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Difference between revisions of "Republic of Bonumland"

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{{top icon|Bonumland flag icon.svg|wikilink=Republic of Bonumland|shortkey=BN}}
 
{{top icon|Bonumland flag icon.svg|wikilink=Republic of Bonumland|shortkey=BN}}
 
{{distinguish|Bouland}}
 
{{distinguish|Bouland}}
{{Infobox country
+
{{Infobox country/RIS
| conventional_long_name      = Republic of Bonumland
+
|common_name = Bonumland
| common_name                = Bonumland
+
|linking_name = the Republic of Bonumland
| image_flag                  = BonumlandFlag.png
+
|name = {{collapsible list
| image_symbol                = BonumlandArms.png
+
  | titlestyle = background:transparent;line-height:normal;font-size:84%;
| symbol_type                = Coat of Arms
+
  | title = {{resize|1.25em|Republic of Bonumland}}
| symbol_width                = 65px
+
  | {{Infobox/wp |subbox=yes |bodystyle=font-size:76%;font-weight:normal;
| national_motto              = ''Long live Bonumland''
+
  | rowclass1 = mergedrow |label1=[[w:Esperanto|Esperanto]]: |data1= ''Respubliko de Bona-tero''
| national_anthem            = ''March of Bonumlandians'' by [[Addison Dillon]]<br>[[File:March of Bonumlandians (shortened).ogg]]<br>'''March:''' ''Hail Bonumis'' by [[Addison Dillon]]<br>[[File:Hail Bonumis.ogg]]
+
  }}
| national_march              = ''March of Bonumlandians'' by [[Addison Dillon]]<br>[[File:March of Bonumlandians.ogg]]
+
  }}
| image_map                   = {{Switcher|[[File:Bonumland USA claims.png|220px|Frameless]]|Show American claims|[[File:Bonumland UK claims.png|220px|Frameless]]|Show British claims|default=1}}
+
|image_flag        = [[File:BonumlandFlag.png|125px]]
| languages                  = [[Bonumlandian language|Bonumlandian]]<br>[[w:Serbo-Croatian|Serbo-Croatian]]<br>[[w:French language|French]]
+
|flag_type          = [[National symbols of Bonumland#Flag|Flag]]
| languages_type              = Other languages
+
|image_coat        = [[File:BonumlandArms.png|65px]]
| demonym                    = Bonumlandian
+
|symbol_type        = [[National symbols of Bonumland#Coat of arms|Coat of Arms]]
| capital                    = [[Bonumis]]
+
|alt_coat          =           
| largest_city                = [[Bonumis]]
+
|symbol_width      = 100px
| government_type             = [[w:Direct democracy|Direct democratic]] [[w:Constitutional monarchy|constitutional monarchy]]
+
|other_symbol      = <div style="padding:0.3em;">[[File:Great Seal of Bonumland 2.png|120px]]</div>
| leader_title1               = [[Bonumlandian monarchy|Monarch]]
+
|other_symbol_type  = Great Seal of Bonumland
| leader_name1               = [[Isabella I, Empress of Bonumland|Isabella I]]
+
|image_map         = {{Switcher|[[File:Bonumland USA claims.png|220px|Frameless]]|Show American claims|[[File:Bonumland UK claims.png|220px|Frameless]]|Show British claims|default=1}}
| leader_title2               =  
+
|map_width          = 220px
| leader_name2               =
+
|motto              = ''Long live Bonumland!''
| legislature                 = [[National Assembly (Bonumland)|National Assembly]]
+
|national_anthem    = ''March of Bonumlandians'' by [[Addison Dillon]]<br><br><center>[[File:March of Bonumlandians (shortened).ogg]]</center>
| established_event1         = Old Republic established
+
|national_march    = ''Hail Bonumis'' by [[Addison Dillon]]<br><br><center>[[File:Hail Bonumis.ogg]]</center>
| established_date1           = 2 May [[2015]]
+
|capital            = [[Bonumis]]
| established_event2          = Monarchy established
+
|largest_city      = [[Bonumis]]
| established_date2          = 13 December [[2020]]
+
|languages          = [[w:English language|English]]<br>[[w:Esperanto|Esperanto]]
| area_km2                   = 0.48
+
|religion          = [[w:Religious pluralism|Religious pluralism]]
| population_estimate         = 18
+
|demonym            = Bonumlandian {{small|(adjective)}}<br>Bonumlandic {{small|(noun)}}
| population_estimate_year    = 2021
+
|government_type   = [[w:Unitary state|Unitary]] [[w:Direct democracy|direct democratic]] [[w:Constitutional monarchy|constitutional monarchy]]
| GDP_nominal                = KIN 27,000 ([[w:United States dollar|USD]] 600)
+
|leader_title1     = [[Bonumlandian monarchy|Monarch]]
| GDP_nominal_year            = 2021
+
|leader_name1       = [[Isabella I, Empress of Bonumland|Isabella I]]
| Gini_year                  = 2021
+
|leader_title2     = [[Minister of State of Bonumland|Minister of State]]
| Gini_change                = decrease
+
|leader_name2       = ''Vacant''
| Gini                        = 4.12
+
|leader_title3      = [[Justice of Bonumland|Justice]]
| HDI_year                    = 2021
+
|leader_name3      = ''Vacant''
| HDI_change                  = increase
+
|legislature       = [[National Assembly of Bonumland|National Assembly]]
| HDI                        = 0.904
+
|type              =
| currency                   = Kinturum
+
|established_event1 = Independence from [[w:Croatia|Croatia]]
| currency_code              = KIN
+
|established_date1 = 23 May [[2015]]
| time_zone                   = [[w:UTC-05:00|UTC-5]] <small>(in [[Bonumis]], <br>Greater Bonumis, and New Roanoke)</small><br>[[w:UTC-06:00|UTC-6]] <small>(in Bonumlandian Potawatomi)</small><br>[[w:UTC-08:00|UTC-8]] <small>(in [[Florania]])</small><br>[[w:UTC|UTC]] <small>(in Addisonshire)</small>
+
|established_event3 = Monarchy established
| drives_on                  = [[w:Right-side driving|Right]] (in American lands)<br>[[w:Left-side driving|Left]] (in British lands)
+
|established_date3  = 13 December [[2020]]
| calling_code                = [[w:+1|+1]]<br>[[w:+44|+44]]
+
|area_km2           = 0.45
| official_languages          = [[w:English language|English]]
+
|population_estimate = 18 {{small|(citizenship)}}<br>7 {{small|(residential)}}
 +
|currency           = [[Kinturum]]
 +
|time_zone         = [[w:Eastern Standard Time|EST]] {{small|(in [[Bonumis]])}}<br>[[w:Central Standard Time|CST]] {{small|(in Royal Woods)}}<br>[[w:Pacific Standard Time|PST]] {{small|(in [[Florania]])}}<br>[[w:Coordinated Universal Time|UTC]] {{small|(in Addisonshire)}}
 +
|domain            = .bn {{small|(proposed)}}
 +
|calling_code      = +1 {{small|(in American territories)}}<br>+44 {{small|(in British territories)}}
 +
|ris002code        = omit
 +
|web                =  
 
}}
 
}}
<p>'''Bonumland''' ({{IPAc-en|b|ɑ:|n|ə|m|.|l|æ|n|d}} ''[[w:English pronounciation respelling|BAH-nəm-land]]''; Bonumlandian: ᒷ╎リᔑ⚍⍑╎''einauhi''), officially the '''Republic of Bonumland''', is a [[micronation]] in the [[w:United States|United States]] and the [[w:United Kingdom|United Kingdom]]. The largest contiguous body of land is the [[Bonumis]] region, which contains three parcels of land in Bonumis itself, Greater Bonumis, and New Roanoke, and a number of outlying non-contiguous [[w:Enclaves and exclaves|exclaves]]. The capital of Bonumland is [[Bonumis]], though it is expected that some government offices and agencies will be moved elsewhere following reconstruction.</p>
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<p>'''Bonumland''' ({{IPAc-en|b|ɑ:|n|ə|m|.|l|æ|n|d}} ''[[w:English pronounciation respelling|BAH-nəm-land]]''; Bonumlandian: ᒷ╎リᔑ⚍⍑╎''einauhi''), officially the '''Republic of Bonumland''', is a [[micronation]] whose mainland is located in the [[w:Deep South|southeastern United States]], with colonies in the [[w:Pacific Northwest|Pacific Northwest]], [[w:American Midwest|American Midwest]], and [[w:Southern England|southern England]]. Named by its founder, [[Nick Rankov]], the nation was located in [[w:Croatia|Croatia]] from its foundation in May [[2015]] until early [[2020]], when it was relocated in accordance with the Proximity Act 2020 signed into law by [[Isabella I, Empress of Bonumland|President Addison Dillon]]. The nation, which is bordered by the [[w:U.S. state|U.S. states]] of [[w:Georgia (state)|Georgia]], [[w:Illinois|Illinois]], [[w:Washington (state)|Washington]], and the English county of [[w:Hampshire|Hampshire]], became independent on 23 May [[2015]] upon the signing of the [[Declaration of Establishment (Bonumland)|Declaration of Establishment]], although an unaffiliated state of the same name preceded it, lasting from 2 May until 23 May. Bonumland is often referred to as “Bonerland,” a relevant meme in Bonumlandian culture that originated from [[Raphaël Olivier]].</p>
<p>In 2021, Bonumland had an estimated population of 18 citizens and 7 residents. The [[w:Lingua franca|lingua franca]] of Bonumland is [[w:English language|English]], but a variety of [[w:Indo-European languages|Indo-European]] and [[w:Austronesian language|Austronesian]] languages are spoken, including [[Bonumlandian language|Bonumlandian]]. Geographically, several Bonumlandian claims are in three [[w:United States|U.S. states]]: [[w:Georgia (state)|Georgia]], [[w:Illinois|Illinois]], and [[w:Washington (state)|Washington]], and one donated by [[Commonwealth of Rhodesia|Rhodesia]] in [[w:England|southern England]]. Historically the region where Bonumlandian Potawatomi is located has been known as the [[Des Plaines Valley Sector|Des Plaines Valley]].</p>
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<p>Bonumland is one of the [[w:List_of_countries_and_dependencies_by_area|world’s smallest nations by land area]], with an area of just under half a [[w:square kilometer|square kilometer]], and one of the [[w:List_of_countries_and_dependencies_by_population|least populous]] with a residential population of 7. Approximately 70% of the nation’s population lives in and around [[Bonumis]], the nation’s capital and largest city as well as the center of [[w:transportation|transportation]], [[w:industry|industry]], and [[w:agriculture|agriculture]], and approximately 30% in [[Florania]], a coastal city with a significant [[w:fishing|fishing market]]. Bonumland is the least populous of the [[Union of Five|U5 Nations]], after [[Social Republic of Georgienstine|Georgienstine]], [[Commonwealth of Rhodesia|Rhodesia]], [[Windovian Commonwealth|Windover]], and [[West River Confederation|West River]]. The highest point is Stevens’ Pass in [[Florania]] at an elevation of 469 feet (143 meters).</p>
<p>Mainland Bonumland has been inhabited by humans for at least 3,500 years, as proven by evidence from [[w:Peachtree Creek|Peachtree Creek]] roughly 6 miles north of [[w:Downtown Atlanta|downtown Atlanta]]. During the [[w:Age of Exploration|colonial period]] the land was occupied and administered by the [[w:British Empire|British Empire]] and the [[w:United States|United States]] during and after the [[w:American Revolutionary War|American Revolution]]. The name of Bonumland originates from its founder, [[Nick Rankov]], a [[w:Croatian people|Croatian national]], who declared it independent in May [[2015]].</p>
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<p>Bonumland is one of the wealthiest and most socially liberal nations in the world. The nation consistently ranks among the best for life expectancy and low unemployment. Bonumland has some of the loosest laws regarding abortion, and its friendliness for LGBT people is among the most advanced in the world. Before 2017, same-sex marriage was not explicitly covered in legislation; President Nick Rankov signed the LGBT Rights Act 2017 into law that legalized same-sex marriages and civil unions for homosexuals. Bonumland has also legalized physician-assisted suicide, and is one of a small number of micronations to have legalized the practice. Conversion therapy has been banned in Bonumland since January 2020.</p>
<p>Bonumlandian seperatism dates back to [[2015]] when the Old Republic of Bonumland was declared and for a short time existed before the independence of the New Republic later that month; it was subsumed into the New Republic later that year. Conflict over the duties of the presidency became the primary factor for the Bonumland Civil War (2019), which resulted in the establishment of a [[w:dictatorship|dictatorship]] and exile of almost all government members. Inactivity over the next year resulted in the presidency being passed down and democratic reforms being instated.</p>
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== Etymology ==
<p>In early [[2021]], an independence referendum in protest of [[Bonumlandian monarchy#Powers of the Crown|the Crown]] was illegally held in [[Independent Republic of Caeserea|Caeserea]], a breakaway region of Bonumland, with almost unanimous support for independence rather than continued administration under the [[Bonumlandian monarchy]]. Caeserea was declared independent later that month, and Bonumland has extreme tensions with Caeserea to this day while not recognizing them as independent.</p>
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<p>The [[Constitution of Bonumland]] designates the country's name as the "Republic of Bonumland" in Article 1, Section I.</p>
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{{quote|Art. 1. Sec. I. The Republic of Bonumland is one and indivisible. The Republic is sovereign upon its territory and is the association of its patrons whereto it shall apply.|Constitution of Bonumland}}
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<p>The name proper was coined by [[Nick Rankov]] on 2 May [[2015]]. It was inspired by the [[w:Southern Europe|southern European]] [[w:Romance languages|romance languages]]; namely, [[w:Latin|Latin]]. More precisely the name comes from the Latin word for good - "bonum". In that sense, the literal translation of Bonumland is "a good land". Other names were also considered, including "Sisakia" (which was inspired by the [[w:Sisak|Croatian city of the same name]] where Bonumland was originally located) and "Rankovland" (coming from the founder [[Nick Rankov]]'s surname).</p>
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<p>The name has little to no connection to [[w:Croatia|Croatia]] nor its symbols, even though most of Bonumlandian culture is adapted from it and the surrounding [[w:Baltic States|Baltic states]].</p>
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== History ==
 
== History ==
 
=== Pre-Bonumland ===
 
=== Pre-Bonumland ===
 
[[File:Creek Indian house.jpg|300px|thumb|right|A traditional Creek house, as was common during Native American occupation]]
 
[[File:Creek Indian house.jpg|300px|thumb|right|A traditional Creek house, as was common during Native American occupation]]
 
<p>Bonumland has been inhabited by humans for at least 3,500 years, as evidenced by specimens obtained from [[w:Peachtree Creek|Peachtree Creek]] roughly 5 miles north of [[w:Downtown Atlanta|downtown Atlanta]]. Until about 1780, during the [[w:American Revolution|American Revolution]], the region where Bonumland and its neighboorhood were built was originally [[w:Creek people|Creek]] and [[w:Cherokee people|Cherokee]] territory that spanned from the western border of [[w:Georgia (state)|Georgia state]] to eastern [[w:Alabama|Alabama]], as north as [[w:Tennesee|Tennesee]] and as south as the [[w:Florida Keys|Florida Keys]]. In 1835, some leaders of the Cherokee Nation ceded their territory to the [[w:United States|United States]] without the consent of the majority of the Cherokee people in exchange for land out west under the [[w:Treaty of New Echota|Treaty of New Echota]], an act that led to the [[w:Trail of Tears|Trail of Tears]].</p>
 
<p>Bonumland has been inhabited by humans for at least 3,500 years, as evidenced by specimens obtained from [[w:Peachtree Creek|Peachtree Creek]] roughly 5 miles north of [[w:Downtown Atlanta|downtown Atlanta]]. Until about 1780, during the [[w:American Revolution|American Revolution]], the region where Bonumland and its neighboorhood were built was originally [[w:Creek people|Creek]] and [[w:Cherokee people|Cherokee]] territory that spanned from the western border of [[w:Georgia (state)|Georgia state]] to eastern [[w:Alabama|Alabama]], as north as [[w:Tennesee|Tennesee]] and as south as the [[w:Florida Keys|Florida Keys]]. In 1835, some leaders of the Cherokee Nation ceded their territory to the [[w:United States|United States]] without the consent of the majority of the Cherokee people in exchange for land out west under the [[w:Treaty of New Echota|Treaty of New Echota]], an act that led to the [[w:Trail of Tears|Trail of Tears]].</p>
<p>During the [[w:American Civil War|American Civil War]], the vicinity of Bonumland served as an important railroad and military supply hub. Its capture from the [[w:Confederate States of America|Confederates]] by the [[w:United States|Union]] directly led to the re-election of [[w:Abraham Lincoln|Abraham Lincoln]] and the surrender of the Confederacy. After the war, it became a center of [[w:African-American education|black education]] with the foundation of [[w:Atlanta University|Atlanta University]], [[w:Morehouse College|Morehouse College]], [[w:Clark University|Clark University]], [[w:Spelman College|Spelman College]], and [[w:Morris Brown College|Morris Brown College]]. The [[w:Atlanta Massacre|Atlanta Massacre]] occurred in [[w:1906|1906]], which briefly threw the region into fear and tensions. Much later, Bonumland's home county became a party in the infamous [[w:Bostock v. Clayton County|Bostock v. Clayton County]] case, where the [[w:United States Supreme Court|United States Supreme Court]] ruled that [[w:Civil Rights Act of 1964#Title VII|Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964]] protected employees against discrimination based on their [[w:sexuality|sexuality]] or because they are [[w:transgender|transgender]], a point that is heavily emphasized by [[LGBT rights in Bonumland#Public opinion|LGBT activists in Bonumland]].</p>
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<p>During the [[w:American Civil War|American Civil War]], the vicinity of Bonumland served as an important railroad and military supply hub. Its capture from the [[w:Confederate States of America|Confederates]] by the [[w:United States|Union]] directly led to the re-election of [[w:Abraham Lincoln|Abraham Lincoln]] and the surrender of the Confederacy. After the war, it became a center of [[w:African-American education|black education]] with the foundation of [[w:Atlanta University|Atlanta University]], [[w:Morehouse College|Morehouse College]], [[w:Clark University|Clark University]], [[w:Spelman College|Spelman College]], and [[w:Morris Brown College|Morris Brown College]]. The [[w:Atlanta Massacre|Atlanta Massacre]] occurred in [[w:1906|1906]], which briefly threw the region into fear and tensions. Much later, Bonumland's home county became a party in the infamous [[w:Bostock v. Clayton County|Bostock v. Clayton County]] case, where the [[w:United States Supreme Court|United States Supreme Court]] ruled that [[w:Civil Rights Act of 1964#Title VII|Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964]] protected employees against discrimination based on their [[w:sexuality|sexuality]] or because they are [[w:transgender|transgender]].</p>
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=== Modern history ===
 
=== Modern history ===
 
<p>The date of establishment of Bonumland is subject to debate. [[Nick Rankov]] declared the First Republic on 2 May [[2015]], and the New Republic (modern Bonumland) on 23 May of the same year. Some consider 2 May as the official date of foundation while some consider the First Republic and New Republic separate entities, and therefore 23 May is the correct foundation date. The most widely accepted date of foundation, however, is the date of the adoption of the [[Declaration of Establishment (Bonumland)|Declaration of Establishment]], which took place on 23 May. Said declaration was mailed to then-[[w:President of Croatia|President of Croatia]] [[w:Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović|Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović]].</p>
 
<p>The date of establishment of Bonumland is subject to debate. [[Nick Rankov]] declared the First Republic on 2 May [[2015]], and the New Republic (modern Bonumland) on 23 May of the same year. Some consider 2 May as the official date of foundation while some consider the First Republic and New Republic separate entities, and therefore 23 May is the correct foundation date. The most widely accepted date of foundation, however, is the date of the adoption of the [[Declaration of Establishment (Bonumland)|Declaration of Establishment]], which took place on 23 May. Said declaration was mailed to then-[[w:President of Croatia|President of Croatia]] [[w:Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović|Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović]].</p>
Line 72: Line 83:
 
<p>In January [[2021]], [[Jonas Rhymer]], [[Emmeline Marino]] (who at the time was known as Paris Wright), [[Benjamin Pickles]], and [[Isaiah Burdette]] were discussing in a private DM conversation whether Burdette's removal as President of [[Florania]] was unconstitutional. Rhymer had pointed out that he declared [[Independent Republic of Caeserea|Caeserea]] independent after Burdette's removal, and a consensus was reached among the group that it would be revived in Bonumland in protest of the monarchization. Pickles, the [[Florania#Government|Premier of Florania]], agreed to allow [[Florania]] to be declared independent as the new Caeserea. The group proposed the [[Wright Ultimatum]] to [[Addison Dillon|Empress Isabella]], which she promptly rejected; after this, a declaration of independence was sent and Caeserea was declared independent of Bonumland.</p>
 
<p>In January [[2021]], [[Jonas Rhymer]], [[Emmeline Marino]] (who at the time was known as Paris Wright), [[Benjamin Pickles]], and [[Isaiah Burdette]] were discussing in a private DM conversation whether Burdette's removal as President of [[Florania]] was unconstitutional. Rhymer had pointed out that he declared [[Independent Republic of Caeserea|Caeserea]] independent after Burdette's removal, and a consensus was reached among the group that it would be revived in Bonumland in protest of the monarchization. Pickles, the [[Florania#Government|Premier of Florania]], agreed to allow [[Florania]] to be declared independent as the new Caeserea. The group proposed the [[Wright Ultimatum]] to [[Addison Dillon|Empress Isabella]], which she promptly rejected; after this, a declaration of independence was sent and Caeserea was declared independent of Bonumland.</p>
 
<p>Despite being recognized by [[West River Confederation|West River]], [[Co-operative Republic of Wendatia|Wendatia]], and [[Seabourgian Commonwealth|Seabourg]], the legal basis of Caeserean independence has raised questions over the interpretation of Article I of the [[Constitution of Bonumland|Bonumlandian Constitution]], which states "the territory of the Empire is inalienable". [[w:Seperatism|Seperatists]] argue that since the chief executive agreed to the independence, and since the territory of [[Florania]] was not modified, the Caeserean claim to independence is valid; however, the government argues that the section in question was instead referring to the territory of Bonumland as a whole rather than one territory, and therefore Caeserean independence is illegal. It is also pointed out that Florania is inhabited by Bonumlandian citizens unaware of the independence of Caeserea, and that no Caeseran leaders live on the land, which violates the criteria for statehood as laid out by the [[w:Montevideo Convention|Montevideo Convention]]. To this day, the legal status of Caeserea is disputed by Caeserean seperatists, the Bonumlandian government, and external observers.</p>
 
<p>Despite being recognized by [[West River Confederation|West River]], [[Co-operative Republic of Wendatia|Wendatia]], and [[Seabourgian Commonwealth|Seabourg]], the legal basis of Caeserean independence has raised questions over the interpretation of Article I of the [[Constitution of Bonumland|Bonumlandian Constitution]], which states "the territory of the Empire is inalienable". [[w:Seperatism|Seperatists]] argue that since the chief executive agreed to the independence, and since the territory of [[Florania]] was not modified, the Caeserean claim to independence is valid; however, the government argues that the section in question was instead referring to the territory of Bonumland as a whole rather than one territory, and therefore Caeserean independence is illegal. It is also pointed out that Florania is inhabited by Bonumlandian citizens unaware of the independence of Caeserea, and that no Caeseran leaders live on the land, which violates the criteria for statehood as laid out by the [[w:Montevideo Convention|Montevideo Convention]]. To this day, the legal status of Caeserea is disputed by Caeserean seperatists, the Bonumlandian government, and external observers.</p>
== Government and politics ==
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== Politics ==
=== System of government ===
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=== Government ===
{{main|Bonumlandian monarchy|National Assembly of Bonumland|Executive Council of Bonumland|High Court of Bonumland}}
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[[File:Addison Dillon oil painting.jpg|150px|thumb|left|[[Isabella I, Empress of Bonumland|Isabella I]], the reigning [[Bonumlandian monarchy|Monarch]].]]
<p>The [[Bonumlandian monarchy#Monarch|monarch of Bonumland]] is known as the Emperor if male and Empress if female. The position is [[w:non-hereditary|non-hereditary]], and the monarch may at any time declare any person of their choosing to become the heir apparent. The monarch's primary responsibility is the administration of meetings of the [[National Assembly (Bonumland)|National Assembly]]. The monarch also occupies the duties of the chief diplomat of Bonumland and the commander of the [[Bonumlandian Coast Guard]]. The monarch may, if need be, appoint [[w:Consul|consuls]] as a point of contact for a region or to spread the nation's influence. The current monarch is [[Isabella I, Empress of Bonumland|Isabella I]].</p>
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<p>Bonumland is a [[w:Unitary state|unitary state]] under a [[w:Constitutional monarchy|constitutional monarchy]] with a [[w:Direct democracy|direct democracy]], and has been governed as such since January [[2021]]. The [[Bonumlandian monarchy|Empress of Bonumland]] (Emperor when the monarch is male) is the [[Head of state|head of state]]. The [[w:Executive|executive branch]] consists of the [[Minister of State of Bonumland|Minister of State]] as the [[Head_of_Government|head of government]], who presides over meetings of the [[National Assembly of Bonumland|National Assembly]]. Until [[2020]], the [[Head_of_Government|head of government]] was the [[President of Bonumland]], elected directly by Bonumlandian citizens; since the implementation of the [[Constitution of Bonumland#2021 constitution|Constitution of Bonumland]], the [[Minister of State of Bonumland|Minister of State]] has been the [[Head_of_Government|head of government]] chosen by the [[Bonumlandian monarchy|reigning Monarch]] out of the elected members of the [[Executive Council of Bonumland|Executive Council]].</p>
<p>The [[National Assembly (Bonumland)|National Assembly]] is the legislative body of Bonumland. The National Assembly is not an elected body; rather, every citizen of age is a member. Any citizen may propose legislation to a [[w:referendum|referendum]] with the signatures of at least a fifth of the population, may vote on proposed legislation, and can withdraw legislation they have proposed if desired. "Aye", "nay", and "abstain" are the options on every referendum, and a plurality of "aye" votes are required to pass any legislation. Acts of the National Assembly are automatically granted assent by the [[Bonumlandian monarchy#Monarch|monarch]] as a symbolic gesture.</p>
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<p>Under the [[Constitution of Bonumland#2021 constitution|2021 constitution]], the [[Bonumlandian monarchy|reigning Monarch]] possesses the [[w:Royal assent|power of assent]] over [[National Assembly of Bonumland|National Assembly]] legislation. The eight members of the [[National Assembly of Bonumland|National Assembly]] are elected to terms of a period of not less than six months; one member is elected [[w:Speaker_(politics)|Speaker]], and consequently, there are only seven voting members. Four are elected as [[National Assembly of Bonumland#List of Representatives|representatives]] of their respective constituencies and four at the national level by [[w:Ranked-choice voting|ranked-choice voting]]. All legislation requires the approval of the [[National Assembly of Bonumland|National Assembly]], which is officially a non-partisan body; however, members of the National Assembly may elect to form so-called “[[w:Political_alliance|coalitions]]” with other members, creating a [[w:Coalition_government|Government]] and Opposition.</p>
<p>The [[Executive Council (Bonumland)|Executive Council]] are a group of executives who are the heads of government ministries. All ministers of the Executive Council are democratically elected by Bonumlandian citizens to one-year terms, infinitely renewable.</p>
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<p>At the local level, [[w:Municipal_corporation|incorporated towns]] have no [[w:Local_government|local government]] and are largely administered at the national level; however, [[w:City|cities]] do have a [[w:Mayor|mayor]], who bears the sole authority over the city’s administration. [[Bonumis]] is the only municipality which has a [[w:Mayor|mayor]]. Unlike the [[National Assembly of Bonumland|National Assembly]], [[w:Mayor|mayors]] are elected to terms of a full year and may manifest loyalty to [[w:Political party|political parties]].</p>
=== Law ===
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<p>Laws are enforced indirectly by the Ministry of Justice, which runs the Bonumlandian police department. Because Bonumland is for the most part Internet-based, the police force is cyber and is generally tasked with monitoring government chatrooms and calls. The Bonumlandian courts are led by a single judge, who is democratically elected. Crimes in Bonumland are divided into three categories:</p>
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=== Security ===
* [[w:Misdemeanor|Misdemeanors]]: Minor offenses that warrant only a small punishment and no jury, requiring only a judge to make a ruling.
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[[File:BonumlandBattleFlag.png|250px|thumb|right|The Bonumlandian battle flag.]]
* [[w:Hybrid offence|Wobblers]]: Offenses that can be tried as either a misdemeanor or a felony depending on its severity. Requires a jury and judge.
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<p>The wider defense of Bonumland is provided by the [[w:United States|United States]] via [[w:Law_enforcement_in_the_United_States|the police]]. Bonumland has no [[w:Navy|navy]] or [[w:Air force|air force]], but on a [[w:Per capita|per-capita]] and [[w:Population_density|per-area]] basis, Bonumland has one of the largest [[w:Police|police forces]] (four officers for about twenty people) in the world. In general, one person is appointed as a [[w:Police officer|police officer]] per [[w:Municipality|municipality]]; who will be appointed is determined by the [[Department of Justice of Bonumland#List of Secretaries of Justice|Secretary of Justice]].</p>
* [[w:Felony|Felonies]]: Major offenses that require a jury, judge, and preliminary hearing.
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<p>In addition to the [[w:Police|domestic police force]], Bonumland has a [[List of micronational militaries|small military]]. This consists of a [[w:Bodyguard|bodyguard unit]] for the [[Bonumlandian monarchy|reigning Monarch]] (which includes [[HIM Imperial Band]]) in their palace in [[Bonumis]], known as the [[La Kompanio de Karabenistoj de Imperiestrino]], and the [[Bonumlandian Coast Guard|Coast Guard]]. Together with the [[w:Police|police force]], these form the [[Armed Forces of Bonumland]]. The [[La Kompanio de Karabenistoj de Imperiestrino]] was created in March [[2021]] by [[Isabella I, Empress of Bonumland|Empress Isabella]] for the protection of the [[Imperiestra Palaco]] and the [[Imperial Family (Bonumland)|Monarch’s family]]. The [[w:Company (military unit)|company]] numbers exactly five officers and men; [[w:Demobilization|de-commissioned]] or [[w:Military reserve|reserve personnel]] are stationed in their various [[w:municipalities|municipalities]].</p>
<p>It is the responsibility of the judge to categorize the cases that arise, as well as to decide a court date and the punishment for the defendant if indicted by the jury. The judge serves until resignation or death unless recalled, which can be done with a special motion of the National Assembly. A special election will be held in the case of a vacancy.</p>
 
  
 
=== Members of the Government ===
 
=== Members of the Government ===
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{{Bonumland Foreign Relations}}
 
{{Bonumland Geography}}
 
  
 
== Economy ==
 
== Economy ==

Latest revision as of 04:00, 7 May 2021

Motto: Long live Bonumland!
Anthem: March of Bonumlandians by Addison Dillon


National march: Hail Bonumis by Addison Dillon

Great Seal of Bonumland
Great Seal of Bonumland 2.png
Frameless
Frameless
Capital
and largest city
Bonumis
Other languagesEnglish
Esperanto
Religion
Religious pluralism
Demonym(s)Bonumlandian (adjective)
Bonumlandic (noun)
GovernmentUnitary direct democratic constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Isabella I
Vacant
• Justice
Vacant
LegislatureNational Assembly
Establishment
• Independence from Croatia
23 May 2015
• Monarchy established
13 December 2020
Area
• Total
0.45 km2 (0.17 sq mi)
Population
• Estimate
18 (citizenship)
7 (residential)
CurrencyKinturum
Time zoneEST (in Bonumis)
CST (in Royal Woods)
PST (in Florania)
UTC (in Addisonshire)
Calling code+1 (in American territories)
+44 (in British territories)

Bonumland (/bɑːnəm.lænd/ BAH-nəm-land; Bonumlandian: ᒷ╎リᔑ⚍⍑╎einauhi), officially the Republic of Bonumland, is a micronation whose mainland is located in the southeastern United States, with colonies in the Pacific Northwest, American Midwest, and southern England. Named by its founder, Nick Rankov, the nation was located in Croatia from its foundation in May 2015 until early 2020, when it was relocated in accordance with the Proximity Act 2020 signed into law by President Addison Dillon. The nation, which is bordered by the U.S. states of Georgia, Illinois, Washington, and the English county of Hampshire, became independent on 23 May 2015 upon the signing of the Declaration of Establishment, although an unaffiliated state of the same name preceded it, lasting from 2 May until 23 May. Bonumland is often referred to as “Bonerland,” a relevant meme in Bonumlandian culture that originated from Raphaël Olivier.

Bonumland is one of the world’s smallest nations by land area, with an area of just under half a square kilometer, and one of the least populous with a residential population of 7. Approximately 70% of the nation’s population lives in and around Bonumis, the nation’s capital and largest city as well as the center of transportation, industry, and agriculture, and approximately 30% in Florania, a coastal city with a significant fishing market. Bonumland is the least populous of the U5 Nations, after Georgienstine, Rhodesia, Windover, and West River. The highest point is Stevens’ Pass in Florania at an elevation of 469 feet (143 meters).

Bonumland is one of the wealthiest and most socially liberal nations in the world. The nation consistently ranks among the best for life expectancy and low unemployment. Bonumland has some of the loosest laws regarding abortion, and its friendliness for LGBT people is among the most advanced in the world. Before 2017, same-sex marriage was not explicitly covered in legislation; President Nick Rankov signed the LGBT Rights Act 2017 into law that legalized same-sex marriages and civil unions for homosexuals. Bonumland has also legalized physician-assisted suicide, and is one of a small number of micronations to have legalized the practice. Conversion therapy has been banned in Bonumland since January 2020.

Etymology

The Constitution of Bonumland designates the country's name as the "Republic of Bonumland" in Article 1, Section I.

Art. 1. Sec. I. The Republic of Bonumland is one and indivisible. The Republic is sovereign upon its territory and is the association of its patrons whereto it shall apply.

— Constitution of Bonumland

The name proper was coined by Nick Rankov on 2 May 2015. It was inspired by the southern European romance languages; namely, Latin. More precisely the name comes from the Latin word for good - "bonum". In that sense, the literal translation of Bonumland is "a good land". Other names were also considered, including "Sisakia" (which was inspired by the Croatian city of the same name where Bonumland was originally located) and "Rankovland" (coming from the founder Nick Rankov's surname).

The name has little to no connection to Croatia nor its symbols, even though most of Bonumlandian culture is adapted from it and the surrounding Baltic states.

History

Pre-Bonumland

A traditional Creek house, as was common during Native American occupation

Bonumland has been inhabited by humans for at least 3,500 years, as evidenced by specimens obtained from Peachtree Creek roughly 5 miles north of downtown Atlanta. Until about 1780, during the American Revolution, the region where Bonumland and its neighboorhood were built was originally Creek and Cherokee territory that spanned from the western border of Georgia state to eastern Alabama, as north as Tennesee and as south as the Florida Keys. In 1835, some leaders of the Cherokee Nation ceded their territory to the United States without the consent of the majority of the Cherokee people in exchange for land out west under the Treaty of New Echota, an act that led to the Trail of Tears.

During the American Civil War, the vicinity of Bonumland served as an important railroad and military supply hub. Its capture from the Confederates by the Union directly led to the re-election of Abraham Lincoln and the surrender of the Confederacy. After the war, it became a center of black education with the foundation of Atlanta University, Morehouse College, Clark University, Spelman College, and Morris Brown College. The Atlanta Massacre occurred in 1906, which briefly threw the region into fear and tensions. Much later, Bonumland's home county became a party in the infamous Bostock v. Clayton County case, where the United States Supreme Court ruled that Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 protected employees against discrimination based on their sexuality or because they are transgender.

Modern history

The date of establishment of Bonumland is subject to debate. Nick Rankov declared the First Republic on 2 May 2015, and the New Republic (modern Bonumland) on 23 May of the same year. Some consider 2 May as the official date of foundation while some consider the First Republic and New Republic separate entities, and therefore 23 May is the correct foundation date. The most widely accepted date of foundation, however, is the date of the adoption of the Declaration of Establishment, which took place on 23 May. Said declaration was mailed to then-President of Croatia Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović.

August 2018 crisis

In August 2018, a situation unfolded between President Rankov, the Prime Minister, and various Parliament ministers. Certain motives drove President Rankov to fire select ministers in Parliament, warranting a fierce reaction from the Conservative opposition. The Conservatives, in response, dismissed the Parliament[a]; however, the 2015 constitution dictated that if the whole party dismissed the Parliament, it would mean the end of the Parliament, since there are only two parties. Therefore, the Prime Minister resigned and the Liberal Democratic ministers left the Parliament Hall. The situation forced President Rankov to sign the special decree known as gentis finem[b]. By signing this, Bonumland officially ceased to exist. A few days later an agreement was reached between the President, the Prime Minister, and the opposition ministers, and the announcement was made that Bonumland would continue its existence as a micronation. Rankov also announced in his address that the Parliament would undergo certain reforms in the future.

Civil war

Nick Rankov's address concerning the state of coup d'etats

In January 2019, the Parliament and Diplomatic Council held a joint meeting. Together, the two bodies adopted a resolution that formally condemned President Rankov for "authoritarianism, attempting to establish a dictatorship, and restricting the power of Bonumland's government institution", as well as sending an ultimatum to Rankov to resign or face a coup. Rankov rejected the ultimatum. In response, the Parliament and Diplomatic Council, in conjunction, passed an Act formally charging Rankov with treason and beginning impeachment proceedings against him. However, the 2015 constitution did not mention anything about impeachment of the president, and therefore the "coup" was considered illegal. President Rankov then took action, abolishing the Parliament and Diplomatic Council members' citizenships on the basis of betrayal and committing the illegal act of the coup on the president. He appointed his only loyalist - Addison Dillon - as Vice President.

Following what is now known as the "Bonumlandian Civil War", Bonumland went into a long period of inactivity. Over a year later, in January 2020, Rankov resigned as President, passing the office to Vice President Dillon.

Monarchization

In November 2020, a presidential election was held between President Dillon, Board Member Azerianus Severanus, and activist Renzo Wessels. Because no candidate received a majority, a runoff election was held between the top two candidates: Dillon and Severanus. Bonumland News announced that Dillon had been re-elected by just one vote, but this was controversial because the vote had not yet closed and many people still had not voted. After polls closed, vote counters miscounted and still declared Dillon the winner even though Severanus had in fact won by two votes. Later, this mistake was corrected and Severanus took the oath of office as president of Bonumland. Dillon was, however, elected to the National Assembly after running unopposed.

Before leaving office, President Dillon passed the Political Parties Act 2020, which abolished the two-party system and allowed the formation of new parties through a bureaucratic process. This enabled Gaia Grìbhinneach to establish the Revolutionary National Collectivist Party, which Dillon promptly joined. The party's main goal was the installation of Dillon in a monarchical position, something that President Severanus expressly opposed. Defectors from the Conservative Party to the RNCP enabled Grìbhinneach and Dillon to propose an Act codenamed "The Package", which would begin a provisional government in anticipation of a monarchical conversion, which was instantly vetoed by Severanus. The National Assembly, with their RNCP majority, overrode Severanus' veto, ending his presidency. After the provisional government passed the 2021 constitution, the monarchy was established and Dillon was installed as monarch, although she chose the regnal name "Isabella".

Florania, where Caeserea was declared independent
Disputed independence of Caeserea

In January 2021, Jonas Rhymer, Emmeline Marino (who at the time was known as Paris Wright), Benjamin Pickles, and Isaiah Burdette were discussing in a private DM conversation whether Burdette's removal as President of Florania was unconstitutional. Rhymer had pointed out that he declared Caeserea independent after Burdette's removal, and a consensus was reached among the group that it would be revived in Bonumland in protest of the monarchization. Pickles, the Premier of Florania, agreed to allow Florania to be declared independent as the new Caeserea. The group proposed the Wright Ultimatum to Empress Isabella, which she promptly rejected; after this, a declaration of independence was sent and Caeserea was declared independent of Bonumland.

Despite being recognized by West River, Wendatia, and Seabourg, the legal basis of Caeserean independence has raised questions over the interpretation of Article I of the Bonumlandian Constitution, which states "the territory of the Empire is inalienable". Seperatists argue that since the chief executive agreed to the independence, and since the territory of Florania was not modified, the Caeserean claim to independence is valid; however, the government argues that the section in question was instead referring to the territory of Bonumland as a whole rather than one territory, and therefore Caeserean independence is illegal. It is also pointed out that Florania is inhabited by Bonumlandian citizens unaware of the independence of Caeserea, and that no Caeseran leaders live on the land, which violates the criteria for statehood as laid out by the Montevideo Convention. To this day, the legal status of Caeserea is disputed by Caeserean seperatists, the Bonumlandian government, and external observers.

Politics

Government

Isabella I, the reigning Monarch.

Bonumland is a unitary state under a constitutional monarchy with a direct democracy, and has been governed as such since January 2021. The Empress of Bonumland (Emperor when the monarch is male) is the head of state. The executive branch consists of the Minister of State as the head of government, who presides over meetings of the National Assembly. Until 2020, the head of government was the President of Bonumland, elected directly by Bonumlandian citizens; since the implementation of the Constitution of Bonumland, the Minister of State has been the head of government chosen by the reigning Monarch out of the elected members of the Executive Council.

Under the 2021 constitution, the reigning Monarch possesses the power of assent over National Assembly legislation. The eight members of the National Assembly are elected to terms of a period of not less than six months; one member is elected Speaker, and consequently, there are only seven voting members. Four are elected as representatives of their respective constituencies and four at the national level by ranked-choice voting. All legislation requires the approval of the National Assembly, which is officially a non-partisan body; however, members of the National Assembly may elect to form so-called “coalitions” with other members, creating a Government and Opposition.

At the local level, incorporated towns have no local government and are largely administered at the national level; however, cities do have a mayor, who bears the sole authority over the city’s administration. Bonumis is the only municipality which has a mayor. Unlike the National Assembly, mayors are elected to terms of a full year and may manifest loyalty to political parties.

Security

The Bonumlandian battle flag.

The wider defense of Bonumland is provided by the United States via the police. Bonumland has no navy or air force, but on a per-capita and per-area basis, Bonumland has one of the largest police forces (four officers for about twenty people) in the world. In general, one person is appointed as a police officer per municipality; who will be appointed is determined by the Secretary of Justice.

In addition to the domestic police force, Bonumland has a small military. This consists of a bodyguard unit for the reigning Monarch (which includes HIM Imperial Band) in their palace in Bonumis, known as the La Kompanio de Karabenistoj de Imperiestrino, and the Coast Guard. Together with the police force, these form the Armed Forces of Bonumland. The La Kompanio de Karabenistoj de Imperiestrino was created in March 2021 by Empress Isabella for the protection of the Imperiestra Palaco and the Monarch’s family. The company numbers exactly five officers and men; de-commissioned or reserve personnel are stationed in their various municipalities.

Members of the Government

Economy

A small percentage of Bonumland's economy comes from fishing. The majority of economic growth comes from agriculture. The region's biodiversity, some of the most important in the Atlanta Cluster, is threatened by macronational industrial and mining activities. The actions of neighboring macronations have warranted civil unrest in Bonumland many times. In January 2021, a resolution was passed to calm the civil unrest by taking direct action; namely, spreading awareness of the threats to the ecosystem, donating to large climate charities, and expanding farming operations. Bonumland exports fish and domestic crops locally.

Culture

Holidays

The Republic of Bonumland enjoys several holidays, including traditional holidays such as New Years' Day and national holidays such as Bonumland Day. Holidays in Bonumland are designed to cater to the likes of all Bonumlandians in the spirit of religious observance. These include not recognizing religious holidays such as Christmas and Easter, although breaks are scheduled around these holidays for citizens who do wish to celebrate.

Government recognized holidays in Bonumland
Name Date Significance
New Years' Day 1 January Celebrates the incoming year.
Spring Equinox Varies Celebrates the beginning of spring.
Bonumland Day 21 May Celebrates the independence of Bonumland.

Many religious citizens attend church and other services during religious holidays, so the government of Bonumland (though not officially recognizing them) do allow days off for religious holidays.

Bonumlandball, a common personification of Bonumland.

National symbols

National symbols of Bonumland typically involve the colors blue and green. The royal standard does not follow this color scheme as it is meant to be representative of the monarch and not of the nation. The national animal is the eagle, which represents inspiration, victory, pride, and royalty.

Notes

  1. Dismissing the Parliament means to censure, or an expression of formal disapproval.
  2. "The end of the nation" in Latin.

See also