Difference between revisions of "Parliament of the Islamic Emirate of Acre"

From MicroWiki, the micronational encyclopædia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
(16 intermediate revisions by 2 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{WIP}}
 
 
 
{{Infobox Legislature
 
{{Infobox Legislature
 
  | background_color  = #003399
 
  | background_color  = #003399
Line 16: Line 14:
 
  | houses            =  
 
  | houses            =  
 
  | leader1_type      = Prime Minister
 
  | leader1_type      = Prime Minister
  | leader1            = [[Ben Adelman]]
+
  | leader1            = [[Ali Kadhimi]]
  | party1            = [[Conservative Party (Acre)|Conservative Party]]
+
  | party1            = [[People's Democratic Union (Acre)|People's Democratic Union]]
  | election1          = [[Akkan general election, October 2020|October 2020]]
+
  | election1          = [[Akkan general election, April 2021|April 2021]]
 
  | leader2_type      = Leader of the Opposition
 
  | leader2_type      = Leader of the Opposition
  | leader2            = [[Ali Kadhimi]]
+
  | leader2            = [[Ben Adelman]]
  | party2            = [[People's Democratic Union (Acre)|People's Democratic Union]]
+
  | party2            = [[Conservative Party (Acre)|Conservative Party]]
  | election2          = [[Akkan general election, December 2020|December 2020]]
+
  | election2          = [[Akkan general election, April 2021|April 2021]]
 
  | leader3_type      = Speaker
 
  | leader3_type      = Speaker
  | leader3            = [[Robert Lieberman]]
+
  | leader3            = [[Yusuf Kanafi]]
  | party3            = [[Movement for the Homeland (Acre)|Movement for the Homeland]]
+
  | party3            = [[Communist Party (Acre)|Communist Party]]
  | election3          = [[Akkan general election, October 2020|October 2020]]
+
  | election3          = [[Akkan general election, April 2021|April 2021]]
 
  | leader4_type      =  
 
  | leader4_type      =  
 
  | leader4            =  
 
  | leader4            =  
Line 42: Line 40:
 
  | house1            =  
 
  | house1            =  
 
  | house2            =  
 
  | house2            =  
  | structure1        = Akkanparliament3.svg
+
  | structure1        = Akkanparliament4.svg
 
  | structure1_res    = 300px
 
  | structure1_res    = 300px
 
  | structure2        =  
 
  | structure2        =  
 
  | structure2_res    =  
 
  | structure2_res    =  
  | political_groups1  = '''Government (21)''':  
+
  | political_groups1  = '''Government (21)''':
*{{colour box|#0038B8}} [[Conservative Party (Acre)|Conservative Party]] (12)
+
*{{colour box|#013214}} [[Joint List]] (12)
*{{colour box|#FF0000}} [[Labor Zionist Party (Acre)|Labor Zionist Party]] (7)
+
**{{colour box|#32CD32}} [[People's Democratic Union (Acre)|People's Democratic Union]] (8)
*{{colour box|#add8e6}} [[Movement for the Homeland (Acre)|Movement for the Homeland]] (2)
+
**{{colour box|#fffdd0}} [[Peace & Equality Party (Acre)|Peace & Equality Party]] (2)
 +
**{{colour box|#b20000}} [[Communist Party (Acre)|Communist Party]] (2)
 +
*{{colour box|#FFFF00}} [[Liberal Union (Acre)|Liberal Union]] (9)
  
 
'''Opposition Parties (16)''':
 
'''Opposition Parties (16)''':
*{{colour box|#32CD32}} [[People's Democratic Union (Acre)|People's Democratic Union]] (7)
+
*{{colour box|#0038B8}} [[Conservative Party (Acre)|Conservative Party]] (8)
*{{colour box|#FFFF00}} [[Liberal Union (Acre)|Liberal Union]] (6)
+
*{{colour box|#FF0000}} [[Labor Zionist Party (Acre)|Labor Zionist Party]] (4)
*{{colour box|#fffdd0}} [[Peace & Equality Party (Acre)|Peace & Equality Party]] (2)
+
*{{colour box|#add8e6}} [[Movement for the Homeland (Acre)|Movement for the Homeland]] (4)
*{{colour box|#b20000}} [[Communist Party (Acre)|Communist Party]] (1)
 
 
  | political_groups2  =  
 
  | political_groups2  =  
 
  | committees1        =  
 
  | committees1        =  
Line 62: Line 61:
 
  | voting_system1    = [[w:Party-list proportional representation|Party-list proportional representation]]
 
  | voting_system1    = [[w:Party-list proportional representation|Party-list proportional representation]]
 
  | voting_system2    =  
 
  | voting_system2    =  
  | last_election1    = [[Akkan general election, December 2020|December 2020]]
+
  | last_election1    = [[Akkan general election, April 2021|April 2021]]
 
  | last_election2    =  
 
  | last_election2    =  
 
  | session_room      =  
 
  | session_room      =  
Line 75: Line 74:
 
Parliament is responsible for enacting and repealing laws. The Shura Council is able to declare a law unconstitutional, though the legislature enjoys [[w:Parliamentary sovereignty|parliamentary supremacy]], allowing them to nullify the Council's decision through a second vote. By convention, bills are expected to receive the Emir's assent prior to their passing, though this is not legally required.
 
Parliament is responsible for enacting and repealing laws. The Shura Council is able to declare a law unconstitutional, though the legislature enjoys [[w:Parliamentary sovereignty|parliamentary supremacy]], allowing them to nullify the Council's decision through a second vote. By convention, bills are expected to receive the Emir's assent prior to their passing, though this is not legally required.
  
The Parliament is currently in its third sitting; the [[Conservative Party (Acre)|Conservative Party]], [[Labor Zionist Party (Acre)|Labor Zionist Party]] and the [[Movement for the Homeland (Acre)|Movement for the Homeland]] form a [[w:Coalition government|coalition government]], with twenty-one seats out of a total of thirty-seven.
+
The Parliament is currently in its fourth sitting; the [[People's Democratic Union (Acre)|People's Democratic Union]], [[Peace & Equality Party (Acre)|Peace & Equality Party]] and [[Communist Party (Acre)|Communist Party]] (standing together as the [[Joint List]]) form a [[w:Coalition government|coalition government]] with the [[Liberal Union (Acre)|Liberal Union]], and have twenty-one seats out of a total of thirty-seven.
  
 
== Powers ==
 
== Powers ==
Line 96: Line 95:
  
 
=== Prime Minister ===
 
=== Prime Minister ===
 +
 +
The '''Prime Minister''' is the [[w:Head of government|head of government]]. Like in most other [[w:Parliamentary system|parliamentary systems]], the Akkan Prime Minister is both a member of the [[w:Legislature|legislature]] and the head of the [[w:Executive branch|executive branch]] (though the [[Emir of Acre|Emir]] also possesses some executive powers). They are chosen by a vote in the Akkan Parliament, and can be removed from office at any time by a simple majority. The Prime Minister is usually a member of the largest party, and to function effectively must be able to command a majority of the seats in the parliament. The Prime Minister heads a [[Cabinet of the Akkan Parliament|cabinet]], delegating certain responsibilities to other ministers.
  
 
=== Speaker ===
 
=== Speaker ===
Line 142: Line 143:
 
|align=left| [[People's Democratic Union (Acre)|People's Democratic Union]]
 
|align=left| [[People's Democratic Union (Acre)|People's Democratic Union]]
 
|align=left| [[Ali Kadhimi]]
 
|align=left| [[Ali Kadhimi]]
|align=left| 1 December 2020 -
+
|align=left| 1 December 2020 - 1 April 2021
 
| [[File:Akkanparliament3.svg|150px]]
 
| [[File:Akkanparliament3.svg|150px]]
 
|align=left| Coalition government comprised of the [[Conservative Party (Acre)|Conservative Party]], [[Labor Zionist Party (Acre)|Labor Zionist Party]] and the [[Movement for the Homeland (Acre)|Movement for the Homeland]]
 
|align=left| Coalition government comprised of the [[Conservative Party (Acre)|Conservative Party]], [[Labor Zionist Party (Acre)|Labor Zionist Party]] and the [[Movement for the Homeland (Acre)|Movement for the Homeland]]
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor=#013214 style="color:green"|
 +
|align=left| [[Joint List]]
 +
|align=left| [[Ali Kadhimi]]
 +
| bgcolor=#0038B8 style="color:blue"|
 +
|align=left| [[Conservative Party (Acre)|Conservative Party]]
 +
|align=left| [[Ben Adelman]]
 +
|align=left| 1 April 2021 -
 +
| [[File:Akkanparliament4.svg|150px]]
 +
|align=left| Coalition government comprised of the [[Joint List]] and the [[Liberal Union (Acre)|Liberal Union]]
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 161: Line 172:
 
! rowspan="2" | Seats in Parliament
 
! rowspan="2" | Seats in Parliament
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor=#0038B8 | '''[[Conservative Party (Acre)|Conservative Party]]'''
+
| bgcolor=#FFFF00 | '''[[Liberal Union (Acre)|Liberal Union]]'''
 
|
 
|
| [[Ben Adelman]]
+
| [[Michelle Levin]]
 
|{{Collapsible list
 
|{{Collapsible list
 
  | expand =  
 
  | expand =  
Line 172: Line 183:
 
  | hlist =  
 
  | hlist =  
 
  | bullets =  
 
  | bullets =  
  |1 = {{*}} [[w:Big tent politics|Big tent]]|2 = {{*}} [[w:Social conservatism|Social conservatism]]|3 = {{*}} [[w:Economic liberalism|Economic liberalism]]|4 = {{*}} [[Akkan confessional communities#Israelis|Israeli interests]]|5 = {{*}} [[Akkan opinion on the Israel-Palestine conflict#Two-state solution|Two-state solution]]
+
  |1 = {{*}} [[w:Big tent politics|Big tent]]|2 = {{*}} [[w:Liberalism|Liberalism]]|3 = {{*}} [[w:Social liberalism|Social liberalism]]|4 = {{*}} [[Akkan confessional communities#Non-confessionalism|Non-confessionalism]]|5 = {{*}} [[Akkan opinion on the Israel-Palestine conflict#One-state solution|One-state solution]]
 
}}
 
}}
| [[Akkan confessional communities#Israelis|Israeli]]
+
| [[Akkan confessional communities#Non-confessionalism|Non-confessional]]
| Centre-Right to Right
+
| Centre-Left to Centre-Right
| {{ParlSeats|12|37|hex=#0038B8}}
+
| {{ParlSeats|9|37|hex=#FFFF00}}
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor = #FF0000 | '''[[Labor Zionist Party (Acre)|Labor Zionist Party]]'''
+
| bgcolor = #32CD32 | '''[[People's Democratic Union (Acre)|People's Democratic Union]]'''
|
+
| [[File:PDUlogo.png|150px]]
| [[Eli Barak]]
+
| [[Ali Kadhimi]]
 
|{{Collapsible list
 
|{{Collapsible list
 
  | expand =  
 
  | expand =  
Line 189: Line 200:
 
  | hlist =  
 
  | hlist =  
 
  | bullets =  
 
  | bullets =  
  |1 = {{*}} [[w:Social democracy|Social democracy]]|2 = {{*}} [[w:Labor Zionism|Labor Zionism]]|3 = {{*}} [[Akkan confessional communities#Israelis|Israeli interests]]|4 = {{*}} [[Akkan opinion on the Israel-Palestine conflict#Two-state solution|Two-state solution]]
+
  |1 = {{*}} [[w:Democratic socialism|Democratic socialism]]|2 = {{*}} [[w:Arab socialism|Arab socialism]]|3 = {{*}} [[Akkan confessional communities#Arabs|Arab interests]]|4 = {{*}} [[Akkan opinion on the Israel-Palestine conflict#Three-state solution|Three-state solution]]
 
}}
 
}}
| [[Akkan confessional communities#Israelis|Israeli]]
+
| [[Akkan confessional communities#Arabs|Arab]]
| Centre-Left to Left
+
| Left
| {{ParlSeats|7|37|hex=#FF0000}}
+
| {{ParlSeats|8|37|hex=#32CD32}}
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor = #32CD32 | '''[[People's Democratic Union (Acre)|People's Democratic Union]]'''
+
| bgcolor=#0038B8 | '''[[Conservative Party (Acre)|Conservative Party]]'''
 
|
 
|
| [[Ali Kadhimi]]
+
| [[Ben Adelman]]
 
|{{Collapsible list
 
|{{Collapsible list
 
  | expand =  
 
  | expand =  
Line 206: Line 217:
 
  | hlist =  
 
  | hlist =  
 
  | bullets =  
 
  | bullets =  
  |1 = {{*}} [[w:Democratic socialism|Democratic socialism]]|2 = {{*}} [[w:Arab socialism|Arab socialism]]|3 = {{*}} [[Akkan confessional communities#Arabs|Arab interests]]|4 = {{*}} [[Akkan opinion on the Israel-Palestine conflict#Three-state solution|Three-state solution]]
+
  |1 = {{*}} [[w:Big tent politics|Big tent]]|2 = {{*}} [[w:Social conservatism|Social conservatism]]|3 = {{*}} [[w:Economic liberalism|Economic liberalism]]|4 = {{*}} [[Akkan confessional communities#Israelis|Israeli interests]]|5 = {{*}} [[Akkan opinion on the Israel-Palestine conflict#Two-state solution|Two-state solution]]
 
}}
 
}}
| [[Akkan confessional communities#Arabs|Arab]]
+
| [[Akkan confessional communities#Israelis|Israeli]]
| Left
+
| Centre-Right to Right
| {{ParlSeats|7|37|hex=#32CD32}}
+
| {{ParlSeats|8|37|hex=#0038B8}}
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor=#FFFF00 | '''[[Liberal Union (Acre)|Liberal Union]]'''
+
| bgcolor = #FF0000 | '''[[Labor Zionist Party (Acre)|Labor Zionist Party]]'''
 
|
 
|
| [[Michelle Levin]]
+
| [[Eli Barak]]
 
|{{Collapsible list
 
|{{Collapsible list
 
  | expand =  
 
  | expand =  
Line 223: Line 234:
 
  | hlist =  
 
  | hlist =  
 
  | bullets =  
 
  | bullets =  
  |1 = {{*}} [[w:Big tent politics|Big tent]]|2 = {{*}} [[w:Liberalism|Liberalism]]|3 = {{*}} [[w:Social liberalism|Social liberalism]]|4 = {{*}} [[Akkan confessional communities#Non-confessionalism|Non-confessionalism]]
+
  |1 = {{*}} [[w:Social democracy|Social democracy]]|2 = {{*}} [[w:Labor Zionism|Labor Zionism]]|3 = {{*}} [[Akkan confessional communities#Israelis|Israeli interests]]|4 = {{*}} [[Akkan opinion on the Israel-Palestine conflict#Two-state solution|Two-state solution]]
 
}}
 
}}
| [[Akkan confessional communities#Non-confessionalism|Non-confessional]]
+
| [[Akkan confessional communities#Israelis|Israeli]]
| Centre-Left to Centre-Right
+
| Centre-Left to Left
| {{ParlSeats|6|37|hex=#FFFF00}}
+
| {{ParlSeats|4|37|hex=#FF0000}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor = #add8e6 | '''[[Movement for the Homeland (Acre)|Movement for the Homeland]]'''
 
| bgcolor = #add8e6 | '''[[Movement for the Homeland (Acre)|Movement for the Homeland]]'''
Line 244: Line 255:
 
| [[Akkan confessional communities#Israelis|Israeli (Russian-speaking)]]
 
| [[Akkan confessional communities#Israelis|Israeli (Russian-speaking)]]
 
| Right
 
| Right
| {{ParlSeats|2|37|hex=#add8e6}}
+
| {{ParlSeats|4|37|hex=#add8e6}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor = #fffdd0 | '''[[Peace & Equality Party (Acre)|Peace & Equality Party]]'''
 
| bgcolor = #fffdd0 | '''[[Peace & Equality Party (Acre)|Peace & Equality Party]]'''
Line 257: Line 268:
 
  | hlist =  
 
  | hlist =  
 
  | bullets =  
 
  | bullets =  
  |1 = {{*}} [[w:Big tent politics|Big tent]]|2 = {{*}} [[Akkan confessional communities#Minorities|Minority interests]]
+
  |1 = {{*}} [[w:Big tent politics|Big tent]]|2 = {{*}} [[Akkan confessional communities#Minorities|Minority interests]]|3 = {{*}} [[Akkan opinion on the Israel-Palestine conflict#Two-state solution|Two-state solution]]
 
}}
 
}}
 
| [[Akkan confessional communities#Minorities|Arab (Minorities)]]
 
| [[Akkan confessional communities#Minorities|Arab (Minorities)]]
Line 278: Line 289:
 
| [[Akkan confessional communities#Non-confessionalism|Non-confessional]]
 
| [[Akkan confessional communities#Non-confessionalism|Non-confessional]]
 
| Far-Left
 
| Far-Left
| {{ParlSeats|1|37|hex=#b20000}}
+
| {{ParlSeats|2|37|hex=#b20000}}
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
{{Acre Navbox}}
 
{{Acre Navbox}}
 
[[Category:Legislatures]] [[Category:Acre]] [[Category:Akkan government]] [[Category:Government]] [[Category:Parliaments]] [[Category:Unicameral legislatures]]
 
[[Category:Legislatures]] [[Category:Acre]] [[Category:Akkan government]] [[Category:Government]] [[Category:Parliaments]] [[Category:Unicameral legislatures]]

Revision as of 01:15, 10 April 2021

Parliament of the Islamic Emirate of Acre
Type
TypeUnicameral
Leadership
Prime MinisterAli Kadhimi, People's Democratic Union
since April 2021
Leader of the OppositionBen Adelman, Conservative Party
since April 2021
SpeakerYusuf Kanafi, Communist Party
since April 2021
Structure
Akkanparliament4.svg
Political groupsGovernment (21):

Opposition Parties (16):

Election
Voting systemParty-list proportional representation
Last electionApril 2021
Meeting place
Parliament Palace, Paris Square, Haifa


The Parliament of the Islamic Emirate of Acre, more commonly referred to as the Akkan Parliament is the legislative body of the Akkan government. It is unicameral, with just one chamber of the same name. Members are elected using a party-list ballot in nationwide elections, with each member allocated a constituency proportional to an area's degree of support for their party. Thirty-seven members currently sit in Parliament, all of whom are elected.

Parliament is responsible for enacting and repealing laws. The Shura Council is able to declare a law unconstitutional, though the legislature enjoys parliamentary supremacy, allowing them to nullify the Council's decision through a second vote. By convention, bills are expected to receive the Emir's assent prior to their passing, though this is not legally required.

The Parliament is currently in its fourth sitting; the People's Democratic Union, Peace & Equality Party and Communist Party (standing together as the Joint List) form a coalition government with the Liberal Union, and have twenty-one seats out of a total of thirty-seven.

Powers

Acre's Parliament enjoys parliamentary supremacy, according to which it has absolute sovereignty and is superior to the other branches of government. Parliament is capable of overruling decisions made by the Emir, the Shura Council, or inferior legislatures, and can change and repeal any prior legislation passed by earlier sessions of Parliament. In effect, this means it is not bound by constitutional law. The Shura Council is able to declare a law unconstitutional, mandating a second reading by Parliament; if they again pass the bill, any conflicting earlier acts of Parliament are declared to be unconstitutional, and rendered null and void.

In practice, not unlike other legislatures which enjoy parliamentary supremacy, Acre's Parliament constrains itself according to the particular dynamics of the day. The assent of the Emir is traditionally sought before passing a law, and a ruling by the Shura Council is usually granted significant weight by legislators. Parliament's power often ebbs and flows based on its partisan makeup, the Emir's interest in exerting his will at any given time, and the level of support for each institution from the general public. In this way, the Emir and the Shura Council are often able to utilise soft power despite Parliament's supremacy.

Duration

Fixed terms do not exist in Acre, and Parliament is free to dissolve itself whenever it wishes to. As a matter of convention, national elections are held twice a year, though their precise dates can vary; elections can be more common if a government loses a vote of no confidence.

Composition and Seats

Parliament is composed of thirty-seven seats, and has been since its creation. There is no law binding the number of seats in Parliament, which can be increased or reduced through a normal vote. Acre uses a form of party-list proportional representation. Voters cast their ballot for a political party, with seats then allocated to parties proportionally, who choose candidates to fill their allocated seats. This form of party-list proportional representation is also used in Albania, Argentina and Israel. Additionally, members of Parliament are allocated a constituency proportional to an area's degree of support for their party.

Unlike countries such as Greece, there is no minimum vote share legally required to enter parliament, though with the current thirty-seven-seat makeup, a minimum vote share of 2.7% is needed.

Offices

Prime Minister

The Prime Minister is the head of government. Like in most other parliamentary systems, the Akkan Prime Minister is both a member of the legislature and the head of the executive branch (though the Emir also possesses some executive powers). They are chosen by a vote in the Akkan Parliament, and can be removed from office at any time by a simple majority. The Prime Minister is usually a member of the largest party, and to function effectively must be able to command a majority of the seats in the parliament. The Prime Minister heads a cabinet, delegating certain responsibilities to other ministers.

Speaker

The Speaker is responsible for most administrative affairs, tabling debates, motions, establishing committees, and holding votes. They often act as an important source of communication between the Prime Minister (and their cabinet) and the wider Parliament. Unlike most parliaments, the Speaker in Acre is partisan, retaining their party membership; they are usually a member of the government, and are elected to office by Parliament alongside the Prime Minister. Often, they are the leader of the third largest party in a coalition, if three parties are present; otherwise, they are usually a secondary figure from within the largest party.

Leader of the Opposition

The Leader of the Opposition is an honorific title bestowed on the leader of the largest oppositional party. The office does not grant its holder (nor their party) any formal privileges, though opposition leaders will often work to establish shared stances and messaging with other parties in opposition where possible, generally leading such discussions. Should the government wish to work with the opposition as a whole, this also often occurs through the leader of the opposition, though the Prime Minister is free to work with individual opposition parties through direct communications.

Sessions

Government Prime Minister Official Opposition Official Opposition Leader Period Image Notes
Liberal Union Joseph Cohen Conservative Party Ben Adelman 20 February 2020 - 21 October 2020 Akkanparliament1.svg Minority government comprised of the Liberal Union and the Labor Zionist Party, supported through confidence and supply from the People's Democratic Union
Conservative Party Ben Adelman Liberal Union Joseph Cohen 21 October 2020 - 1 December 2020 Akkanparliament2.svg Minority government comprised of the Conservative Party, Labor Zionist Party and the Movement for the Homeland
Conservative Party Ben Adelman People's Democratic Union Ali Kadhimi 1 December 2020 - 1 April 2021 Akkanparliament3.svg Coalition government comprised of the Conservative Party, Labor Zionist Party and the Movement for the Homeland
Joint List Ali Kadhimi Conservative Party Ben Adelman 1 April 2021 - Akkanparliament4.svg Coalition government comprised of the Joint List and the Liberal Union

Parties

Seven parties are currently represented in Parliament.

Party Name Logo Leader Ideologies Confession Position Seats in Parliament
Liberal Union Michelle Levin Non-confessional Centre-Left to Centre-Right
9 / 37
People's Democratic Union PDUlogo.png Ali Kadhimi Arab Left
8 / 37
Conservative Party Ben Adelman Israeli Centre-Right to Right
8 / 37
Labor Zionist Party Eli Barak Israeli Centre-Left to Left
4 / 37
Movement for the Homeland Movementlogo.png Robert Lieberman Israeli (Russian-speaking) Right
4 / 37
Peace & Equality Party Antoun Hussein Arab (Minorities) Centre to Centre-Left
2 / 37
Communist Party Acrecommunists.png Yusuf Kanafi Non-confessional Far-Left
2 / 37