52% either to atheists or irreligious.

Religion has a strong influence on the nation's culture, art and literature. Hinduism is the most practiced religion in the State making it the largest group of religion, followed by Islam which is the second largest religious group in the State. The province of Basistha has the largest population of Islam followers in comparison to any other state.

Hinduism

Hinduism is an ancient religion with the largest religious grouping in the State, with around 73.91% of the population. Hinduism is diverse, with monotheism, henotheism, polytheism, panentheism, pantheism, monism, atheism, agnosticism, and gnosticism being represented. The term Hindu, originally a geographical description, derives from the Sanskrit, Sindhu, (the historical appellation for the Indus River), and refers to a person from the land of the river Sindhu.

Islam

Islam is a monotheistic religion centered on the belief in one God and following the example of Muhammad; it is the largest minority religion in Vishwamitra. About 10.87% of the country's population identify as adherents of Islam (2020 census). Islams have a high concentration in the Province of Basistha with 66.67% of the population following Islam. There has been no particular census conducted in India with regards to sects, but sources suggest the largest denomination is Sunni Islam with a substantial minority of Shiite Muslims and Ahmadi Muslims.

Christianity

Christianity is a monotheistic religion centred on the life and teachings of Jesus as presented in the New Testament. It is the third largest religion of Vishwamitra, making up 6.52% of the population.

Buddhism

Buddhism is a transtheistic religion and philosophy. It makes 2.18% of the total population.

Culture

The culture of the State of Vishwamitra is highly influenced from Indian culture which is based on the heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, etc. that originated in or are associated with the Indian subcontinent. The State has a wide range of diverse languages, art, music, dance, cuisine, costumes which illustrates our unity in diversity.

Architecture

The illuminated Rashtra Niwas building in 2017.

The architecture in Vishwamitra is highly influenced from the Assam-type architecture[77], which is the most-famous architectural style in the Indian state of Assam, and due to the National Territorial Region being located in Assam, most of the territorial infrastructure in Vishwamitra is influenced from that style.

The houses constructed using this style are generally termed as Assam-type houses, consisting usually one or more storeys. The houses are built to be earthquake proof, and are made from materials ranging from wood and bamboo to steel and concrete. Before the arrival of the British in India, affluent families in Assam lived in expensive, elaborately constructed houses, while the others survived in huts made from mud-plastered bamboo walls and thatched roofs. With the knowledge of and access to modern science, British engineers assessed the natural environment and designed and constructed buildings that are now known as Assam-type buildings. The present-day Assam-type buildings are a result of architectural improvements that were introduced in colonial Assam.

The general design of a residential building incorporates a living room, verandah, kitchen, besides bedrooms and bathrooms. Some may additionally feature long corridors, connecting rooms. The roof is typically erected by high gables to overcome heavy rainfall in the region, where walls are usually timber-framed, plastered with cement. With high ceilings and well-ventilated rooms, the floorings are either wooden or concrete with tiled, mosaic or stone surfacing with stilts.

Performing arts and media

Music in Vishwamitra

The music in Vishwamitra ranges over various traditions and regional styles and is heavily influenced by the Indian music. The classical music has two genres and various folk offshoots: the northern Hindustani and the southern Carnatic music. The western influenced Bollywood and filmi music is considered to be highly liked by the citizens. Other forms and versions like pop, jazz, etc. are considered to be much heard by the citizens. Most of the people of Vishwamitra are able to perform over classical Indian musical instruments like Harmonium, Tabla, Sitar, Dhak, etc.

Dance in Vishwamitra

Tanishkaa Patranabish performing Utpatti pose of Kathak.

The dance in Vishwamitra also features diverse folk and classical forms. Better known folk dances include Bhangra, Bihu, Chhau, Jhumoor, Jarba, Dandiya, etc. The Ministry of Culture recognizes the following eight dance folks as the classical dance forms of Vishwamitra. These includes

Media in Vishwamitra

The Purvanchal Times is one of the principal sources of media in the nation, which is the only and official national newspaper of the nation run by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. Apart from the official newspaper, the nation has a strong media presence over Twitter and other social media platforms. Bollywood movies have high influence over majority of the population of the nation, with 83% of the total population being admirer of high-grossing Bollywood movies. Apart from Bollywood, Netflix series are very fondly watched by the citizens.

Cuisine

The cuisine in Vishwamitra consists of a variety of regional and traditional cuisines native to the Indian subcontinent[78]. Most of the cuisines consist of locally available spices, herbs, vegetables and fruits. The cuisine is also highly influenced by local Assamese and Bengali cuisines[79]. Some ingredients commonly found in the dishes include: rice, wheat, ginger, green chillies and spices.

Chicken Biryani
Jalebi

Some of the most famous dishes in Vishwamitra are as follows:

Indian milk tea

Apart from main course dishes, it has a wide range of street foods, including chaat, panipuri, samosa, kachori, etc. and a wide range of deserts and sweets including dahi, halwa, rasgullas, jalebi. Foreign cuisines also have a wide range of influence on the food in Vishwamitra. Chinese-origin dishes like Chowmein, momos, noodles; Italian-origin pasta, pizza; hamburger, hot dog, pancake, etc. are widely liked by the people.

Among the beverages, Tea[80] is the most famous and highly preferred beverage or drink in the nation. Tea is considered to be the national drink of the State of Vishwamitra. Apart of tea, coffee, milk, coke, and other natural juices are highly drank by the people.

National holidays

This list consists of all national and commemorative events, holidays that are celebrated and observed in the State of Vishwamitra. It also consists of religious festivals in order to emphasize and showcase the strong bond of unity amongst the people.

Date Name of the event Description
1 January New Year's Day The first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar.
11 January Birthday of the Rashtradhyaksh The birthday of the current Rashtradhyaksh His Majesty Dhrubajyoti Roy
26 January Indian Republic Day Holiday commemorating the establishment of the Republic of India in 1950.
14-15 January Magh Bihu Harvest festival marking the end of harvesting season in the month of Magh.(January–February).
2 April Good Friday Christian holiday commemorating the crucifixion of Jesus and his death at Calvary.
4 April Easter festival and holiday commemorating the resurrection of Jesus from the dead.
7 April King Philip's Birthday The birthday of the current King of the Kingdom of Pibocip, His Majesty Philip Joseph Phillin
Celebrated to mark the strong relations between the two countries.
14-20 April Bohag Bihu Festival celebrated marking the beginning of the Assamese New Year, usually falls in the second week of April, historically signifying the time of harvest.
15 April National Day Holiday commemorating the establishment of the State of Vishwamitra.
Bangla Noboborsho The first day of the year on the Bengali calendar.
17 April Birthday of the Sah-Rashtradhyaksh The birthday of the current Sah-Rashtradhyaksh Her Majesty Tanishkaa Patranabish.
1 May International May Day Honors the the contributions that workers have made to the strength, prosperity, and well-being of the country.
19 May (2021, varies by year) Buddha Purnima Buddhist religious festival celebrated commemorating the birth of the Prince Siddhartha Gautama, later known as the Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism.
24 May (2021, varies by year) Eid al-Fitr Religious Festival celebrated by Muslims worldwide that marks the end of the holy month-long dawn-to-sunset fasting of Ramadan
It is also called the Festival of Breaking the Fast.
31 July (2021, varies by year) Eid ul-Zuha Religious festival celebrated by Muslims to honour the willingness of Ibrahim to sacrifice his son Ismael as an act of obedience to God's command.
It is called the Feast of the Sacrifice.
15 August Indian Independence Day Holiday celebrated to commemorate India's becoming an independent nation after 200 years of Imperial British rule.
22-26 October (2020, varies by year) Durga Puja Annual Hindu festival originating in the Indian subcontinent which reveres and pays homage to the Hindu goddess, Durga.
14 November (2020, varies by year) Diwali Generally a 5-long Hindu religious festival celebrating to mark the spiritual "victory of light over darkness, good over evil, and knowledge over ignorance".
It is called as the Festival of Lights
30 November (2020, varies by year) Guru Nanak Gurpurab Festival celebrates the birth of the first Sikh guru, Guru Nanak.
25 December Christmas Annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ.

Photo gallery of the events held

See also

External links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 National Anthem of the State of Vishwamitra. 10 September 2020.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 . Dhrubajyoti Roy elected as the Rashtradhyaksh following the abdication of Tanishkaa Patranabish. Facebook, 29 July 2020. Retrieved 09 August 2020.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 . "Rashtradhyaksh appoints Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers - Press Release". Google Drive, 08 June 2020. Retrieved 12 October 2020.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 . "Proclamation of the Commonwealth". 03 August 2019.
  5. Government Archives. "Monarchy to be established in the nation on 08th June 2020. Facebook, 03 June 2020. Retrieved 11 October 2020
  6. 6.0 6.1 Time Zones in India. timeanddate.com.
  7. Calling codes in India. countrycode.org
  8. VH is the microcode for Vishwamitra. Microcode.
  9. Government Archives. Prime Minister appointed, cabinet formed. 21 May 2014.
  10. Government Archives. President elected. 15 July 2014.
  11. Government Archives. Parliament elects Acting Chairman of the Council of Ministers. 27 December 2014.
  12. Government Archives. "President appoints Prime Minister and members of the Council of Ministers". 06 December 2015.
  13. Government Archives. Results of General Elections. 11 April 2016
  14. Government Archives. "President appoints new Prime Minister and Council of Ministers". 11 April 2016.
  15. Government Archives."Two provinces and one union territory established; Children's Group becomes federal republic." 18 September 2016.
  16. Government Archives. " Speech of Prime Minister on Inauguration of WhatsApp Account." Google Drive. 1 January 2017.
  17. Government Archives. "Deputy Prime Minister Tanishkaa Patranabish sacked" 17 February 2017.
  18. Government Archives."Friends Society Secular Party announces first of chief ministerial candidates." 10 April 2017.
  19. Government Archives. "Results of state elections announced." 11 April 2017.
  20. Government Archives. "Sarala Baishya appointed Prime Minister and forms council of ministers." 12 April 2017.
  21. Government Archives. "Tanishkaa Patranabish appointed Prime Minister." 05 July 2017.
  22. Government Archives. "Dhrubajyoti Roy named next Prime Minister." 25 December 2020.
  23. Government Archives. "Prime Minister re-elected to office, forms new cabinet." 21 March 2018.
  24. Government Archives. "First Executive Cabinet formed." 12 October 2018.
  25. Government Archives. "Portfolios allocated amongst members of the executive cabinet". 12 October 2018.
  26. Friends Society. "Presidential Election Results 2018". Google Drive, 25 November 2018. Retrieved 12 October 2020.
  27. Government Archives. Results of General Elections announced. 17 March 2019.
  28. Government Archives. Special Administrative Territories created. 06 March 2019.
  29. Government Archives. Administrators of the Two Special Administrative Territories appointed. 06 March 2019.
  30. Government Archives. President directs the creation of peerage in the nation. 16 April 2019.
  31. Government Archives. Results of by-polls announced. 2 June 2019.
  32. Government Archives. Position of Senior Minister created by letters-patent. 14 July 2019.
  33. Government Archives. Commonwealth joins OMENU as full member. 05 August 2019.
  34. Government Archives.Government launches cleanliness drive & bans use of single use plastic. 21 September 2019.
  35. Government Archives. Basistha become an union territory. 25 October 2020.
  36. Government Archives. President prorogues Parliament until March 2020. 04 December 2020.
  37. Government Archives. Government suspends all diplomatic/consular services with all foreign micronations. 12 January 2020.
  38. Government Archives. Council of Presidential Advisers constituted. 14 January 2020.
  39. Government Archives. States to be known as dominions; Governors-General to be appointed by the Head of Commonwealth. 2 February 2020.
  40. Government Archives. Election Schedule announced. 18 February 2020.
  41. Government Archives. Third Central Committee constituted, National People's Congress established. 29 February 2020.
  42. Government Archives. Prime Minister tenders her resignation. 3 March 2020
  43. Government Archives. President accepts resignation of the Prime Minister. 3 March 2020
  44. Government Archives. Anoushkaa Patranabish appointed Prime Minister. 4 March 2020
  45. Government Archives. Dissolution of regional governments. 5 March 2020
  46. Government Archives. Results of the election to the office of the Prime Minister. 21 March 2020
  47. Government Archives. President appoints Prime Minister and Deputy Prime Minister. 21 March 2020
  48. Government Archives. "Prime Minister Tanishkaa Patranabish removed as General Secretary of the National People's Congress". 12 April 2020.
  49. Government Archives. "President Dhrubajyoti Roy to step down on 30 April 2020". 13 April 2020.
  50. Government Archives. State Council approves the appointment of Tanishkaa Patranabish as President. 1 May 2020
  51. Government Archives. Regency Act, 2020.] 25 May 2020
  52. Government Archives. Monarchy to be established, proposal passed in the Council. 3 June 2020.
  53. Government Archives. State Council appoints Rajpramukhs and other royalties. 7 June 2020
  54. 54.0 54.1 Constitution of Privy Council. 1 July 2020.
  55. 55.0 55.1 . Rashtradhyaksh abdicates, Upa Rashtradhyaksh to be Acting Rashtradhyaksh. 29 July 2020.
  56. 56.0 56.1 56.2 . Monarchy Ordinance Act, establishment of diarchy. 29 July 2020
  57. Government Archives. Acting Prime Minister appointed. 20 August 2020
  58. [1]
  59. Government Archives. Rashtradhyaksh installed in a solemn ceremony. 23 August 2020.
  60. Gheorghe Stefan Marius. "Party of Progress and Prosperity established". Google Drive. 3 October 2020. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
  61. Chandrachur Basu. People's Party of Vishwamitra founded. .16 October 2020.
  62. Purvanchal Times. Treaty of Chandril signed; Republic of Lowenia unifies with Vishwamitra. 18 October 2020.
  63. Government Archives. Chandrachur Basu appointed as the Administrator of the Special Administrative Region of Chandril. 19 October 2020.
  64. Government Archives. Requirments for mutual recognition and bilateral relations. 14 September 2020.
  65. MF&IR, The. "Requirments for mutual recognition and bilateral relations". Google Docs, 14 September 2020. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  66. Editor, The. "Vishwamitra signs the Wrythe and Edgbaston Conventions". Purvanchal Times, 12 September 2020. Retrieved 15 September 2020.
  67. Editor, The. "Vishwamitra promoted as a permanent member in GUM". Purvanchal Times, 18 September 2020. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  68. Chair, The. Vishwamitra becomes observer nation in Cupertino Alliance. Cupertino Alliance Discord Server, 11 October 2020. Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  69. Purvanchal Times. Vishwamitra promoted as full member in the Cupertino Alliance. 29 October 2020.
  70. Vishwamitra, Government of. Association of South Asian Micronations established. Twitter. 25 August 2020. Retrieved 22 September 2020.
  71. Government Archives. Vishwamitra adopts new flag. 11 October 2020.
  72. Government Archives. New Coat of arms adopted. 26 August 2020.
  73. Government Archives. New heraldric coronet to be used. 20 September 2020.
  74. Latlong.net. Coordinates.
  75. https://www.latlong.net/place/bangalore-karnataka-india-499.html
  76. Climate in the National Territorial Region.
  77. Case Study: Assam-type architecture.
  78. Master Class. A Comprehensive Guide to Indian Cuisine
  79. NDTV Food. Top Bengali Recipes.
  80. Importance of Assam Tea.

Notes

  1. The total population is 47, however 39 citizens are only permanent residents in the National Territorial Region.
  2. The Indian rupee serves as the de facto currency due to the fact that most of the economic activities are carried with it.
  3. The official full name of the State of Vishwamitra is the State of Vishwamitra, The Abode of Peace.
  4. The State of Vishwamitra is also often referred to as a sovereign state under international law.
  5. The Parliament of the Friends Society was known as the National Assembly between 11 September 2018 and 2 June 2019.
  6. The National People's Congress, initially established as Friends Societal Congress in 2017 has been the ruling party since the Commonwealth of Friends Society existed.
  7. The Independent Party is not the opposition party in the Parliament, as it does not have the required 10% membership in order to be the opposition.
  8. Renamed as the National People's Congress in March 2020.
  9. The National Territorial Region is the principal administrative region of the State, comprising of the royal provinces, the capital cities and the national capital region.