Kingdom of Sorrenia

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Kingdom of Sorrenia


Sorreniaflagnew.png
Flag
Sorrenian emblem.png
National emblem

Motto
The North Stands Proud.
Anthem
Highland Cathedral
County Durham, England
Michigan, USA
Latium, Italy
Oslo, Norway
Capital citySacriston
Largest cityDurham
Official language(s)English and Sorrenian
Various regional languages
Official religion(s)Roman Catholic Church
Short nameSorrenia
DemonymSorrenian
GovernmentUnitary semi-Absolute Monarchy
- KingKing Ronald
LegislatureKing's Council
Established04/04/18
Area claimed700km2 (estimate)
Population400,000 (estimate) - 30 active
CurrencySorrenian Rosmerta
Pound Sterling
Time zoneSorrenian Standard Time
National dishHaggis
National drinkCider
National animalLambton Worm
Patron saintSaint Cuthbert

Map of Sorrenia


The Kingdom of Sorrenia is a micronation located primarily in North-east England. Previously a presidential federation, Sorrenia is now ruled by King Ronald I.

Etymology

The name "Sorrenia" is an adaptation of "Sorrento", the name of a small town in southern Italy, near Naples.

History

Kozlova

Main article: Democratic People's Republic of Kozlova

Sorrenia began life as the Democratic People's Republic of Kozlova, the project of several friends from a school in Durham. Kozlova was initially successful, with up to 10 citizens, however the socialist government ultimately became stagnant, and those opposed to the communist imagery rose up, forming a rebel nation called Yavoko.

After several days of civil war, the key citizens of Kozlova reached an agreement; they declared the nation defunct, and set about creating a more inclusive micronation.

Sorrenian Federation

Main article: Sorrenian Federation

Out of the Kozlovan negotiations, Sorrenia emerged. A constitution containing 64 articles was created and three parties contested the first elections, although the remains of the Kozlovan government were narrowly successful and took power.

Sorrenia reached further heights, with a population of 40 at its peak. The Federation was initially known for continued deep partisan divisions, between the left, the centre-left, and the right.

Sorrenia also expanded its territorial claims, to include the area surrounding the City of Durham, as well as several other territorial claims (most notably the Kingdom of Amon Lasgalen and Gran Pais.

The Federation saw immense success and lasted for several years; however, once the leading members sought to further their education, activity in Sorrenia decreased, eventually leading to a state of crisis.

War of the Sorrenian Succession

Main article: War of the Sorrenian Succession

Continued Insurgency - 2018 onwards

Geography

Climate

Sorrenia has a generally temperate climate, although in comparison to the rest of England it is generally cooler. Weather can often be sporadic, ranging from snow to being warm within a matter of days. Even in the Summer temperatures remain temperate, with an average high of 20 degrees Celsius.

In the winter months the temperature gravitates around freezing point, and it is not uncommon to see snow and/or ice.

Sorrenia has lower than average rainfall in comparison to most of England, largely due to the fact that the mountainous regions of the Lake District and Wales see most of the rainfall that is carried via the Gulf Stream; as the wind progresses to the east, precipitation has generally lowered to the point where rainfall is sporadic and light.

Administrative Divisions

The Kingdom recognised three forms of administration - states, devolved states, and territories

States are those regions central to the Kingdom of Sorrenia; largely centered around the city of Durham and several other towns and villages, the states each elect representatives to the King's Council.

Devolved States are those regions that are acknowledged to possess a strong national identity, and as such, are granted devolved powers relating to national imagery, monetary and fiscal affairs and several other concerns.

Territories are those regions historically held by the Sorrenian Federation that lack a sizeable-enough population to actively be represented. As territories, local citizens are not represented on the King's Council.

Durham Cathedral, a UNESCO World Heritage Sight found in the State of Dunelm
HM Frankland, a Category A prison located in New Durham
Blanchland, the largest village located in the Western Territory
Flag Emblem Name Representatives
Durham Area
Eurania Flag.png BerniciaCOA1.png Bernicia 2x New Monarchists
1x Old Monarchists
Bowburn Flag.png Bowburn 1x The Republicans
Dunelm Flag.png Durham Crest.gif Dunelm 2x New Monarchists
New Durham Flag.png Durham Crest.gif South Durham 1x New Monarchists
1x Old Monarchists
Ertawa.JPG Ertawa 1x Old Monarchists
Great Derwent 2x New Monarchists
ESC Flag.png Sherburn 1x The Republicans
Durham Uni Flag.png Uni arms.png University Town 1x NDLP
Tyne-Wear Area
VRD Flag.png Dradelian Emblem.png Dradelia 1x DRF
Newcastleflag.png NewcastleCOA.png Newcastle 6x The Republicans
3x NDLP
Flag of Northumberland.svg.png NorthumbriaCOA.png Northumberland 2x New Monarchists
Sunderland.png SunderlandCOA.png Sunderland 1x The Republicans
1x New Monarchists
1x DRF
Yorkshire Area
Amon Lasgalen Flag.png Coat of arms of Amon Lasgalen.png Amon Lasgalen 1x Old Monarchists
Hortania Flag.png Hortania 2x The Republicans
2x NDLP
2x HNP
Humberside 1x The Republicans
Middlesbrough COA.jpg Teesside 1x The Republicans
1x New Monarchists
Yorkshire.png YorkshireRose.png Yorkshire 1x New Monarchists
1x HNP
North-west Area
Cumbria.jpg CumbriaCOA.jpg Cumbria 2x Old Monarchists
1x NDLP
Lancashireflag.jpg LancasterCOA.png Lancashire 1x Old Monarchists

Politics

Government

The Kingdom's government incorporates aspects of several distinct regime-types. Although a unitary state, some power is devolved to localities with a distinct history and culture, allowing them to determine items such as national imagery, language and some social policy.

Sorrenia is perhaps best described as an absolute monarchy, as the King is able to pass laws on most issues without checks. On social and constitutional matters, the King's Council - an elected body - is able to veto any bill proposed by the King for an indefinite period.

On ecclesiastic matters, the Papal Directorate advises the monarch on how best to implement church policy. Members of the Directorate are appointed by the King for an indefinite period, and can only be removed in cases of illegal action or resignation.

Political Parties

Sorrenia is noteworthy for hosting two significant political traditions. Some of the leading parties trace their lineage to pre-war parties, and so embrace compromise, discussion, and coalition government. Such parties include the Old Monarchists, the NDLP, and the Libertarian Party.

Other parties are completely new, or have distanced themselves from their old organisation. These parties are distinctly more authoritarian, were borne out of the Succession War, and have fought amongst one another, and so are adverse to negotiation. Such parties include the New Monarchists, the Republicans, and the Dradelian Revolutionary Front.

Some political parties also maintain relations with an armed wing, to varying degrees. the Dradelian Revolutionary Front is the best example of this relation, with its armed wing bearing the same name, and political leaders openly calling for armed struggle. The Republicans are also rumoured to maintain funding and support for the Socialist League. The Old Monarchist cause is also supported by the Young Vikings, although the party rejects any relationship with its armed counterpart.

Party Name Logo Leader Position Armed Wing Seats in the King's Council Seats in the Papal Directorate
The Republicans The Republicans.png Harold Stampland Left (Republican) Socialist League
15 / 46
0 / 5
New Monarchists Old Monarchists.png King Ronald Right (Loyalist) Royal Army of Sorrenia
12 / 46
3 / 5
Old Monarchists Actualoldmonarchists.png Henry Steventon Right (Loyalist) Young Vikings
7 / 46
1 / 5
New Democratic-Liberty Party Ndlplogo3.png Connor Sherlock Centre-Left (Republican) None
7 / 46
1 / 5
Hortanian National Party Damian Billbrough Centre-right (Loyalist) None
3 / 46
0 / 5
Dradelian Revolutionary Front VRD Flag.png Martin Garfront Left (Separatist) Dradelian Revolutionary Front
2 / 46
0 / 5
Lasgalen Revolutionary Front Wales.png Llewelyn Gwyndyr Big Tent (Separatist) None
0 / 46
0 / 5

Culture

Imagery

A modern rendition of the Lambton Worm, Sorrenia's national animal

Many things have come to represent Sorrenia and its culture over the years - additionally, much of this imagery can also be found in the local Northumbrian culture.

Although initially the crow, the national animal of Sorrenia became the Lambton Worm, a mythical creature said to exist sometime in the 11th or 12th century. The serpent is said to be dragon-like, and supposedly wrecked havoc upon the inhabitants of County Durham before being killed by John Lambton. Further to this myth, Lambton recruited the aid of a witch, who said that he must kill the first thing he saw upon killing the worm, lest his family face 9 generations of untimely death. He and his father planned to release a hound upon killing the worm, but in excitement, John's father rushed over to congratulate him. John would not kill his father, and so his family became cursed - indeed, the first four generations did all die abruptly.

The national drink of Sorrenia is Cider, an alcoholic beverage created by fermenting apples or pears (although the latter is more accurately called 'perry'). Although cider is more usually attributed to the English home counties, cider remains an extremely popular drink in Sorrenia, and one can find several brands of apple cider, as well as many flavoured fruit ciders throughout Sorrenia. The drink is often associated with England and northern France, and is often difficult to find outside of these regions.

The Patron Saint of Sorrenia is Saint Cuthbert, a monk and hermit of the Celtic tradition from the Kingdom of Northumbria. He is widely seen as being a man of extreme piety and tranquillity, and is often associated with animals, due to his ability to tame them. One miracle said to be committed by Cuthbert when he was alive relates to an attempted assassination - when two monks attempted to poison him, he was able to survive completely unharmed. Believing they did not use a sufficient dosage, the monks gave the poison to some nearby birds, but they too survived. Cuthbert was able to walk away unharmed.

Cuthbert is venerated throughout County Durham and far beyond (in the Anglican, Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches). His life was well documented by Saint Bede; he originally resided after death in Chester-le Street, but after several visions, his followers moved his body to Durham, upon which Durham Cathedral was constructed.

Media

Sorrenian Federation

Sorrenia has a proud history of media. Initially, media was limited to newspaper releases, however such posts were offered by a wide array of sources (with 6 newspapers operating at the height of the Federation), and at least 2 articles were being released every week throughout Sorrenia's high-point.

Sorrenia Rap Radio, a music station playing hip hop

As the nation grew, its media presence was extended into radio. Sorrenia Radio 1 involved official news, statements and speeches, while Sorrenia Radio 2 involved longer pieces such as national debates. Eventually, independent radio stations emerged offering music. The most notable of these was Sorrenia Rap Radio, which operated for almost a year and played a wide array of Hip hop music. There also existed two other music stations, offering classic rock and electronic music, respectively.

Finally, the government owned stations introduced a 'Sorrenian News Bulletin', which summarised the week's news.

Kingdom of Sorrenia

With the re-emergence of Sorrenia, its media presence has yet to anywhere near resemble its prior state. Although 4 newspapers continue to exist, all are official party newspapers or are de facto run by a political party, and as such, unbiased news is difficult to find. As of yet, Sorrenia no longer has an active radio service, although Sorrenia Radio 1 and Sorrenia Radio 2 remain government-owned institutions.

Language

The English language is by far the most understood and practised language in Sorrenia, with effectively 100% of mainland Sorrenians using it daily; almost all Gran Paisans also use English as their main language - smaller numbers understand the language in Erem, however it remains an official language.

Sorrenian Brittonic is also an official language derived from a Gallo-brittonic family believed to be spoken in Northern England before the invasion of the Romans; it is only used sparingly for cultural purposes, with no citizens speaking it daily.

Regional languages are allowed and in some instances encouraged. Several macronational languages are recognised - Welsh in Amon Lasgalen, Italian and Norwegian in Erem and Spanish in Gran Pais.

Several micronational languages are also practised regionally within Sorrenia. Dradelian is very popular for cultural purposes in east Sorrenia, and the Mezerizeb language retains formal status in both New Durham and Bernicia, although it is very rarely used.

Sports

Many sports are played and enjoyed by Sorrenians. Among those most common are; football, rugby and cricket, all widely popular in the United Kingdom.

Along with enjoying such sports, Sorrenia also has a proud tradition of competitive sporting. Bernicia hosts the Durham County Cricket Club, one of the best in England. Durham University also regularly competes with other universities in a wide array of sports.

The 2009 University College vs. Newcastle University Regatta

Along with the more popular ones, many of the political elite enjoy ice hockey, with the LA Kings being the most popular team from the NHL. Rowing is also very popular, given the prevalence at Durham University. The Durham Regatta is an annual event in which Durham colleges compete against crews from as far afield as Amsterdam.

Foreign Relations

After several years of stagnation, inter-micronational diplomacy in Sorrenia has suffered. The Kingdom recognises many macronational nations, but currently possesses formal recognition from no country.

In addition to the recognition of Taiwan and Palestine, Sorrenia continues to recognise Akebar as an independent country to its south, despite Akebar being ceded to the Tsardom of Pavlov.

Recognized, No relations

Allied

Hostile relations

Military

Demography

Censuses were regularly conducted by the government of the Federation, however given the war and recent institutional upset, demographic information is estimated using the data collected by Durham County Council.

Age and Gender

The age and gender-balance largely resembles the wider trend seen in England - 51% of Sorrenia is female and 49% is male, while the average age is estimated at 41.

Of those active in the government of Sorrenia, the age is far lower - all members are between 18-24, and the vast majority are male.

Ethnicity

The Raid on Lindisfarne (to the north of Sorrenia) began the widespread migration of Vikings into England

Historically, the area consisting of Sorrenia was ethnically diverse - it included the remnants of Celtic tribes, Anglo-saxon migrants who formed the powerful Kingdom of Northumbria, Viking raiders who in turn settled into the region, and Pictish/Scottish migrants who regularly entered the region throughout its long history.

More recently, the area saw greater migration from both Scotland and Ireland, with the significant industry and coal mining in the area attracting many economic migrants.

Sorrenia receives fewer migrants than much of Great Britain, with net migration to County Durham averaging 925 per year. As a result, the region remains a predominantly white area - 94.7% of people living in County Durham were born in England.

Religion

Greater variance can be seen in the area's religion. 72% of Durhamites are Christian, however there is significant variation within this group - as with much of England, the Church of England and the Methodist Church attract many adherents, however the area also has a higher number of Catholics. Indeed, the old capital - Levaria - was located in one of Sorrenia's several Catholic schools. The reason for this higher number is largely historic - since the Henrician Reformation, greater resistance was found in the North, and although Catholic sites such as Durham Cathedral were converted, much of the population retained their old religion and practices.

20% state no religion, and many different religions make up the rest, including; Islam, Buddhism, Sikhism, Hinduism and Judaism. Sites of worship for such groups however are almost completely lacking - the nearest mosque and synagogue for example are found in Gateshead, a town to the north of Sorrenia.

Durham Students

Van Mildert College is one of Durham University's 16 colleges

With a population of over 18,000, Durham University greatly affects the demographics of Dunelm, New Durham, University Town and Sherburn.

The presence of students has reduced the mean average age of those living in such states, and has also greatly expanded the ethnic diversity, with students hailing from such countries as; the United States, China, Nigeria, Pakistan, Germany and so on.

Students have had a wider affect on the centre of Sorrenia. University buildings make up almost all of University Town (hence its name), but also spread into many of the surrounding states (Durham Castle for example is now a college of the University). As well as this, much of the area is 'studentified', with many ex-mining houses now being used by students and many businesses emerging to accommodate for their needs.

References