Difference between revisions of "James Stewart"

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{{Infobox official 2
 
{{Infobox official 2
 
| name = Lord James Stewart [[Austenasian Order|IKA]], [[OBS]], [[James Stewart#Awards and decorations|et al.]]
 
| name = Lord James Stewart [[Austenasian Order|IKA]], [[OBS]], [[James Stewart#Awards and decorations|et al.]]
| native name = [[Grand Duke of Francisville|Grand Duke]] ''Emeritus of [[Francisville]]'', Duke of [[Kirkburgh, Francisville|Kirkburgh]], Earl of [[Ennerau, Francisville|Ennearu]] & Holmewood<br/>Baron of Flandrensis
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| native name = [[Grand Duke of Francisville|Grand Duke]] ''Emeritus of [[Francisville]]''<br/>Baron of Flandrensis
 
| image = JSinterview2015.jpg
 
| image = JSinterview2015.jpg
 
| caption = Interview taken during private holiday, June [[2016]].
 
| caption = Interview taken during private holiday, June [[2016]].
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| predecessor 1 = Monarchy established
 
| predecessor 1 = Monarchy established
 
| successor 1 = Monarchy abolished
 
| successor 1 = Monarchy abolished
| office 2 = First Minister of [[Wasserbrueck]]
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| office 2 = 3rd [[Chair of the Grand Unified Micronational]]
 
| assumed/in 2 = In
 
| assumed/in 2 = In
| predecessor 2 = Office established
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| date 2 = 13 July 2009 - 13 October 2009
| successor 2 = Office abolished
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| predecessor 2 = [[Robert Lethler]]
| date 2 = June [[2012]] - June [[2014]]
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| successor 2 = [[Robert Lethler]]
| office 3 = President of the [[Federal Chamber (Francisville)|Federal Chamber]]
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| birthdate = August 1993 (age 26)
| assumed/in 3 = In
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| birthplace = [[w:Inverness|Inverness]], [[w:United Kingdom|United Kingdom]] [[File:Unionflag.png|border|25px]]
| date 3 = 7 October 2012 - 8 November 2014
 
| predecessor 3 = Office established
 
| successor 3 = Office abolished
 
| office 4 = 3rd [[Chair of the Grand Unified Micronational]]
 
| assumed/in 4 = In
 
| date 4 = 13 July 2009 - 13 October 2009
 
| predecessor 4 = [[Robert Lethler]]
 
| successor 4 = [[Robert Lethler]]
 
| birthdate = August 1993
 
| birthplace = [[w:Inverness|Inverness]], [[w:Scotland|Scotland]]
 
 
| deathdate =  
 
| deathdate =  
 
| deathplace =  
 
| deathplace =  
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| relations =  
 
| relations =  
 
| children =  
 
| children =  
| residence = [[w:Edinburgh|Edinburgh, Scotland]]
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| residence = [[w:Edinburgh|Edinburgh]], [[w:United Kingdom|United Kingdom]] [[File:Unionflag.png|border|25px]]
 
| almamater =  
 
| almamater =  
 
| occupation =  
 
| occupation =  
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| sig = James Stewart Signature.png
 
| sig = James Stewart Signature.png
 
| nickname =  
 
| nickname =  
| allegiance = [[File:Francisville_Flag_2008.png|15px]] [[Democratic Duchy of Francisville|Francisville]]
 
| branch = [[File:Francisville_flag.jpg|15px]] [[Democratic_Duchy_of_Francisville#Military|Ducal Land Component]]</br>[[File:Ducal_Naval_Component_Ensign.png|15px]] [[Democratic_Duchy_of_Francisville#Military|Ducal Naval Component]]
 
| serviceyears = 2008 - 2011
 
| rank = Commander-General</br>Grand Admiral
 
| unit =
 
| commands =
 
| battles =
 
| awards =
 
| milb1 =
 
| mild1 =
 
| milb2 =
 
| mild2 =
 
| milb3 =
 
| mild3 =
 
| milb4 =
 
| mild4 =
 
| milb5 =
 
| mild5 =
 
| footnotes =
 
| date =
 
| year =
 
| source =
 
 
}}  
 
}}  
  
[[Companion of the Community of Landashir|Dr.]] '''James Stewart [[Order of the Blue Star|OBS]] [[Austenasian Order|IKA]] [[Companion of the Community of Landashir|ACCL]] ''' (formerly '''His Grace James I, [[Grand Duke of Francisville]]''') is a [[w:Scottish people|Scottish]] micronational statesman most notably associated with the former state of [[Francisville]]. The founder of the [[Democratic Duchy of Francisville]] in [[2008]], he reigned as the [[Grand Duke of Francisville|Grand Duke]] from the establishment of the nation until the abolition of the monarchy by his own initiative on 3 June [[2011]]. Due to his participation in intermicronational politics during the early days of the [[Grand Unified Micronational]], he has become regarded as one of the principal architects of the early [[MicroWiki|MicroWiki Community]] along with [[Alexander Reinhardt]] of [[St.Charlie]], [[Jacob Tierney]] of [[Renasia]], and [[James von Puchow]] of [[Landashir]]. He served two terms as the Supreme Tribune of the organisation and became elected [[Chair of the Grand Unified Micronational|Chair of the Quorum of Delegates]] during the time of the [[Rhodesian War|Rhodesian]] and [[New Euro-Erusian War|New Euro-Erusian]] conflicts. His diplomatic efforts established Francisville as a prominent neutral power.
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'''James Stewart [[Order of the Blue Star|OBS]] [[Austenasian Order|IKA]] [[Companion of the Community of Landashir|ACCL]] ''' (formerly '''His Grace James I, [[Grand Duke of Francisville]]''') is a [[w:Scottish people|Scottish]] micronational statesman most notably associated with the former state of [[Francisville]]. The founder of the [[Democratic Duchy of Francisville]] in [[2008]], he reigned as the [[Grand Duke of Francisville|Grand Duke]] from the establishment of the nation until the abolition of the monarchy by his own initiative on 3 June [[2011]]. Due to his participation in intermicronational politics during the early days of the [[Grand Unified Micronational]], he has become regarded as one of the principal architects of the early [[MicroWiki|MicroWiki Community]] along with [[Alexander Reinhardt]] of [[St.Charlie]], [[Jacob Tierney]] of [[Renasia]], and [[James von Puchow]] of [[Landashir]]. He served two terms as the Supreme Tribune of the organisation and became elected [[Chair of the Grand Unified Micronational|Chair of the Quorum of Delegates]] during the time of the [[Rhodesian War|Rhodesian]] and [[New Euro-Erusian War|New Euro-Erusian]] conflicts. His diplomatic efforts established Francisville as a prominent neutral power.
  
In [[Francisville|Francillian]] domestic politics, he is praised as a constitutional reformer and the founding father of the [[Federal Republic of Francisville]] due to his position as the intellectual founder of the [[Francillian Constitutional Convention 2011|June Convention]]. His influence was credited with the nation's commitment to international [[w:Country neutrality (international relations)|neutrality]] and its [[w:Communitarianism|communitarian]] political philosophy.<ref>[https://francillian.wordpress.com/2012/01/16/constitution-proposals-prove-popular/ Constitution Proposals Prove Popular], [[The Francillian]], 16 January [[2012]]</ref> He drafted the federal constitution which was commended for its robust protection of [[w:Civil liverties|civil liberties]] and [[w:Economic, social and cultural rights|economic, social and cultural rights]].<ref>[http://pastebin.com/eVc1qdce Sebastian Linden at CCPS Part Conference], [[Sandus]], 9 Nov [[2013]]</ref> Following the promulgation of the constitution, he was elected as the President of the [[Federal Chamber of Francisville|Federal Chamber]] and the First Minister of [[Wasserbrueck]].
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In [[Francisville|Francillian]] domestic politics, he has been praised as a constitutional theorist and the founding father of the [[Federal Republic of Francisville]] due to his position as the intellectual founder of the [[Francillian Constitutional Convention 2011|June Convention]]. His influence was credited with the nation's commitment to international [[w:Country neutrality (international relations)|neutrality]] and its [[w:Communitarianism|communitarian]] political philosophy.<ref>[https://francillian.wordpress.com/2012/01/16/constitution-proposals-prove-popular/ Constitution Proposals Prove Popular], [[The Francillian]], 16 January [[2012]]</ref> He drafted the federal constitution which was commended for its robust protection of [[w:Civil liverties|civil liberties]] and [[w:Economic, social and cultural rights|economic, social and cultural rights]].<ref>[http://pastebin.com/eVc1qdce Sebastian Linden at CCPS Part Conference], [[Sandus]], 9 Nov [[2013]]</ref> Following the promulgation of the constitution, he was elected as the President of the [[Federal Chamber of Francisville|Federal Chamber]] and the First Minister of [[Wasserbrueck]].
  
His micronational activity decreased following the [[Federal Republic of Francisville#Federal State|disestablishment]] of Francisville in [[2014]]. He remains a respected political figure and he periodically comments on micronational political issues.<ref>[[history of the MicroWiki Community]] politics [https://stcharlianobserver.wordpress.com/2011/04/09/reinhardts-corner-rotary/ Reinhardt's Corner: The Rotary Club of MicroWiki], [[St.Charlian Observer]], 9 April [[2011]]</ref>
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His micronational activity decreased following the [[Federal Republic of Francisville#Federal State|disestablishment]] of Francisville in [[2014]]. He remains a respected political figure and he periodically comments on micronational political issues.<ref>[[history of the MicroWiki Community]] politics [https://stcharlianobserver.wordpress.com/2011/04/09/reinhardts-corner-rotary/ Reinhardt's Corner: The Rotary Club of MicroWiki], [[St.Charlian Observer]], 9 April [[2011]]</ref> He currently serves as the [[Commonwealth of New Virginia|New Virginian]] ambassador to the [[Grand Unified Micronational]].
  
 
==Early life==
 
==Early life==
  
Stewart was born in the [[w:Scottish Highlands|Highlands]] of [[w:Scotland|Scotland]] on 27 August 1993. He developed an early interest in political theory and the history of political reform. He has cited numerous early influences on his political outlook including the democratizing tendencies of the [[w:Scottish enlightenment|Scottish Enlightenment]] and the effects of [[w:Highland Clearances|land movement]].
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Stewart was born in [[w:Inverness|Inverness]] in the [[w:Scottish Highlands|Scottish Highlands]] in 1993. He spent most of his early life in [[Kirkburgh, Francisville|Kirkburgh]]. Stewart developed an early interest in political theory and the history of political reform, citing numerous early influences on his political outlook including the democratizing tendencies of the [[w:Scottish enlightenment|Scottish Enlightenment]] and the effects of [[w:Highland Clearances|land movement]].
  
==Micronationalism==
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==Francisville==
  
===Francisville===
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===Grand Duke, 2008-2011===
 
Stewart became familiar with micronationalism whilst he was completing his secondary education, when he was exposed to nations such as [[w:Republic of Molossia|Molossia]] and [[Grand Duchy of Flandrensis|Flandrensis]]. Following discussion with other interested individuals, he drafted and promulgated a provisional constitution for the [[Democratic Duchy of Francisville]] on 28 November [[2008]]. Under Emergency Clause I.VII, the constitution established a powerful elected monarchy under the administration of the [[w:Archduke|Archduke]] of Francisville.<ref>[https://sites.google.com/site/francisvillearchives/constitution-of-francisville/constitution-2008 Constitution of Francisville, 2008], National Archives of Francisville, Accessed 01/01/16</ref> Amendments adopted on 16 January [[2009]] transferred the duties of the monarch to the [[Grand Duke of Francisville]] who was provisionally held to account by initiatives of direct democracy.<ref>[https://sites.google.com/site/francisvillearchives/constitution-of-francisville/constitution-january-2009 Constitution of Francisville, January 2009], National Archives of Francisville, Access 01/01/16</ref> On 8 May [[2009]], Stewart proposed the adoption of a revised constitution which transformed the state into a [[w:Constitutional monarchy|constitutional monarchy]], allowing for the election of the [[Chamber of Deputies (Francisville)|first legislature]] on 3 June [[2009]].<ref>[https://sites.google.com/site/francisvillearchives/legislative-election-may-2009 Francillian Legislative Election, May 2009], National Archives of Francisville, Accessed 01/01/16</ref> The May 2009 constitution also permitted the establishment of territorial land claims for the first time in the nation's history.<ref>[https://sites.google.com/site/francisvillearchives/constitution-of-francisville/constitution-may-2009 Constitution of Francisville, May 2009], National Archives of Francisville, Accessed 01/01/16</ref> Stewart has noted:
 
Stewart became familiar with micronationalism whilst he was completing his secondary education, when he was exposed to nations such as [[w:Republic of Molossia|Molossia]] and [[Grand Duchy of Flandrensis|Flandrensis]]. Following discussion with other interested individuals, he drafted and promulgated a provisional constitution for the [[Democratic Duchy of Francisville]] on 28 November [[2008]]. Under Emergency Clause I.VII, the constitution established a powerful elected monarchy under the administration of the [[w:Archduke|Archduke]] of Francisville.<ref>[https://sites.google.com/site/francisvillearchives/constitution-of-francisville/constitution-2008 Constitution of Francisville, 2008], National Archives of Francisville, Accessed 01/01/16</ref> Amendments adopted on 16 January [[2009]] transferred the duties of the monarch to the [[Grand Duke of Francisville]] who was provisionally held to account by initiatives of direct democracy.<ref>[https://sites.google.com/site/francisvillearchives/constitution-of-francisville/constitution-january-2009 Constitution of Francisville, January 2009], National Archives of Francisville, Access 01/01/16</ref> On 8 May [[2009]], Stewart proposed the adoption of a revised constitution which transformed the state into a [[w:Constitutional monarchy|constitutional monarchy]], allowing for the election of the [[Chamber of Deputies (Francisville)|first legislature]] on 3 June [[2009]].<ref>[https://sites.google.com/site/francisvillearchives/legislative-election-may-2009 Francillian Legislative Election, May 2009], National Archives of Francisville, Accessed 01/01/16</ref> The May 2009 constitution also permitted the establishment of territorial land claims for the first time in the nation's history.<ref>[https://sites.google.com/site/francisvillearchives/constitution-of-francisville/constitution-may-2009 Constitution of Francisville, May 2009], National Archives of Francisville, Accessed 01/01/16</ref> Stewart has noted:
  
 
{{Quote|Our approach to micronationalism was that the sovereignty of a micronational state derives from the sovereignty of the individuals who compose its national community. As an expression of this sovereignty, micronationalism allows communities of individuals who profess the same values and aspirations to form institutions which represent and further them. I have seen territorial possession as strictly tertiary and nonfundamental to the legitimacy of a micronation|Private Interview, [[Pristinia]], [[2013]]}}
 
{{Quote|Our approach to micronationalism was that the sovereignty of a micronational state derives from the sovereignty of the individuals who compose its national community. As an expression of this sovereignty, micronationalism allows communities of individuals who profess the same values and aspirations to form institutions which represent and further them. I have seen territorial possession as strictly tertiary and nonfundamental to the legitimacy of a micronation|Private Interview, [[Pristinia]], [[2013]]}}
  
The Duchy established two territorial regions in [[2009]] which provided physical locations for the nation's activities. In line with Francisville's guiding view on micronational sovereignty, the territorial claims were not considered essential to the nation's existence and they were frequently altered.
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The Duchy established two territorial regions in [[2009]] which provided physical locations for the nation's activities. In line with Francisville's guiding view on micronational sovereignty, the territorial claims were not considered essential to the nation's existence and they were frequently altered. Acting as [[Francisville]]'s primary intermicronational representative in his role as [[Grand Duke of Francisville|Grand Duke]], Stewart is credited with establishing Francisville's reputation as a neutral power with a commitment to diplomacy and co-operation. His signature was legally required for any international treaty and he negotiated agreements with numerous states including [[St.Charlie]] and [[Flandrensis]].<ref>[https://sites.google.com/site/francisvillearchives/home/francisville-flandrensis-treaty-2008 Treaty between the Grand Duchy of Flandrensis and the Democratic Duchy of Francisville], National Archives of Francisville, Accessed 01/01/16</ref>. He also visited the [[Community of Landashir]] in [[2010]] on a state visit hosted by [[James von Puchow]].
  
====Grand Unified Micronational====
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===Chair of the Grand Unified Micronational, 2009===
  
[[Democratic Duchy of Francisville|Francisville]] was admitted to the [[Grand Unified Micronational]] on 8 January [[2009]] as one of the first members of the organisation other than the [[Grand Unified Micronational#History|constitutionally recognised founding member states]]. From 13 February until 13 April. Francisville served on the first [[GUM Security Council]] along with [[Scientopia]] and the [[Ohio Empire]]. The credentials of Francisville as a neutral power were first bolstered by its involvement in peace talks during the [[Meissner-Antifan War]] when Stewart also served as a juror on the ''Special Tribunal to Investigate Allegations of [[Empire of New Europe|New European]] Racism''. His judicial efforts contributed to his election as [[Grand Unified Micronational#Justice Commission|Supreme Tribune of the Justice Commission]] with his election backed by [[Robert Lethler]] and [[Alexander Reinhardt]]. Serving in this office from 13 April - 13 July [[2009]], he presided over the trial of [[Scientopia]] for inappropriate release of [[Empire of New Europe|New Europe]]'s secure information.
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[[Democratic Duchy of Francisville|Francisville]] was admitted to the [[Grand Unified Micronational]] on 8 January [[2009]] as one of the first members of the organisation other than the [[Grand Unified Micronational#History|constitutionally recognised founding member states]]. From 13 February until 13 April, Francisville served on the first [[GUM Security Council]] along with [[Scientopia]] and the [[Ohio Empire]]. The credentials of Francisville as a neutral power were first bolstered by its involvement in peace talks during the [[Meissner-Antifan War]] when Stewart also served as a juror on the ''Special Tribunal to Investigate Allegations of [[Empire of New Europe|New European]] Racism''. His judicial efforts contributed to his election as [[Grand Unified Micronational#Justice Commission|Supreme Tribune of the Justice Commission]] with his election backed by [[Robert Lethler]] and [[Alexander Reinhardt]]. Serving in this office from 13 April - 13 July [[2009]], he presided over the trial of [[Scientopia]] for inappropriate release of [[Empire of New Europe|New Europe]]'s secure information.
  
 
As the international representative of Francisville to the Quorum of Delegates, he was considered responsible for Francisville's heavy involvement in the early days of the organisation. He successfully maintained the nation's constitutional neutrality during the [[Siple War]] and [[New Euro-Erusian War]]. He was elected as 3rd [[Chair of the Grand Unified Micronational|Chairman of the Quorum of Delegates]] on 13 July [[2009]]. His chairmanship was marked by the outbreak of the [[Rhodesian War]] which led to the demise of the [[United Micronations (2008)|United Micronations (UNMCN)]] and the hegemony of the GUM over the MicroWiki community. Stewart withdrew Francisville from the UNMCN and acted as a principle negotiator during the conflict, signing the peace agreement along with [[Robert Lethler]] on 2 August [[2009]]. He was later a signatory to the [[Treaty of Universal Non-Aggression]] at the close of the [[New Euro-Erusian War]].  
 
As the international representative of Francisville to the Quorum of Delegates, he was considered responsible for Francisville's heavy involvement in the early days of the organisation. He successfully maintained the nation's constitutional neutrality during the [[Siple War]] and [[New Euro-Erusian War]]. He was elected as 3rd [[Chair of the Grand Unified Micronational|Chairman of the Quorum of Delegates]] on 13 July [[2009]]. His chairmanship was marked by the outbreak of the [[Rhodesian War]] which led to the demise of the [[United Micronations (2008)|United Micronations (UNMCN)]] and the hegemony of the GUM over the MicroWiki community. Stewart withdrew Francisville from the UNMCN and acted as a principle negotiator during the conflict, signing the peace agreement along with [[Robert Lethler]] on 2 August [[2009]]. He was later a signatory to the [[Treaty of Universal Non-Aggression]] at the close of the [[New Euro-Erusian War]].  
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He served a second term as Supreme Tribune from 13 October [[2009]] until 13 January [[2010]]. The end of his term marked the gradual decrease of Francisville's involvement in the GUM. The nation ceased to hold any position within the organisation after this date although Stewart continued to comment on its political affairs.<ref>[https://stcharlianobserver.wordpress.com/2010/03/03/emergency-vote-of-no-confidence-nominated-reinhardt-as-gum-vice-chair/ 'Emergency-vote-of-no-confidence-nominated-reinhardt-as-gum-vice-chair'], [[St.Charlian Observer]], 3 March [[2010]]</ref> Stewart's desire to draw Francisville away from [[Erusia]]'s influence was considered as the primary motivation behind this decision. Francisville later remained temporarily outside of the MicroWiki Community until the exposure of [[Robert Lethler]] in July [[2010]].
 
He served a second term as Supreme Tribune from 13 October [[2009]] until 13 January [[2010]]. The end of his term marked the gradual decrease of Francisville's involvement in the GUM. The nation ceased to hold any position within the organisation after this date although Stewart continued to comment on its political affairs.<ref>[https://stcharlianobserver.wordpress.com/2010/03/03/emergency-vote-of-no-confidence-nominated-reinhardt-as-gum-vice-chair/ 'Emergency-vote-of-no-confidence-nominated-reinhardt-as-gum-vice-chair'], [[St.Charlian Observer]], 3 March [[2010]]</ref> Stewart's desire to draw Francisville away from [[Erusia]]'s influence was considered as the primary motivation behind this decision. Francisville later remained temporarily outside of the MicroWiki Community until the exposure of [[Robert Lethler]] in July [[2010]].
  
===Post-Francisville===
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===Federal Republic, 2011-2014===
  
Stewart has not occupied a permanent position in micronational governance since the dissolution of [[Francisville]] in November [[2014]]. He has remained an active observer within the micronational community, however, and maintains contact with several former and current members of the MicroWiki sphere including [[Alexander Reinhardt]], [[James von Puchow]], [[Gaius Soergel Publicola]], [[Jacob Tierney]], and [[Sebastian Linden]]. In November [[2017]], he founded [[Historic Francisville]] with the aim of preserving and promoting the history and legacy of the nation. Stewart is a citizen of [[Flandrensis]] and [[New Virginia]] as well as being an [[Honorary_Subject_of_Austenasia|Honorary Subject]] of [[Austenasia]]. He was appointed New Virginian delegate to the [[Grand Unified Micronational]] on 29 May 2020. He has also served as the [[Foreign Office (Austenasia)|Consul-General]] in [[w:Scotland|Scotland]] for the [[Empire of Austenasia]] since 7 February [[2020]].
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In additional to his role as the founder of [[Francisville]], Stewart's legacy is characterized by his role as a constitutional reformer and the founder of the [[Francillian Constitutional Convention 2011|June Convention]]. He released a statement in [[2011]] calling for the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of a constitutional convention to develop an alternative democratic form of government.<ref>[https://docs.google.com/document/d/113BKgqu4mqZt7VqwkA3zXMcyFWqO-9KkzW4hyRA0oyI/edit?usp=sharing Declaration of the Republic], [[Grand Duke of Francisville|Grand Ducal]] Office, Accessed 01/01/16</ref> After the declaration, he became a prominent figure in the convention and he pushed constitutional proposals which emphasized [[w:Direct democracy|direct democracy]], [[w:Decrentralization|decentralization]], and [[w:Workers' self-management|workers' self-management]]. He succesfully proposed a constitutional amendment which limited [[w:Legal personality|legal personality]] to [[w:Cooperatives|co-operatives]] and [[w:Mutual organization|mutual organisation]] thereby abolishing the concept of the [[w:Corporation|private corporation]] in Francisville.<ref>[https://francillian.wordpress.com/2012/02/15/citizens-will-vote-on-disputed-issues/ Citizens will vote on disputed isues], [[The Francillian]], 15 February [[2012]]</ref> The proposal was unanimously accepted by the electorate making it the most popular proposal in the nation's history.
  
==Political career==
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He represented Francisville to the [[European Micronational Culture Organisation]] and [[Germanophony]] but he developed a skeptical position on intermicronational organisations as his career developed. On 23 April [[2012]], he proposed a referendum which ended Francisville's [[Grand Unified Micronational#Permanent observers|Permanent Observer]] of status of the [[Grand Unified Micronational]], a status the nation had held since the re-restablishment of the GUM in August [[2011]]. [[File:Austenasia_State_Visit.jpg|thumb|300px|right|alt=|James Stewart <small>(far right)</small> during a state visit to [[Austenasia]]]] His constitutional proposals also introduced the requirement of a referendum for membership in any intermicronational organisations.<ref>[https://francillian.wordpress.com/2012/03/19/last-survey-results-published-23/ Latest Survey Results Published], [[The Francillian]], 19 March [[2012]]</ref> Despite his lack of activity in the MicroWiki community during the time, he actively opposed the ban of [[Sebastian Linden]] (then known as [[Mark Dresner]]). He was one of few prominent micronationalists in the community to oppose the ban, along with the now [[Jonathan I, Emperor of Austenasia|Jonathan I]] of [[Austenasia]] and [[Marka Mejakhansk]] of [[Nemkhavia]].
  
===Domestic policies===
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Stewart represented Francisville at [[PoliNation 2012|PoliNation: 2nd International Conference on Micronations]] where he delivered a presentation focusing on Francisville's [[Francillian Constitutional Convention 2011|constitutional reforms]].<ref>[http://www.micronationconference.com/London_Conference_Schedule_01072012.pdf London Conference Schedule, 14 June 2012], [http://www.micronationconference.com/], Accessed 01/01/16</ref> He was again hosted by [[James von Puchow]] with whom he visited Landashir and [[Canton of North Llabdey|North Llabdey]].<ref>[https://stcharlianobserver.wordpress.com/2012/07/15/polination/ POLINATION 2012: “I TOLD YOU THAT THERE WERE MORE OF US”], [[St.Charlian Observer]], 15 July 2012</ref> The conference was followed by a state visit to [[Austenasia]] organised by [[Jonathan I, Emperor of Austenasia|Crown Prince Jonathan]] which Stewart attended with [[James von Puchow]] of [[Landashir]] and [[Will Sörgel]] of [[Sandus]].<ref>[http://austenasianewsarchives.webs.com/ Polination 2012 Weekend], Austenasian News Archive, Accessed 01/01/16</ref> Despite his distrust of intermicronational organisations, he agreed to act as the temporary [[Juclandia]]n delegate to the [[Grand Unified Micronational|GUM]] during a post-conference quorum. He later dined with [[Jacob Tierney]] of [[Renasia]] along with [[Alexander Reinhardt]] and [[James Lunam]] of [[St.Charlie]] where the parties discussed topical issues such as the [[Robert Lethler|Lethler controversy]] and [[w:Scottish Independence|Scottish independence]].
  
In additional to his role as the founder of [[Francisville]], Stewart's legacy is characterized by his role as a constitutional reformer and the founder of the [[Francillian Constitutional Convention 2011|June Convention]]. He released a statement in [[2011]] calling for the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of a constitutional convention to develop an alternative democratic form of government.<ref>[https://docs.google.com/document/d/113BKgqu4mqZt7VqwkA3zXMcyFWqO-9KkzW4hyRA0oyI/edit?usp=sharing Declaration of the Republic], [[Grand Duke of Francisville|Grand Ducal]] Office, Accessed 01/01/16</ref> After the declaration, he became a prominent figure in the convention and he pushed constitutional proposals which emphasized [[w:Direct democracy|direct democracy]], [[w:Decrentralization|decentralization]], and [[w:Workers' self-management|workers' self-management]]. He succesfully proposed a constitutional amendment which limited [[w:Legal personality|legal personality]] to [[w:Cooperatives|co-operatives]] and [[w:Mutual organization|mutual organisation]] thereby abolishing the concept of the [[w:Corporation|private corporation]] in Francisville.<ref>[https://francillian.wordpress.com/2012/02/15/citizens-will-vote-on-disputed-issues/ Citizens will vote on disputed isues], [[The Francillian]], 15 February [[2012]]</ref> The proposal was unanimously accepted by the electorate making it the most popular proposal in the nation's history. Whilst serving as First Minister of [[Wasserbrueck]], he oversaw the introduction of [[w:Free public transport|free public transport]] for citizens travelling between the canton and [[w:Scotland|Scotland]]. He also established the ''National Archives of Francisville'' in [[2010]].
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Following a [[Francillian_Constitutional_Convention_2011#Constitutional_referendum.2C_August_2012|federal referendum]], he constitution of the Federal Republic was ratified on 16 April 2012. Stewart was subsequently elected to the [[Federal Chamber (Francisville)|Federal Chamber]] as one of two Deputies for [[Wasserbrueck]] but he failed to gain a seat in the inaugural [[Federal Council of Francisville|Federal Council]]. He was appointed to the Federal Council in the [[2013_Francisville_federal_election|2013 elections]]. Stewart also served as First Minister of Wasserbrueck, Provost of [[Kirkburgh, Francisville|Kirkburgh]] and President of the Federal Chamber until the dissolution of the Federal Republic on 14 August 2014.
  
===Foreign relations===
+
==Post-Francisville==
  
Acting as [[Francisville]]'s primary intermicronational representative in his role as [[Grand Duke of Francisville|Grand Duke]], Stewart is credited with establishing Francisville's reputation as a neutral power with a commitment to diplomacy and co-operation. His signature was legally required for any international treaty and he negotiated agreements with numerous states including [[St.Charlie]] and [[Flandrensis]].<ref>[https://sites.google.com/site/francisvillearchives/home/francisville-flandrensis-treaty-2008 Treaty between the Grand Duchy of Flandrensis and the Democratic Duchy of Francisville], National Archives of Francisville, Accessed 01/01/16</ref> He represented Francisville to the [[European Micronational Culture Organisation]] and [[Germanophony]] but he developed a skeptical position on intermicronational organisations as his career developed. On 23 April [[2012]], he proposed a referendum which ended Francisville's [[Grand Unified Micronational#Permanent observers|Permanent Observer]] of status of the [[Grand Unified Micronational]], a status the nation had held since the re-restablishment of the GUM in August [[2011]]. [[File:Austenasia_State_Visit.jpg|thumb|300px|right|alt=|James Stewart <small>(far right)</small> during a state visit to [[Austenasia]]]] His constitutional proposals also introduced the requirement of a referendum for membership in any intermicronational organisations.<ref>[https://francillian.wordpress.com/2012/03/19/last-survey-results-published-23/ Latest Survey Results Published], [[The Francillian]], 19 March [[2012]]</ref> Despite his lack of activity in the MicroWiki community during the time, he actively opposed the ban of [[Sebastian Linden]] (then known as [[Mark Dresner]]). He was one of few prominent micronationalists in the community to oppose the ban, along with the now [[Jonathan I, Emperor of Austenasia|Jonathan I]] of [[Austenasia]] and [[Marka Mejakhansk]] of [[Nemkhavia]].
+
Stewart has not occupied a permanent position in micronational governance since the dissolution of [[Francisville]] in November [[2014]]. He has remained an active observer within the micronational community, however, and maintains contact with several former and current members of the MicroWiki sphere including [[Alexander Reinhardt]], [[James von Puchow]], [[Gaius Soergel Publicola]], [[Jacob Tierney]], and [[Sebastian Linden]]. In November [[2017]], he founded [[Historic Francisville]] with the aim of preserving and promoting the history and legacy of the nation. Stewart is a citizen of [[Flandrensis]] and [[New Virginia]] as well as being an [[Honorary_Subject_of_Austenasia|Honorary Subject]] of [[Austenasia]]. He was appointed New Virginian delegate to the [[Grand Unified Micronational]] on 29 May 2020. He has also served as the [[Foreign Office (Austenasia)|Consul-General]] in [[w:Scotland|Scotland]] for the [[Empire of Austenasia]] since 7 February [[2020]]. On 25 May [[2020]], he became a citizen of the [[Commonwealth of New Virginia]] by order of the [[Provisional Council of New Virginia|Provisional Council]]. He was subsequently appointed as the Commonwealth's ambassador and delegate to the [[Grand Unified Micronational]]<ref>[https://nvherald.wordpress.com/2020/06/13/james-stewart-appointed-gum-ambassador/ James Stewart appointed GUM Ambassador] ''The Herald'', 13 June 2020. Accessed 22 June 2020</ref>.
 
 
He carried out state visits on behalf of both the [[Democratic Duchy of Francisville|Duchy]] and the [[Federal Republic of Francisville|Federal Republic]]. He visited the [[Community of Landashir]] in [[2010]] on a visit hosted by [[James von Puchow]]. In [[2012]], he attended [[PoliNation 2012|PoliNation: 2nd International Conference on Micronations]] where he delivered a presentation focusing on Francisville's [[Francillian Constitutional Convention 2011|constitutional reforms]].<ref>[http://www.micronationconference.com/London_Conference_Schedule_01072012.pdf London Conference Schedule, 14 June 2012], [http://www.micronationconference.com/], Accessed 01/01/16</ref> He was again hosted by [[James von Puchow]] with whom he visited Landashir and [[Canton of North Llabdey|North Llabdey]].<ref>[https://stcharlianobserver.wordpress.com/2012/07/15/polination/ POLINATION 2012: “I TOLD YOU THAT THERE WERE MORE OF US”], [[St.Charlian Observer]], 15 July 2012</ref> The conference was followed by a state visit to [[Austenasia]] organised by [[Jonathan I, Emperor of Austenasia|Crown Prince Jonathan]] which Stewart attended with [[James von Puchow]] of [[Landashir]] and [[Will Sörgel]] of [[Sandus]].<ref>[http://austenasianewsarchives.webs.com/ Polination 2012 Weekend], Austenasian News Archive, Accessed 01/01/16</ref> Despite his distrust of intermicronational organisations, he agreed to act as the temporary [[Juclandia]]n delegate to the [[Grand Unified Micronational|GUM]] during a post-conference quorum. He later dined with [[Jacob Tierney]] of [[Renasia]] along with [[Alexander Reinhardt]] and [[James Lunam]] of [[St.Charlie]] where the parties discussed topical issues such as the [[Robert Lethler|Lethler controversy]] and [[w:Scottish Independence|Scottish independence]].
 
  
 
==Personal life==
 
==Personal life==
  
Stewart lives permanently at his residence in [[w:Edinburgh|Edinburgh]]. He has an honours degree in [[w:Analytic philosophy|philosophy]] and a postgraduate qualification in [[w:Library and information science|librarianship]]. He is also an amateur [[w:Maritime history|maritime historian]] and he is known to have an expert level knowledge of [[w:Scotch Whisky|Scotch Whisky]]. Stewart is a [[w:Presbyterianism|Presbyterian]].
+
Stewart lives permanently at his residence in [[w:Edinburgh|Edinburgh]]. He began his undergraduate studies in 2011, graduating with a [[w:Master_of_Arts_(Scotland)|MA (Hons)]] in [[w:philosophy|philosophy]] and [[w:linguistics|linguistics]] in [[2015]]. He gained a postgraduate qualification in [[w:Library and information science|librarianship]] in [[2016]]. Stewart is an amateur [[w:Maritime history|maritime historian]] and he is also known to have an expert level knowledge of [[w:Scotch Whisky|Scotch Whisky]]. Stewart is a [[w:Presbyterianism|Presbyterian]].
  
 
==Titles and styles==
 
==Titles and styles==
  
 
{{Infobox Noble styles
 
{{Infobox Noble styles
|name=Lord James Stewart, Grand Duke Emeritus of Francisville
+
|name=Lord James Stewart<br><small>Grand Duke Emeritus of Francisville, Baron of Flandrensis</small>
 
|image=[[File:James Stewart, Baron of Flandrensis.png|50px]]
 
|image=[[File:James Stewart, Baron of Flandrensis.png|50px]]
 
|dipstyle=His Lordship
 
|dipstyle=His Lordship
Line 151: Line 117:
 
*'''5 January 2012 - 21 August 2012''': ''His Grace James I, Grand Duke of Francisville, Duke of Kirkburgh, Earl of Ennerau & Holmewood, Baron of Flandrensis, Knight in the Holy Military Order of Saint Polycarpus, OBS, ACCL.''
 
*'''5 January 2012 - 21 August 2012''': ''His Grace James I, Grand Duke of Francisville, Duke of Kirkburgh, Earl of Ennerau & Holmewood, Baron of Flandrensis, Knight in the Holy Military Order of Saint Polycarpus, OBS, ACCL.''
 
*'''21 August 2012 - 14 September 2012''': ''Rt. Hon. Sir. James Stewart, First Minister of Wasserbrueck, Grand Duke Emeritus of Francisville, Duke of Kirkburgh, Earl of Ennerau & Holmewood, Baron of Flandrensis, OBS, ACCL.
 
*'''21 August 2012 - 14 September 2012''': ''Rt. Hon. Sir. James Stewart, First Minister of Wasserbrueck, Grand Duke Emeritus of Francisville, Duke of Kirkburgh, Earl of Ennerau & Holmewood, Baron of Flandrensis, OBS, ACCL.
* '''15 September 2012 - 7 November 2012''': ''Rt. Hon. Sir. James Stewart, First Minister of Wasserbrueck, Grand Duke Emeritus of Francisville, Duke of Kirkburgh, Earl of Ennerau & Holmewood, Baron of Flandrensis, IKA, OBS, ACCL.
+
* '''15 September 2012 - 7 November 2014''': ''Rt. Hon. Sir. James Stewart, First Minister of Wasserbrueck, Grand Duke Emeritus of Francisville, Duke of Kirkburgh, Earl of Ennerau & Holmewood, Baron of Flandrensis, IKA, OBS, ACCL.
* '''8 November 2014 - Present''': ''Lord James Stewart, Grand Duke Emeritus of Francisville, Duke of Kirkburgh, Earl of Ennerau & Holmewood, Baron of Flandrensis, IKA, OBS, ACCL.
+
* '''8 November 2014 - 16 June 2020''': ''Lord James Stewart, Grand Duke Emeritus of Francisville, Duke of Kirkburgh, Earl of Ennerau & Holmewood, Baron of Flandrensis, IKA, OBS, ACCL.
 +
* '''17 June 2020 - Present''': ''Lord James Stewart, Grand Duke Emeritus of Francisville, Baron of Flandrensis, IKA.
  
 
==Awards and decorations==
 
==Awards and decorations==
Line 159: Line 126:
 
*[[File:Vlag.jpg|border|25px]] [[Holy Military Order of Saint Polycarpus|Knight of the Holy Military Order of Saint Polycarpus]] - 14 July 2009
 
*[[File:Vlag.jpg|border|25px]] [[Holy Military Order of Saint Polycarpus|Knight of the Holy Military Order of Saint Polycarpus]] - 14 July 2009
 
*[[File:Flagv3.png|border|25px]] [[New European Order of the Reich|Ritter of the Order of the Reich]] - 27 October 2009
 
*[[File:Flagv3.png|border|25px]] [[New European Order of the Reich|Ritter of the Order of the Reich]] - 27 October 2009
*[[File:Flag stcharlie.png|border|25px]] [[Order of the Blue Star|Cavaliere of the Order of the Blue Star]] - 13 February 2009
 
 
*[[File:FSRenFlag.png|border|25px]] [[Order of Bohr|Knight of the Order of Bohr]] - 30 August 2010
 
*[[File:FSRenFlag.png|border|25px]] [[Order of Bohr|Knight of the Order of Bohr]] - 30 August 2010
 
*[[File:FCP_flag.png|border|25px]] [[Pristinian Award of Appreciation#Awards 2011|Pristinian Award of Appreciation]] - 26 September 2011
 
*[[File:FCP_flag.png|border|25px]] [[Pristinian Award of Appreciation#Awards 2011|Pristinian Award of Appreciation]] - 26 September 2011
Line 173: Line 139:
 
*[[File:FlagofSandus.png|border|25px]] [[Order of the Sovereign Eagle|Officer of the Order of the Sovereign Eagle]] - 13 January 2011
 
*[[File:FlagofSandus.png|border|25px]] [[Order of the Sovereign Eagle|Officer of the Order of the Sovereign Eagle]] - 13 January 2011
 
''Obsolete, Discontinued on 30 July 2011.''
 
''Obsolete, Discontinued on 30 July 2011.''
 +
*[[File:Flag stcharlie.png|border|25px]] [[Order of the Blue Star|Cavaliere of the Order of the Blue Star]] - 13 February 2009
 +
''Admitted to the rank of Ufficiale on 14 April 2014.''
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
Line 184: Line 152:
  
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Stewart, Jamie}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Stewart, Jamie}}
[[Category:Francisville]]
+
[[Category:Francillian people]]
 
[[Category:OBS Recipients]]
 
[[Category:OBS Recipients]]
 
[[Category:Founders of nations]]
 
[[Category:Founders of nations]]
 
[[Category:Politicians]]
 
[[Category:Politicians]]
 
[[Category:People born in 1993]]
 
[[Category:People born in 1993]]
 +
[[Category: New Virginia]]

Latest revision as of 00:27, 28 June 2020

Lord James Stewart IKA, OBS, et al.

Grand Duke Emeritus of Francisville
Baron of Flandrensis
Interview taken during private holiday, June 2016.
Grand Duke of Francisville
In office
28 November 2008 - 3 June 2011
Predecessor Monarchy established
Successor Monarchy abolished
3rd Chair of the Grand Unified Micronational
In office
13 July 2009 - 13 October 2009
Predecessor Robert Lethler
Successor Robert Lethler
Personal information
Born August 1993 (age 26)
Inverness, United Kingdom Flag of the United Kingdom.png
Citizenship Francisville (2008 - 2014)
Flandrensis (2020 - Present)
New Virginia (2020 - Present)
Nationality British
Ethnicity Scottish
Political party Liberty Union (2012 - 2014)
Residence Edinburgh, United Kingdom Flag of the United Kingdom.png
Profession Politician, Reformer, Diplomat
Religion Presbyterian
Signature

James Stewart OBS IKA ACCL (formerly His Grace James I, Grand Duke of Francisville) is a Scottish micronational statesman most notably associated with the former state of Francisville. The founder of the Democratic Duchy of Francisville in 2008, he reigned as the Grand Duke from the establishment of the nation until the abolition of the monarchy by his own initiative on 3 June 2011. Due to his participation in intermicronational politics during the early days of the Grand Unified Micronational, he has become regarded as one of the principal architects of the early MicroWiki Community along with Alexander Reinhardt of St.Charlie, Jacob Tierney of Renasia, and James von Puchow of Landashir. He served two terms as the Supreme Tribune of the organisation and became elected Chair of the Quorum of Delegates during the time of the Rhodesian and New Euro-Erusian conflicts. His diplomatic efforts established Francisville as a prominent neutral power.

In Francillian domestic politics, he has been praised as a constitutional theorist and the founding father of the Federal Republic of Francisville due to his position as the intellectual founder of the June Convention. His influence was credited with the nation's commitment to international neutrality and its communitarian political philosophy.[1] He drafted the federal constitution which was commended for its robust protection of civil liberties and economic, social and cultural rights.[2] Following the promulgation of the constitution, he was elected as the President of the Federal Chamber and the First Minister of Wasserbrueck.

His micronational activity decreased following the disestablishment of Francisville in 2014. He remains a respected political figure and he periodically comments on micronational political issues.[3] He currently serves as the New Virginian ambassador to the Grand Unified Micronational.

Early life

Stewart was born in Inverness in the Scottish Highlands in 1993. He spent most of his early life in Kirkburgh. Stewart developed an early interest in political theory and the history of political reform, citing numerous early influences on his political outlook including the democratizing tendencies of the Scottish Enlightenment and the effects of land movement.

Francisville

Grand Duke, 2008-2011

Stewart became familiar with micronationalism whilst he was completing his secondary education, when he was exposed to nations such as Molossia and Flandrensis. Following discussion with other interested individuals, he drafted and promulgated a provisional constitution for the Democratic Duchy of Francisville on 28 November 2008. Under Emergency Clause I.VII, the constitution established a powerful elected monarchy under the administration of the Archduke of Francisville.[4] Amendments adopted on 16 January 2009 transferred the duties of the monarch to the Grand Duke of Francisville who was provisionally held to account by initiatives of direct democracy.[5] On 8 May 2009, Stewart proposed the adoption of a revised constitution which transformed the state into a constitutional monarchy, allowing for the election of the first legislature on 3 June 2009.[6] The May 2009 constitution also permitted the establishment of territorial land claims for the first time in the nation's history.[7] Stewart has noted:

Our approach to micronationalism was that the sovereignty of a micronational state derives from the sovereignty of the individuals who compose its national community. As an expression of this sovereignty, micronationalism allows communities of individuals who profess the same values and aspirations to form institutions which represent and further them. I have seen territorial possession as strictly tertiary and nonfundamental to the legitimacy of a micronation

— Private Interview, Pristinia, 2013

The Duchy established two territorial regions in 2009 which provided physical locations for the nation's activities. In line with Francisville's guiding view on micronational sovereignty, the territorial claims were not considered essential to the nation's existence and they were frequently altered. Acting as Francisville's primary intermicronational representative in his role as Grand Duke, Stewart is credited with establishing Francisville's reputation as a neutral power with a commitment to diplomacy and co-operation. His signature was legally required for any international treaty and he negotiated agreements with numerous states including St.Charlie and Flandrensis.[8]. He also visited the Community of Landashir in 2010 on a state visit hosted by James von Puchow.

Chair of the Grand Unified Micronational, 2009

Francisville was admitted to the Grand Unified Micronational on 8 January 2009 as one of the first members of the organisation other than the constitutionally recognised founding member states. From 13 February until 13 April, Francisville served on the first GUM Security Council along with Scientopia and the Ohio Empire. The credentials of Francisville as a neutral power were first bolstered by its involvement in peace talks during the Meissner-Antifan War when Stewart also served as a juror on the Special Tribunal to Investigate Allegations of New European Racism. His judicial efforts contributed to his election as Supreme Tribune of the Justice Commission with his election backed by Robert Lethler and Alexander Reinhardt. Serving in this office from 13 April - 13 July 2009, he presided over the trial of Scientopia for inappropriate release of New Europe's secure information.

As the international representative of Francisville to the Quorum of Delegates, he was considered responsible for Francisville's heavy involvement in the early days of the organisation. He successfully maintained the nation's constitutional neutrality during the Siple War and New Euro-Erusian War. He was elected as 3rd Chairman of the Quorum of Delegates on 13 July 2009. His chairmanship was marked by the outbreak of the Rhodesian War which led to the demise of the United Micronations (UNMCN) and the hegemony of the GUM over the MicroWiki community. Stewart withdrew Francisville from the UNMCN and acted as a principle negotiator during the conflict, signing the peace agreement along with Robert Lethler on 2 August 2009. He was later a signatory to the Treaty of Universal Non-Aggression at the close of the New Euro-Erusian War.

Stewart's chairmanship was noted for his successful diplomatic efforts which marked the end of the transition between the Conflict Era and the Peaceful Era. Despite this, he later expressed concerns about his complicity in establishing the power of Robert Lethler over intermicronational affairs.[9] He has also criticized figures who have justified Lethler's influence. His chairmanship had been assisted by Alexander Reinhardt as Vice-Chairman who was removed from office on 27 August 2009 in response to the Observergate scandal, which was later revealed as an experiment contrived by Lethler. A similar incident occurred with the scandal surrounding the return of Peter I of Erusia after which Stewart proposed his resignation from the office of chair. In response to defense of Lethler, he has responded that these events were unjustified interventions which diverted the community's attention from productive projects and encouraged intermicronational conflict. His term as chairman ended on 13 October 2009 after serving a term of 92 days.

He served a second term as Supreme Tribune from 13 October 2009 until 13 January 2010. The end of his term marked the gradual decrease of Francisville's involvement in the GUM. The nation ceased to hold any position within the organisation after this date although Stewart continued to comment on its political affairs.[10] Stewart's desire to draw Francisville away from Erusia's influence was considered as the primary motivation behind this decision. Francisville later remained temporarily outside of the MicroWiki Community until the exposure of Robert Lethler in July 2010.

Federal Republic, 2011-2014

In additional to his role as the founder of Francisville, Stewart's legacy is characterized by his role as a constitutional reformer and the founder of the June Convention. He released a statement in 2011 calling for the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of a constitutional convention to develop an alternative democratic form of government.[11] After the declaration, he became a prominent figure in the convention and he pushed constitutional proposals which emphasized direct democracy, decentralization, and workers' self-management. He succesfully proposed a constitutional amendment which limited legal personality to co-operatives and mutual organisation thereby abolishing the concept of the private corporation in Francisville.[12] The proposal was unanimously accepted by the electorate making it the most popular proposal in the nation's history.

He represented Francisville to the European Micronational Culture Organisation and Germanophony but he developed a skeptical position on intermicronational organisations as his career developed. On 23 April 2012, he proposed a referendum which ended Francisville's Permanent Observer of status of the Grand Unified Micronational, a status the nation had held since the re-restablishment of the GUM in August 2011.

James Stewart (far right) during a state visit to Austenasia

His constitutional proposals also introduced the requirement of a referendum for membership in any intermicronational organisations.[13] Despite his lack of activity in the MicroWiki community during the time, he actively opposed the ban of Sebastian Linden (then known as Mark Dresner). He was one of few prominent micronationalists in the community to oppose the ban, along with the now Jonathan I of Austenasia and Marka Mejakhansk of Nemkhavia.

Stewart represented Francisville at PoliNation: 2nd International Conference on Micronations where he delivered a presentation focusing on Francisville's constitutional reforms.[14] He was again hosted by James von Puchow with whom he visited Landashir and North Llabdey.[15] The conference was followed by a state visit to Austenasia organised by Crown Prince Jonathan which Stewart attended with James von Puchow of Landashir and Will Sörgel of Sandus.[16] Despite his distrust of intermicronational organisations, he agreed to act as the temporary Juclandian delegate to the GUM during a post-conference quorum. He later dined with Jacob Tierney of Renasia along with Alexander Reinhardt and James Lunam of St.Charlie where the parties discussed topical issues such as the Lethler controversy and Scottish independence.

Following a federal referendum, he constitution of the Federal Republic was ratified on 16 April 2012. Stewart was subsequently elected to the Federal Chamber as one of two Deputies for Wasserbrueck but he failed to gain a seat in the inaugural Federal Council. He was appointed to the Federal Council in the 2013 elections. Stewart also served as First Minister of Wasserbrueck, Provost of Kirkburgh and President of the Federal Chamber until the dissolution of the Federal Republic on 14 August 2014.

Post-Francisville

Stewart has not occupied a permanent position in micronational governance since the dissolution of Francisville in November 2014. He has remained an active observer within the micronational community, however, and maintains contact with several former and current members of the MicroWiki sphere including Alexander Reinhardt, James von Puchow, Gaius Soergel Publicola, Jacob Tierney, and Sebastian Linden. In November 2017, he founded Historic Francisville with the aim of preserving and promoting the history and legacy of the nation. Stewart is a citizen of Flandrensis and New Virginia as well as being an Honorary Subject of Austenasia. He was appointed New Virginian delegate to the Grand Unified Micronational on 29 May 2020. He has also served as the Consul-General in Scotland for the Empire of Austenasia since 7 February 2020. On 25 May 2020, he became a citizen of the Commonwealth of New Virginia by order of the Provisional Council. He was subsequently appointed as the Commonwealth's ambassador and delegate to the Grand Unified Micronational[17].

Personal life

Stewart lives permanently at his residence in Edinburgh. He began his undergraduate studies in 2011, graduating with a MA (Hons) in philosophy and linguistics in 2015. He gained a postgraduate qualification in librarianship in 2016. Stewart is an amateur maritime historian and he is also known to have an expert level knowledge of Scotch Whisky. Stewart is a Presbyterian.

Titles and styles

Styles of
Lord James Stewart
Grand Duke Emeritus of Francisville, Baron of Flandrensis
James Stewart, Baron of Flandrensis.png
Reference style His Lordship
Spoken style My Lord
Alternative style Sir
  • 28 November 2008 - 15 January 2009: His Excellency James Stewart, Archduke of Francisville
  • 16 January 2009 - 13 February 2009: His Grand Ducal Highness James I, Grand Duke of Francisville, Baron of Flandrensis
  • 13 February 2009 - 15 May 2009: His Grand Ducal Highness James I, Grand Duke of Francisville, Baron of Flandrensis, OBS
  • 15 May 2009 - 14 July 2009: His Grace James I, Grand Duke of Francisville, Duke of Kirkburgh, Earl of Ennerau & Holmewood, Baron of Flandrensis, OBS.
  • 14 July 2009 - 5 January 2012: His Grace James I, Grand Duke of Francisville, Duke of Kirkburgh, Earl of Ennerau & Holmewood, Baron of Flandrensis, Knight in the Holy Military Order of Saint Polycarpus, OBS.
  • 5 January 2012 - 21 August 2012: His Grace James I, Grand Duke of Francisville, Duke of Kirkburgh, Earl of Ennerau & Holmewood, Baron of Flandrensis, Knight in the Holy Military Order of Saint Polycarpus, OBS, ACCL.
  • 21 August 2012 - 14 September 2012: Rt. Hon. Sir. James Stewart, First Minister of Wasserbrueck, Grand Duke Emeritus of Francisville, Duke of Kirkburgh, Earl of Ennerau & Holmewood, Baron of Flandrensis, OBS, ACCL.
  • 15 September 2012 - 7 November 2014: Rt. Hon. Sir. James Stewart, First Minister of Wasserbrueck, Grand Duke Emeritus of Francisville, Duke of Kirkburgh, Earl of Ennerau & Holmewood, Baron of Flandrensis, IKA, OBS, ACCL.
  • 8 November 2014 - 16 June 2020: Lord James Stewart, Grand Duke Emeritus of Francisville, Duke of Kirkburgh, Earl of Ennerau & Holmewood, Baron of Flandrensis, IKA, OBS, ACCL.
  • 17 June 2020 - Present: Lord James Stewart, Grand Duke Emeritus of Francisville, Baron of Flandrensis, IKA.

Awards and decorations

Past decorations

Obsolete, Discontinued on 30 July 2011.

Obsolete, Discontinued on 30 July 2011.

Admitted to the rank of Ufficiale on 14 April 2014.

See also

References

  1. Constitution Proposals Prove Popular, The Francillian, 16 January 2012
  2. Sebastian Linden at CCPS Part Conference, Sandus, 9 Nov 2013
  3. history of the MicroWiki Community politics Reinhardt's Corner: The Rotary Club of MicroWiki, St.Charlian Observer, 9 April 2011
  4. Constitution of Francisville, 2008, National Archives of Francisville, Accessed 01/01/16
  5. Constitution of Francisville, January 2009, National Archives of Francisville, Access 01/01/16
  6. Francillian Legislative Election, May 2009, National Archives of Francisville, Accessed 01/01/16
  7. Constitution of Francisville, May 2009, National Archives of Francisville, Accessed 01/01/16
  8. Treaty between the Grand Duchy of Flandrensis and the Democratic Duchy of Francisville, National Archives of Francisville, Accessed 01/01/16
  9. Opening Addresses Recieved Well by Congress, Erusian Central News, 31 August 2009
  10. 'Emergency-vote-of-no-confidence-nominated-reinhardt-as-gum-vice-chair', St.Charlian Observer, 3 March 2010
  11. Declaration of the Republic, Grand Ducal Office, Accessed 01/01/16
  12. Citizens will vote on disputed isues, The Francillian, 15 February 2012
  13. Latest Survey Results Published, The Francillian, 19 March 2012
  14. London Conference Schedule, 14 June 2012, [1], Accessed 01/01/16
  15. POLINATION 2012: “I TOLD YOU THAT THERE WERE MORE OF US”, St.Charlian Observer, 15 July 2012
  16. Polination 2012 Weekend, Austenasian News Archive, Accessed 01/01/16
  17. James Stewart appointed GUM Ambassador The Herald, 13 June 2020. Accessed 22 June 2020