Rino Island Constitution (2014)
|Constitution of the Republic of Rino Island|
Coat of Arms of Rino Island
|Created||20 May 2014|
|Ratified||20 June 2014|
|Authors||President Benedetto Samperi as Author|
Anastasio López as Revisor
|Signers||President Benedetto Samperias President of Rino Island|
The Ruthenian Constitution of 2015, also know as the Constitution of Persenburg refers to the first Constitution of the Kingdom of Ruthenia, that transformed the micronation, which in practice use an absolutist system of government into a democracy. It was enacted on 6 February 2015. This first-ever Ruthenian Constitution reviewed and amended the original idea that Ruthenia should have its laws only based on uses and customs and executive, legislative or judicial decisions.
The new constitution provided for a bicameral parliament, composed of an upper house, known as the Council of State, and a lower house, known as the General Assembly. Members of the upper house are appointed by the King, while the members of the lower house are elected by the Ruthenian people. While the General Assembly held the power of legislation and the right to question the King's ministers, it did not have control over their appointment or dismissal, which was reserved to the monarch alone. The King retained an absolute veto over legislation, as well as the right to dismiss the General Assembly at any time, for any reason he found suitable. The King also had the right to issue decrees.
The inspiration for this Constitution was the Russian Constitution of 1906. Despite many reserved rights to Sovereign and the Constitution not be as liberal as it was expected, it was a major breakthrough in terms of democracy and as a basis for other legislation, increasingly comprehensive with regard to individual rights and guarantees, making no discrimination of any kind.
After the signing of the Karno-Ruthenian Compromise of 2016, the Constitution of Persenburg was maintained provisionally, until the promulgation of the Imperial and Royal Constitution of 2016.