Founding Fathers of Essexia

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The Founding Fathers of the Commonwealth of Essexia were the group of people who signed the Constitution of Essexia, these people were the first members of the Essexian Senate (now the Parliament of Essexia) many of whom led the push for a more powerful Senate, and a few were members of the government for the short lived Federal Republic of Essexia. These people were then, some of whom still are, the most prominent people of Essexian society, and many of them still play key roles in the government to this day.

Background

Jack's Coup

Prior to the ratification of the Constitution of Essexia, Essexia (then known as the Queendom of Essexia) had been through significant turmoil, with Lord Jack leading a coup against King Terry due to Terry making significant tyrannical rulings. Jack's coup was successful and established the short lived Federal Republic of Essexia, with Lord Jack's National Conservatives assuming power of the majority of government positions. After which Earl Finn, who still served as Chairman of the Royal Bank, and the Liberal Socialists pushed for a transfer of power back to the King, but with a greatly increased power of the senate. Eventually, Lord Jack (as de facto president) agreed, and transferred power back to Terry with some clear rules lain down.

Aftermath

The rules given to King Terry by the transition committee granted the Senate far greater power and whilst King Terry retained some legislative power, any (of the few) decisions made by the King could be overturned by a two-thirds majority vote in the Senate. The aftermath saw the creation of the role of Prime Minister of Essexia and was given to Earl Finn with the Liberal Socialists in coalition with the Royalists (even though the LibSocs had less seats the Royalists were forbidden to hold the role of PM as the "will of the royalty" wasn't allowed to hold both the position of PM and King under the rules), the Lord Jack's National Conservatives becoming the official opposition in the Senate.
Before the Constitution was complete the Royalists passed the Monarchical Powers Act 2018, which lead to Earl Finn's resignation as Prime Minister in protest and Lord Chris becoming First Minister of Essexia. The act repealed many of the rules set by the Transition Committee, and saw great power given back to the King.

Constitution

The task of writing the Constitution of Essexia was largely given to, the Royalist, Lord Matthew and, the coup leader, Lord Jack, with other founding fathers adding their two cent and doing minor work on the Constitution.
Lord Matthew and Jack worked on the Constitution for many months until the final draft was finished and eventually all the remained was ratification. Ratification required all the founding fathers to sign as well as a unanimous pass in the Senate and finally Royal approval. This long process came to an end on 7 January 2019, when the Constitution got royal assent so it came into effect.

The constitution was not without its controversies, however. One significant example of this is Article II Section 8 of the Constitution which states;


If a Senator leaves his party, the Senator loses his seat and a by-election is called

This section has been critiqued by the Liberal Socialists as it makes senators "puppets of their party not individuals who should be making the right call" as they have a constant threat of being kicked out the party, and therefore losing their seat if they do not vote for what their party wants.

List of Founding Fathers

Monarch

Signatories