Indokistani Third Republic
Third Republic of Indokistan (Indonesian: Republik Indokistan Ketiga) was a short-lived and the last incarnation of unitary "Republic of Indokistan". The Republic was established after Jendri Mamahit declared the restoration of unitary system and the end of the Federal Republic of Indokistan.
Republic of Indokistan|
Albania, Burkina Faso, Indonesia, and Micras |
|Official language(s)||Indonesian and English|
|Government||Presidential unitary republic|
|- President||Jendri Mamahit|
|- Chancellor||Nabil Ihsan|
|Established||3 October 2012|
|Time zone||UTC +7|
The Third Republic was established as results of the Federal Republic authority decision to restore the unitary system, that previously had been used by Indokistan. The movement of restoration was initiated by discontented citizens, led by anti-federal Tian Abdurrahman, that proposed the restoration.
Shortly after the formation of the Third Republic, a conflict with Al Rasyid Darussalam breakaway state Wenang was ignited after unilateral border modifications provoked Indokistan. The war was asymetrical, as Indokistan easily dominated the warfare and less than a week after the declaration of war, successfully took over Wenang capital city that led to Wenang authority to concedes defeat.
It was perceived by several politicians, that the changes was the right time to establish a nationwide reform, which was showed by reform plan proposals that was proposed by Jendri Mamahit and Nabil Ihsan in November 2012. Both proposals and the entire reform attempts were failed as the Third Republic collapsed in December 2012.
Throughout the history of the state, there are several proposals published by Indokistani politicians aimed on reforming the system inside the country with their respective ideals and goals they wished to achieve. These plans were eventually failed as the Third Republic collapsed in December 2012, but inspiring the next provisional government to held similar reform, that end success.
"Jendri's Five-years Plan"
On November 2012, Indokistani president Jendri Mamahit issued his manifesto called Rencana Pembangunan Lima Tahun (Five-years Development Plan) and sent it to the state Chancellor Nabil Ihsan, as he wished that he can discuss it together with him and the parliament. The main plan that was to change the political and economic system.
On political system, he proposed the country to be a semi-presidential republic, with the president and chancellor can both control each other. Both president and chancellor subordinate to the State Council, which on his system placed on the top of political hierarchy. State Council inaugurate president and parliament and observing all political activity of president, chancellor, and the parliament. State Council had power to vetoed all laws created either by president, prime minister, or parliament, amending national consitution, and declaring war.
He also proposed a cohabitational government, on which president-appointed chancellor must be from opposing party inside the government. Chancellor, on the other side must form a quota-strict cabinet, Jendri plan was to give 70-30 percent quota between the governing (president) party and the opposition. President can vetoed his choice, and if the appointed-chancellor failed to establish a cabinet in two weeks since his appointment, the chancellor must resign to be replaced by another parliament member.
On economic policy, he porposed a formation of various taxes and customs and establishment of various economic offices. He also established a state body regulating religious-obligated - especially Islamic - taxes, unusual since Indokistani nature of secularism. The proposals also established number of taxes that the citizens must pay and salaries for government officials.
His proposal on political system was radical, especially because it emphasized party politics as one important factors, which was seen unusual since previous government doesn't put political party as defining part in the government. His proposal on economic system was very throughout and highly-detailed, with even salaries and tax prices was written. His plan on economic system was the most detailed ever in Indokistani history, even surpassing the current Federal State that only dictates the economic basis instead of detail regulations.
"System Changes Proposal"
The proposal was created by state Chancellor Nabil Ihsan on November 2012, assuming that this proposal is to make match with Jendri Mamahit proposal given before. Using pretext that the country still not condusive despite of stability after Al Rasyid Darussalam and Bobodolands Barakstan joined Indokistan, he proposed changes on political, economical, social and cultural system. Despite on the fields he proposed to change, he only filled the political proposal, with economy and the rest remain unfinished.
The first paragraph described the political system proposed doesn't give any particular system to be praticed by the country, but only dictates that the system should not be direct democratic - since it will be very difficult - and communist. He also write that he cannot give any suitable system because he need to review the progress of the country.
The second paragraph proposed the numbers of ministries that Indokistan should have. With 5 ministries, the council was to be called "Coordinator Council" and the members to be called "Coordinator". These coordinators are managing internal affairs; foreign affairs; defence, law, and human rights; social and society; and economy and finance. He also dictates that this system no longer need chancellor position since the chancellor was replaced by the coordinator of internal affairs.
Collapse of Third Republic
On 12 December 2012, Royal Council of Al Rasyid Darussalam, an advisory council for King Abdul Rasyid I called for Northern Indokistan secession, citing government incompetence to be blamed. They claimed that the central government failed to maintain political stability and prosperity for Northern Indokistani province. Their first attempt to persuade Abdul Rasyid to voluntarily declared secession, was failed.
Shortly after that, they set an unilateral referendum on 18 December with overwhelming results of supporting secession, despite of suspected fraudulent votes. President Jendri Mamahit as King of Al Rasyid Darussalam, realized he was in danger if decided to remain against the demand, especially after local troops defection to support the Royal Council, decided to signed the seccession treaty made by the Council and surrender his Indokistani presidency. On the same day, Northern Indokistan was again an independent Kingdom of Al Rasyid Darussalam.
The secession of the province and departure of the president and instability that followed, was seen as a right time to establish a reform inside Indokistan, which was realized by establishment of Provisional Government of Indokistan led by acting president Nabil Ihsan on January 2013.