National anthem of St. John
The national anthem of St. John can refer to Fugue in G minor, BWV 131a or several national anthems that were previously used by the government of St. John.
Fugue in G minor, BWV 131a
National anthem of
|Music||Johann Sebastian Bach (attributed), c. 1708|
|Adopted||20 December 2017|
It is a transcription of the last movement of the cantata Aus der Tiefen rufe ich, Herr, zu dir, BWV 131, which features a permutation fugue. The cantata dates from 1707 or 1708, which almost certainly provides a terminus ante quem for the organ arrangement.
In St. John, the composition is famous as the national anthem of St. John, which came into use on 20 December 2017. The national anthem was chosen since it has short duration compared to the previous anthems of St. John. There are no lyrics made to accompany the composition, and the anthem will remains instrumental.
Previous national anthems
Oh St. John! (2014)
Oh St. John! was the national anthem of St. John on 2014. The music was set to Surudi Milli, the national anthem of Tajikistan which was composed by Suleiman Yudakov, with lyrics created by William T. The lyrics now are thought to be lost.
Jalan Liberasi (2014)
Jalan Liberasi (English: Way of Liberation) was the national anthem of St. John on 2014, replacing Oh St. John!. The music was set to Phleng Chat, the national anthem of Thailand which was composed by Phra Chenduriyang, with lyrics created by William Timothy. The lyrics now also are thought to be lost.
March of St. John (October 2014 - March 2015)
March of St. John (Indonesian: Mars St. John) was the national anthem of St. John that replaced Jalan Liberasi on October 2014 until it was replaced in March 2015. The music was set to the national anthem of the Korean Empire, which composed by Franz Eckert. There are no lyrics made for this anthem.
Fugue in G minor, BWV 542 (April 2015 - July 2015)
The Fugue in G minor, BWV 131a, is a piece of organ music by Johann Sebastian Bach. It is the second half of Great Fantasia and Fugue in G minor, BWV 542. In St. John, this composition was famous as the national anthem of St. John, which came into use on April 2015 until July 2015. After St. John were re-established, the national anthem was replaced by Fugue in G minor, BWV 131a since it has long duration. There are no lyrics made for this anthem.
- Johann Sebastian Bach Composer Fugue in G-, BWV131a classicalarchives.com
- Williams in The Organ Music of J. S. Bach considers the possibility that the cantata is later than the keyboard version, but concludes this is unlikely.
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