Communism is a collection of political ideologies and socio-economic theories, whose aims are the abolition of social class, the abolition of the state and the eventual creation of an egalitarian society based on common ownership and control of the means of production and property.
Communist theories are based on the principle that the proletariat - the working classes - are the source of society's wealth and are the basis upon which modern civilisation has been built. Communism holds that the proletariat are oppressed by the upper-class bourgeois. Classical communism is noted for its staunch opposition to imperialism, nationalism and capitalism. There are many different branches of communist thought, such as Marxism, Leninism and Trotskyism, which have different interpretations of the theory.
During the early to mid 20th century many countries calling themselves 'communist' were established in Europe and Asia, though most agree that these states were, in fact, socialist due to the very presence of a state and often the frequent promotion of nationalism. This exhibits a common misconception about socialism and communism, in that one is often confused for the other.
|Economics||Means of production are owned and run by the State or workers through workplace democracy.||Means of production are owned and run by the 'People' -|
|Politics||A dictatorship of the proletariat. A 'temporary measure' to prepare the country for a communist society (i.e. with no State).||Abolition of the State - decisions on what to produce and what policies to pursue are made in the best interests of the whole of society rather than the proletariat working for wages being paid by the upper-classes.|
|Social||Not necessarily the total abolition of the class structure, but at the very least making society less 'unequal' and for the working classes to slowly replace the bourgeois as the class controlling the means of production in preparation for utopian communism.||Abolition of the class structure and the total removal of class divisions.|
Communism in micronationalism
Communism is sometimes referred to as one of the most common choices of government for micronations, especially since the early 2000s. Some have referred to most of these micronations as 'costume communism' - ‘someone who thinks being communist is a cool rebellious thing to do, or maybe enjoys the aura of evilness communism carries with it in the Western world and not people who are actually acquainted with the works of Marx or dyed-red, card-carrying fellow-travellers of the Communist Party.’ with the exception of Leopold Deuff, president of Republic of Jailavera, who is a member of the French Communist Party in the macronational world, and Harold Duighan, the President of Wamong, who considers himself a legitimate Communist, specifically a Maoist.
Nevertheless, many micronations calling themselves 'communist' exist, despite their being Socialist in nature; most notably the existence of a State. Some have developed extensions of existing ideologies, such as Rennie-Gaffneyism and Communalism.
List of Communist micronations
Main article: List of socialist micronations
|Official name||Flag||Emblem||Dates||Type of Communism||Single party?||Head of state|
|Communal People's Republic of Wamong||2021 - 2021||Maoism and Duighanism||Yes Working People's Duighanist Party||Harold Duighan|
|Lodomerian Democratic Republic||2021 - present||Marxism-Leninism, Socialism in the Colors of the LDR||No, People's Democratic system under the ideological leadership of the Lodomerian United Workers' Party||Ronnie Miller|
|Republic of Jailavera||2017 - present||Communist democracy and Communist synthesis||No, the Jailaverian Communist Party accept Multipartism||Leopold Deuff|
|Burkolist Republic of Burkestan||1999 - Present||Burkolism||Yes, Burkolist Party of Burkistan||Ajdyn Mihribanow(Aydin Mihribanov)|
|Union of South London Soviet Socialist Republics||2013 - 2021||Marxism-Leninism and Leeism||Yes, Communist Party of South London||Alex Ulbricht|
|Democratic People's Republic of Sectoristan||Christian socialism, democratic socialism||2020-present||No, Socialist Christian Party accept Multipartism||Mihnea Coman|
|Northern Irish Soviet Socialist Republic||Marxism-Leninism||2020-present||Yes, Communist Party of Northern Ireland||Sean Dagda|
|Popular Union of Occitania(from 2015 to 2020)||Marxism-Leninism(from 2015 to 2017)||2015-2020||Yes, Agrarian Socialism - Communist Party (from 2015 to 2017) No, Agrarian Socialism - Communist Party accept Multipartism (from 2017 to 2020)||Babou Chkaya (from 2015 to 2020)|
|People's Republic of Adonia||2020 - Present||Kolkatism||Yes The Workers Party of Adonia||Premier Andrew Franson|
|Union of Soviet Socialist Henillion Republic||2021-present||Marxism-Leninism||Yes The Soviet Communist Henillion Party||Mark Sedimenya|
|United Republics of the Heartlands||2021-present||Left communism, Council Communism||No, political parties illegal||Gina J.|
|People's Republic of Buena||2021 - present||Marxism-Leninism||Yes, Communist Party of Buena||N/A|