Kingdom of Indradhanush
Motto: Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam
The world is one family.
and largest city
|Religion||No official state religion|
|Chandrachur I (current)|
• Privy Council President
|Viscount of Adamore|
• Chief Justice of Indradhanush
|Monarch of Indradhanush|
• Speaker of Parliament
• Independence of Indradhanush
|13 February 2021|
• Name change to Kingdom of Indradhanush
|30 July 2021|
|0.1 km2 (0.039 sq mi)|
• Water (%)
• 2021 census
|Currency||Indian rupee (INR ₹ [b])|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST) |
DST was not observed
|Drives on the||left|
The Kingdom of Indradhanush (in-dra-dha-nush (Listen) (help·info)) lit. Rainbow (Hindi: इंद्रधनुष राज्य , Bengali: ইন্দ্রধনুষ রাজ্য ), more commonly known as simply Indradhanush or informally Rainbow[c], is a sovereign state[d], called a micronation by external observers, consisting of multiple non-contiguous pieces of land, with its mainland located within Bengaluru, India. It was founded on 13 February 2021. The Kingdom's form of government is an absolute monarchy, defined by the Constitution of Indradhanush. It was solely based on a monarchy as it is the most common government system within micronationalism. The mainland consists of one city—the capital and most populous Chandril City. It also has a Special Administrative Region called Wisea.
The locality in which Indradhanush is located (Kudlu) first emerged when Jyothi Labs set up a factory for their famous brand, Ujala. The factory was eventually demolished due to environmental concerns. The construction of the factory led to the creation of various pharmacies and clinics. Due to Kudlu having various empty plots, BBMP decided to set up a waste management factory, known as KCDC. Zee Learn Ltd later set up a Mount Litera Zee School. Eventually, Kudlu became more and more residential. The residents started to protest about the stench from the KCDC Compost plant. Various outdoor activities have been suspended in the Mount Litera Zee School, Kudlu due to it. .
The nation is a member of the Micronational Assembly from 29 March 2021 and helped in the formation of the MID Act. It was an observer in the Cupertino Alliance since 10 September 2021 and an observer in the Micronational Community of Australia since 6 October 2021. It is a member of the Cupertino Alliance since 13 October 2021, on the occasion of Maha Asthami, with 7 votes for promotion, 4 votes for expellation and 3 votes to remain observership.
The name "Indradhanush" was derived from the Hindi word Indradhanush meaning rainbow. The name was proposed on 11 February 2020, by Chandrachur Basu.
- 13 February 2021 - 30 July 2021 - State of Indradhanush
- 30 July 2021 - present day - Kingdom of Indradhanush
Indradhanush can though be written as the conjoined words of "Indra" and "Dhanush". Indra, referring to the ancient Vedic deity in Hinduism. He is the king of Svarga (Heaven) and the Devas (gods). He is associated with lightning, thunder, storms, rains, river flows and war. Indra's mythology and powers are similar to other Indo-European deities such as Jupiter, Perun, Perkunas, Zalmoxis, Taranis, Zeus, and Thor, suggesting a common origin in Proto-Indo-European mythology. and Dhanush meaning Bow in Hindi. So Indradhanush means Indra's bow.
The unofficial microcode of the Kingdom of Indradhanush is IH. KOI and COI are also used sometimes.
The State of Indradhanush
The State of Indradhanush declared independence on 13 February 2021.
The coronation of Chandrachur Basu happened on 13 February 2021. It was a solemn ceremony due to the COVID-19 pandemic. He decided to adopt his surname as his regnal name. The full style of him after his coronation is:-
"His Majesty Basu I, of the State of Indradhanush, Sovereign of Chandril City, Carreville and Gadinagar, Defender of the Constitution and all faiths, Sovereign of the Privy Council, Supreme Commander of the Army, Navy and Airforce of Indradhanush, Sovereign and Grand Master of Order of Chandrachur I"
After the coronation, Basu I went to work. He immediately started to construct Indradhanush and its government. Under his reign, Hibernia was annexed. The diplomatic sphere was expanded. On one fine Sunday, the server of Indradhanush was raided. He couldn't do anything since his laptop was on charge at that time. He dealt with it the next day. He later said that this was the result of his karma and Newton's 3rd Law of Motion. He applied for the GUM for observership and the CA for membership.
He abdicated on 24th February 2021, after ruling for just 11 days due to his failure of admitting Indradhanush into the GUM due to his past actions. He declared that fellow Privy Council, Aircraft[e], be the next king.
Aircraft[f], became the King of Indradhanush on the same day.
The announcement was the first and only declaration by His Majesty Aircraft, he announced,
Indradhanush is no longer a nation situated within Asia. It is now a nation with a global presence.
— His Majesty Aircraft I on the #announcements channel in Indradhanush, 25 February 2021
This was a major change from the isolationist domestic and foreign policy that the country was following.
Coup d'état by Basu
On 26 February 2021, Chandrachur Basu did a coup d'état on HM Aircraft I and crowned himself King of Indradhanush.
After the Coup'd'etat
Chandrachur Basu was impressed with the announcement that Aircraft made. He was forced to agree and changed the foreign policy of Indradhanush.
This era was the prosperous or the golden era of Indradhanush. Under this, major reforms were done by Chandrachur I such as the merger of Wisea into Indradhanush, annexation of Hibernia, creation of the orders, decorations, and medals of Indradhanush etc. He appointed Zarel Smith as Prime Minister. He also applied for the Micronational Assembly and proposed the MID Act.
Chandrachur I, decided to take a break as he had exams within a few days. He decided he needed a regent for a temporary basis. So, in the night, he appointed Michal Nowacki, as King of Indradhanush by taking the following announcement:-
I declare His Excellency Nowacki as King of Indradhanush till further notice.
— His Majesty Chandrachur I on the #announcements channel in Indradhanush
Dark Ages or the Regency Era
The Dark Ages or the Regency Era began right after the Nowacki Crisis. Chandrachur Basu decided to propose an impeachment motion against himself in the Privy Council of Indradhanush. The vote went like this:-
It was eventually decided to appoint John Lakes as the next king. The first thing he did was dissolve the nation. The reason he gave was that he was more involved in his own nation, the Republic of Floriland.
The Kingdom of Indradhanush or the Revival Era
- Note: This section will remain cursory until the era draws to a close.
On 30 July 2021, Chandrachur Basu decided to revive the country. He finished his coronation ceremony in the country of NoboBangla. He then passed a royal decree which appointed Nafiz Morshalin, replacing Zarel Smith as the Prime Minister of Indradhanush. He resigned after 4 days becoming the shortest-term serving PM. He suggested that his brother serve as Prime Minister. Chandrachur Basu agreed and hence, Nabin Mutakin became the Prime Minister of Indradhanush.
His Majesty Chandrachur I then passed a royal decree on 11 August 2021, highlighting the goals of the nation. He then passed a huge royal decree on 16 August 2021, containing 20 points. It is the longest royal decree ever passed in Indradhanush. On 7 September 2021, Chandrachur Basu passed a royal decree introducing the concept of ambassadors to the country. Indradhanush became an observer in the Cupertino Alliance on 10 September 2021, with 14 supports, 3 opposes and 2 abstentions. On 11 September 2021, in a surprise announcement, His Majesty Chandrachur Basu changed the Prime Minister to James Roberts. On 16 September 2021, he completed 200 days of his reign as Monarch of Indradhanush.
The 1st Swivelter Ministry was announced by Chandrachur Basu on 23 September 2021. It is the largest cabinet formed in Indradhanush and consisted of 6 cabinet ministers. On 25 September 2021, the country inaugurated the current flag adopted. It is made by Stefan Marius Snagoveanu and combined the flag of Lowenia and the previous flag. The country is currently on vote for promoting its status in the Cupertino Alliance from observer to member.
Indradhanush then went on a diplomatic spree by signing diplomatic treaties with 3 micronations in 3 days. It signed a treaty with Winterspell on 5 October, Salanda on 6 October 2021 and Arsalania on 7 October 2021. Each of the treaties were unique. Winterspell is the first American nation to recognize Indradhanush. It was also their first diplomatic interaction. On 7 October 2021, His Majesty Chandrachur I of Indradhanush, His Majesty Petrus I of Winterspell and the Prime Minister of Winterspell had a informal summit. Salanda is the first British nation to recognize the nation. Arsalania is the first Pakistani and ASAM micronation to recognize Indradhanush.. The relations with all the nations currently are amicable.
It eventually became a member of the Cupertino Alliance on 13 October 2021, on the occasion of Maha Asthami, with 7 votes for promotion, 4 votes for expellation and 3 votes to remain observership. On the same day, Hibernia was reorganized as the merger of Carreville and Gadinagar.
|Administrative Regions of Indradhanush|
|Flag||Full Name||Shortcode||Shortname||Capital||Macronational Location||Population||Languages spoken||Representative|
|The Royal Territorial Division of Chandril City||CCY||Chandril||Chandril City||India||5||Hindi, Bengali, English||Chandrachur I|
|The Territory of Hibernia||HBA||Hibernia||Carrenagar||0||English|
|The Special Administrative Region of Wisea||WSA||Wisea||Wisea City||United Kingdom||3||English, French||John Lakes|
Climate of Indradhanush
Chandril City and Hibernia
Chandril City and Hibernia, is located in the city of Bangalore and hence has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw) with distinct wet and dry seasons. Due to its high elevation due to the Nandi Hills, Chandril City usually enjoys a more moderate climate throughout the year, although occasional heat waves can make summer somewhat uncomfortable. The coolest month is January with an average low temperature of 15.1 °C (59.2 °F) and the hottest month is April with an average high temperature of 35 °C (95 °F). The highest temperature ever recorded in Bangalore is 39.2 °C (103 °F) (recorded on 24 April 2016) as there was a strong El Niño in 2016. There were also unofficial records of 41 °C (106 °F) on that day. The lowest ever recorded is 7.8 °C (46 °F) in January 1884. Winter temperatures rarely drop below 14 °C (57 °F), and summer temperatures seldom exceed 36 °C (97 °F). Chandril City receives rainfall from both the northeast and the southwest monsoons as well as from cyclones that attack the Tamil Nadu coast, for example Cyclone Gaja. The wettest months are September, October and August, in that order. The summer heat is moderated by fairly frequent thunderstorms, which occasionally cause power outages and local flooding. Most of the rainfall occurs during late afternoon/evening or night and rain before noon is infrequent. November 2015 (290.4 mm) was recorded as one of the wettest months in Bangalore with heavy rains causing severe flooding in some areas, and closure of a number of organisations for over a couple of days. The heaviest rainfall recorded in a 24-hour period is 179 millimetres (7 in) recorded on 1 October 1997.
|Climate data for Chandril City and Hibernia|
|Record high °C (°F)||32.8
|Average high °C (°F)||27.9
|Average low °C (°F)||15.8
|Record low °C (°F)||7.8
|Average Rainfall mm (inches)||1.9
|Average relative humidity (%)||41||32||29||35||47||62||65||67||64||65||61||53||52|
|Average rainy days||0.2||0.4||1.1||3.1||6.7||6.2||7.2||9.9||9.8||8.3||3.8||1.4||58.1|
|Source no. 1: IMD|
|Source no. 2: NOAA (sun: 1971–1990)|
Despite its northerly latitude, similar to that of Moscow, Glasgow's climate is classified as oceanic (Köppen Cfb). Data is available online for 3 official weather stations in the Glasgow area: Paisley, Abbotsinch and Bishopton. All are located to the west of the city, in neighbouring Renfrewshire. Owing to its westerly position and proximity to the Atlantic Ocean, Glasgow is one of Scotland's milder areas. Winter temperatures are usually higher than in most places of equal latitude away from the UK, due to the warming influence of the Gulf Stream. However, this results in less distinct seasons as compared to continental Western Europe. At Paisley, the annual precipitation averages 1,245 millimetres (49.0 in). Glasgow has been named as the rainiest city of the UK, having an average of 170 days of rain a year.
Winters are cool and overcast, with a January mean of 5.0 °C (41.0 °F), though lows sometimes fall below freezing. Since 2000 Glasgow has experienced few very cold, snowy and harsh winters where temperatures have fallen much below freezing. The most extreme instances have however seen temperatures around −12 °C (10 °F) in the area. Snowfall accumulation is infrequent and short-lived. The spring months (March to May) are usually mild and often quite pleasant. Many of Glasgow's trees and plants begin to flower at this time of the year and parks and gardens are filled with spring colours.
During the summer months (June to August) the weather can vary considerably from day to day, ranging from relatively cool and wet to quite warm with the odd sunny day. Long dry spells of warm weather are generally quite scarce. Overcast and humid conditions without rain are frequent. Generally the weather pattern is quite unsettled and erratic during these months, with only occasional heatwaves. The warmest month is usually July, with average highs above 20 °C (68 °F). Summer days can occasionally reach up to 27 °C (81 °F), and very rarely exceed 30 °C (86 °F). Autumns are generally cool to mild with increasing precipitation. During early autumn there can be some settled periods of weather and it can feel pleasant with mild temperatures and some sunny days.
The official Met Office data series goes back to 1959 and shows that there only have been a few warm and no hot summers in Glasgow, in stark contrast to areas further south in Great Britain and eastwards in Europe. The warmest month on record in the data series is July 2006, with an average high of 22.7 °C (72.9 °F) and low of 13.7 °C (56.7 °F). Even this extreme event only matched a normal summer on similar parallels in continental Europe, underlining the maritime influences. The coldest month on record since the data series began is December 2010, during a severe cold wave affecting the British Isles. Even then, the December high was above freezing at 1.6 °C (34.9 °F) with the low of −4.4 °C (24.1 °F). This still ensured Glasgow's coldest month of 2010 remained milder than the isotherm of −3 °C (27 °F) normally used to determine continental climate normals.
|Climate data for Paisley[g], elevation: 16 m (52 ft), 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1959–present|
|Record high °C (°F)||13.5
|Average high °C (°F)||6.9
|Daily mean °C (°F)||4.4
|Average low °C (°F)||1.8
|Record low °C (°F)||-14.8
|Average Rainfall mm (inches)||148.2
|Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm)||17.3||13.2||14.9||11.6||11.9||11.1||12.0||12.8||13.8||16.8||16.0||15.5||167.0|
|Source no. 1: Met Office |
|Source no. 2: KNMI/Royal Dutch Meteorological Institute|
Government and military
The Kingdom of Indradhanush is an absolute monarchy. As the nation follows the Westminster model of Parliamentary democracy despite the executive under the monarch playing a largely significant role in the decision making process, there exists the three pillars of democracy - executive, legislature and judiciary as written in the Constitution of Indradhanush.
The monarch is the executive head of state and is also considered as a co-head of government especially considering their role in the government and the matters related to the cabinet.
The Prime Minister of Indradhanush is the head of government of Indradhanush who serves as the principal representative of the monarch to the government's business. The prime minister is actually the leader of the party in majority or coalition in the Parliament of Indradhanush to which the members are elected through a direct election. The prime minister leads an union council of ministers, which comprises of the union cabinet and the other ministers and serves as a body of collective responsibility. The monarch appoints the prime minister upon being pleased that the individual to be appointed as the prime minister commands a simple majority of his people in terms of the members in the parliament. The prime minister can be removed through a vote of no-confidence motion in the parliament.
The Privy Council of Indradhanush or His/ Her Majesty's Privy Council is a formal body of advisers to the monarch of Indradhanush and its membership comprises of the senior royalties, senior politicians from the government and the opposition, chiefs of defence bodies, senior diplomats and influential figures within the nation. The institution's main function is to provide a non-binding advice to the monarch in their exercising of powers and duties of the Throne or on any matter which may be brought by the monarch to their attention. The members of the council are referred to as Privy Councillors of the monarch.
The monarch is the executive head of state and is also considered as a co-head of government especially considering their role in the government and the matters related to the cabinet. The current monarch of Indradhanush is Chandrachur I. The Prime Minister of Indradhanush is the head of government of Indradhanush who serves as the principal representative of the monarch to the government's business. The prime minister is actually the leader of the party in majority or coalition in the Parliament of Indradhanush to which the members are elected through a direct election. The prime minister leads an union council of ministers, which comprises of the union cabinet and the other ministers and serves as a body of collective responsibility. The monarch appoints the prime minister upon being pleased that the individual to be appointed as the prime minister commands a simple majority of his people in terms of the members in the parliament. The prime minister can be removed through a vote of no-confidence motion in the parliament.
Indradhanush has a one tier unitary independent judiciary comprising of the Supreme Court of Indradhanush, headed by the Chief Justice of Indradhanush. The Chief Justice is appointed by the Monarch. The supreme court has original jurisdiction over cases involving fundamental rights and over disputes between people and the government. It has the power to strike down the laws which contravene the constitution, and invalidate any government action it deems unconstitutional. The current Chief Justice of Indradhanush is John Lakes.
The Kingdom of Indradhanush has established and maintains diplomatic relations with many other micronations from all over the world. All matters related to diplomacy are administered by the Office of the Chief Diplomat and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The State distinguish two types of diplomatic relations, formal, which are obtained via treaty, and informal, specified by documents of common micronational organizations.
The Kingdom tries to keep its foreign policy as neutral as possible, and solve conflicts and disputes diplomatically. The nations is a signatory of the Wrythe Convention as well as other conventions and strictly adheres to its terms and conditions while maintaining diplomatic relations.
Members of the Government
This list consists of all such occasions that are celebrated in the Kingdom of Indradhanush.
|Date||Name of the event||Description|
|1 January||New Year's Day||The first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar.|
|26 January||Indian Republic Day||Holiday commemorating the establishment of the Republic of India in 1950.|
|8 March||International Women's Day||International Women's Day is a global holiday celebrated annually on March 8 to commemorate women's cultural, political, and socioeconomic achievements. It is also a focal point in the women's rights movement, bringing attention to issues such as gender equality, reproductive rights, and violence against women.|
|29 March||Holi||Holi is a popular ancient Hindu festival, also known as the "festival of spring", the "festival of colours", and the "festival of love". The festival signifies the triumph of good over evil.|
|2 April||Good Friday||Christian holiday commemorating the crucifixion of Jesus and his death at Calvary.|
|4 April||Easter||festival and holiday commemorating the resurrection of Jesus from the dead.|
|15 April||Bangla Noboborsho||The first day of the year on the Bengali calendar.|
|1 May||International May Day||Honors the contributions that workers have made to the country's strength, prosperity, and well-being.|
|19 May (2021, varies by year)||Buddha Purnima||Buddhist religious festival celebrated commemorating the birth of the Prince Siddhartha Gautama, later known as the Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism.|
|24 May (2021, varies by year)||Eid al-Fitr||Religious Festival celebrated by Muslims worldwide that marks the end of the holy month-long dawn-to-sunset fasting of Ramadan
It is also called the Festival of Breaking the Fast.
|31 July (2021, varies by year)||Eid ul-Zuha||Religious festival celebrated by Muslims to honour the willingness of Ibrahim to sacrifice his son Ismael as an act of obedience to God's command.
It is called the Feast of the Sacrifice.
|15 August||Indian Independence Day||Holiday celebrated to commemorate India's becoming an independent nation after 200 years of Imperial British rule.|
|11-15 October (2021, varies by year)||Durga Puja||Annual Hindu festival originating in the Indian subcontinent which reveres and pays homage to the Hindu goddess, Durga.|
|5 November (2021, varies by year)||Diwali||Generally a 5 day-long Hindu religious festival celebrating to mark the spiritual "victory of light over darkness, good over evil, and knowledge over ignorance".
It is called as the Festival of Lights
|19 November (2021, varies by year)||Guru Nanak Gurpurab||Festival celebrates the birth of the first Sikh guru, Guru Nanak.|
|25 December||Christmas||Annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ.|
Education in Indradhanush
The education of Indradhanush is monopolized by the Chandril French School. Its motto is to provide French to many students for free.
Cuisine in Indradhanush
The cuisine in Indradhanush consists of a variety of regional and traditional cuisines native to the Indian subcontinent. Most of the cuisines consist of locally available spices, herbs, vegetables and fruits. The cuisine is also highly influenced by Bengali cuisines. Some ingredients commonly found in the dishes include: rice, wheat, ginger, green chillies and spices.
Some of the most famous dishes in Indradhanush are as follows:
- Aloo gobi (vegetarian)
- Aloo matar (vegetarian)
- Bhatura (vegetarian)
- Biryani (both veg and non-veg)
- Butter chicken (non-vegetarian)
- Chapati (vegetarian)
- Dal (vegetarian)
- Dosa (vegetarian)
- Dum Aloo (vegetarian)
- Idli (vegetarian)
- Khichidi (vegetarian)
- Machher Jhol (non-vegetarian)
- Naan (vegetarian)
- Paneer Masala (vegetarian)
- Paratha (vegetarian)
- Sambar (vegetarian)
- Tandoori (non-vegetarian)
Apart from main course dishes, it has a wide range of street foods, including chaat, panipuri, samosa, kachori, etc. and a wide range of deserts and sweets including dahi, halwa, rasgullas, jalebi. Foreign cuisines also have a wide range of influence on the food in Chandril City. Chinese-origin dishes like Chowmein, momos, noodles; Italian-origin pasta, pizza; hamburger, hot dog, pancake, etc. are widely liked by the people..
- Special Royal Decree
- Time Zones in India. timeanddate.com.
- Calling codes in India. countrycode.org
- Moving KCDC plant out of HSR Layout not viable, says BBMP. Read more at: https://www.deccanherald.com/city/moving-kcdc-plant-out-hsr-layout-not-viable-says-bbmp-674306.html
- Chandrachur Basu, 10 March 2021 Micronational Assembly MID Act
- Gopal, Madan (1990). India Through the Ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 66. https://archive.org/details/indiathroughages00mada.
- Jeffrey, M. Shaw PH D.; Timothy, J. Demy PH D. (27 March 2017). War and Religion: An Encyclopedia of Faith and Conflict [3 volumes - Google Książki]. ISBN 9781610695176. https://books.google.com/books?id=KDlFDgAAQBAJ&q=Indra+god+war&pg=PA380.
- Thomas Berry (1996). Religions of India: Hinduism, Yoga, Buddhism. Columbia University Press. pp. 20–21. ISBN 978-0-231-10781-5. https://archive.org/details/religionsofindia00berr.
- T. N. Madan (2003). The Hinduism Omnibus. Oxford University Press. p. 81. ISBN 978-0-19-566411-9. https://books.google.com/books?id=EUsqAAAAYAAJ.
- Sukumari Bhattacharji (2015). The Indian Theogony. Cambridge University Press. pp. 280–281. https://books.google.com/books?id=lDc9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA280.
- Chandrachur Basu, 10 March 2021 Micronational Assembly MID Act
- Dalek, 19 April 2021, Dissolution Announcement by John Lakes
- Chandrachur Basu, 11 August 2021, Royal Decree KOI 2/2021
- Chandrachur Basu, 27 August 2021, Royal Decree KOI3/2021
- Royal Decree KOI5/2021
- Cabinet Announcement of James Roberts's Cabinet
- Government of Indradhanush (5 October 2021), Winterspell-Indradhanush MRT
- Government of Indradhanush (6 October 2021), Salanda-Indradhanush MRT
- Arsalania-Indradhanush MRT - Signed on 7 October 2021
- "Rise in temperature 'unusual' for Bangalore". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 18 May 2005. Archived from the original on 8 February 2012. Retrieved 2 July 2007.
- "Bangalore". India Meteorological Department. Archived from the original on 8 July 2007. Retrieved 7 February 2007.
- Bureau, Bengaluru (24 April 2016). "Bengaluru records highest temperature since 1931". The Hindu. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
- Amaresh, Vidyashree (10 May 2006). "Set up rain gauges in areas prone to flooding". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Archived from the original on 16 December 2007. Retrieved 22 December 2007.
- Ashwini Y.S. (17 December 2006). "Bangalore weather back again". Deccan Herald. Archived from the original on 4 December 2007. Retrieved 22 December 2007.
- Bangalore. "Global monitoring precipitation". cpc.ncep.noaa.gov. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- Sharma, Ravi (5 November 2005). "Bangalore's woes". The Frontline. Archived from the original on 20 February 2008. Retrieved 5 February 2008.
- "Station: Bangalore/Bangaluru Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 81–82. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
- "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M88. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
- "Bangalore Climate Normals 1971–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
- Russell, Jennifer (9 April 2018). "Glasgow named as Britain's rainiest city". glasgowlive.
- "Britain's rainiest cities revealed – and it's good news for Londoners". The Independent. 18 October 2014. Archived from the original on 5 June 2019. Retrieved 5 June 2019. Unknown parameter
- "Climate Station Data for Paisley". Met Office. Archived from the original on 2 January 2016. Retrieved 28 October 2015. Unknown parameter
- "December 1995 minimum". Archived from the original on 12 June 2012. Retrieved 31 October 2011. Unknown parameter
- "Synop report summary". www.ogimet.com.
- "Paisley 1981–2010 averages". Station, District and regional averages 1981-2010. Met Office. Retrieved 2012-11-04.
- "KNMI: Climate Extremes 1959-". KNMI. Retrieved 2011-10-31.
- Master Class. A Comprehensive Guide to Indian Cuisine
- NDTV Food. Top Bengali Recipes.
- The original composition is made by Sahil Chowdhury. This version is sung by Calcutta Youth Choir.
- It was considered the de facto currency, because all of the economic activities of the nation can be done easily through it.
- In reference to its translation of the name and difficulty in pronouncing it in English
- The Kingdom of Indradhanush is considered a de facto part of the Republic of India, Republic of Ireland and Canada.
- See MicroWiki:Pseudonyms
- See MicroWiki:Pseudonyms
- Weather station is located 7 miles (11 km) from the Glasgow city centre.