Kingdom of Akebar

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State of Akebar
— {{{type}}} of Pavlov
Coat of Arms of Akebar.png
Seal of Akebar
Motto
Liväl e Svistäl
Official language(s)
Volapük
English
Demonym
Akebarian
Government
{{{type}}} of the Empire of Pavlov
Emperor
HIM Emperor Alexander IV & VI
Baron
Robert Garside
Formation
July 12, 2013
Admission into the Empire
October 14, 2016
Population
16

Akebar (/ˈeɪkbɑr/), officially the State of Akebar (Volapük: Tat Leykbaränik; Pavlovian: Держява Ейкбара, Derzhyava Eykbara), is a state of the Empire of Pavlov based in the Wensleydale region of North Yorkshire, which is based upon the village of Akebar, a township and civil parish in North Yorkshire. Akebar is strongly linked to the Kingdom of Northumbria and derives its legitimacy from being the proclaimed successor of the Kingdom of Northumbria. Akebar also maintains two extraterritorial bases outside of the mainland, located in County Durham, the largest of which is Harehill which serves as the de facto capital of the state.

Akebar formerly claimed to be an independent entity known as the Republic of Akebar, until it seceeded its proclaimed sovereignty to the Empire of Pavlov on the 14th October 2016, becoming a state of the Empire.

Akebar was originally a Township in North Yorkshire, founded as a township in 1290, however it can trace it's roots to the 7th century when the first settlement was built. The republic is also known for it's use of Volapük, a 19th century international auxiliary language created by Johann Martin Schleyer, which serves as the secondary official language of Aekbar after English. Furthermore Akebar maintains a relationship with the surviving Volapük community, including several prominant members such as the current Cifal.


Etymology

The name "Akebar" is Danish in origin, and dates to medieval times. The Township of Akebar was mentioned in the records of Jervaulx Abbey in 1290. Upon the declaration of the Akebarian state, the name "Republic of Akebar" was adopted.

Akebar was spelled as "Aykebergh" in old English. "Aikbar" is an alternative spelling of the name, but is largely archaic, and only seen on few historical maps. The Volapük translation of the name is "Leykbarän", it is derived from a phonetic translation of "Akebar" (Eykbar) with "L" added to the beginning since nouns in Volapük cannot begin with a vowel, and therefore transliterated foreign words which begin with a vowel must take an L. The suffix "-än" denotes a country in Volapük, and was therefore added the end.

National History

Pre-national History

The history of the Akebar area stretches back to the 7th Century. Akebar has existed as a Township and Civil Parish of North Yorkshire since the medieval area, however it was only declared as a Republic during July 2013.

A historic Ordinance Survey map of Akebar, the map was published in 1891.

The Region of Akebar can trace its history to the 7th Century A.D, when the first village settlement was founded. The settlement was founded by James the Deacon, a disciple of St. Paulinus, who established an early church in the Akebar area during the 7th century A.D. The Church was built in order to convert British pagans to Christianity.

The present church of St. Andrew, on the edge of the Akebar region, was built in the 11th century on the position of the first church. It is the oldest standing building in Akebar.

Akebar was established as a Township in the 13th century. The Township of Akebar was mentioned in the records of Jervaulx Abbey in 1290, which was the first mentioning of the name "Akebar". It remained a grange farm for Jervaulx, a daughter monastery of the Cistercian Order at Fountains Abbey, until the dissolution of the monasteries around 1530.

The Akebar Township had been a township of Finghall Civil Parish until in 1866, when Akebar became a Civil Parish in its own right. The border of the Akebar Civil Parish encompassed Akebar Township and the surrounding area, the borders of the Civil Parish originally formed the borders of the Republic of Akebar, prior to the southerly expansion of national borders.

Republic of Akebar

The Republic of Akebar was declared on 12 July 2013 at 19:00 GMT as an independent state claiming Akebar, a village in Yorkshire. During the first two weeks of existence, the Republic was a member of the Ashukov Federation, a self-declared independent sovereign trans-continental federation. However, it left the Ashukov Federation through peaceful means. After leaving the Federation, Akebar became an "associated state" of the Ashukov Federation and retained the Ashukov President as its head of state. However the Ashukov President was represented by a demoratically elected Governor-General, who also acted as the head of government of Akebar.

On 8 October Akebar established extraterritorial bases in United Kingdom and Poland. The bases are active until this day, and are home to the current Vice-President Hubert Buchwald and former President Robert Garside. Shortly after on 23 October Akebar joined the newly created Union of Finghall, a federation consiting of Akebar and the neighboring villages of Constable Burton, Finghall, Ruswick and Hutton Hang. Akebar quickly became the leading state in the new Union, however the other states dwindled in activity and the union dissolved, leaving Akebar as an independent nation once again.


In early 2014 ome areas south of Akebar Civil Parish were claimed by the Republic of Akebar in late April 2014 after the Akebarian government discovered that the areas were historically art of of the Township of Akebar from historic maps, and therefore the areas were claimed by the Republic on a historic basis. The new lands cotained a medium-sized lake containing an island as well as the other half of the Akebar Park site. Several weeks later a group of personal friends of Shady Morsi discovered the Republic of Akebar and began to show support for the nation. Over the coming weeks, this support grew, leading to them forming a pro-Akebaian Republic Republic. Located to the south of Akebar, the newly-formed state claimed Ruswick Manor and its lands. Named the "Republic of Akebarian Ruswick" was inittially very active and formed a very close relationship with the Republic of Akebar. Shady Morsi himself likened Ruswick to "Akebar's version of the Donetsk People's Republic".

File:RAR flag.png
The flag of the Akebarian rifle association.

Soon after the foundation of the RAR, foreign support amongst Shady's friends further grew, and a paramilitary organisation known as the "Akebarian Rifle Association" was formed on 5 May 2014 by self-professed "partisans". The organisation showed a great deal of loyalty to the Akebarian government however operated as an independent paramilitary force. Soon after its foundation, it united with the Ruswicker military creating the Akebar-Ruswick legion, this was the first step in the unification og both nations.

An autonomous state known as "East Akebar" was declared on 26 May 2014 by members of the former far-right Akebarian National Party who were discontent with the current progress of the Republic of Akebar. The proclaimed government claimed Grazing Nook and the whole eastern portion of Akebar. Some Akebarian officials, including the Governor-General accepted East Akebar on the grounds that the state did not have any desires to declare independence from Akebarian sovereignty, but the Akebarian Rifle Association responded with hostility, beginning a series of strong political condemnation from both sides. However the new state was shortly lived, and due the reforms of 13 June, East Akebarian leaders became content with the state of the nation, and declared the autonomous republic defunct.


Later the same month the Ruswicker government soon began to express desires to relinquish their sovereignty and join Akebar, using an early 19th century map to justify their intentions as the map showed that Ruswick and Akebar were once grouped as one region by the British government. The Akebarian government agreed to the union, and annexed Ruswick as a region of Akebar, however allowed the Ruswicker government to be an official region with symbols and a degree of autonomy, which in turn lead to the regionalisation of Akebar, the country was divided into regions with each region being based around one of the settlements of Akebar. Each region became entitled to its own local leader to represent it.


The Republic of Akebar then expanded to claim the whole of the Wensleydale area - as it had aspired to since its foundation. Consequently, the name of the state was changed to "Wensleydale" and it was decided that the state should become a Kingdom with Joseph Kennedy as the nation's monarch. However, the vast majority of Wensleydalian citizens became discontent with the Monarchy, and therefore organized a movement lead by Robert Garside and Martti Järvenpää to abolish the monarchy and convert Wensleydale to a socialist state, under the name of "the Free Republic of Wensleydale". Garside and Järvenpää managed to gain a massive amount of support very quickly; when the coup was openly declared, seven out of the eight citizens of Wensleydale were in support of building a socialist state and abolishing the monarchy. Unsurprisingly, King Joseph Kennedy was against the coup, and received support from some foreign micronationalists such as Kuri Kabanov of Renasia. With the high level of popular support for the movement, its socialist roots and the presence of Robert Garside and several other Sorrenian citizens at the head of the coup, the Sorrenian government quickly agreed to assist in the coup, and with such high pressure both internally and externally, Joey Kennedy was forced to abdicate. The monarchy was abolished and the Republic of Wensleydale was established under Garside's socialist government, and joint Military actions were held between the Revolutionary Army of Sorrenia and the Wensleydalian Liberation Army in East Sorrenia (close to the Wensleydalian Republican base of Harehill).

On the 28 February 2015, the Republic of Wensleydale renounced its claim over the greater Wensleydale region as it was deemed too ambitious, the Second Republic of Akebar took its place by default. The nation became stagnant for a period of time until summer 2015, when ther ewas a large boost in activity.

2016 Akebar crisis

Pavlovian State of Akebar

Following the 2016 Akebar crisis, Robert Garside and Hasan Çakar were concerned about the future stability of the nation, so concluded that the best option for Akebar was to join the Empire of Pavlov as a state. Initially it accepted as a semi-independent vassal, with Çakar as the official representative to the Empire. However, Garside persued talks with the Emperor of Pavlov, finally agreeing to renounce sovereignty and become a state of the Empire on the 14th October 2016.

Geography and climate

Geography

A small, unnamed river connecting two small lakes near Akebar Cotts.

Akebar is located in the Lower Wensleydale region of North Yorkshire. It consists mainly of farmland with a small pockets of woodland, with the largest being the woodland surrounding Akebar Beck to the north of Akebar Cotts. Akebar is located on the northern side of a depression formed by Bedale Beck, a small which runs through the capital and joins with the River Swale and Leeming Bar. Akebar has five small settlements: Grazing Nook in the south qest, Hesselton is in the north, Akebar Farm and Akebar Cotts, both of which are in the south west. Akebar is entirely surrounded by the United Kingdom, bordderings the civil parishes of Hunton to the north, Constable Burton to the west, Patrick Brompton to the east, as well as Finghall to the south west and Newton-le-Willows to the south east.

Akebar has several small lakes, with some containing small islands with the largest lake being located in the south east of the state.

Climate

Climate

Akebar has a temperate oceanic climate, like most of Britain. Summer temperatures are above average, at 22 °C, but highs can regularly reach up to 28°C, with over 30°C reached in heat waves. Winter temperatures are below average for Britain, with average lows of 1&°C

Climate data for Akebar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15
(59)
17
(63)
21
(70)
24
(75)
29
(84)
32
(90)
34
(93)
33
(91)
29
(84)
28
(82)
19
(66)
16
(61)
Average high °C (°F) 6
(43)
7
(45)
10
(50)
13
(55)
16
(61)
19
(66)
22
(72)
22
(72)
18
(64)
14
(57)
10
(50)
7
(45)
13.7
(56.6)
Average low °C (°F) 1
(34)
1
(34)
2
(36)
4
(39)
7
(45)
10
(50)
12
(54)
12
(54)
10
(50)
7
(45)
4
(39)
1
(34)
5.9
(42.7)
Record low °C (°F) -14
(7)
-10
(14)
-13
(9)
-3
(27)
-1
(30)
2
(36)
5
(41)
4
(39)
-1
(30)
-7
(19)
-14
(7)
-19
(-2)
-19
(-2)
Average Precipitation mm (inches) 40
(1.57)
35
(1.38)
43
(1.69)
46
(1.81)
42
(1.65)
47
(1.85)
51
(2.01)
59
(2.32)
53
(2.09)
62
(2.44)
56
(2.2)
59
(2.32)
593
(23.35)
[citation needed]

Culture

The culture of Akebar is essentially English or more specifically Northern English in nature, maintaining strong cultural similarities with the culture of the Wensleydale region which surrounds it and naturally exists in the area. Because of this, Akebar considers itself to be a culturally English and Germanic nation.

Despite this, several unique cultural aspects have developed since the creation of state, for example the use of Volapük, an extensive range of symbolism and strong emphesis on Republicanism which partifciualry differenatiates Akebarian culture from mainstream English culture and its empehsis on monarchism. Due to the widespread acceptance of international citizens Akebar has gained both a Slavic amd Arabic minority, with a surprisingly signifigant amount of support coming form Poland.

Akebar is a majority Roman Catholic area, and a farming-based community like much of the lower Wensleydale area which surrounds it. Census data has shown that Akebar and the Lower Wensleydalre area has a more laid-back lifestyle compared to the rest of the UK, giving the area a higher than average life expectancy. The culture of

The acceptance of international citizens has made the nation more multicultural on a wider scale, introducing several minority cultures into the nation alongside native culture.

Cuisine

There is one restaurant in Akebar, the Friar's head. Food served at the Friar's head is a mixture of Mediterranean food, A La Carte and traditional Yorkshire cuisine. Some meals on the Friar's head menu are specific to the Friar's head and therefore invented in Akebar. Due to Akebar's location in the region of Wensleydale, the local Wensleydale cheese is also considered a traditional food of Akebar.

Since Akebar is located in the region of Wensleydale, Wensleydale cheese is popular in the area.

Symbols

Flag

File:Flag in Harehill 2.JPG
The national flag of the Republic of Akebar, flying over Harehill and St. Mary's, an extraterritorial claim of Finghall.

The national flag of Akebar was adopted upon the declaration of the Republic. It was chosen for Akebar since the symbolism of the flag represented Akebar. The flag is a vertical triband of red, blue and white with a ratio of 2:3. The silhouette of a black rooster facing left is placed in the white band. The blue represents the water of Newton Beck, which forms the Southern Border of Akebar, the white represents the peaceful revolution for the succession of Akebar, the red represents the pride and determination of the people. The rooster symbolises both the farming heritage of the area as well as strength and courage of the Akebarian people. <

The flag of the Republic of Akebar at the Grémmian intermicronational flag display (second off left)

Due to the use of the black rooster, the flag of Akebar is often seen as a cultural icon, both by internal and external observers. 

Coat of Arms

The Coat of Arms of Akebar was adopted by the constitution. The hill at the top of the shield is Roseberry Topping, a hill located in North Yorkshire which has since became a national symbol of Akebar. The three hills below it represent the North York moors, Wild hill and the Yorkshire Dales, each of which can be seen from Akebar. The cross, know as the "Cross of Independence" is a symbol representing Akebarian independence and republicanism. The flags represent the pride of the people, as well as the struggle for succession. The fleur-de-lis at the top of the flag poles represent the region's Cistercian heritage. Golden eagles where chosen as supporters since the golden eagle is one of the two Akebarian national animals. 

Other symbols

The national hill/mountain of the ROA is nearby Penhill, which features on the Coat of Arms. Despite being about 15 km from Akebar, it is still a national symbol since it can be seen on a clear day from points of high altitude. St. Andrew's Church is seen as a cultural icon of Akebar, since it is the oldest building in Akebar and also stands on the site of the original church founded by St. James the Deacon. The rooster is the national animal of the Republic of Akebar and used extensively for cultural purposes.

Religion

St. Peter and St. Paul's RC church.

The most dominant religion the Akebar is Roman Catholicism and traditionally Akebar has a significant Roman Catholic and Cistercian heritage, formally being a grange farm of Jervaulx Abbey. Akebar has one church, St Andrew's church which is an 11th century Roman Catholic church located in the south west of Akebar on the border with the United Kingdom. It is located in the same position as the original 7th Century church which was built by James the Deacon.

Akebar's Cistercian heritage led to the formation school of thought known as "Cistercianism", which was used to further the goal of Akebarian independence and the Republic of Akebar. It stated that Akebar was a Catholic nation due to Cistercian heritage, and therefore must and reject the Church of England and the English Monarchy on their anti-Catholic basis. It also called for the Republic of Akebar to culturally celebrate its Cistercian heritage and align itself with Cistercian groups around the world. Since the foundation of the republic, pseudo-Cistercianism played a mild role in Akebarian politics and the belief of Akebarian nationalism, with many people considering the Cistercian Order as the original founders of Akebar and regarding it as a significant part of Akebarian heritage and culture. The ideology was later solidified by Hasan Çakar, who stated that it could be used to back up Akebarian independence.

Language

English is the most commonly spoken language in Akebar, and official language of the Republic. It is spoken fluently by most citizens, and is used for most government affairs. The Republic has its own standardized variety of English known as Akebarian English. As well as English Volapük is also an official language in Akebar, originally created as an international auxiliary language by German Priest Martin Schleyer in the 19th Century, it fell out of common use several decades after its creation, and was adopted as one of the three national languages of Akebar.

Architecture

The oldest building in Akebar is St. Andrew's church, and is often seen as a national symbol for Akebar. Other buildings in Akebar are 18th century chiefly stone-built farm houses or cottages, and follow the traditional Yorkshire Dales style of building. Other landmarks include Akebar folly, which is built in the style of a medieval castle using medieval materials.

Wooden bungalows are also very popular in the south of Akebar Cotts, which provide the majority of permanent homes in Akebar.

Gate piers with stone balls on top are very common in Akebar, forming the pillars of most gates. For this reason, such gate piers are sometimes considered symbolic of Akebar.

Honoured People

The patron saints of Akebar are St. James the Deacon and St. Andrew. St. James the Deacon is a patron saint as he was the founder of the first settlement at Akebar and for this reason his feast day on the 17th August is a national celebration in Akebar akin to St. Patrick's day in Ireland. St. Andrew is the second patron saint due to the fact that the current church was built in his honour.

Furthermore German Priest Johan Martin Schleyer is revered for being the creator of second national language Volapük.


See also