Liberation of Orly
The Liberation of Orly is the name given to the events of 24 June 2013, when the Kingdom of the Grove and the Kingdom of Copan (together known as Orly) rebelled against foreign rule from the United Kingdom of New Wessex and re-established the legitimate suzerainty of Austenasia over the two kingdoms. This marked the deposition of Declan I from the last throne he held in the Carshalton Nations, in which he had reigned over at least one state since 19 July 2010.
|Liberation of Orly|
Jonathan I recognises the end of Wessaxon rule over Orly and appoints new native Orlian monarchs
Since 2018, the anniversary of the event has come to be celebrated as Carshalton Day.
The Caesarship of Orly was founded on 4 July 2010 by a group of Britons who had been inspired by Austenasia through its recent civil war to found their own nation. Although many initially wanted to join Austenasia, they eventually decided to form a separate nation under Austenasian suzerainty. The worldview of the Carshalton Nations (now known as the political theory of "Imperium") led them to see rightful authority in the western world as being derived from the Emperor of the West, a position claimed by Emperor Esmond III of Austenasia. In accordance with their wishes, Esmond III bestowed upon the leader of this group, Calum, the title of Caesar and permission to found and administer a nation which he named Orly.
Later that month, with the permission of the Emperor, Calum split Orly in two, with the Kingdom of the Grove in the west and the Kingdom of Copan in the east. Under the edict by which he founded the two kingdoms (the First Edict of Orly), should there be an interregnum in either the monarch of the other would assume the empty throne as regent until the Emperor could appoint a replacement monarch. Calum I retained the Kingdom of the Grove as its king, but gave the Kingdom of Copan to Declan I of Moylurg, who appointed the then Crown Prince Jonathan to rule in his place as Viceroy.
Declan I announced a rejection of imperial suzerainty over Copan on 11 September 2010. Although he claimed he would no longer recognise the Emperor as his superior, he did not specifically denounce the powers of Esmond III within Copan, and so this announcement was tolerated if disapproved. When the throne of the Grove became vacant on 8 December 2010, Declan I - now King of Wilcsland (Moylurg having changed its name) - assumed its throne as regent under the First Edict of Orly. Once Grovian head of state, he almost immediately announced a reunification of Orly as a Tsardom, with himself and his Wilcslandian co-monarch as Tsar and Tsarina.
Esmond III demanded he be permitted to exercise his right to appoint a new monarch of the Grove, to which Declan I refused. This resulted in a brief war between Austenasia and Orly which ended in Declan I becoming sole or joint monarch of all the Carshalton Nations, including Austenasia. It was later revealed that Crown Prince Jonathan had largely orchestrated the war so as to decrease the influence of Esmond III, who had begun to confide in him plans to overthrow the constitutional Austenasian government and rule as an autocrat.
From December 2010 until January 2012, Declan I ruled Orly as a single state with the title of Tsar. Practical reality forced him to have Crown Prince Jonathan as his Viceroy and to permit the Grove and Copan to exist as administrative divisions with subnational vassal monarchs. When later asked why they did not rebel sooner, most Orlians gave as their reason either these concessions or the fact that Declan I was also Emperor.
On 14 January 2012, Declan I abolished the submonarchies of Orly (Calum I as vassal king of the Grove and the former emperor Esmond III as vassal prince of Copan) and declared a political union with his native state of Wilcsland as the United Kingdom of New Wessex. Upon his abdication from the Austenasian Throne roughly a year later (succeeded by Emperor Jonathan I), dissatisfaction amongst Orlians began to grow at being ruled by a foreign king without their consent who had deposed their own native monarchs. Upon Jonathan I informing Declan I of his growing unpopularity now that he was no longer Emperor and simply a foreign monarch - especially fueled by the fact that he had not once even visited Carshalton, having cancelled five previously planned visits between 2010 and 2013 for various reasons - Declan I pledged to finally visit on 24 June.
24 June 2013
A group of Orlians met at Carshalton railway station on the morning of 24 June to welcome Declan I to Carshalton. He was expected to arrive at roughly 10:30, but a mobile phone call at 10:18 revealed that he had not yet even bought a ticket and would not be arriving for at least another two hours.
The Orlians grew restless, and then learned from Jonathan I that Declan planned to demand he relinquish his title Shahanshah of the Carshalton Nations after he arrived. This led to overt discontent, with the Orlians openly expressing their wish to be independent under Austenasian suzerainty rather than ruled by a foreign monarch. Walking the short distance to Orly from the train station, the Orlians declared Declan I deposed and the recreation of the kingdoms of the Grove and of Copan.
The Emperor phoned Declan I and informed him of the rebellion. Discovering that he had still not bought a train ticket, the visit was cancelled. Finding it difficult to put into words the reasons behind his deposition due to apprehension of his reaction, the Emperor passed the phone to Countess Eritoshi, who told Declan I that there was no support for his reign in Orly and its population would always consider the Austenasian Emperor their overlord.
While on the phone, Declan I suddenly offered to give the Countess the title Pope of the Proto-Cults, but she refused, likening the proposition to bribery (an interesting parallel can be made with the 5 January Austenasian coup attempt, when Esmond III effectively bought the loyalty of a couping officer by making him joint Pope of ERtism). Realising that his reign in Orly was no longer viable, Declan I relinquished Wessaxon claims to sovereignty over it.
The Emperor, Countess Eritoshi and Crown Princess Caroline (as Monarch, Representative of Thanasia, and Representative of Wrythe respectively; the latter giving her consenting vote via mobile phone) passed an Act of Parliament renouncing Austenasian recognition of Wessaxon sovereignty over Orly. Emperor Jonathan I then made an Imperial Edict re-appointing Calum I as King of the Grove, appointing prominent Orlian citizen Emma I as Queen of Copan, and promising autonomy for the County of Memphis in the Grove to Countess Eritoshi.
The deposing of Declan I from Orly ended nearly three years of his rule there. Although most Orlians had never stopped recognising Austenasian suzerainty over Orly, the Liberation resulted in it being openly and effectively enforced for the first time since 2010, as contrary to the views of the Orlians, Declan I considered his power over Orly to come from his position as King of Wilcsland (and later New Wessex) rather than as Emperor. Esmond III, Midget Fuhrer Thomas, and other prominent figures in the Carshalton Nations - together with many Orlian citizens who were unable to attend the would-be visit - expressed their delight at the news that Orly was once more under the suzerainty of the Emperor.
The Liberation led directly to the effective dissolution of New Wessex, which had officially become a "union" solely of the Kingdom of Wilcsland. News of Orly's reassertion of its own independence led to the Papacy of the Proto-Cults and New Wiltshire also rejecting Wilcslandian sovereignty, the following day and month respectively. The total collapse of Wilcslandian authority and influence abroad seemingly led to Declan I abandoning all governance of Wilcsland, which effectively collapsed later that year before being restored in December 2014 by his brother Prince Ciaran.
The Liberation of Orly has come to be seen as one of the single most pivotal events in the history of the Carshalton Nations. It has subsequently come to be remembered as the throwing off of a foreign yoke and as an event symbolizing the unified identity and culture of the local community of small nations based in and around Carshalton. An official celebration of the one year anniversary of the Liberation took place at East Wrythe, and smaller informal celebrations and observations have been held on the subsequent anniversaries of the event. On 16 June 2018, an Act of Parliament was passed in Austenasia declaring all subsequent anniversaries of the Liberation of Orly to be the public holiday of Carshalton Day.