Republic of Hashima
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|State of New Weihai|
Motto: "Open Nation and do Enterprising"
Anthem: "National Anthem of New Weihai"
|Capital||New Weihai (city-state)|
|Official languages||English • Chinese|
|Recognised regional languages||Japanese|
|Official scripts||Roman (Latin) • Traditional Chinese characters|
|Ethnic groups||No official statistics|
|Government||Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy|
|Elizabeth II (Unrecognised by Elizabeth II)|
(House of Commons)
|Independence from Japan|
|10 May 2016|
|19 January 2017|
|0.06 km2 (0.023 sq mi)|
• 2017 estimate
|HDI (2017)||▲ 0.298 |
|Currency||New Weihai dollar ($) (NWD) (NWD)|
|Time zone||New Weihai Standard Time (UTC+9)|
• Summer (DST)
|not observed (UTC+9)|
|Date format|| dd-mm-yyyy|
|Drives on the||left|
|Internet TLD||.nw • .新威海|
New Weihai (Chinese: 新威海; pinyin: Xīnwēihǎi) officially the State of New Weihai (Chinese: 新威海國; pinyin: Xīnwēihǎi-guó), sometimes referred to as Hashima Island, is a self-proclaimed city-state in East Asia. It lies on the southernmost tip of the Japanese archipelago, with the Ryukyu Islands to the southeast. Neighbors include China to the west, South Korea to the northwest, Japan to the northeast and southeast. New Weihai's territory consists of a rectangle-shaped island with its surrounding islands. Since independence, extensive land reclamation has increased, and its greening policy has covered the densely populated island with tropical flora, parks and gardens.
Stanley Wu, a British-Chinese student, founded the abandoned island as New Weihai in May 2016; after the establishment of the new city-state, Wu proclaimed New Weihai a British Dominion, despite the United Kingdom unrecognised New Weihai. In January 2017 the country adopted the Statute of Westminster Act, confirming that the United Kingdom will not recognise New Weihai.
New Weihai is a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with a Westminster system of unicameral Parliament, while executive political power is exercised by the Cabinet, led by the Prime Minister, who is currently Stanley Wu. Queen Elizabeth II is the country's head of state and is represented by a governor-general, despite Queen Elizabeth II does not recognise being New Weihai's head of state. The Labour Party has won every election since the declaration of independence in 2016. One of the founding members of the East Asia Summit of Micronations, New Weihai is also the host of the Asia-Pacific Micronational Economic Cooperation (APMEC) and a member of the British Commonwealth of Micronations.
In 2016, Stanley Wu and his companions sighted the abandoned island, which was then known as Hashima Island, and called it New Weihai after British Weihaiwei; a former leased territory of the United Kingdom from 1898 until 1930. Xīnwēihǎi (新威海) is the Mandarin name for New Weihai.
The name Hashima (Japanese: 端島) is still used to refer the island, whilst New Weihai is used to refer the city-state. The island is also called Gunkanjima (Japanese: 軍艦島); a Japanese nickname meaning Battleship Island. The official name of the city-state is the State of New Weihai (Chinese: 新威海國; pinyin: Xīnwēihǎi-guó), it is used as a formal modern-day equivalent. Countries like New Weihai whose long form does not contain a descriptive designation are generally given a name appended by the character guó (國), meaning "country", "nation" or "state".
New Weihai is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy, although its constitution is not codified. Elizabeth II is the Queen of New Weihai. However, she does not recognise being New Weihai's head of state, due to the New Weihai's limited recognition. The Queen is represented by the Governor-General, who appoints the Prime Minister on behalf of the Queen. The Governor-General can exercise the Crown's prerogative powers, such as reviewing cases of injustice and making appointments of ministers, ambassadors and other key public officials, and in rare situations, the reserve powers (e.g. the power to dissolve Parliament or refuse the Royal Assent of a bill into law). The powers of the Queen and the Governor-General are limited by constitutional constraints and they cannot normally be exercised without the advice of ministers.
The New Weihai Parliament holds legislative power and consists of the Queen and the House of Commons. The House of Commons is democratically elected and a government is formed from the party or coalition with the majority of seats. If no majority is formed a minority government can be formed if support from other parties during confidence and supply votes is assured. The Governor-General appoints ministers under advice from the Prime Minister, who is by convention the parliamentary leader of the governing party or coalition. Cabinet, formed by ministers and led by the Prime Minister, is the highest policy-making body in government and responsible for deciding significant government actions. Members of Cabinet make major decisions collectively, and are therefore collectively responsible for the consequences of these decisions.