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Cupertino Guide/Symbols

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This page is apart of the Cupertino Guides project, a project by the Cupertino Alliance.

Previous: Territory

Symbols represent your micronation. Normally, a micronation has a coat of arms or emblem, and a flag.


Rule of Tincture

This guide uses the term "rule of tincture". The rule is

  • No metal on metal
  • No colour on colour

Now you may be confused; how can I put a medal like carbon on a colour like black? Well, it doesn't work like that. In heraldic terms, metals are

  • Gold / yellow (or)
  • Silver / white (argent)

Colours are:

  • Blue (azure)
  • Red (gules)
  • Purple (purpure)
  • Green (vert)
  • Black (sable)
  • Everything else

There is a certain reason why I said blue, red, purple, green and black, as well as a strange term besides all the colours. We will get back to that when we do the coat of arms section of this guide. There is one exception to this rule

  • Black

Black is special since it isn't considered a colour in European terms.

Common SVG Problems & Problems

Font issues

When you upload some text with some other font, it may render it differently.


This is because MicroWiki does not have that font installed. Don't worry, it can be fixed.

Now it should look like:


Disabling snapping ("cusp to node" thing)

Click the % key, or View > Show/Hide > Snap ControlBar, first button deactiviates snapping.


Good flags fulfill a majority if not all of the five principles listed by the North American Vexillological Association, those being:

  • Keep it Simple
  • Use Meaningful Symbolism
  • Use 2 or 3 Basic Colours
  • No Lettering or Seals
  • Be Distinctive or Be Related

These principles were set up in the book Good Flag, Bad Flag, compiled by Ted Kaye. It is a great read and I'll recommend you read it here. One more I would like to add is to not use colours/colour combinations which can hurt eyes (i.e. neon yellow and cyan, etc.) A report also by the North American Vexillological Association called "The Commission's Report and the Guiding Principles on Flag Design" is also a good read when making a flag.

Good, free software to make your flags include

These ones are more basic and limited in features

There are some rules in your colours, follow the rule of tinture and don't use RGB colours.

Be creative but stick to the limitations outlined above. A flag is supposed to represent the nation's heritage and history whilst also being simple. If you do all of that, you have succeeded. Good luck!

Good Examples

Bad Examples

Coat of Arms

There are many programs to make your coat of arms, those being <I'm too lazy to write it out right now>

There is a rule in your colours, those being


A government seal is like a coat of arms used to "authenticate certain documents issued by" your government. Seals can bee hard to master considering all the circle texts and stuff.

Basic Templates

I have made some basic templates for a seal in my free time. All of these are released to public domain.


Original Seal of New Eiffel

In this tutorial, I will be redesigning's fellow Cupertino Alliance member New Eiffel's seal.


I will be using for this. This isn't optimal since it doesn't output SVG files, though it is easy to learn. Furthermore, we will also be using:


Install the Plugin Browser first.

Next, install the circle text plugin.

Flag Emojis

This part is not really needed, though it is nice to have. Discord adds the option to add an emoji (max 50, unless boosted). Though you can have your flag with right angles, the better way is to use an emoji of your flag with curved angles.


I will be using for this.



Ribbons are generally awarded to citizens for good work.

Basic Templates

I have made some basic templates for a seal in my free time. All of these are released to public domain.



I will be using Inkscape for this.


A very useful tool I use to get colour codes is Eye Dropper. This is only for Chrome, however, search your browser's webstore if there is any program like it. It will save a lot of time!