Difference between revisions of "Kingdom of Araucanía and Patagonia"

From MicroWiki, the micronational encyclopædia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
m (1 revision: 13)
m (→‎Monarchs: typos)
 
(7 intermediate revisions by 4 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
+
{{Infobox nation
 
+
|name = Kingdom of Araucanía and Patagonia<br />''Reino de Araucanía y Patagonia''<br />''Royaume d'Araucanie et de Patagonie''
{|class="toccolours" border="1" cellpadding="4" style="float: right; width: 300px; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%;"
+
|year_start = 1860
|+style="font-size: 160%; margin-left: inherit;"|'''Kingdom of<br />Araucania and Patagonia'''
+
|year_end = 1862
|align="center"|[[File:300px-Flag_of_the_Kingdom_of_Araucania_and_Patagonia.png]]<br />Flag
+
|p1 = w:Argentina
|align="center"|[[File:Escudoarauco.jpg]]<br />Coat of arms
+
|p2 = w:Chile
|-
+
|s1 = w:Argentina
|align="center" colspan="2"|<small>[[List of state mottos|Motto]]: ''Independencia y Libertad''<br />([[English language|English]]: Independence and Liberty)<br /></small>
+
|s2 = w:Chile
|-
+
|s3 = New Revived Republic of Araucanía and Patagonia
|align="center" colspan="2"|[[National anthem|Anthem]]: None
+
|flag_p1 = Flag of Argentina.png
|-
+
|flag_p2 = Flag of Chile.png
|align="center" colspan="2"|[[File:Reino_de_la_Araucanía_y_la_Patagonia.jpg|thumb|176px]]
+
|flag_s1 = Flag of Argentina.png
|-
+
|flag_s2 = Flag of Chile.png
|'''Type of entity:'''
+
|flag_s3 = 300px-Flag of the Kingdom of Araucania and Patagonia.png
|[[Micronation]]
+
|image1 = [[File:300px-Flag_of_the_Kingdom_of_Araucania_and_Patagonia.png|150px|border]]<br />Flag
|-
+
|image2 = [[File:Escudoarauco.jpg|100px]]<br />Seal
|'''Location:'''
+
|motto = ''Independencia y Libertad''<br />{{small|([[w:Spanish language|Spanish]]: "Independence and Freedom")}}
|Southern Chile and Argentina
+
|anthem =
|-
+
|location = Southern Chile and Argentina
|'''Area:'''
+
|capital = [[w:Perquenco|Perquenco]] (claimed)<br />[[w:Paris|Paris]] (in exile)
|tba
+
|largest_city =
|-
+
|languages = [[w:Mapudungun|Mapudugun]]{{*}}[[w:Spanish language|Spanish]]{{*}}[[w:French language|French]]
|'''Membership:'''
+
|religions=
|tba
+
|demonym =
|-
+
|government = Monarchy
|'''Date of foundation:'''
+
|head of state = King (1860–1878)
|1860
+
|head of government =
|-
+
|hos_name = [[Orelie-Antoine de Tounens|Orélie-Antoine I]]
|'''Leadership:'''
+
|hog_name =
|Prince Felipe (186?- )
+
|legislature =
|-
+
|established = 17 November 1860
|'''Purported organisational structure:'''
+
|disestablished = 5 January 1862
|Constitutional monarchy
+
|population =
|-
+
|population_notes =
|'''Language:'''
+
}}
|Mapuche, Spanish and French
 
|-
 
|'''Purported currency:'''
 
|Peso
 
|}
 
 
The '''Kingdom of Araucania and Patagonia''', also called ''New France'', was a [[micronation]] founded by a French lawyer and adventurer named [[Orelie-Antoine de Tounens]] in southern South America in the mid 19th century. At the time the local indigenous Mapuche population were engaged in a desperate armed struggle to retain their independence in the face of hostile military and economic encroachment by the governments of Chile and Argentina, who coveted the Mapuche lands for their agricultural potential.
 
The '''Kingdom of Araucania and Patagonia''', also called ''New France'', was a [[micronation]] founded by a French lawyer and adventurer named [[Orelie-Antoine de Tounens]] in southern South America in the mid 19th century. At the time the local indigenous Mapuche population were engaged in a desperate armed struggle to retain their independence in the face of hostile military and economic encroachment by the governments of Chile and Argentina, who coveted the Mapuche lands for their agricultural potential.
  
Line 49: Line 44:
 
==Monarchs==
 
==Monarchs==
 
*King '''Orélie Antoine I''' (1860-1878)
 
*King '''Orélie Antoine I''' (1860-1878)
 +
All monarchs after Orélie-Antoine have been claimants of the Araucanian throne.
 
*King '''Aquiles I''' (1878-1902)
 
*King '''Aquiles I''' (1878-1902)
 
*King '''Antonio II''' (1902-1903)
 
*King '''Antonio II''' (1902-1903)
 
*Queen '''Laura Teresa I''' (1903-1916)
 
*Queen '''Laura Teresa I''' (1903-1916)
 
*King '''Antonio III''' (1916-1952)
 
*King '''Antonio III''' (1916-1952)
*Prince '''Felipe''' (1952 - present)
+
*Prince '''Felipe I''' (1952 - 2014)
 +
*Prince '''Antonio IV''' (2014 - 2017)
 +
*Prince '''Frederico I''' (2017–present)
 +
 
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
*Araucania
+
*[[w:Araucania|Araucania]]
*Patagonia
+
*[[w:Patagonia|Patagonia]]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
Line 69: Line 68:
 
[[Category:Constitutional monarchies]]
 
[[Category:Constitutional monarchies]]
 
[[Category:Founded before 2001]]
 
[[Category:Founded before 2001]]
 +
[[Category:French micronations]]
 +
[[Category:Argentine micronations]]
 
[[Category:Spanish-speaking regions]]
 
[[Category:Spanish-speaking regions]]
 
[[Category:French-speaking regions]]
 
[[Category:French-speaking regions]]
 
[[Category:Founded before 2001]]
 
[[Category:Founded before 2001]]
 
[[Category:Kingdoms]]
 
[[Category:Kingdoms]]
 +
{{DEFAULTSORT:Araucania and Patagonia}}

Latest revision as of 04:04, 4 March 2019

Kingdom of Araucanía and Patagonia
Reino de Araucanía y Patagonia
Royaume d'Araucanie et de Patagonie


 

1860 — 1862
 

 


300px-Flag of the Kingdom of Araucania and Patagonia.png
Flag
Escudoarauco.jpg
Seal

Motto
Independencia y Libertad
(Spanish: "Independence and Freedom")
Southern Chile and Argentina
Capital cityPerquenco (claimed)
Paris (in exile)
Official language(s)Mapudugun • Spanish • French
GovernmentMonarchy
- King (1860–1878)Orélie-Antoine I
Established17 November 1860
Disestablished5 January 1862

The Kingdom of Araucania and Patagonia, also called New France, was a micronation founded by a French lawyer and adventurer named Orelie-Antoine de Tounens in southern South America in the mid 19th century. At the time the local indigenous Mapuche population were engaged in a desperate armed struggle to retain their independence in the face of hostile military and economic encroachment by the governments of Chile and Argentina, who coveted the Mapuche lands for their agricultural potential.

While visiting the region in 1860, Orelie-Antoine came to sympathise with the Mapuche cause, and the Mapuche leaders in turn elected him to the position of King — possibly in the belief that their cause might be better served with a European acting on their behalf. Orelie-Antoine then set about establishing a government, created a blue, white and green flag, and had coins minted for the nation under the name of Nouvelle France

His efforts at securing international recognition for the Mapuche were thwarted by the Chilean and Argentinian governments, who captured, imprisoned and then deported him on several occasions. King Orelie-Antoine I eventually died penniless in France in 1878 after years of fruitless struggle to regain his perceived legitimate authority over his conquered kingdom.

The first Araucanian king's present-day successor, Prince Felipe, lives in France and has renounced his predecessor's claims to the Kingdom, but he has kept alive the memory of Orelie-Antoine, and lent continued support to the ongoing struggle for Mapuche self-determination by authorising the minting of forty or so coins in cupronickel, silver, gold and palladium since 1988.

Monarchs

  • King Orélie Antoine I (1860-1878)

All monarchs after Orélie-Antoine have been claimants of the Araucanian throne.

  • King Aquiles I (1878-1902)
  • King Antonio II (1902-1903)
  • Queen Laura Teresa I (1903-1916)
  • King Antonio III (1916-1952)
  • Prince Felipe I (1952 - 2014)
  • Prince Antonio IV (2014 - 2017)
  • Prince Frederico I (2017–present)

See also

External links