Difference between revisions of "Kingdom of Sorrenia"
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The '''Kingdom of Sorrenia''', also known as '''Greater Sorrenia''' and occasionally '''The North''' is a micronation located in [[w:Northern England|Northern England]]. Previously a presidential federation, Sorrenia is now ruled by [[King Ronald I]]. Originally beginning as project
The '''Kingdom of Sorrenia''', also known as '''Greater Sorrenia''' and occasionally '''The North''' is a micronation located in [[w:Northern England|Northern England]]. Previously a presidential federation, Sorrenia is now ruled by [[King Ronald I]]. Originally beginning as project friends, Sorrenia grew into a wider cultural project. The Sorrenian government considers itself to act as a restored independent Northern England.
== Etymology ==
== Etymology ==
Revision as of 12:49, 21 July 2018
| Kingdom of Sorrenia |
The North Stands Proud.
|Northern England |
|Official language(s)||English and Sorrenian |
Various regional languages
|Official religion(s)||Roman Catholic Church|
|Government||Unitary semi-Absolute Monarchy|
|- King||King Ronald|
|Area claimed||28,600km2 (estimate)|
|Population||6mn (estimate) - 30 active|
|Currency||Sorrenian Rosmerta |
|Time zone||Sorrenian Standard Time|
|National animal||Lambton Worm|
|Patron saint||Saint Cuthbert|
Map of Sorrenia
The Kingdom of Sorrenia, also known as Greater Sorrenia and occasionally The North is a micronation located in Northern England. Previously a presidential federation, Sorrenia is now ruled by King Ronald I. Originally beginning as project among friends, Sorrenia grew into a wider cultural project. The Sorrenian government considers itself to act as a restored independent Northern England.
Main article: Democratic People's Republic of Kozlova
Sorrenia began life as the Democratic People's Republic of Kozlova, the project of several friends from a school in Durham. Kozlova was initially successful, with up to 10 citizens, however the socialist government ultimately became stagnant, and those opposed to the communist imagery rose up, forming a rebel nation called Yavoko.
After several days of civil war, the key citizens of Kozlova reached an agreement; they declared the nation defunct, and set about creating a more inclusive micronation.
Main article: Sorrenian Federation
Out of the Kozlovan negotiations, Sorrenia emerged. A constitution containing 64 articles was created and three parties contested the first elections, although the remains of the Kozlovan government were narrowly successful and took power.
Sorrenia reached further heights, with a population of 40 at its peak. The Federation was initially known for continued deep partisan divisions, between the left, the centre-left, and the right.
Sorrenia also expanded its territorial claims, to include the area surrounding the City of Durham, as well as several other territorial claims (most notably the Kingdom of Amon Lasgalen and Gran Pais.
The Federation saw immense success and lasted for several years; however, once the leading members sought to further their education, activity in Sorrenia decreased, eventually leading to a state of crisis.
War of the Sorrenian Succession
Main article: War of the Sorrenian Succession
Continued Insurgency - 2018 onwards
Sorrenia has a temperate climate, although in comparison to the rest of England it is generally cooler. Even in the Summer, temperatures remain moderate, with an average high of 20 degrees Celsius.
In the winter months the temperature gravitates around freezing point, and it is not uncommon to see snow and/or ice.
Sorrenia's average rainfall varies. In the north-west, significant rains are brought by the Gulf Stream. Average precipitation here varies from 49.5mm in April to 95.4mm in October, making Cumbria and Lancashire some of the wettest regions in the British Isles.
In contrast, the north-east of Sorrenia has a lower-than-average rainfall, largely due to the fact that the north-west and the Pennines absorb much of the rainfall. Durham's average rainfall varies from 44.2mm in May to 72mm in November.
The Kingdom is divided into five geographical regions, which are further divided into counties.
The designated 'areas' are defined by a mixture of geography and cultural distinctness. The Durham area composes most of original Sorrenia; the Tyne-Wear area is a merge of the Tyne counties of Newcastle and Northumbria, and the Wear counties of Sunderland and Dradelia.
To the south, one finds the Yorkshire area, which is composed of York, the Humberside and Hortania. The Sorrenian government identifies this region alone as 'Yorkshire'. Straddling the border between Yorkshire and Durham is the Tees area, which follows the Tees River and is made up of Teesside and Amon Lasgalen.
To the west, Sorrenia claims both Cumbria and Lancaster, which form the country's North-west area.
|Bernicia||2x New Monarchists |
1x Old Monarchists
|Bowburn||1x The Republicans|
|Dunelm||1x New Monarchists|
|South Durham||1x New Monarchists |
1x Old Monarchists
|Ertawa||1x Old Monarchists|
|Great Derwent||2x New Monarchists|
|Sherburn||1x The Republicans|
|University Town||1x NDLP|
|Newcastle||6x The Republicans |
|Northumberland||3x New Monarchists|
|Sunderland||1x The Republicans |
1x New Monarchists
|Amon Lasgalen||1x Old Monarchists|
|Teesside||1x The Republicans |
1x New Monarchists
|Hortania||2x The Republicans |
|Humberside||1x The Republicans|
|Yorkshire||2x New Monarchists |
|Cumbria||2x Old Monarchists |
|Lancashire||1x Old Monarchists|
The Kingdom's government is highly centralised upon the King and his courtiers. Although no formal federalisation or devolution is allowed, the Sorrenian monarch often grants certain privileges to those regions with a distinct culture and history of their own.
Sorrenia is perhaps best described as an absolute monarchy, as the King is able to pass laws on most issues without checks. On social and constitutional matters, the King's Council - an elected body - is able to veto any bill proposed by the King for an indefinite period.
On ecclesiastic matters, the Papal Directorate advises the monarch on how best to implement church policy. Members of the Directorate are appointed by the King for an indefinite period, and can only be removed in cases of illegal action or resignation.
Sorrenia is noteworthy for hosting three significant political traditions. Some of the leading parties trace their lineage to pre-war parties, and so embrace compromise, discussion, and coalition government. Such parties include the Old Monarchists and the NDLP.
Other parties are completely new, or have distanced themselves from their old organisation. These parties are distinctly more authoritarian, were borne out of the Succession War, and have fought amongst one another, and so are adverse to negotiation. Such parties include the New Monarchists and the Republicans.
Some parties focus their efforts only on one area of Sorrenia, seeking either to declare independence or maintain a degree of devolution. Such parties include the HNP, the Dradelian Revolutionary Front and the Lasgalen Revolutionary Front.
Some political parties also maintain relations with an armed wing, to varying degrees. the Dradelian Revolutionary Front is the best example of this relation, with its armed wing bearing the same name, and political leaders openly calling for armed struggle. The Republicans are also rumoured to maintain funding and support for the Socialist League. The Old Monarchist cause is also supported by the Young Vikings, although the party rejects any relationship with its armed counterpart.
|Party Name||Logo||Leader||Position||Armed Wing||Seats in the King's Council||Seats in the Papal Directorate|
|New Monarchists||King Ronald||Right (Loyalist)||Royal Army of Sorrenia|
|The Republicans||Harold Stampland||Left (Republican)||Socialist League|
|Old Monarchists||Henry Steventon||Right (Loyalist)||Young Vikings|
|New Democratic-Liberty Party||Connor Sherlock||Centre-left (Republican)||None|
|Hortanian National Party||Damian Billbrough||Centre-right (Loyalist)||None|
|Dradelian Revolutionary Front||Martin Garfront||Left (Separatist)||Dradelian Revolutionary Front|
|Lasgalen Revolutionary Front||Llewelyn Gwyndyr||Big Tent (Separatist)||None|
Many things have come to represent Sorrenia and its culture over the years - additionally, much of this imagery can also be found in the local Northumbrian culture.
Although initially the crow, the national animal of Sorrenia became the Lambton Worm, a mythical creature said to exist sometime in the 11th or 12th century. The serpent is said to be dragon-like, and supposedly wrecked havoc upon the inhabitants of County Durham before being killed by John Lambton. Further to this myth, Lambton recruited the aid of a witch, who said that he must kill the first thing he saw upon killing the worm, lest his family face 9 generations of untimely death. He and his father planned to release a hound upon killing the worm, but in excitement, John's father rushed over to congratulate him. John would not kill his father, and so his family became cursed - indeed, the first four generations did all die abruptly.
The story of the Lambton worm is now commonly retold as a children's song throughout County Durham and the Tyne-Wear area.
The national dish of Sorrenia is Haggis, a savoury Scottish dish containing sheep's pluck, minced with onion, oatmeal, suet, spices and salt. The dish is traditionally stuffed in an animal's stomach, but is now more commonly eaten by itself or fried.
Although more commonly associated with Scotland, given the traditional links between the North and the Lowlands, haggis became a popular dish in Sorrenia. It is also often consumed with mashed potato and swede, affectionately called 'mince and tatties'.
The national drink of Sorrenia is cider, an alcoholic beverage created by fermenting apples or pears (although the latter is more accurately called 'perry'). Although cider is more usually attributed to the English home counties, it remains an extremely popular drink in Sorrenia, and one can find several brands of apple cider, as well as many flavoured fruit ciders throughout Sorrenia. The drink is often associated with England and northern France, and is often difficult to find outside of these regions.
The Patron Saint of Sorrenia is Saint Cuthbert, a monk and hermit of the Celtic tradition from the Kingdom of Northumbria. He is widely seen as being a man of extreme piety and tranquillity, and is often associated with animals, due to his ability to tame them. One miracle said to be committed by Cuthbert when he was alive relates to an attempted assassination - when two monks attempted to poison him, he was able to survive completely unharmed. Believing they did not use a sufficient dosage, the monks gave the poison to some nearby birds, but they too survived. Cuthbert was able to walk away unharmed.
Cuthbert is venerated throughout County Durham and far beyond (in the Anglican, Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches). His life was well documented by Saint Bede; he originally resided after death in Chester-le Street, but after several visions, his followers moved his body to Durham, upon which Durham Cathedral was constructed.
Sorrenia has a proud history of media. Initially, media was limited to newspaper releases, however such posts were offered by a wide array of sources (with 6 newspapers operating at the height of the Federation), and at least 2 articles were being released every week throughout Sorrenia's high-point.
As the nation grew, its media presence was extended into radio. Sorrenia Radio 1 involved official news, statements and speeches, while Sorrenia Radio 2 involved longer pieces such as national debates. Eventually, independent radio stations emerged offering music. The most notable of these was Sorrenia Rap Radio, which operated for almost a year and played a wide array of Hip hop music. There also existed two other music stations, offering classic rock and electronic music, respectively.
Finally, the government owned stations introduced a 'Sorrenian News Bulletin', which summarised the week's news.
Kingdom of Sorrenia
With the re-emergence of Sorrenia, its media presence has yet to anywhere near resemble its prior state. Although 4 newspapers continue to exist, all are official party newspapers or are de facto run by a political party, and as such, unbiased news is difficult to find. As of yet, Sorrenia no longer has an active radio service, although Sorrenia Radio 1 and Sorrenia Radio 2 remain government-owned institutions.
The English language is by far the most understood and practised language in Sorrenia, with effectively 100% of mainland Sorrenians using it daily; almost all Gran Paisans also use English as their main language - smaller numbers understand the language in Erem, however it remains an official language.
Sorrenian Brittonic is also an official language derived from a Gallo-brittonic family believed to be spoken in Northern England before the invasion of the Romans; it is only used sparingly for cultural purposes, with no citizens speaking it daily.
Several micronational languages are also practised regionally within Sorrenia. Dradelian is very popular for cultural purposes in east Sorrenia, and the Mezerizeb language retains formal status in both Dunelm and Bernicia, although it is very rarely used.
Along with enjoying such sports, Sorrenia also has a proud tradition of competitive sporting. Bernicia hosts the Durham County Cricket Club, one of the best in England. Durham University also regularly competes with other universities in a wide array of sports. Sorrenia also hosts Newcastle United Football Club in the city of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, with the team regularly topping the Premier League. Other prominent football teams include Leeds United, Middlesbrough FC and Sunderland AFC.
Along with the more popular ones, many of the political elite enjoy ice hockey, with the Los Angeles Kings being the most popular team from the NHL. Rowing is also very popular, given the prevalence at Durham University. The Durham Regatta is an annual event in which Durham colleges compete against crews from as far afield as Amsterdam.
After several years of stagnation, inter-micronational diplomacy in Sorrenia has suffered. The Kingdom recognises many macronational nations, but currently possesses formal recognition from no country.
Recognized, No relations
Almost all educational tasks are undertaken by the British Department for Education, who operate many primary and secondary schools throughout the area. Sorrenia also has a proud tradition of many prominent universities, much of whom are world-renowned for their teaching and research capabilities.
Durham University is one of the oldest in England. It has become a core part of Durham, as the many students bring both investment opportunities and changing demographics to the region.
Leeds hosts a total of three universities, with its largest - the University of Leeds - offering education to over 30,000 students.
York University regularly ranks in the top ten of British universities. Like Durham, it has transformed a small historic English city into a College town. The city now also hosts the more recent York St John University.
Other than the most noteworthy, Sunderland, Hull, Middlesbrough, Bradford and Cumbria all host universities. Four of Sorrenia's universities are also members of the Russell Group, a group of British universities known for their world-leading research.
It is divided into five sub-entities, including an air force, a navy and two specialised guard units.
The Royal Army regularly conducts training exercises in places such as Ertawa and Muggleswick, which have now become a staple of the Sorrenian military. Some continue to criticise the Royal Army as it acts solely under the jurisdiction of the monarch, and thus has effectively become an armed wing of the New Monarchists.
Other than training exercises, the Royal Army is currently on placement in eastern Sorrenia, to quell continued insurgency in the area.
Censuses were regularly conducted by the government of the Federation, however given the war and recent institutional upset, demographic information is estimated using the data collected by Durham County Council.
Age and Gender
The age and gender-balance largely resembles the wider trend seen in England - 51% of Sorrenia is female and 49% is male, while the average age is estimated at 41.
Of those active in the government of Sorrenia, the age is far lower - all members are between 18-24, and the vast majority are male.
Historically, the area consisting of Sorrenia was ethnically diverse - it included the remnants of Celtic tribes, Anglo-saxon migrants who formed the powerful Kingdom of Northumbria, Viking raiders who in turn settled into the region, and Pictish/Scottish migrants who regularly entered the region throughout its long history.
Sorrenia receives fewer migrants than much of Great Britain, with net migration to County Durham averaging 925 per year. As a result, the region remains a predominantly white area - 94.7% of people living in County Durham were born in England.
Greater variance can be seen in the area's religion. 72% of Durhamites are Christian, however there is significant variation within this group - as with much of England, the Church of England and the Methodist Church attract many adherents, however the area also has a higher number of Catholics. Indeed, the old capital - Levaria - was located in one of Sorrenia's several Catholic schools. The reason for this higher number is largely historic - since the Henrician Reformation, greater resistance was found in the North, and although Catholic sites such as Durham Cathedral were converted, much of the population retained their old religion and practices.
20% state no religion, and many different religions make up the rest, including; Islam, Buddhism, Sikhism, Hinduism and Judaism. Sites of worship for such groups however are almost completely lacking - the nearest mosque and synagogue for example are found in Gateshead, a town to the north of Sorrenia.
With a population of over 18,000, Durham University greatly affects the demographics of Dunelm, New Durham, University Town and Sherburn.
The presence of students has reduced the mean average age of those living in such states, and has also greatly expanded the ethnic diversity, with students hailing from such countries as; the United States, China, Nigeria, Pakistan, Germany and so on.
Students have had a wider affect on the centre of Sorrenia. University buildings make up almost all of University Town (hence its name), but also spread into many of the surrounding states (Durham Castle for example is now a college of the University). As well as this, much of the area is 'studentified', with many ex-mining houses now being used by students and many businesses emerging to accommodate for their needs.