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Difference between revisions of "Republic of Bonumland"

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<p>'''Bonumland''' ({{IPAc-en|b|ɑ:|n|ə|m|.|l|æ|n|d}} ''[[w:English pronounciation respelling|BAH-nəm-land]]''; Bonumlandian: ᒷ╎リᔑ⚍⍑╎''einauhi''), officially the '''Republic of Bonumland''', is a [[micronation]] whose mainland is located in the [[w:Deep South|southeastern United States]], with colonies in the [[w:Pacific Northwest|Pacific Northwest]], [[w:American Midwest|American Midwest]], and [[w:Southern England|southern England]]. Named by its founder, [[Nick Rankov]], the nation was located in [[w:Croatia|Croatia]] from its foundation in May [[2015]] until early [[2020]], when it was relocated in accordance with the Proximity Act 2020 signed into law by [[Isabella I, Empress of Bonumland|President Addison Dillon]]. The nation, which is bordered by the [[w:U.S. state|U.S. states]] of [[w:Georgia (state)|Georgia]], [[w:Illinois|Illinois]], [[w:Washington (state)|Washington]], and the English county of [[w:Hampshire|Hampshire]], became independent on 23 May [[2015]] upon the signing of the [[Declaration of Establishment (Bonumland)|Declaration of Establishment]], although an unaffiliated state of the same name preceded it, lasting from 2 May until 23 May. Bonumland is often referred to as “Bonerland,” a relevant meme in Bonumlandian culture that originated from [[Raphaël Olivier]].</p>
 
<p>Bonumland is one of the [[w:List_of_countries_and_dependencies_by_area|world’s smallest nations by land area]], with an area of just under half a [[w:square kilometer|square kilometer]], and one of the [[w:List_of_countries_and_dependencies_by_population|least populous]] with a residential population of 7. Approximately 70% of the nation’s population lives in and around [[Bonumis]], the nation’s capital and largest city as well as the center of [[w:transportation|transportation]], [[w:industry|industry]], and [[w:agriculture|agriculture]], and approximately 30% in [[Florania]], a coastal city with a significant [[w:fishing|fishing market]]. Bonumland is the least populous of the [[Union of Five|U5 Nations]], after [[Social Republic of Georgienstine|Georgienstine]], [[Commonwealth of Rhodesia|Rhodesia]], [[Windovian Commonwealth|Windover]], and [[West River Confederation|West River]]. The highest point is Stevens’ Pass in [[Florania]] at an elevation of 469 feet (143 meters).</p>
 
<p>Bonumland is one of the wealthiest and most socially liberal nations in the world. The nation consistently ranks among the best for life expectancy and low unemployment. Bonumland has some of the loosest laws regarding abortion, and its friendliness for LGBT people is among the most advanced in the world. Before 2017, same-sex marriage was not explicitly covered in legislation; President Nick Rankov signed the LGBT Rights Act 2017 into law that legalized same-sex marriages and civil unions for homosexuals. Bonumland has also legalized physician-assisted suicide, and is one of a small number of micronations to have legalized the practice. Conversion therapy has been banned in Bonumland since January 2020.</p>
 
 
== Etymology ==
 
== Etymology ==
<p>Bonumland gets its name from the [[w:Latin|Latin]] word for good - “bonum”. The literal translation of Bonumland is “a good land”. The country was to be named the Sisak Republic, after the [[w:Sisak, Croatia|Croatian city of the same name]], but [[Nick Rankov]] found the name too similar and was afraid it would lead to confusion. Other names that were considered include Rankovia and Bonumia. It was officially named Bonumland upon the signing of the [[Declaration of Establishment (Bonumland)|Declaration of Establishment]].</p>
+
<p>The [[Constitution of Bonumland]] designates the country's name as the "Republic of Bonumland" in Article 1, Section I.</p>
<p>The origins of the [[National symbols of Bonumland#Flag|national flag]] led to some confusion between Bonumland and the [[United Democratic Republic of Mackinac]]. Later, it would lead to an online flame war between [[Nick Rankov|President Nick Rankov]] and the Sultan of the meme [[micronation]] [[Kingdom of the Islamic Republic of Bakriland|Bakriland]]. The flame war would escalate to involve nations like [[Parliamentary Republic of Stedfast|Stedfast]], [[United Land of Noastan|Noastan]], and [[United Provinces of Natlin|Natlin]], but would be quickly forgotten and dismissed as disgraceful.</p>
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{{quote|Art. 1. Sec. I. The Republic of Bonumland is one and indivisible. The Republic is sovereign upon its territory and is the association of its patrons whereto it shall apply.|Constitution of Bonumland}}
== History ==
 
=== Pre-Bonumland ===
 
[[File:Creek Indian house.jpg|300px|thumb|right|A traditional Creek house, as was common during Native American occupation]]
 
<p>Bonumland has been inhabited by humans for at least 3,500 years, as evidenced by specimens obtained from [[w:Peachtree Creek|Peachtree Creek]] roughly 5 miles north of [[w:Downtown Atlanta|downtown Atlanta]]. Until about 1780, during the [[w:American Revolution|American Revolution]], the region where Bonumland and its neighboorhood were built was originally [[w:Creek people|Creek]] and [[w:Cherokee people|Cherokee]] territory that spanned from the western border of [[w:Georgia (state)|Georgia state]] to eastern [[w:Alabama|Alabama]], as north as [[w:Tennesee|Tennesee]] and as south as the [[w:Florida Keys|Florida Keys]]. In 1835, some leaders of the Cherokee Nation ceded their territory to the [[w:United States|United States]] without the consent of the majority of the Cherokee people in exchange for land out west under the [[w:Treaty of New Echota|Treaty of New Echota]], an act that led to the [[w:Trail of Tears|Trail of Tears]].</p>
 
<p>During the [[w:American Civil War|American Civil War]], the vicinity of Bonumland served as an important railroad and military supply hub. Its capture from the [[w:Confederate States of America|Confederates]] by the [[w:United States|Union]] directly led to the re-election of [[w:Abraham Lincoln|Abraham Lincoln]] and the surrender of the Confederacy. After the war, it became a center of [[w:African-American education|black education]] with the foundation of [[w:Atlanta University|Atlanta University]], [[w:Morehouse College|Morehouse College]], [[w:Clark University|Clark University]], [[w:Spelman College|Spelman College]], and [[w:Morris Brown College|Morris Brown College]]. The [[w:Atlanta Massacre|Atlanta Massacre]] occurred in [[w:1906|1906]], which briefly threw the region into fear and tensions. Much later, Bonumland's home county became a party in the infamous [[w:Bostock v. Clayton County|Bostock v. Clayton County]] case, where the [[w:United States Supreme Court|United States Supreme Court]] ruled that [[w:Civil Rights Act of 1964#Title VII|Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964]] protected employees against discrimination based on their [[w:sexuality|sexuality]] or because they are [[w:transgender|transgender]].</p>
 
 
 
=== Modern history ===
 
<p>The date of establishment of Bonumland is subject to debate. [[Nick Rankov]] declared the First Republic on 2 May [[2015]], and the New Republic (modern Bonumland) on 23 May of the same year. Some consider 2 May as the official date of foundation while some consider the First Republic and New Republic separate entities, and therefore 23 May is the correct foundation date. The most widely accepted date of foundation, however, is the date of the adoption of the [[Declaration of Establishment (Bonumland)|Declaration of Establishment]], which took place on 23 May. Said declaration was mailed to then-[[w:President of Croatia|President of Croatia]] [[w:Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović|Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović]].</p>
 
==== August 2018 crisis ====
 
<p>In August [[2018]], a situation unfolded between President Rankov, the Prime Minister, and various [[National Assembly (Bonumland)#History|Parliament]] ministers. Certain motives drove President Rankov to fire select ministers in Parliament, warranting a fierce reaction from the Conservative opposition. The Conservatives, in response, dismissed the Parliament{{efn|Dismissing the Parliament means to censure, or an expression of formal disapproval.}}; however, the [[Constitution of Bonumland#History|2015 constitution]] dictated that if the whole party dismissed the Parliament, it would mean the end of the Parliament, since there are only two parties. Therefore, the Prime Minister resigned and the Liberal Democratic ministers left the Parliament Hall. The situation forced President Rankov to sign the special decree known as ''gentis finem''{{efn|"The end of the nation" in [[w:Latin|Latin]].}}. By signing this, Bonumland officially ceased to exist. A few days later an agreement was reached between the President, the Prime Minister, and the opposition ministers, and the announcement was made that Bonumland would continue its existence as a [[micronation]]. Rankov also announced in his address that the Parliament would undergo certain reforms in the future.</p>
 
 
 
==== Civil war ====
 
[[File:Nick_Rankov_emergency_address.png|300px|thumb|right|[[Nick Rankov]]'s address concerning the state of coup d'etats]]
 
<p>In January [[2019]], the [[National Assembly (Bonumland)|Parliament]] and Diplomatic Council held a joint meeting. Together, the two bodies adopted a resolution that formally condemned [[Nick Rankov|President Rankov]] for "authoritarianism, attempting to establish a dictatorship, and restricting the power of Bonumland's government institution", as well as sending an [[w:ultimatum|ultimatum]] to Rankov to resign or face a coup. Rankov rejected the ultimatum. In response, the Parliament and Diplomatic Council, in conjunction, passed an Act formally charging Rankov with treason and beginning impeachment proceedings against him. However, the [[Constitution of Bonumland#2015 constitution|2015 constitution]] did not mention anything about impeachment of the president, and therefore the "coup" was considered illegal. President Rankov then took action, abolishing the Parliament and Diplomatic Council members' citizenships on the basis of betrayal and committing the illegal act of the coup on the president. He appointed his only loyalist - [[Addison Dillon]] - as Vice President.</p>
 
<p>Following what is now known as the "Bonumlandian Civil War", Bonumland went into a long period of inactivity. Over a year later, in January [[2020]], Rankov resigned as President, passing the office to Vice President Dillon.</p>
 
 
 
==== Monarchization ====
 
<p>In November [[2020]], a [[Bonumlandian presidential election, 2020|presidential election]] was held between President Dillon, Board Member [[Azerianus Severanus]], and activist Renzo Wessels. Because no candidate received a majority, a runoff election was held between the top two candidates: Dillon and Severanus. [[Go BBC|Bonumland News]] announced that Dillon had been re-elected by just one vote, but this was controversial because the vote had not yet closed and many people still had not voted. After polls closed, vote counters miscounted and still declared Dillon the winner even though Severanus had in fact won by two votes. Later, this mistake was corrected and Severanus took the oath of office as president of Bonumland. Dillon was, however, elected to the [[National Assembly (Bonumland)|National Assembly]] after running unopposed.</p>
 
<p>Before leaving office, President Dillon passed the Political Parties Act [[2020]], which abolished the two-party system and allowed the formation of new parties through a bureaucratic process. This enabled Gaia Grìbhinneach to establish the [[Revolutionary National Collectivist Party of Bonumland|Revolutionary National Collectivist Party]], which Dillon promptly joined. The party's main goal was the installation of Dillon in a monarchical position, something that President Severanus expressly opposed. Defectors from the [[Conservative Party of Bonumland|Conservative Party]] to the RNCP enabled Grìbhinneach and Dillon to propose an Act codenamed "The Package", which would begin a [[w:Junta|provisional government]] in anticipation of a monarchical conversion, which was instantly vetoed by Severanus. The National Assembly, with their RNCP majority, overrode Severanus' veto, ending his presidency. After the provisional government passed the [[Constitution of Bonumland|2021 constitution]], the monarchy was established and Dillon was installed as [[Bonumlandian monarchy|monarch]], although she chose the regnal name "Isabella".
 
[[File:Florania_ground.png|300px|thumb|right|[[Florania]], where Caeserea was declared independent]]
 
===== Disputed independence of Caeserea =====
 
<p>In January [[2021]], [[Jonas Rhymer]], [[Emmeline Marino]] (who at the time was known as Paris Wright), [[Benjamin Pickles]], and [[Isaiah Burdette]] were discussing in a private DM conversation whether Burdette's removal as President of [[Florania]] was unconstitutional. Rhymer had pointed out that he declared [[Independent Republic of Caeserea|Caeserea]] independent after Burdette's removal, and a consensus was reached among the group that it would be revived in Bonumland in protest of the monarchization. Pickles, the [[Florania#Government|Premier of Florania]], agreed to allow [[Florania]] to be declared independent as the new Caeserea. The group proposed the [[Wright Ultimatum]] to [[Addison Dillon|Empress Isabella]], which she promptly rejected; after this, a declaration of independence was sent and Caeserea was declared independent of Bonumland.</p>
 
<p>Despite being recognized by [[West River Confederation|West River]], [[Co-operative Republic of Wendatia|Wendatia]], and [[Seabourgian Commonwealth|Seabourg]], the legal basis of Caeserean independence has raised questions over the interpretation of Article I of the [[Constitution of Bonumland|Bonumlandian Constitution]], which states "the territory of the Empire is inalienable". [[w:Seperatism|Seperatists]] argue that since the chief executive agreed to the independence, and since the territory of [[Florania]] was not modified, the Caeserean claim to independence is valid; however, the government argues that the section in question was instead referring to the territory of Bonumland as a whole rather than one territory, and therefore Caeserean independence is illegal. It is also pointed out that Florania is inhabited by Bonumlandian citizens unaware of the independence of Caeserea, and that no Caeseran leaders live on the land, which violates the criteria for statehood as laid out by the [[w:Montevideo Convention|Montevideo Convention]]. To this day, the legal status of Caeserea is disputed by Caeserean seperatists, the Bonumlandian government, and external observers.</p>
 
== Government and politics ==
 
=== System of government ===
 
{{main|Bonumlandian monarchy|National Assembly of Bonumland|Executive Council of Bonumland|High Court of Bonumland}}
 
<p>The [[Bonumlandian monarchy#Monarch|monarch of Bonumland]] is known as the Emperor if male and Empress if female. The position is [[w:non-hereditary|non-hereditary]], and the monarch may at any time declare any person of their choosing to become the heir apparent. The monarch's primary responsibility is the administration of meetings of the [[National Assembly (Bonumland)|National Assembly]]. The monarch also occupies the duties of the chief diplomat of Bonumland and the commander of the [[Bonumlandian Coast Guard]]. The monarch may, if need be, appoint [[w:Consul|consuls]] as a point of contact for a region or to spread the nation's influence. The current monarch is [[Isabella I, Empress of Bonumland|Isabella I]].</p>
 
<p>The [[National Assembly (Bonumland)|National Assembly]] is the legislative body of Bonumland. The National Assembly is not an elected body; rather, every citizen of age is a member. Any citizen may propose legislation to a [[w:referendum|referendum]] with the signatures of at least a fifth of the population, may vote on proposed legislation, and can withdraw legislation they have proposed if desired. "Aye", "nay", and "abstain" are the options on every referendum, and a plurality of "aye" votes are required to pass any legislation. Acts of the National Assembly are automatically granted assent by the [[Bonumlandian monarchy#Monarch|monarch]] as a symbolic gesture.</p>
 
<p>The [[Executive Council (Bonumland)|Executive Council]] are a group of executives who are the heads of government ministries. All ministers of the Executive Council are democratically elected by Bonumlandian citizens to one-year terms, infinitely renewable.</p>
 
=== Law ===
 
<p>Laws are enforced indirectly by the Ministry of Justice, which runs the Bonumlandian police department. Because Bonumland is for the most part Internet-based, the police force is cyber and is generally tasked with monitoring government chatrooms and calls. The Bonumlandian courts are led by a single judge, who is democratically elected. Crimes in Bonumland are divided into three categories:</p>
 
* [[w:Misdemeanor|Misdemeanors]]: Minor offenses that warrant only a small punishment and no jury, requiring only a judge to make a ruling.
 
* [[w:Hybrid offence|Wobblers]]: Offenses that can be tried as either a misdemeanor or a felony depending on its severity. Requires a jury and judge.
 
* [[w:Felony|Felonies]]: Major offenses that require a jury, judge, and preliminary hearing.
 
<p>It is the responsibility of the judge to categorize the cases that arise, as well as to decide a court date and the punishment for the defendant if indicted by the jury. The judge serves until resignation or death unless recalled, which can be done with a special motion of the National Assembly. A special election will be held in the case of a vacancy.</p>
 
 
 
=== Members of the Government ===
 
<center><gallery widths="150px" heights="150px" perrow="4">
 
File:Addison Dillon oil painting.jpg|<center>'''[[Isabella I, Empress of Bonumland|HIM Empress Isabella I]]''':<br>[[Bonumlandian monarchy|Monarch]]
 
</gallery></center>
 
<center><gallery widths="150px" heights="150px" perrow="5">
 
File:Kim Bligh Calderon.jpg|<center>'''[[Kim Bligh Calderon|Lady Kim Bligh Calderon]]''':<br>Consul in Washington</center>
 
File:BonumlandArms.png|<center>'''[[Nick Rankov|Lord Nick Rankov]]''':<br>Consul in Croatia</center>
 
</center>
 
</gallery> </center>
 
{{Bonumland Foreign Relations}}
 
{{Bonumland Geography}}
 
 
 
== Economy ==
 
<p>A small percentage of Bonumland's economy comes from [[w:Fishing|fishing]]. The majority of economic growth comes from [[w:Agriculture|agriculture]]. The region's biodiversity, some of the most important in the [[Atlanta Cluster]], is threatened by macronational industrial and mining activities. The actions of neighboring macronations have warranted civil unrest in Bonumland many times. In January [[2021]], a resolution was passed to calm the civil unrest by taking direct action; namely, spreading awareness of the threats to the ecosystem, donating to large climate charities, and expanding farming operations. Bonumland exports fish and [[w:Crops|domestic crops]] locally.</p>
 
{{Bonumland Culture}}
 
 
 
== Notes ==
 
{{notelist}}
 
== See also ==
 
* [[Bonumis]]
 
* [[Isabella I, Empress of Bonumland]]
 
{{Bonumland}}
 
[[Category:Micronations]] [[Category:Bonumland]]
 

Revision as of 23:35, 1 May 2021

Republic of Bonumland
Flag of Bonumland
Flag
Coat of Arms of Bonumland
Coat of Arms
Motto: Long live Bonumland
Anthem: March of Bonumlandians by Addison Dillon

March: Hail Bonumis by Addison Dillon
Frameless
Frameless
Capital
and largest city
Bonumis
Official languagesEnglish
Other languagesBonumlandian
Serbo-Croatian
French
DemonymBonumlandian
GovernmentDirect democratic constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Isabella I
LegislatureNational Assembly
Establishment
• Old Republic established
2 May 2015
• Monarchy established
13 December 2020
Area
• Total
0.48 km2 (0.19 sq mi)
Population
• 2021 estimate
18
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
KIN 27,000 (USD 600)
Gini (2021) 4.12
low
HDI (2021) 0.904
very high
CurrencyKinturum (KIN)
Time zoneUTC-5 (in Bonumis,
Greater Bonumis, and New Roanoke)

UTC-6 (in Bonumlandian Potawatomi)
UTC-8 (in Florania)
UTC (in Addisonshire)
Drives on theRight (in American lands)
Left (in British lands)
Calling code+1
+44

Etymology

The Constitution of Bonumland designates the country's name as the "Republic of Bonumland" in Article 1, Section I.

Art. 1. Sec. I. The Republic of Bonumland is one and indivisible. The Republic is sovereign upon its territory and is the association of its patrons whereto it shall apply.

— Constitution of Bonumland