Difference between revisions of "Intermicronational organisation"

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[[File:Loss_logo.gif|thumb|Logo of the [[League of Secessionist States]] (LoSS), the first intermicronational organisation ever formed, being founded on 26 November [[1980]].]]
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[[File:Loss_logo.gif|thumb|Logo of the [[League of Secessionist States]] (LoSS), the first intermicronational organisation ever formed, being founded on 26 November 1980]]
[[File:EUM UME1.png|thumb|right|250px]]
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An '''intermicronational organisation'''<ref name="LoM">[https://web.archive.org/web/20060612200815/http://lom.4t.com/ Official website of the LoM]. Archived from [http://lom.4t.com/ the original] on 12 June 2006. Retrieved 24 February 2020.</ref> ('''IntermOrg''';<ref>[https://micronations.wiki/wiki/Template:IntermOrgNav Template:IntermOrgNav] on [[MicroWiki]]. Retrieved 30 July 2020.</ref>{{better source needed}} '''intergovernmental organisation''' (IGO);<ref name="s">{{citation|title=Yearbook of international organizations|orig-year=1998|editor=Union of International Associations|publisher=Brill|location=Leiden|url=http://www.uia.be/yearbook}} (six volumes in print format, plus online, subscription-based edition)</ref> '''micronational organisation''' (micro-org)<ref>[https://dictionary.micronations.wiki/wiki/Micronational_organisation Micronational organisation] on [[MicroWikiDictionary]]. Retrieved 24 February 2020.</ref>) is an organisation, similar to the [[w:international organisation|macronational equivalent]], which is composed of primarily Member states, but may also include other entities, such as other intermicronational organisations. Additionally, entities (including, but not limited to states) may hold observer status. Intermicronational organisations may hold multiple goals or purposes, commonly foreign relations, development and general discussions.<ref name="s/> Some intermicronational organisations are created for the single purpose of diplomacy with its member states in a certain region, such as the [[Union of Micronations of Central Europe]] (UMCE),<ref name="UMWEB">[https://umce.eu/ Official website of UMCE] (in [[w:Czech language|Czech]]). Retrieved 24 February 2020.</ref> [[Association of Indonesian Micronations]] (AIM)<ref name="AIM">[http://www.facebook.com/groups/120185474738067?ap=1 Facebook Group of AIM]. Retrieved 24 February 2020.</ref> and the and the oldest and largest with 28 member states, the [[European Union of Micronations]].<ref name="EUM">https://www.facebook.com/groups/557155781003875/</ref> Intermicronational organisations may also create and sign treaties and host [[micronational summit]]s among other projects, such as the [[Grand Unified Micronational]] which hosted a [[Birmingham Summit|summit in Birmingham]],<ref name="AT">{{cite web |url= https://austenasiantimes.wordpress.com/2019/06/29/gum-summit-held-at-birmingham/|title= GUM Summit held at Birmingham|last= Augustus|first= Jonathan |date= 29 June 2019|website= |publisher= Austenasian Times|access-date= 21 July 2019|quote=}}</ref> and [[MicroFrancophonie]] which has hosted two micronational summits between its member states.<ref name="S16">{{cite web|url=http://www.microfrancophonie.org/sommet2016.html |title=Summit 2016 |accessdate=13 September 2019 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20161027194808/http://www.microfrancophonie.org/sommet2016.html|archivedate=2016-08-27}}</ref><ref name="fb">{{cite web|url=https://www.facebook.com/events/2000390786855891/|title=2e Sommet de la MicroFrancophonie |accessdate=13 September 2019 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20190913153231/https://www.facebook.com/events/2000390786855891/|archivedate=2019-09-13}}</ref>
An '''intermicronational organisation'''<ref name="LoM">[https://web.archive.org/web/20060612200815/http://lom.4t.com/ Official website of the LoM]. Archived from [http://lom.4t.com/ the original] on 12 June 2006. Retrieved 24 February 2020.</ref> ('''IntermOrg''';<ref>[https://micronations.wiki/wiki/Template:IntermOrgNav Template:IntermOrgNav] on [[MicroWiki]]. Retrieved 30 July 2020.</ref>{{better source needed}} '''intergovernmental organisation''' (IGO);<ref name="s">{{citation|title=Yearbook of international organizations|orig-year=1998|editor=Union of International Associations|publisher=Brill|location=Leiden|url=http://www.uia.be/yearbook}} (six volumes in print format, plus online, subscription-based edition)</ref> '''micronational organisation''' (micro-org)<ref>[https://dictionary.micronations.wiki/wiki/Micronational_organisation Micronational organisation] on [[MicroWikiDictionary]]. Retrieved 24 February 2020.</ref>) is an organisation, similar to the [[w:international organisation|macronational equivalent]], which is composed of primarily Member states, but may also include other entities, such as other intermicronational organisations. Additionally, entities (including, but not limited to states) may hold observer status. Intermicronational organisations may hold multiple goals or purposes, commonly foreign relations, development and general discussions.<ref name="s/> Some intermicronational organisations are created for the single purpose of diplomacy with its member states in a certain region, such as, [[European Union of Micronations]] and the [[Union of Micronations of Central Europe]] (UMCE)<ref name="UMWEB">[https://umce.eu/ Official website of UMCE] (in [[w:Czech language|Czech]]). Retrieved 24 February 2020.</ref> and [[Association of Indonesian Micronations]] (AIM).<ref name="AIM">[http://www.facebook.com/groups/120185474738067?ap=1 Facebook Group of AIM]. Retrieved 24 February 2020.</ref> Intermicronational organisations may also create and sign treaties and host [[micronational summit]]s among other projects, such as the [[Grand Unified Micronational]] which hosted a [[Birmingham Summit|summit in Birmingham]],<ref name="AT">{{cite web |url= https://austenasiantimes.wordpress.com/2019/06/29/gum-summit-held-at-birmingham/|title= GUM Summit held at Birmingham|last= Augustus|first= Jonathan |date= 29 June 2019|website= |publisher= Austenasian Times|access-date= 21 July 2019|quote=}}</ref> and [[MicroFrancophonie]] which has hosted two micronational summits between its member states.<ref name="S16">{{cite web|url=http://www.microfrancophonie.org/sommet2016.html |title=Summit 2016 |accessdate=13 September 2019 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20161027194808/http://www.microfrancophonie.org/sommet2016.html|archivedate=2016-08-27}}</ref><ref name="fb">{{cite web|url=https://www.facebook.com/events/2000390786855891/|title=2e Sommet de la MicroFrancophonie |accessdate=13 September 2019 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20190913153231/https://www.facebook.com/events/2000390786855891/|archivedate=2019-09-13}}</ref>
 
  
Notable examples of active intermicronational organisations include the [[Grand Unified Micronational]] (GUM), the biggest intermicronational organisation and main forum for diplomacy in the [[MicroWiki sector]],<ref>[[Jonathan I, Emperor of Austenasia|Augustus, Jonathan]]. [https://austenasiantimes.wordpress.com/2014/12/13/taeglan-i-nihilus-elected-gum-chair/ Taeglan I Ninilus Elected GUM Chair], 13 December 2014. ''[[Austenasian Times]]''. Retrieved 24 February 2019.</ref><ref name="Ame">Clark, Anthony (25 Mar 2020) [https://amerstonpost.wordpress.com/2020/03/25/why-cant-we-see-inside-quorum/ Why can’t we see inside Quorum?]. ''[[Amerston Post]]''. Retrieved 27 March 2020.</ref> the [[Micronational Olympic Federation]] (MOF),<ref>[https://micronationalolympicfederation.weebly.com/ Official website of the MOF]. ''weebly.com''. Retrieved 24 February 2020.</ref> [[Union of Micronations of Central Europe]] (UMCE),<ref name="UMWEB"/> [[European Union of Micronations]] [[MicroFrancophonie]] (OMF)<ref name="MF">[http://www.microfrancophonie.org/ Official website of MicroFrancophonie] (in [[w:French language|French]]). Retrieved 24 February 2020.</ref> and the [[Konmalehth]].<ref>[https://igp.news.blog/ Official news website of the Konmalehth]. Retrieved 24 February 2020.</ref> Historical examples included the [[United Micronations (1999)|United Micronations]] (UM), [[Organisation of Active Micronations]] (OAM),<ref>[http://web.archive.org/web/20101110030201/http://www.oamicro.org/ Official website of the OAM]. Archived from [http://www.oamicro.org/ the original] on 10 November 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2020.</ref> [[League of Secessionist States]] (LoSS)<ref name=LoSS>[http://www.theloss.org/ Official website of the LoSS] (in French). Retrieved 24 February 2020.</ref><ref>http://www.yahoogroups.com/group/loss</ref> and the [[League of Micronations (established 2000)]] (LoM).<ref name="LoM"/>
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Notable examples of active intermicronational organisations include the [[Grand Unified Micronational]] (GUM), the biggest intermicronational organisation and main forum for diplomacy in the [[MicroWiki sector]],<ref>[[Jonathan I, Emperor of Austenasia|Augustus, Jonathan]]. [https://austenasiantimes.wordpress.com/2014/12/13/taeglan-i-nihilus-elected-gum-chair/ Taeglan I Ninilus Elected GUM Chair], 13 December 2014. ''[[Austenasian Times]]''. Retrieved 24 February 2019.</ref><ref name="Ame">Clark, Anthony (25 Mar 2020) [https://amerstonpost.wordpress.com/2020/03/25/why-cant-we-see-inside-quorum/ Why can’t we see inside Quorum?]. ''[[Amerston Post]]''. Retrieved 27 March 2020.</ref> the [[Micronational Olympic Federation]] (MOF),<ref>[https://micronationalolympicfederation.weebly.com/ Official website of the MOF]. ''weebly.com''. Retrieved 24 February 2020.</ref> [[Union of Micronations of Central Europe]] (UMCE),<ref name="UMWEB"/> [[MicroFrancophonie]] (OMF)<ref name="MF">[http://www.microfrancophonie.org/ Official website of MicroFrancophonie] (in [[w:French language|French]]). Retrieved 24 February 2020.</ref> and the [[Cupertino Alliance]] (CA).<ref>https://cupertinoalliance.ca</ref> Historical examples included the [[United Micronations (1999)|United Micronations]] (UM), the [[Konmalehth]]<ref>[https://igp.news.blog/ Official news website of the Konmalehth]. Retrieved 24 February 2020.</ref> [[Organisation of Active Micronations]] (OAM),<ref>[http://web.archive.org/web/20101110030201/http://www.oamicro.org/ Official website of the OAM]. Archived from [http://www.oamicro.org/ the original] on 10 November 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2020.</ref> [[League of Secessionist States]] (LoSS)<ref name=LoSS>[http://www.theloss.org/ Official website of the LoSS] (in French). Retrieved 24 February 2020.</ref><ref>http://www.yahoogroups.com/group/loss</ref> and the [[League of Micronations (established 2000)]] (LoM).<ref name="LoM"/>
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
The oldest intermicronational organisation ever formed is the [[League of Secessionist States]] (LSS), created on 26 November 1980.<ref name=LoSS/> It had thirty-two member states by late 2001, which had risen to forty-three by early 2003, at which point the organisation had been assumed defunct after months of inactivity. The [[United Micronations (1999)]] (UM) was the first intermicronational organisation to have a name in emulation of the [[w:United Nations|United Nations]]. The Grand Unified Micronational was founded in January 2009,<ref>[[Jonathan I, Emperor of Austenasia|Augustus, Jonathan]]. [https://austenasiantimes.wordpress.com/2014/12/13/taeglan-i-nihilus-elected-gum-chair/ Taeglan I Ninilus Elected GUM Chair], 13 December 2014. ''[[Austenasian Times]]''. Retrieved 26 January 2019.</ref> focusing on the MicroWiki community. It is the current oldest intermicronational organisation that is active and still in existence.{{efn|That is including reforms and "re-foundings" as its 'date of establishment'.}} The [[Association of Indonesian Micronations]] (AIM), was founded by [[Indokistan]] and [[Los Bay Petros]] in July 2011, and became the largest intermicronational organisation that unites [[Indonesian sector|Indonesian micronations]] and significantly influences micronational activities on the sector. On 7 January 2018, [[Posaf]] founded the [[Micronational Olympic Federation]] after noting the [[Micronational Olympic Committee]] was inactive.<ref>[https://micronationalolympicfederation.weebly.com/about.html "About", MOF Website], retrieved 25 February 2020</ref> So far, the MOF has hosted the [[2018 MOF Games]]<ref>[https://coprietastandard.com/2018/02/21/cy-letes-compete-at-games/ Cyletes compete at games, Coprieta Standard], retrieved 7 March 2020</ref> and [[2019 MOF Games|2019 MOF Games]],<ref>[https://aarianianunion.weebly.com/news/aariania-withdraws-from-micronational-olympic-federation-after-disagreement-of-tiebreaker-procedures ''Aariania withdraws from MOF after disagreement of tiebreaker procedures'', Aarinaia Weekly] retrieved 7 March 2020.</ref> and are planning on hosting [[2020 Micronational Olympic Games|physical games]] sometime during the summer of 2020.<ref>https://iustus2020.weebly.com/#</ref>
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The oldest intermicronational organisation ever formed is the [[League of Secessionist States]] (LSS), created on 26 November 1980.<ref name=LoSS/> It had thirty-two member states by late 2001, which had risen to forty-three by early 2003, at which point the organisation had been assumed defunct after months of inactivity. The [[United Micronations (1999)]] (UM) was the first intermicronational organisation to have a name in emulation of the [[w:United Nations|United Nations]]. The first regional intermicronational organisation was the [[Lusophone Commonwealth]], created in November 2001 by micronations in the [[Lusophone sector]].{{citation needed|date=August 2020}} The Grand Unified Micronational was founded in January 2009,<ref>[[Jonathan I, Emperor of Austenasia|Augustus, Jonathan]]. [https://austenasiantimes.wordpress.com/2014/12/13/taeglan-i-nihilus-elected-gum-chair/ Taeglan I Ninilus Elected GUM Chair], 13 December 2014. ''[[Austenasian Times]]''. Retrieved 26 January 2019.</ref> focusing on the MicroWiki community. It is the current oldest intermicronational organisation that is active and still in existence.{{efn|That is including reforms and "re-foundings" as its 'date of establishment'.}} The [[Association of Indonesian Micronations]] (AIM), was founded by [[Indokistan]] and [[Los Bay Petros]] in July 2011, and became the largest intermicronational organisation that unites [[Indonesian sector|Indonesian micronations]] and significantly influences micronational activities on the sector. The [[European Union of Micronations]], an economic and political union was also founded in 2011, and with 28 member states is the largest regional intermicronational organisation. On 7 January 2018, [[Posaf]] founded the [[Micronational Olympic Federation]] after noting the [[Micronational Olympic Committee]] was inactive.<ref>[https://micronationalolympicfederation.weebly.com/about.html "About", MOF Website], retrieved 25 February 2020</ref> So far, the MOF has hosted the [[2018 MOF Games]]<ref>[https://coprietastandard.com/2018/02/21/cy-letes-compete-at-games/ Cyletes compete at games, Coprieta Standard], retrieved 7 March 2020</ref> and [[2019 MOF Games|2019 MOF Games]],<ref>[https://aarianianunion.weebly.com/news/aariania-withdraws-from-micronational-olympic-federation-after-disagreement-of-tiebreaker-procedures ''Aariania withdraws from MOF after disagreement of tiebreaker procedures'', Aarinaia Weekly] retrieved 7 March 2020.</ref> and are planning on hosting [[2020 Micronational Olympic Games|physical games]] sometime during the summer of 2020.<ref>https://iustus2020.weebly.com/#</ref>
  
==Purpose==
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==Purposes==
 
Intermicronational organisations differ in function, purpose, membership and membership criteria. They have various goals and scopes, often outlined in the treaty or charter. Some common types include:
 
Intermicronational organisations differ in function, purpose, membership and membership criteria. They have various goals and scopes, often outlined in the treaty or charter. Some common types include:
 
*Worldwide or global intermicronational organisations — generally open to nations worldwide as long as certain criteria are met: This category includes the Grand Unified Micronational (GUM) and [[Commonwealth of Sovereignties (ComSov)]].<ref>[https://twitter.com/comsov Official Twitter account of ComSov]. Retrieved 25 February 2020.</ref>
 
*Worldwide or global intermicronational organisations — generally open to nations worldwide as long as certain criteria are met: This category includes the Grand Unified Micronational (GUM) and [[Commonwealth of Sovereignties (ComSov)]].<ref>[https://twitter.com/comsov Official Twitter account of ComSov]. Retrieved 25 February 2020.</ref>
**Development intermicronational organisations — like intermicronational organisations, but focused on the development of one's nation. This category includes the [[Cupertino Alliance]] (CUP).
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**Development intermicronational organisations — like intermicronational organisations, but focused on the development of one's nation. This category includes the [[Cupertino Alliance]] (CUP).<ref>[https://www.cupertinoalliance.ca/ What we do]. ''CupertinoAlliance.ca''. Retrieved 29 August 2020.</ref>
 
*Economic intermicronational organisations — based on macro-economic policy goals: Some are dedicated to [[w:free trade|free trade]] and reduction of trade barriers: [[Micronational Economic Group]] (MEG).<ref>[https://bank.micronations.wiki/ Official website of MEG]. Retrieved 25 February 2020.</ref>
 
*Economic intermicronational organisations — based on macro-economic policy goals: Some are dedicated to [[w:free trade|free trade]] and reduction of trade barriers: [[Micronational Economic Group]] (MEG).<ref>[https://bank.micronations.wiki/ Official website of MEG]. Retrieved 25 February 2020.</ref>
*Cultural, linguistic, ethnic, religious, or historical intermicronational organisations — open to members based on some cultural, linguistic, relations, ethnic, religious, or historical link: examples include the [[Konmalehth]].
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*Cultural, linguistic, ethnic, political, religious, or historical intermicronational organisations — open to members based on some cultural, linguistic, relations, ethnic, religious, or historical link: examples include the [[Konmalehth]], [[League of Christian Micronations]] and [[Union of Leftist States]].
*[[Intermicronational organisation#Regional intermicronational organisations|Regional intermicronational organisations]] — open to members from a particular continent or other specific region of the world. Sometimes [[micronations]] from the non-specific region may hold observer-ship. This category includes the [[Union of Micronations of Central Europe]] (UMCE), [[MicroFrancophonie]] (OMF), the [[Taiwanese Micronational Community]] (TMC),<ref>https://sites.google.com/view/micronationscommunity/首頁</ref> [[Asia-Pacific Alliance]] (ASPAA) and the [[Association of Indonesian Micronations]] (AIM).
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*[[Intermicronational organisation#Regional intermicronational organisations|Regional intermicronational organisations]] — open to members from a particular continent or other specific region of the world. Sometimes [[micronations]] from the non-specific region may hold observer-ship. This category includes the [[Union of Micronations of Central Europe]] (UMCE), The [[European Union of Micronations]], [[MicroFrancophonie]] (OMF), the [[Taiwanese Micronational Community]] (TMC),<ref>https://sites.google.com/view/micronationscommunity/首頁</ref> [[Asia-Pacific Alliance]] (ASPAA) and the [[Association of Indonesian Micronations]] (AIM).
 
*Sports intermicronational organisations and sport federations — primarily focused on sports and hosting sporting events. This category includes the Micronational Olympic Federation (MOF) and the [[MFF|Micronational Fédération Football]] (MFF).
 
*Sports intermicronational organisations and sport federations — primarily focused on sports and hosting sporting events. This category includes the Micronational Olympic Federation (MOF) and the [[MFF|Micronational Fédération Football]] (MFF).
 
*Satire or non-serious intermicronational organisations — created as a joke or to satirise a certain subject related to an intermicronational organisation.
 
*Satire or non-serious intermicronational organisations — created as a joke or to satirise a certain subject related to an intermicronational organisation.
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A member state is a state that is a member of an intermicronational organisation, and also a [[federation]] or [[confederation]]. Some intermicronational organisations include some members that are not independent from their micronations, and others may hold them under different names such as "non-sovereign member states".
 
A member state is a state that is a member of an intermicronational organisation, and also a [[federation]] or [[confederation]]. Some intermicronational organisations include some members that are not independent from their micronations, and others may hold them under different names such as "non-sovereign member states".
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==Legal==
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The GUM has the [[Supreme Justice of the Grand Unified Micronational|Supreme Court]] as its judicial organs, which has the power to try member states and other parties which it considered could have violated "[[intermicronational law]]". The Court is constitutionally obliged to remain unbiased and independent in all its decisions.<ref name="Jjjj">Augustus, Jonathan (12 December 2012) [https://austenasiantimes.wordpress.com/2012/12/12/crown-prince-re-elected-supreme-judge-as-gum-elections-conclude/ Crown Prince re-elected Supreme Judge as GUM elections conclude.] ''[[Austenasian Times]]''. Retrieved 26 January 2020.</ref> The CA also has a [[Cupertino Alliance#Superior Court|Superior Court]] which's purpose is to "a) Provide fair trials to delegates; b) Enforce justice in the alliance; c) Slove conflicts between 2 or more member states; b) Slove conflicts inside the Cupertino Alliance".<ref>Lycon, Jayden (18 March 2020) [https://docs.google.com/document/d/1F6pvJVp8xtaMbCP4hEztiOlAjlBYcwnQP3IFAKmmeUk/edit?usp=sharing Syracuse Declaration]. Retrieved 23 August 2020.</ref>
  
 
==Criticism of intermicronational organisations==
 
==Criticism of intermicronational organisations==
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*[[Taiwanese Micronational Community]] (TMC)
 
*[[Taiwanese Micronational Community]] (TMC)
 
*[[MicroFrancophonie]] (OMF)<ref name="MF"/>
 
*[[MicroFrancophonie]] (OMF)<ref name="MF"/>
*[[Organisation of North American States]] (ONAS)
 
 
*[[Association of Indonesian Micronations]] (AIM)<ref name="AIM"/>
 
*[[Association of Indonesian Micronations]] (AIM)<ref name="AIM"/>
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*[[European Union of Micronations]] (EUM)<ref name="EUM"/>
  
The oldest regional intermicronational organisation is the [[Lusophone Commonwealth]], created in November 2001 by micronations in the [[Lusophone sector]].{{citation needed|date=April 2020}}
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The oldest regional intermicronational organisation was the [[Lusophone Commonwealth]], created in November 2001 by micronations in the [[Lusophone sector]].{{citation needed|date=April 2020}}
===Antartica===
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===Antarctica===
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{{see also|Micronationalism in Antarctica}}
 
A handful of intermicronational organisations were created for the purpose of dividing land claims in [[micronationalism in Antarctica|Marie Byrd Land]] or the whole [[w:Antarctica|Antarctic continent]] itself. No micronation has yet physically set foot on Antarctica, making these claims and dividing up Antarctica pointless to some. The [[Antarctic Micronational Union]] (AMU) was historically widely regarded as one of the leading intermicronational organisations in Antarctic claims,<ref>https://www.facebook.com/Antarctic-Micronational-Union-178798232155506/</ref>{{better source needed}} until it fell into inactivity after late November 2016.<ref> L'Union (11 November 2016). [https://luniondesaintcastin.wordpress.com/2016/11/11/luma-un-avenir-incertain/ L’UMA, un avenir incertain]. (in French), "[AMU, an uncertain future]". [https://web.archive.org/web/20200423131629/https://luniondesaintcastin.wordpress.com/2016/11/11/luma-un-avenir-incertain/  Archived] from the original on 23 April 2020. Retrieved 23 April 2020.</ref> The intermicronational organisation was later reformed on 24 February 2020, when the new Charter was signed.<ref>[https://www.amu.lostisland.org/ Official website of the AMU]. Retrieved 23 April 2020.</ref> Other current and historic Antarctic intermicronational organisations include the [[Union of Antarctic Micronational Claims]] (UAMC)<ref>[https://umlcmicro.weebly.com/ Official website of the UAMC]. Retrieved 23 April 2020.</ref> and [[Transantarctic Supramicronational Union]] (TSA).<ref>[https://6c0c7b6a-f8e9-491e-90a2-ed6e97b52b65.filesusr.com/ugd/6a4d34_cd33192049ac47ba9deea4bc214dd419.pdf Charter of the TSA]. Retrieved 23 April 2020.</ref>
 
A handful of intermicronational organisations were created for the purpose of dividing land claims in [[micronationalism in Antarctica|Marie Byrd Land]] or the whole [[w:Antarctica|Antarctic continent]] itself. No micronation has yet physically set foot on Antarctica, making these claims and dividing up Antarctica pointless to some. The [[Antarctic Micronational Union]] (AMU) was historically widely regarded as one of the leading intermicronational organisations in Antarctic claims,<ref>https://www.facebook.com/Antarctic-Micronational-Union-178798232155506/</ref>{{better source needed}} until it fell into inactivity after late November 2016.<ref> L'Union (11 November 2016). [https://luniondesaintcastin.wordpress.com/2016/11/11/luma-un-avenir-incertain/ L’UMA, un avenir incertain]. (in French), "[AMU, an uncertain future]". [https://web.archive.org/web/20200423131629/https://luniondesaintcastin.wordpress.com/2016/11/11/luma-un-avenir-incertain/  Archived] from the original on 23 April 2020. Retrieved 23 April 2020.</ref> The intermicronational organisation was later reformed on 24 February 2020, when the new Charter was signed.<ref>[https://www.amu.lostisland.org/ Official website of the AMU]. Retrieved 23 April 2020.</ref> Other current and historic Antarctic intermicronational organisations include the [[Union of Antarctic Micronational Claims]] (UAMC)<ref>[https://umlcmicro.weebly.com/ Official website of the UAMC]. Retrieved 23 April 2020.</ref> and [[Transantarctic Supramicronational Union]] (TSA).<ref>[https://6c0c7b6a-f8e9-491e-90a2-ed6e97b52b65.filesusr.com/ugd/6a4d34_cd33192049ac47ba9deea4bc214dd419.pdf Charter of the TSA]. Retrieved 23 April 2020.</ref>
  

Latest revision as of 17:14, 29 August 2020

Logo of the League of Secessionist States (LoSS), the first intermicronational organisation ever formed, being founded on 26 November 1980

An intermicronational organisation[1] (IntermOrg;[2][better source needed] intergovernmental organisation (IGO);[3] micronational organisation (micro-org)[4]) is an organisation, similar to the macronational equivalent, which is composed of primarily Member states, but may also include other entities, such as other intermicronational organisations. Additionally, entities (including, but not limited to states) may hold observer status. Intermicronational organisations may hold multiple goals or purposes, commonly foreign relations, development and general discussions.[3] Some intermicronational organisations are created for the single purpose of diplomacy with its member states in a certain region, such as the Union of Micronations of Central Europe (UMCE),[5] Association of Indonesian Micronations (AIM)[6] and the and the oldest and largest with 28 member states, the European Union of Micronations.[7] Intermicronational organisations may also create and sign treaties and host micronational summits among other projects, such as the Grand Unified Micronational which hosted a summit in Birmingham,[8] and MicroFrancophonie which has hosted two micronational summits between its member states.[9][10]

Notable examples of active intermicronational organisations include the Grand Unified Micronational (GUM), the biggest intermicronational organisation and main forum for diplomacy in the MicroWiki sector,[11][12] the Micronational Olympic Federation (MOF),[13] Union of Micronations of Central Europe (UMCE),[5] MicroFrancophonie (OMF)[14] and the Cupertino Alliance (CA).[15] Historical examples included the United Micronations (UM), the Konmalehth[16] Organisation of Active Micronations (OAM),[17] League of Secessionist States (LoSS)[18][19] and the League of Micronations (established 2000) (LoM).[1]

History

The oldest intermicronational organisation ever formed is the League of Secessionist States (LSS), created on 26 November 1980.[18] It had thirty-two member states by late 2001, which had risen to forty-three by early 2003, at which point the organisation had been assumed defunct after months of inactivity. The United Micronations (1999) (UM) was the first intermicronational organisation to have a name in emulation of the United Nations. The first regional intermicronational organisation was the Lusophone Commonwealth, created in November 2001 by micronations in the Lusophone sector.[citation needed] The Grand Unified Micronational was founded in January 2009,[20] focusing on the MicroWiki community. It is the current oldest intermicronational organisation that is active and still in existence.[a] The Association of Indonesian Micronations (AIM), was founded by Indokistan and Los Bay Petros in July 2011, and became the largest intermicronational organisation that unites Indonesian micronations and significantly influences micronational activities on the sector. The European Union of Micronations, an economic and political union was also founded in 2011, and with 28 member states is the largest regional intermicronational organisation. On 7 January 2018, Posaf founded the Micronational Olympic Federation after noting the Micronational Olympic Committee was inactive.[21] So far, the MOF has hosted the 2018 MOF Games[22] and 2019 MOF Games,[23] and are planning on hosting physical games sometime during the summer of 2020.[24]

Purposes

Intermicronational organisations differ in function, purpose, membership and membership criteria. They have various goals and scopes, often outlined in the treaty or charter. Some common types include:

Structure

Intermicronational organisations typically have a Chair or Vice-Chair, a judicial council, and ministries or cabinets. Most intermicronational organisations typically host elections for a new head of the organisation. Almost every intermicronational organisation hosts meetings, usually monthly or weekly, always online. Usually through text through Skype, Twitter, Facebook or Discord.

A member state is a state that is a member of an intermicronational organisation, and also a federation or confederation. Some intermicronational organisations include some members that are not independent from their micronations, and others may hold them under different names such as "non-sovereign member states".

Legal

The GUM has the Supreme Court as its judicial organs, which has the power to try member states and other parties which it considered could have violated "intermicronational law". The Court is constitutionally obliged to remain unbiased and independent in all its decisions.[29] The CA also has a Superior Court which's purpose is to "a) Provide fair trials to delegates; b) Enforce justice in the alliance; c) Slove conflicts between 2 or more member states; b) Slove conflicts inside the Cupertino Alliance".[30]

Criticism of intermicronational organisations

The term "YAMO", an acronym for "Yet Another Micronational Organisation"[31] is a common phrase used to defame an intermicronational organisation, most commonly for serving no purpose, being underdeveloped or being short-lived.[32] It is a common phrase found in journalism covering the MicroWiki community.[33] The YAMO Federation is an intemicronational organisation established at MicroCon 2019 with the stated goal to "try to find out why almost all micronational organisations fail or dissolve quickly."

The name "United Micronations" ("UM") has been given to many intermicronational organisations in emulation of the United Nations (UN). The first of such was the United Micronations (1999). As such the term "YAMUN", an acronym for "Yet Another Micronational United Nations", has been used to describe the large number of intermicronational organisations in emulation of the UN.[34] The Daily Micronational talked about the various organisations with this name in episode one of the YAMO of the Week series.[35]

A huge number of intermicronational organisations have collapsed or struggled with inactivity, lack of interest, and/or lack of skill or experienced micronationalists.[36][37][33]

Between 1-4 March 2020 the Dime-Curio Micronational Organisation Poll took place, which was a poll used to rank intermicronational organisations. It was created by Jayden Lycon and Zarel Smith, and ran by Statistic-Dime and Curio Publications. It asked participants to rank a selected eight intermicronational organisations on a scale of 1 to 10. The Cupertino Alliance and Micronational Olympic Federation ranked the highest with 8.17 and 7.6 respectively, whilst perhaps interestingly the Konmalehth ranked second last with 5.25 and the Grand Unified Micronational came in last place with 4.94.[38]

Regional intermicronational organisations

Map of UMCE member states in the Czech Republic

Regional intermicronational organisations typically have member states from the whole world, with micronations from outside the specified region typically holding observership status or some variant of it. Regional international organisations usually hold more efficient meeting times for its member states due to their close proximity. Examples of regional intermicronational organisations include:

The oldest regional intermicronational organisation was the Lusophone Commonwealth, created in November 2001 by micronations in the Lusophone sector.[citation needed]

Antarctica

A handful of intermicronational organisations were created for the purpose of dividing land claims in Marie Byrd Land or the whole Antarctic continent itself. No micronation has yet physically set foot on Antarctica, making these claims and dividing up Antarctica pointless to some. The Antarctic Micronational Union (AMU) was historically widely regarded as one of the leading intermicronational organisations in Antarctic claims,[39][better source needed] until it fell into inactivity after late November 2016.[40] The intermicronational organisation was later reformed on 24 February 2020, when the new Charter was signed.[41] Other current and historic Antarctic intermicronational organisations include the Union of Antarctic Micronational Claims (UAMC)[42] and Transantarctic Supramicronational Union (TSA).[43]

Reforming and reviving defunct intermicronational organisations

Some micronationalists reform or revive already defunct intermicronational organisations, usually without any jurisdiction to do so. This practice is largely frowned upon within the community.

Notable reformed intermicronational organisations included:

Summits and treaties

Summits

Attendees of the GUM Birmingham Summit

Four micronational summits have been hosted by three intermicronational organisations. The first was the 2012 LIR Union Summit, which was a diplomatic conference between member states of an Indonesian customs union LIR Union, that was took place on 10 August 2012 in Kranji, Los Bay Petros. The meeting discussed and ratified the founding treaty of LIR Union. This summit became the first of its kind inside the sector and the only conference held by the Union before its collapse in 2013.

MicroFrancophonie has hosted two micronational summits between its member states, one in 2016[9] and another in 2018.[10] The first MicroFrancophonie Summit took place in the Principality of Aigues-Mortes between the 23–24 July 2016. Delegates from 9 micronations attended.[9] MicroFrancophonie hosted a second summit on 21–22 July 2018, in Vincennes, France.[10] It had 17 attendees from 12 micronations.[47][48] It was hosted by the Empire of Angyalistan.[49][50][51]

The Grand Unified Micronational hosted a summit in Birmingham.[8] The summit took place on 28 June 2019[52] in Birmingham, England, in the Guild Council Chamber at the University of Birmingham, and was organised by Emperor Adam I of Adammia, who was Chair of the Grand Unified Micronational at the time. It had twelve attendees, including two non-GUM members from Westarctica as non-member states were also allowed to attend.[53]

Treaties

See also

Notes

  1. That is including reforms and "re-foundings" as its 'date of establishment'.
  2. previously the New Eiffel Union of Micronations.[45]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Official website of the LoM. Archived from the original on 12 June 2006. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  2. Template:IntermOrgNav on MicroWiki. Retrieved 30 July 2020.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Union of International Associations (ed.), Yearbook of international organizations, Leiden: Brill (six volumes in print format, plus online, subscription-based edition)
  4. Micronational organisation on MicroWikiDictionary. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Official website of UMCE (in Czech). Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Facebook Group of AIM. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  7. 7.0 7.1 https://www.facebook.com/groups/557155781003875/
  8. 8.0 8.1 Augustus, Jonathan (29 June 2019). "GUM Summit held at Birmingham". Austenasian Times. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 "Summit 2016". Archived from the original on 2016-08-27. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 "2e Sommet de la MicroFrancophonie". Archived from the original on 2019-09-13. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  11. Augustus, Jonathan. Taeglan I Ninilus Elected GUM Chair, 13 December 2014. Austenasian Times. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  12. Clark, Anthony (25 Mar 2020) Why can’t we see inside Quorum?. Amerston Post. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  13. Official website of the MOF. weebly.com. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  14. 14.0 14.1 Official website of MicroFrancophonie (in French). Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  15. https://cupertinoalliance.ca
  16. Official news website of the Konmalehth. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  17. Official website of the OAM. Archived from the original on 10 November 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  18. 18.0 18.1 Official website of the LoSS (in French). Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  19. http://www.yahoogroups.com/group/loss
  20. Augustus, Jonathan. Taeglan I Ninilus Elected GUM Chair, 13 December 2014. Austenasian Times. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  21. "About", MOF Website, retrieved 25 February 2020
  22. Cyletes compete at games, Coprieta Standard, retrieved 7 March 2020
  23. Aariania withdraws from MOF after disagreement of tiebreaker procedures, Aarinaia Weekly retrieved 7 March 2020.
  24. https://iustus2020.weebly.com/#
  25. Official Twitter account of ComSov. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  26. What we do. CupertinoAlliance.ca. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  27. Official website of MEG. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  28. https://sites.google.com/view/micronationscommunity/首頁
  29. Augustus, Jonathan (12 December 2012) Crown Prince re-elected Supreme Judge as GUM elections conclude. Austenasian Times. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  30. Lycon, Jayden (18 March 2020) Syracuse Declaration. Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  31. YAMO on MicroWikiDictionary. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  32. FAQ. ComSov's official website. Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  33. 33.0 33.1 Maggiore, Nick (19 Sep 2010) Eat At Nick's GUM: Spider Web's in the GUM offices. The St.Charlian Observer. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  34. YAMUN on MicroWikiDictionary. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  35. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1nfEPkAjQe4
  36. Augustus, Jonathan. On the Grand Unified Micronational and what plagues it, 27 November 2017. Austenasian Times. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  37. Open Letter: GUM-OAM Relations on MicroCommons. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  38. J. Lycon. & Z. Smith. (4 March 2020) Dime-Curio Micro Organization Poll | March 2020
  39. https://www.facebook.com/Antarctic-Micronational-Union-178798232155506/
  40. L'Union (11 November 2016). L’UMA, un avenir incertain. (in French), "[AMU, an uncertain future]". Archived from the original on 23 April 2020. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  41. Official website of the AMU. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  42. Official website of the UAMC. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  43. Charter of the TSA. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  44. Hover, Brandyn (15 October 2009) United Micronation is BACK!. Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  45. Esecina in the New Eiffel Union of Micronations. Esecina.wordpress.com. Archived from the original on 17 December 2019. Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  46. Organisation of Active Micronation's website. Archived from the original on 15 November 2019. Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  47. https://mobile.twitter.com/OMF_officiel/status/1022229609927114753
  48. Sommet de micronations sur le pave folklorique et citoyen, 21 January 2018. La Voix du Nord. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  49. https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=t9eL8eNqSb4
  50. https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=RXCGe1DIdvU
  51. Sommet 2018[dead link]. MicroFrancophonie.com. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  52. "GUM Micronations Summit 2019". Facebook. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  53. "Announcement of the GUM Birmingham Summit 2019". Gum News. 10 January 2019. Retrieved 21 July 2019.

External links