Difference between revisions of "Angle-Saxish Kingdom"

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Revision as of 17:59, 12 January 2016

Saxon Empire
Saxisch Raic

Saxonflag.pngSaxonCOA.png

Motto
Keep the faith
Bewareþ ðen Gelæven
Anthem
Jesus Shall Reign Where'er the Sun
400px

Saxon Empire locator.png
The Saxon Empire within the Holy Empire of New Israel (highlighted in green).

Capital cityYork
Official language(s)New Saxon, English
Official religion(s)Christianity
Church of Saxmark (Apostolic Church of New Israel)
DemonymSaxon
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system
- EmperorMarkus II
TBA
LegislatureImperial Council
- Type - Unicameral
- Number of seats - TBA
Established18 January 2012
CurrencySaxon pound
Time zoneUTC+0 to UTC+1
National animalBoar

Official Website


The Saxon Empire (New Saxon: Saxisch Raic) is an Imperial Circle of the Holy Empire of New Israel, comprising territories in the British Isles and North America.

Etymology

The empire is named after both the confederated Anglo-Saxon tribes (Angles, Jutes and Saxons) which colonized England and the Saxons who inhabited northern Germany.

History

Early Britain

The English historian, the Venerable Bede, describes Britain as an island of five nations: the English, Britons, Scots, Picts and Latins. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that in the year of our Lord 435, the Roman Empire was conquered by Germanic tribes when the Goths sacked the city of Rome. In 444, while the Romans were preoccupied with a war against King Atila of the Huns, the Britons begged them for assistance against the Picts. In 449, Wurtgern (or Vortigern), King of the Britons, then proceeded to invite the Angles, over whom ruled Hengest and Horsa, who obtained victory against the Picts and eventually, with more reinforcements, conquered Britain. Finally, a confederation of three German peoples settled in Britain: the Jutes, who founded the kingdom of Kent, the Saxons, who founded the Saxon kingdoms of the south, and the Angles, who founded the central and northern English kingdoms which would become Mercia and Northumbria.

Heptarchy

Of all the petty realms of England, a heptarchy (that is, a system of seven kingdoms) prevailed. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle lists a chronology of early Bretwaldas, those kings who were the overlords of the British kingdoms and who came from various houses. Ælla of Sussex (488-514) is the first of these and Oswiu of Northumbria (642-70) the last. At the Battle of Maserfield on 5th August 642, King Penda I, with his Mercian and Welsh forces, defeated the Northumbrians under Bretwalda King Oswald. Following the battle, Penda established Mercian supremacy in Britain for a number of generations.