Difference between revisions of "Foreign relations of Indradhanush"

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{{Main|Cupertino Alliance}}
 
{{Main|Cupertino Alliance}}
  
[[Indradhanush]] applied for the Cupertino Alliance on the request of the [[Chair of the Cupertino Alliance|current chair]], [[Dhrubajyoti Roy, Rashtradhyaksh of Vishwamitra|Dhrubajyoti Roy]]. It went through its first reading in the 123th Session of the Cupertino Alliance on 29 August 2021<ref>https://docs.google.com/document/d/1YlFI2yVU8WMZGSbBGLkCEeo0j5RpVgXZ5h9MZbkydb8/edit</ref>, second in the 124th on 4 September 2021<ref>https://docs.google.com/document/d/1plYbW1ckQ5y7CnS155ecBEOH2BnQTQAxzSykG4x-tnI/edit?usp=sharing</ref> and the third and final reading in the 125th Session on 5 September 2021<ref>https://docs.google.com/document/d/11xAM-kbMjzVqdGuKBOxVIZ9Fk4n4HOqf2XSXAUrN9Uw/edit?usp=sharing</ref>, on Teacher's Day in India.{{IndradhanushCASessions}}
+
[[Indradhanush]] applied for the Cupertino Alliance<ref>https://docs.google.com/document/d/1y5mpfbMrQ1hQljCkARMLGnZ6arT8g53n6IWsf1CArUM/edit?usp=sharing</ref> on the request of the [[Chair of the Cupertino Alliance|current chair]], [[Dhrubajyoti Roy, Rashtradhyaksh of Vishwamitra|Dhrubajyoti Roy]]. It went through its first reading in the 123th Session of the Cupertino Alliance on 29 August 2021<ref>https://docs.google.com/document/d/1YlFI2yVU8WMZGSbBGLkCEeo0j5RpVgXZ5h9MZbkydb8/edit</ref>, second in the 124th on 4 September 2021<ref>https://docs.google.com/document/d/1plYbW1ckQ5y7CnS155ecBEOH2BnQTQAxzSykG4x-tnI/edit?usp=sharing</ref> and the third and final reading in the 125th Session on 5 September 2021<ref>https://docs.google.com/document/d/11xAM-kbMjzVqdGuKBOxVIZ9Fk4n4HOqf2XSXAUrN9Uw/edit?usp=sharing</ref>, on Teacher's Day in India. It got accepted on 10 September 2021, as an observer.{{IndradhanushCASessions}}
  
 
==Nations unilaterally recognized by Indradhanush==
 
==Nations unilaterally recognized by Indradhanush==

Revision as of 03:33, 23 September 2021


(From left to right: Portrait of His Majesty Chandrachur Basu, Prime Minister Wisest and Minister of State Esty Carpentieri)

The diplomatic foreign relations of Indradhanush are conducted and maintained under the joint prerogative of the Monarch of Indradhanush and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs usually headed by the Prime Minister of Indradhanush. All the treaties of diplomatic relations must be signed by the monarch of Indradhanush or the Minister of External Affairs as the chief ambassador of the nation. Indradhanush distinguishes two types of diplomatic relations, formal, which are obtained via treaty, and informal, specified by documents of common micronational organizations. All formal relations must be established with the signing of a treaty of mutual recognition, friendship and cooperation or any other form of diplomatic relations treaty provided by either by the government of Indradhanush or the nation with whom, the relations are being sought.

The State is a member of the Micronational Assembly and helped in the formation of the MID Act[1]. It is also an observer in the Cupertino Alliance.

History

Indradhanush established the Ministry of Foreign Affairs soon after his foundation on 13 February 2021. The ministry was initially viewed as a nominal department in the government due to Indradhanush being a young nation. One of the most important steps taken by the country was on 2 April 2021 issued a proclamation granting unilateral recognition to all the 193 member states of the United Nations and the two observer nations of Holy See and the State of Palestine along with the Republic of China or Taiwan.

Foreign and diplomatic policy

Indradhanush maintains a neutral foreign policy with all the nations it currently has formal bilateral and diplomatic relations. The fundamental and core aim of the nation is to promote peace, prosperity and happiness with all other nations and establish relations where all nations mutually contributes to the promotion of world peace. Indradhanush is a signatory of the Union Against Micronational War and hence does not recognize micronational wars and neither does participate nor encourage micronational wars[a]. The nation has always expressed its strong stance against micronational wars and termed it to be as "time pass" and a "waste". The nation also expresses its neutrality but though doesn't stay away from making any comments on territorial and sovereignty disputes of other nations such as Vancouver island territorial dispute. Indradhanush fully adheres to the terms and conditions laid forth by the Wrythe Convention, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations and Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations. These conventions are considered rulebooks of micronational and international diplomacy. Indradhanush also aims to establish the peaceful resolution of intermicronational disputes, respect for intermicronational laws and the creation of principles regarding what was to be considered acts of aggression to micronational sovereignty.

Current foreign policy

The current foreign policy of Indradhanush was implemented on 3 April 2020 and became effective from the same day. The current foreign policy has been extensively templated from the foreign policy of Vishwamitra. Indradhanush is strict with regards to following the foreign policy. It also lays immense light on the adherence of the terms and conditions of the Wrythe Convention, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations and Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, which Indradhanush are signatories. The current foreign policy is as follows:

  • The nation must have a proper constitution or a declaration of independence.
  • The nation must have proper claims, and at least some of the land shall be able to be visited by foot.
  • The nation must respect Indradhanush, its system of government, its culture, tradition and vice versa.
  • The nation must not be indulged in any form of war, conflict and should not encourage it and nor should illegally claim sovereignty over any other nation.
  • The nation must have a stable system of government with detailed information on its system of government.
  • The nation must be on any form of social sites - MicroWiki, website, Discord, Twitter, Facebook, etc where information regarding the nation shall be collected and can be contacted.
  • The nation must have a stable population (more than 5) and the information regarding the population shall be true.
  • The nation must recognise, respect and adhere to the terms and conditions laid forth by the conventions that Indradhanush have signed (It is not mandatory for the nation to be signatories).

Any nation that satisfies the mentioned terms and conditions as per the foreign policy is eligible for establishing bilateral relations with the country.

Diplomatic missions and staffs

Location of Indradhanushian Embassies as on 12 September 2021

Indradhanush has the following diplomatic embassies:-

List of Indradhanushian Ambassadors
Flag Name Location Since Till
 Bangladesh Nabin Mutakin Dhaka 8 September 2021 Incumbent
 Canada Wisest Ontario 11 August 2021[2] 8 September 2021
John Lakes 8 September 2021 Incumbent
 Holy See Esty Carpentieri Rome
 Italy
 San Marino
 India Chandrachur Basu Bengaluru
 United States Ayane California
 United Kingdom Wisest Glasgow
 Philippines Bluestoin Pampagna 12 September 2021

Sovereignty disputes

Bilateral relations

Current bilateral relations

The nations which currently maintain formal bilateral and diplomatic relations with Indradhanush have been listed in this section. The nations have been arranged in the order of date of establishment of relations.

Indradhanush-Pinang Diplomatic Table Flag made by Chandrachur Basu for Pinang

Pinangese Republic

Other names:- पिनान्ग गणराज्य (Hindi), পিনাং প্রজাতন্ত্র (Bengali), Repubblica Pinanghese (Italian)

The informal relations began between Pinang and Indradhanush began on 20 August 2021. Indradhanush proposed formalization of relations to the Pinang Government, who reciprocated. The formalization of relations were done on signing a treaty with Pinang on 28 August 2021[3]. The relations between both the nations is stable. Chandrachur Basu is currently the Governor-General to Alleyvia, Recently, the Indradhanush government bestowed the status of most-favoured nation to Pinang.

Indradhanush-Lurdentania Diplomatic Table Flag made by Chandrachur Basu for Lurdentania.

Empire of Lurdentania

Other names:- लुरदेतानिआ साम्राज्य (Hindi), লুর্ডেনটানিয়া সাম্রাজ্য (Bengali)


Republic of Belcity

Other names:- बेलसिटी गणराज्य (Hindi), বেলসিটি গণরাজ্য (Bengali), Repubblica di Belcity (Italian)

Indradhanush proposed formalization of relations to the Government of Belcity on 26 August 2021, who reciprocated. The formalization of relations were done on signing a treaty with Belcity on 1 September 2021[4]. The relations between both the nations are stable. Indradhanush is going to participate in the 2nd version of the TVB Microvision Song Contest, to be hosted by Pinang. This contest was founded by Belcity.

Multilateral treaties and conventions

This table shows the treaties and conventions that Indradhanush has signed. The treaties have been arranged in the order of date of signing of the said treaty.

Multilateral Treaty/Convention Signed on Status of signatory Notes
Union Against Micronational War

सूक्ष्मराष्ट्रीय युद्ध के खिलाफ संघ (Hindi)

মাইক্রোনেশনাল যুদ্ধের বিরুদ্ধে ইউনিয়ন (Bengali)

Immediately after foundation Subsequent signatory
Logo of the Union Against Micronational War.
Indradhanush became a signatory of the Union Against Micronational War immediately after its foundation with the nation's notion to promote peace and prosperity. Indradhanush does not believe in micronational war and does not support nor encourage it. The goal of the Union Against Micronational War is neutrality in any micronational conflict. It also condemns any kind of war, both micronational and macronational. The Union Against Micronational War defines micronational war as a hostile conflict between two micronational entities. Such conflict is viewed as sometimes more accurately described as a conflict between individual micronational leaders. Such conflicts are condemned, especially when the actions of the belligerents are destructive, unethical, or illegal.
Charter of the Grand Unified Micronational

ग्रैंड यूनिफाइड माइक्रोनॉशनल का घोषणापत्र (Hindi)

গ্র্যান্ড ইউনিফাইড মাইক্রোনালিয়াল এর ঘোষণাচিঠি (Bengali)

Immediately after foundation Signatory Indradhanush became a signatory of the Charter of the Grand Unified Micronational immediately after its foundation.
Wrythe Convention

व्राइथ सम्मेलन (Hindi)

উরিথে সম্মেলন (Bengali)

26 February 2021 Subsequent signatory
Scanned image of Indradhanush signing the Wrythe Convention
Indradhanush became one of the subsequent signatories of the Wrythe Convention[5] on 26 February 2021 having successfully ratified the terms and objectives laid forth by the convention. The convention which condemns sockpuppeting, identity theft, and false claims within micronationalism. Signatories to the convention pledge to not enter into relations with any entities engaged in fabrications and falsehoods, and by signing the treaty reserve the right to suspend or revoke recognition of any entities found to have engaged in such behaviour. Indradhanush has been successful in implementing the terms laid forth by the Wrythe Convention in its foreign policy and also encouraged other nations to be a signatory of this convention.
Sough2020 Convention on Global Climate Change

वैश्विक जलवायु परिवर्तन पर सौह2020 सम्मेलन (Hindi)

বিশ্বব্যাপী জলবায়ু পরিবর্তন সম্পর্কিত সম্মেলন (Bengali)

26 February 2021 Subsequent signatory
Logo of Sough2020 designed by Logan Ross.
Indradhanush became one of the subsequent signatories of the Sough2020 Convention on Global Climate Change or Sough2020 on 26 February 2021 having successfully ratified the terms and objectives laid forth by the convention. The convention aimed towards micronational action regarding climate change, pollution and negative human interactions with the natural world and establish long-term goals are to lower micronational carbon footprints through indirect means such as encouraging greener forms of transportation and covered subjects such as pollution, environmental destruction, mass extinction of species and other forms of negative impacts on the natural world from human interaction. Apart from being a signatory of the convention, Indradhanush also supports the Vishwamitran proposal for the formation of an intermicronational organization based for environment related affairs and for hosting a summit based on the foundations of the convention, inspired from the annual United Nations Climate Change conferences.
Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations

राजनयिक संबंधों पर वियना कन्वेंशन (Hindi)

কূটনৈতিক সম্পর্ক সম্পর্কিত ভিয়েনা কনভেনশন

(Bengali)

1 March 2021 Signatory Indradhanush became one of the signatories of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations.

It signed the original copy of the Convention, which is in English, French, Russian, Spanish and Chinese, with the help of Wikipedia.

The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 1961 is an international treaty that defines a framework for diplomatic relations between independent countries. It specifies the privileges of a diplomatic mission that enable diplomats to perform their function without fear of coercion or harassment by the host country. This forms the legal basis for diplomatic immunity. Its articles are considered a cornerstone of modern international relations.

In the same year that the treaty was adopted, two amendment protocols were added. Countries may ratify the main treaty without necessarily ratifying these optional agreements.

  • Concerning acquisition of nationality. The head of the mission, the staff of the mission, and their families, shall not acquire the nationality of the receiving country.
  • Concerning compulsory settlement of disputes. Disputes arising from the interpretation of this treaty may be brought before the International Court of Justice.

Indradhanush did not sign these additional amendment protocols.

Vienna Convention on Consular Relations

कांसुलर संबंधों पर वियना सम्मेलन (Hindi)

কনস্যুলার সম্পর্ক সম্পর্কিত ভিয়েনা কনভেনশন

(Bengali)

1 March 2021 Signatory Indradhanush became one of the signatories of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations.

It signed the original copy of the Convention, which is in English, French, Russian, Spanish and Chinese, with the help of Wikipedia.


The Vienna Convention on Consular Relations is an international treaty that defines a framework for consular relations between sovereign states. It codifies many consular practices that originated from state custom and various bilateral agreements between states.[6]

Consuls have traditionally been employed to represent the interests of state's or their nationals at an embassy or consulate in another country. The Convention defines and articulates the functions, rights, and immunities accorded to consular officers and their offices, as well as the rights and duties of "receiving States" (where the consul is based) and "sending States" (the state the consul represents).

Cupertino Alliance Mission Statement[7] 10 September 2021 Signatory Indradhanush became a signatory of the Cupertino Alliance mission statement on 10 September 2021, when the nation became an observer.

Membership of intermicronational organizations

Flag of the Micronational Assembly

Micronational Assembly

Indradhanush joined the Micronational Assembly being accepted to the organization by its members, initially, as an observer nation and was later promoted as a full member nation on 29 March 2021. Indradhanush became an important part of the organization especially from its professional point of view and created the MID Act[1] within the organization. Indradhanush also served as the Minister of MicroWiki Improvement.

The Kingdom of Indradhanush and the Cupertino Alliance
CupertinoAllianceFlag.png Our Flag.jpg
Cupertino Alliance membership
MembershipObserver
Since10 September 2021
DelegateChandrachur Basu (Asian and Oceanic)
Wisest (European and African)

Cupertino Alliance

Indradhanush applied for the Cupertino Alliance[8] on the request of the current chair, Dhrubajyoti Roy. It went through its first reading in the 123th Session of the Cupertino Alliance on 29 August 2021[9], second in the 124th on 4 September 2021[10] and the third and final reading in the 125th Session on 5 September 2021[11], on Teacher's Day in India. It got accepted on 10 September 2021, as an observer.

Nations unilaterally recognized by Indradhanush

This list consists of all nations which are unilaterally recognized by Indradhanush.

Country Unilateral recognition granted Notes
Flag of the United Nations.svg All member states of the United Nations

संयुक्त राष्ट्र के सभी सदस्य राज्य ​(Hindi)

2 April 2021 The country was on 2 April 2021 issued a proclamation granting unilateral recognition to all the 193 member states of the United Nations and the two observer nations of Holy See and the State of Palestine along with the Republic of China or Taiwan. It also recognized the country of Molossia and Sealand.
 Holy See
होली सी (Hindi)

Sancta Sedes (Latin)

 State of Palestine
फिलिस्तीन राज्य (Hindi)

دولة فلسطين (Arabic)

 Republic of China
चीन गणराज्य (Hindi)

中華民國 (Chinese)

 Republic of Molossia
मोलोसिया गणराज्य ​(Hindi)

Respubliko de Molossia (Esperanto)

 Principality of Sealand
सीलैंड रियासत (Hindi)
 State of Vishwamitra
विश्वामित्र राज्य (Hindi)
14 September 2021 The country on 14 September 2021 recognized the State of Vishwamitra as well.

Resolutions and statements given by Indradhanush on micronational and international events

Micronational

Vancouver Island, the island disputed

Vancouver Island territorial dispute

The Vancouver Island territorial dispute is a currently ongoing territorial dispute that began on 29 April 2021. It has mainly been disputed between the Dominion of West Canada, the Greater Cascadian Republic, the Nexan Republic[21], and the Dominion of Vancouver Island.

Background

On 28 April 2021, the apparent dissolution of the Dominion of Vancouver Island[22] led to the Commonwealth of British Dominions making a statement on 30 April 2021 calling the region "too unfit",[23] formalizing the then mostly unrecognized claim on the island by the Dominion of West Canada. This action led a revived Dominion of Vancouver Island and the Greater Cascadian Republic to attempt to intervene claiming themselves as the correct claimants and owner of Vancouver Island.

On 1 May 2021, the Basileus of the Hellenic Empire of Cimbrun contacted the Governor-General of West Canada, acting on the behalf of the Nexan Republic.[24] The Basileus attempted to work out a deal with the Governor-General to grant the Nexan Republic the island in exchange for Nexan recognition of West Canada. The Governor-General denied the deal alongside the Prime Minister, with a joint statement:

"The territory of Vancouver Island is intrinsically linked to the people and culture of West Canada. To give it up would be to give up a part of our heritage. Alongside that, there are West Canadian citizens residing in Vancouver Island, citizens of which we are responsible for and accountable to, we simply cannot hand them over to you. Our claims of Vancouver Island date back to our foundation, and the Crown of the British Commonwealth's goes back to 1843. It is simply not in our cards to give up or relent Vancouver Island. We lessened our claim during the reign of the Dominion of Vancouver Island, considering that if either of us were in control the same Head of State was in control regardless, but with the dissolution of the Vancouver Island Dominion, we cannot allow the Crown Territory to fall into foreign hands. We appreciate your attempt to communicate with us on this matter, but we have to decline your attempt on changing hands of the territory, there's simply too much at stake."
Indradhanushian Statement

The Indradhanush government released a statement, saying,

"Indradhanush believes that micronations should claim what they can control. There is a saying, one must not bite more that they can chew. Hence we think that this territorial dispute is unnecessary, and the island belongs to Canada."

3rd Cupertino Chairman Election

The Cupertino Alliance Chair election is an election within the Cupertino Alliance to elect the next Chair and Lt. Chair. It took place between 9-11 August, with the winner of the election to take office on 15 August, the final day of Chairman Ross' term. The winner was Dhrubajyoti Roy, who now serves as the current chair.

Indradhanushian Statement


Dissolution of Australis and Aenderia


Macronational

Afghanistan

See also: Fall of Kabul and Micronational reactions to the 2021 Taliban offensive

The 2021 Taliban offensive was the final major offensive by the Taliban and allied militant groups against the Afghan government and its allies that began on 1 May 2021,[25][26] coinciding with the withdrawal of most United States and allied troops from Afghanistan,[27] resulting in the de facto takeover of the country and the reinstatement of the Talibani government.

In the first three months of the offensive, the Taliban made significant advances in the countryside, increasing the number of districts it controlled from 73 to 223. On 6 August, the Taliban launched an assault on the provincial capitals of Afghanistan, with most of the towns surrendering without a fight,[28] and it captured all Afghan provincial capitals except Bazarak.[29][30][31] On 15 August, the incumbent President, Ashraf Ghani fled the country,[32] and the Taliban captured the Afghan capital of Kabul; thus, the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan's government fell.[33]

The Taliban's rapid takeover[26][34] surprised many governments, including the United States,[35] United Kingdom,[36] Germany[37] and Russia.[38] The Taliban victory has widespread domestic and international ramifications.[39]

Indradhanushian Statement


References and Notes

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Chandrachur Basu, 10 March 2021 Micronational Assembly MID Act
  2. Chandrachur Basu, 27 August 2021, Royal Decree KOI3/2021
  3. Government of Indradhanush (28 September 2021), Indradhanush-Pinang MRT
  4. Government of Indradhanush (1 September 2021), Indradhanush-Belcity MRT
  5. Chandrachur Basu. "Indradhanush signs the Wrythe Convention".
  6. Michael John Garcia, "Vienna Convention on Consular Relations: Overview of U.S. Implementation and International Court of Justice (ICJ) Interpretation of Consular Notification Requirements", CRS Report for Congress (May 17, 2004), https://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL32390.pdf
  7. Cupertino Alliance,https://docs.google.com/document/d/1LgBo3CYYt5xz0vL3dnKb6ypP-QCTReQSxNBXJ1hscUU/edit?usp=sharing
  8. https://docs.google.com/document/d/1y5mpfbMrQ1hQljCkARMLGnZ6arT8g53n6IWsf1CArUM/edit?usp=sharing
  9. https://docs.google.com/document/d/1YlFI2yVU8WMZGSbBGLkCEeo0j5RpVgXZ5h9MZbkydb8/edit
  10. https://docs.google.com/document/d/1plYbW1ckQ5y7CnS155ecBEOH2BnQTQAxzSykG4x-tnI/edit?usp=sharing
  11. https://docs.google.com/document/d/11xAM-kbMjzVqdGuKBOxVIZ9Fk4n4HOqf2XSXAUrN9Uw/edit?usp=sharing
  12. Cupertino Alliance. "126th Cupertino Alliance Session Agenda". Archived from the original on 11 September 2021.
  13. Cupertino Alliance. "127th Cupertino Alliance Session Agenda". Archived from the original on 18 September 2021.
  14. Cupertino Alliance. "128th Cupertino Alliance Session Agenda". Archived from the original on 19 September 2021.
  15. Cupertino Alliance. "129th Cupertino Alliance Session Agenda". Archived from the original on 25 September 2021.
  16. Cupertino Alliance. "130th Cupertino Alliance Session Agenda". Archived from the original on 26 September 2021.
  17. Proof of Adjournment of 131st Session
  18. Cupertino Alliance. "131st Cupertino Alliance Session Agenda". Archived from the original on 2 October 2021.
  19. Cupertino Alliance. "133rd Cupertino Alliance Session Agenda". Archived from the original on 9 October 2021.
  20. Cupertino Alliance. "134th Cupertino Alliance Session Agenda". Archived from the original on 10 October 2021.
  21. Nexan Republic Fandom
  22. @WestCanada_ (28 April 2021). "West Canada is saddened by the disestablishment of the Dominion of Vancouver Island and their departure from the @ComBritDoms. It is our belief that their course of action is deeply flawed, however we understand that we bear no authority over them" (Tweet). Retrieved 2 May 2021 – via Twitter.
  23. @ComBritDoms (29 April 2021). "The Commonwealth has formally cut ties with the Government of Vancouver Island, deeming the state too unfit to continue relations with. The Commonwealth recognises the claim to sovereignty over the island by @WestCanada_ from here onwards" (Tweet). Retrieved 2 May 2021 – via Twitter.
  24. Beginning of communication between the Basileus and Governor-General, 1 May 2021. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  25. "Taliban launches major Afghan offensive after deadline for U.S. pullout". Reuters. 4 May 2021. Archived from the original on 10 August 2021. Retrieved 7 August 2021.
  26. 26.0 26.1 De Luce, Dan; Yusufzai, Mushtaq; Smith, Saphora (25 June 2021). "Even the Taliban are surprised at how fast they're advancing in Afghanistan". NBC News. Archived from the original on 7 July 2021. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  27. Robertson, Nic (24 June 2021). "Afghanistan is disintegrating fast as Biden's troop withdrawal continues". CNN. Archived from the original on 9 July 2021. Retrieved 9 July 2021.
  28. George, Susannah (16 August 2021). "Afghanistan's military collapse: Illicit deals and mass desertions". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 16 August 2021. Retrieved 17 August 2021.
  29. "Taliban sweep across Afghanistan's south, take 3 more cities". AP NEWS. 13 August 2021. Archived from the original on 13 August 2021. Retrieved 13 August 2021.
  30. Akhgar, Tameem; Faiez, Rahim; Krauss, Joseph (14 August 2021). "Taliban capture key northern city, approach Afghan capital". Associated Press News. Archived from the original on 14 August 2021. Retrieved 14 August 2021.
  31. "Taliban gains control of Jalalabad, one of two cities in Afghan control". The Jerusalem Post | JPost.com. Archived from the original on 15 August 2021. Retrieved 15 August 2021.
  32. "Afghan president says he left country to avoid bloodshed". Reuters. 15 August 2021. Archived from the original on 15 August 2021. Retrieved 16 August 2021.
  33. Seir, Ahmed; Faiez, Rahim; Akghar, Tameem; Gambrell, John (15 August 2021). "Official: Taliban negotiators head to presidential palace". Associated Press. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 15 August 2021. Retrieved 15 August 2021.
  34. "Taliban controls 65% of Afghanistan as rapid advance continues: E.U. official – National | Globalnews.ca". Global News. Archived from the original on 11 August 2021. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  35. Miller, Zeke; Lemire, Jonathan; Boak, Josh (16 August 2021). "Biden team surprised by rapid Taliban gains in Afghanistan". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 16 August 2021. Retrieved 17 August 2021.
  36. Walker, Peter (17 August 2021). "No one saw this coming, Raab says of Taliban's rapid Afghan takeover". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 17 August 2021. Retrieved 17 August 2021.
  37. Rinke, Andreas (16 August 2021). "World must help Afghans fleeing Taliban or risk crisis – Merkel". Reuters. Archived from the original on 16 August 2021. Retrieved 17 August 2021.
  38. "Russian envoy describes Taliban's seizure of Kabul as somewhat unexpected". TASS. 16 August 2021. Archived from the original on 16 August 2021. Retrieved 17 August 2021.
  39. Baker, Rodger (9 August 2021). "Challenging Our Understanding of the Taliban". Stratfor. Archived from the original on 11 August 2021. Retrieved 12 August 2021.

Notes

  1. Though its precedessor, Republic of Lowenia involved itself in micronational wars. It later though signed the Union Against Micronational War.
  2. Due to time constraints.
  3. Due to norms set on the attendance limit of a session, the 131st session was adjourned early due to poor attendance.
  4. Same agenda as the previous session.

See also