Adam I of Überstadt

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His Majesty
Adam I
King of Überstadt, Duke of Washington, Earl of New Brabant, Baron of Gothenberg, Lord of Sealand

King of Überstadt
Reign 18 November 2011 - present
Coronation 1 September 2012
Predecessor Throne created
Chair of the Grand Unified Micronational
In office 25 December 2016 - 28 March 2017
Predecessor Jonathan I (acting)
Successor Henry Clément (acting)
Governing Commissioner of Oregonia
In office 30 June 2014 - present
Predecessor Office established
Chief Judge of Überstadt
In office 6 March 2010 - October 2011
Predecessor Office established
Successor Daniel Radcliffe
House Friedeck
Father Lord Michael, Baron Ballinger
Mother Lady Kara, Baroness Rosewood
Born Seattle, Washington, United StatesFlag of the United States.png
Religion The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon)
Monuments Independence Spire

Adam I is the King of Überstadt. As Adam von Friedeck, he was the founder and first Chief Judge of Überstadt during the Kritarchy, appointed to that post by the original constitution. His tenure as Chief Judge saw the genesis of Überstadti identity, but an overall pattern of declining citizen activity led him to make an emergency claim of absolute power in an attempt to enact reforms intended to revive the nation. He resigned following this effort's failure and went on to lead the November Revolution, which established the Überstadti monarchy.

Throughout his reign, Adam has taken an active role in government, crafting a variety of policies and composing most legislation. He presided over several major changes in the Kingdom's government: the movement of power from Hawk City to Rosewood in early 2013, the rise of socialism and the establishment of direct democracy later that year, and the abolition of the office of Prime Minister in favor of an executive monarch. Adam has prioritized building Überstadti identity, economic development, and friendly relations with the broader micronational community. As King, he also serves as Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Armed Forces and as Moderator of Parliament.

Early life and education

Adam was born in Seattle and has lived in Mountlake Terrace, one of its suburbs, his entire life. As a child, he demonstrated a great interest in how the both the natural world and human society function. Among the games he played when young was one in which he pretended to rule a kingdom in his backyard. At the time of his enrollment in elementary school, Adam was younger than the standard age for admission, and as a result, underwent compulsory neurological testing to determine his eligibility. His intelligence quotient was calculated at 144, and he was admitted to public school as a result. As he advanced through grade school, he exhibited a strong interest in the natural sciences and demonstrated competency in all academic areas. Adam started to become familiar with politics during his time at an American middle school, during which the 2008 US presidential election occurred. In a history class in eighth grade, he began to develop an interest in law following a unit of study on the United States Constitution.

In Fall 2009, Adam entered Mountlake Terrace High School. His freshman humanities teacher, Ryan Niman, encouraged Adam's interest in law and politics, and his teaching of civics through a country simulation game influenced the timing of Überstadt's foundation. For the next few years, Adam's high school experience would influence the nature of Überstadt. He graduated from the school in June 2013 in the top tenth of his class, receiving the Washington State Honors Award and the President's Award for Academic Excellence. During his final two years of high school, he was concurrently enrolled at Edmonds Community College. After one further year of study, he was awarded an Associate in Arts degree, equivalent to the first two years of undergraduate education in the United States, with a grade point average of 3.65.

In January 2016, Adam began attending Western Washington University to complete his undergraduate studies. He is pursuing a Bachelor of Arts degree in history with an academic minor in political science.

Entry into micronationalism

Adam first learned about micronationalism by reading about Sealand in the 2008 edition of Guinness World Records, in which it was described as the world's smallest country claiming sovereignty. This led Adam to seek out more information about the principality online, which led him to discover the broader concept of micronations. Inspired by Prince Roy, he soon decided to start his own country. He planned its creation slowly over more than a year and a half. Over the next year, Adam researched several areas near his home with the intent making one of the places his own nation's first territory, believing at the time that vacant land was a superior claim to one's residence. He convinced many of his friends and acquaintances to support his new nation project, acting as a de facto leader. The early support base for Überstadt became organized when Adam started a national Facebook group. In this group, the affiliates and supporters of the prospective state developed into a simple community. During this period, known as the Proto-Überstadti Era, Adam created the Department of the Navy, the first quasi-governmental organ and predecessor to His Majesty's Überstadti Navy.

Adam was the foremost leader of the foundation of Überstadt. He organized the Planning Committee with the purpose of developing a framework for the new government. Because of the committee's inactivity, Adam designed the government himself, writing two rough drafts of the constitution. The latter draft was approved by the remainder of the Planning Committee, and he adapted it into the final version for ratification. By planning the unique system of Überstadti judge-rule, Adam was the first micronationalist known to implement a kritarchy.

Chief Judge of Überstadt

Early tenure

Adam was named the first Chief Judge by the constitution, with an election mandated for March 2013. The early part of his term saw betrayal by multiple former supporters, who formed opposition groups against the government. The number of traitors led to Adam's decision to establish the Überstadt Security Office and Überstadt Covert Operations, both of which became defunct during the November Revolution a year and a half later. The heads of both agencies interacted closely with the Chief Judge to coordinate law enforcement and intelligence-gathering activities. Some of Adam's methods in dealing with these small uprisings were controversial, such as the censorship of rebelling citizens' posts in the national Facebook group.

Perhaps the most notable part of Adam's work in early Überstadt was in relation to the well-known Dahlman Trial, in which a popular Überstadti citizen was charged with charges of treason, resisting arrest, and violating the constitution's Ninja Clause, which prohibited claims that the defendant was a ninja; the latter offense was related to a months-long dispute, now considered juvenile, between her and Adam. Lacking any other executive official well-versed in Überstadti law, Adam prosecuted the case personally, facing Dahlman's seven advocates in the Edmount District Court. After a key witness became impeached, he was forced to drop one of the charges, and the defendant was ultimately convicted only of resisting arrest. Months later, when Dahlman appealed that conviction, Adam had to fulfill his duties as Chief Judge and rule on the case, swearing impartiality. He upheld the conviction, but ruled that Dahlman's sentence, a literal slap on the wrist, was unlawful.

In December 2010, Adam encountered MicroWikia while searching online for lists of micronations. He created an article about Überstadt there, but was later directed to the Referata MicroWiki by another micronationalist. There, he began to document Überstadt's history, culture, and politics, and gained his first diplomatic experience. In February 2011, he became the Überstadti delegate to the Organisation of Active Micronations.

In Spring 2011, Adam became a citizen of Flandrensis. Upon naturalization, he was recognized by Grand Duke Niels for his anti-micronational war activism with the title Baron of Gothenberg; Adam later created the website of the Union Against Micronational War in consultation with Niels. Over the next three years, Adam would produce an official English translation of the Flandrensisian constitution and successfully campaign for government recognition of minority religions, eventually renouncing his citizenship in May 2014, citing isolation from Flandrensisian society.

Autocratic period

During the summer of 2011, the second of Überstadt's existence, the state became almost completely inactive, save for occasional happenings in the Facebook group. This was primarily due to the summer vacation of the school that served as the main meeting point of Überstadtis. Adam misdiagnosed the cause of this inactivity as the design of the political system. In August, he initiated a period of autocracy by proclaiming himself to have absolute power over Überstadt. By doing so, he sought to salvage the nation through political reforms that the democratic process could not accomplish. He composed a new code of law by which to govern the state, maintaining kritarchy but discarding liberal democracy. Adam appointed several people to a cabinet to advise his rule and create regulatory law, but even this body remained inactive.

At about the time of his power grab, Adam assisted Gordon Freeman, then Secretary-General of the Organisation of Active Micronations in the writing of a resolution that would establish a judicial organ of the OAM. He was one of the most vocal advocates for the proposed Intermicronational Court of Law, engaging in public debate against Bradley of Dullahan in support of the resolution. The Council approved the court's formation by a significant margin, and Adam ran in the September 2010 election for a seat on the first panel of justices. He received more votes than the other candidates, and thus became Chief Justice. A charter for the court was close to completion by the justices when the OAM became defunct, and the court never heard a case.

Resignation

After school resumed in September 2011, internal inactivity in Überstadt persisted, contrary to Adam's prediction regarding the new government. He realized that a complete reform with an entirely different political system and a fresh citizen base was needed. Believing that his resignation would be necessary to successfully carry out a reformation of the sort, he quit the bench in October, after a year and seven months of service. An election was held for a new dictatorial Chief Judge, and British actor Daniel Radcliffe, who was only eligible due to a legal quirk dating to the 2010 elections, was chosen by voters.

King of Überstadt

King Adam after his coronation

Revolution and early reign

The November Revolution began in Hawk City shortly after Radcliffe's election, when Adam raised the Royal Army to symbolically support a regime change. General Mason, who was previously the second chief of the Überstadt Security Office, swore allegiance to Adam, as did his lone soldier, the future King Seth of the Band Room, who acclaimed Adam as King of Überstadt. With Chief Judge Radcliffe serving as a convenient, non-resisting symbol of the past, Adam gathered his second community of supporters. This group, which included some persons from the old community, was smaller and more dedicated than the previous citizen base had been. Adam wrote the Constitution of the Kingdom of Überstadt, which was approved unanimously by the revolutionaries.

Although originally constitutionally charged primarily with diplomatic, military, and ceremonial roles, Adam almost immediately became active in domestic affairs within the bounds of the new constitution. He acted as a moderator of Parliament, and personally wrote many bills that were sponsored by his brother, a Member of Parliament from the first election. Among the laws Adam wrote were the Treason Act, which was the Kingdom's first criminal statute, and the Colony Act, which allowed for the creation of Creekbed Colony. Being popular with the peple, Adam used his social influence to encourage the activity and development of Überstadt. The casual, judiciary-heavy culture of the Kritarchial Era continued, but was enriched by newer customs and attitudes, which came into existence with the help of the king.

From early in his reign, Adam attempted to foster relations with the Spokane Sector, the only other known micronations based in the US state of Washington. The inactivity of the sector hindered these attempts at fellowship and cooperation, which were abandoned fully when the last active Spokane nation, Ranshara, became defunct. It was also early on that Adam wrote a formal document outlining Überstadt's diplomatic strategy. He designed this first official foreign policy document to properly balance his attention internal and external affairs, as well as to maximize national benefits from diplomacy.

In January 2012, Adam began to publish On the Sector, a blog that analyzed events and issues in the MicroWiki sector and provided Überstadt's official view on matters of international importance. His editorials received praise for their writing and research, but were sometimes criticized by members of organizations he discussed in his writings, most notably Grand Unified Micronational. Überstadt's abrupt increase in rank on the MicroWiki Influence Survey was attributed in part to On the Sector. Adam served as the Überstadti delegate to the Grand Unified Micronational until his decision to withdraw national membership amid the GUM leadership scandal. During 2012, the king became active in the micronational Skype rooms, and adopted the norm of using Skype for bilateral discussions as well. This modernization of Überstadti foreign affairs led to the development of many diplomatic relationships.

When the third Überstadti summer came in 2012, the Kingdom's culture and activity had achieved an unprecedented level of stability. The summer saw a decrease in activity, but not so severe as in years past. Adam's coronation on the first of September symbolized the continued existence of the renewed national spirit.

Throughout his early reign, Adam was highly involved in the civil service and cabinet. He became Secretary of the Treasury in January 2012, responsible for safeguarding national funds and allocating revenue according to the budget. This office, while formerly part of the cabinet, has since come to be considered an executive branch of the civil service. In December of the same year, he was appointed Minister for Commerce, responsible for the maintenance of the Free Public Market, which was initially his idea. The market failed despite his efforts, and he lost this position as the Ministry was not revived under Prince Aaron's second administration.

Centralization and socialism

Early 2013 brought fears that Überstadt would suffer from the graduation of most of its citizens from the high school that formed the national capital, Hawk City. This prompted the movement of cultural and political power from the high school to Rosewood, site of the Royal Residency, which was annexed in February. Around this time, Adam gained by constitutional amendment the right to rule by decree, although Acts of Parliament retained precedence. He soon began to issue decrees adjusting territorial claims, adopting Common Law offences, and modernizing electoral law. The codification of such things as the system of honors, military organization, and national symbols all occurred within the first few months of the amendment.

Part of this transfer of power was the retrocession of the Barony of Terrace, containing Hawk City, to the United States. Before the barony's total return to American control, Adam agreed to cede part of Hawk City to the Band Room Realms, which was involved in a territorial dispute with Überstadt. Adam had unintentionally recognized the sovereignty of the Bandish king, Franklin, the previous June, and with this gesture of goodwill, began to participate in the Bandish court. He was appointed Viceroy of the Band Room, a title he would also hold under King Seth.

In July 2013, the same month as being appointed Minister for Culture, Adam began to openly advocate Theodorist reforms in Überstadt, and on 2 September, co-founded the Theodorist Party of Überstadt, becoming its leader. This did not cause internal contention, as the monarchy's then-existing legislative powers actively involved the king in politics, nullifying the taboo against partisan sovereigns that exists elsewhere in the world. The party's platforms during this period were based on a theoretical variant of Theodorism proposed by the King himself, which was described in his essay A Democratic Theodorist Model. This rise of socialism guided by Adam led to the adoption of the October 2013 constitution, which established direct democracy and enshrined a collective economy in the state's highest law.

On 20 January 2014, Adam resigned as party leader, citing the fact that he never actually believed in Theodorism as an ideology, creating his model of it to serve as a guideline for socialist reform in Überstadt. He remained a member until the party's dissolution in spite of this.

Economic and diplomatic development

As the new socialist system took shape in 2014, Adam began to place a renewed emphasis on utilizing diplomacy to facilitate domestic development. Dialogue with other states seeking to improve their economies, especially those who were already longstanding friends of the Kingdom, became more frequent as well as more focused on the potential use of trade and other practical aspects of international relations for development.

As Minister for the Economy in Prince Aaron's third government, Adam also took control over internal aspects of economic development. He drafted the Organizations Act, which created the cooperative system, leading to de facto as well as de jure economic democracy. In this ministerial role, he managed the kingdom's public cooperatives (e.g. Rosewood Fruits), improving their organization and introducing new industrial efforts, such as dyeing. Official monthly agricultural production, as described in the Economy Ministry's June 2014 report, was the highest in national history, and handicrafts for potential sale began to be developed in the early summer.

Upon the foundation of the Saint Josephsburg Economic Pact (SJEP), of which several of Überstadt's closest friends and allies were founding members, Adam sought to use the developing market among SJEP members as a means to further cultivate relations with those states as well as to export Überstadti goods. Because Parliament, the King included, unanimously opposed membership in SJEP, means of involvement with the economic union without joining it were sought.

In June 2014, Adam, who was already the Austenasian Consul in Washington, negotiated with Emperor Jonathan the foundation of an Austenasian Crown Dependency adjacent to Creekbed Colony. Oregonia was annexed on 30 June, with the King appointed as its Governing Commissioner. Although originally intended as a diplomatic gesture by the suggestion of Prince Aaron, it was decided that Oregonia would be a source of natural resources to support domestic production and boost trade relations with Austenasia.

Adam in Sandus

On 10 July 2014, Adam paid a state visit to Sandus, strengthening Überstadt's political, economic, and cultural relationship with the Sandum nation. Much of this visit's significance came from the fact that it was the first state visit performed by an Überstadti leader and the first received by Sandus. Further ties to SJEP were also achieved through the signature of a treaty granting Überstadt Socilivo (later called Socius) statehood, a special alliance with Sandus which, among other provisions, gave Überstadtis the right to do business in Sandus. Because of the common external trade policies of SJEP, this right extended to the entire pact, and had to be approved by the Saint Josephsburg Economic Council before ratification. Later that summer, Adam acquired the Socilivo/Socius partial citizenship of Sandus, and in November 2014, he became the Chair of the Citizens' Party of Sandus. In that role, he has used his influence and experience to create mutual gain in the Überstadti-Sandum relationship.

On 30 September 2014, the office of Prime Minister of Überstadt was abolished in favor of an executive monarch, reflecting the political status quo that had the king involved in all aspects of governance. Adam assumed all the responsibilities of the premiership, and as such came to lead the Cabinet and be the official source of domestic policy. In this reformed role, he acted as the country's sole trade negotiator (though answering to Parliament), performed some reshuffling of the government, and, in early 2015, initiated a successful cultural exchange program with several other nations.

On 11 April 2015, Adam attended his first international conference, MicroCon 2015, hosted by Kevin Baugh in Anaheim, California. He traveled with Dictator Dorian Grimes of Doria, whom he had assisted in founding her nation. There, he met many notable micronationalists and gave a presentation on Überstadt, discussing the theme of citizen empowerment in its history, a concept in Überstadti politics he made prominent at the 2013 conference of the Citizens' Communist Party of Sandus.

Involvement in American politics

In September 2014, Adam joined the Green Party of the United States, favoring its organizational structure and culture to that of the leading socialist party in Western Washington, Socialist Alternative. He is active in the party on a local level, meeting regularly with the Green Party of Snohomish County. In October, he joined the county party's Programming Committee, helping to plan public outreach events, and was appointed Chair of the new Elections and Candidates Committee, which was created at his suggestion. On 10 February 2015, he was unanimously elected Facilitator of the county party, a position equivalent to chairmanship in other political groups.

While employed as a Fund for the Public Interest organizer for Environment Washington, Adam worked on a campaign for President Obama's Clean Power Plan. During this time, he also volunteered for the organization's Go Solar Washington campaign and the Honest Elections Seattle initiative. In early 2016, he completed an internship with the Fund, working on his university campus to recruit potential canvass directors.

Personal life

Adam is a native to Washington state and considers himself a Seattleite. He is interested in politics, the law, and history, as well as linguistics and the natural sciences, devoting much personal study to such subjects as these. He has been active in his local community, volunteering for his city's library and helping found the Edmonds Community College Alumni Association. He is an Eagle Scout and a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, where he worships weekly.

At his university, Adam is involved in Model United Nations and is the secretary of an environmental service club.

Titles, styles, and honors

Titles and styles

  • 1995 - 6 March 2010: Mister Adam von Friedeck
  • 6 March 2010 - October 2011: The Honorable Adam von Friedeck, Chief Judge of Überstadt
  • October 2011 - 18 November 2011: Mister Adam von Friedeck
  • 18 November 2011 - present: His Majesty The King of Überstadt

The King's style and title in full: His Majesty Adam the First, King of Überstadt, Duke of Washington, Baron of Gothenberg, Sovereign of the Order of the Fir, Sovereign of the Most Excellent Order of the Seagull, Sovereign of the Most Noble Order of the Hawk, Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Armed Forces, Moderator of Parliament, Minister for the Environment

National honors

  • Uberflag.jpg Überstadt: Sovereign of the Most Excellent Order of the Seagull
  • Uberflag.jpg Überstadt: Sovereign of the Most Noble Order of the Hawk
  • Uberflag.jpg Überstadt: Service Medal (as Secretary of the Treasury)

Foreign honors

Foreign titles of nobility

Ancestry

Patrilineal descent

See also

Kingdom of Überstadt
Prince Aaron of Überstadt

Adam I of Überstadt
Royal titles
Preceded by
Throne established
King of Überstadt
18 November 2011 - present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Noble titles
Preceded by
Title created
Baron of Gothenberg
4 March 2011 - present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
N/A
Lord of Sealand
2 September 2014 - present
Succeeded by
N/A
Preceded by
Title created
Duke of Washington
19 September 2015 - present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Title created
Earl of New Brabant
10 November 2015 - present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Office established
Chief Judge of Überstadt
6 March 2010 - October 2011
Succeeded by
Daniel Radcliffe
Preceded by
Court established
Chief Justice of the
Intermicronational Court of Law

8 September 2011 - 29 December 2011
Succeeded by
Organisation of Active Micronations
disestablished
Preceded by
Office established
Secretary of the Treasury
January 2012 - December 2015
Succeeded by
Prince Aaron of Überstadt
Preceded by
Office established
Minister for Commerce
December 2012 - March 2014
Succeeded by
Office disestablished
Preceded by
Office established
Viceroy of the Band Room
8 May 2013 - 3 September 2014
Succeeded by
Prince Aaron of Überstadt
Preceded by
Prince Aaron of Überstadt
Minister for Culture
July 2012 - July 2014
Succeeded by
Prince Aaron of Überstadt
Preceded by
Office established
Minister for the Economy
January 2014 - December 2015
Succeeded by
Lord Michael, Baron Ballinger
Preceded by
Dominique Montour
Minister for the Environment
December 2015 - present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Office established
Governing Commissioner of Oregonia
30 June 2014 - present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Party established
Leader of the Theodorist Party of Überstadt
2 September 2013 - 20 January 2014
Succeeded by
Prince Aaron of Überstadt
Preceded by
Will Sörgel (Acting)
Secretary of the Citizens' Party of Sandus
8 November 2014 - present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
E.H.
Facilitator of the
Green Party of Snohomish County

February - December 2015
Succeeded by
E.H.
Other offices
Preceded by
Office established
Austenasian Consul in Washington
26 April 2014 - present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Office established
Chief of Staff to the Austenasian
Prime Minister's Office

4 March 2015 - present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
N/A
Austenasian Privy Councillor
5 August 2015 - present
Succeeded by
Incumbent